Abstract

The ability to precisely and selectively excite superpositions of specific fiber eigenmodes allows one in principle to control the three dimensional field distribution along the length of a fiber. Here we demonstrate the dynamic synthesis and controlled transmission of vectorial eigenstates in a hollow core cylindrical photonic bandgap fiber, including a coherent superposition of two different angular momentum states. The results are verified using a modal decomposition algorithm that yields the unique complex superposition coefficients of the eigenstate space.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. M. Skorobogatiy, C. Anastassiou, S. G. Johnson, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, S. A. Jacobs, R. U. Ahmad, and Y. Fink, “Quantitative characterization of higher-order mode converters in weakly multimoded fibers,” Opt. Express 11(22), 2838–2847 (2003).
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  4. Y. Yirmiyahu, A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Excitation of a single hollow waveguide mode using inhomogeneous anisotropic subwavelength structures,” Opt. Express 15(20), 13404–13414 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. F. Abouraddy, Q. Hu, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Transmission of different angular-momentum modes in cylindrically symmetric photonic bandgap fibers in the near infrared,” CLEO 2007.
  6. T. G. Euser, G. Whyte, M. Scharrer, J. S. Y. Chen, A. Abdolvand, J. Nold, C. F. Kaminski, and P. St. J. Russell, “Dynamic control of higher-order modes in hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17972–17981 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Resonant optical interactions with molecules confined in photonic band-gap fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Particle levitation and guidance in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1195–1203 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  11. M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, “Efficient all-optical switching using slow light within a hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(20), 203902 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. Londero, V. Venkataraman, A. R. Bhagwat, A. D. Slepkov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultralow-power four-wave mixing with Rb in a hollow-core photonic band-gap fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043602 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. Esslinger, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Quantum phase transition from a superfluid to a Mott insulator in a gas of ultracold atoms,” Nature 415(6867), 39–44 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. Kuriki, O. Shapira, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, Y. Kuriki, J. F. Viens, M. Bayindir, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Hollow multilayer photonic bandgap fibers for NIR applications,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1510–1517 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. O. Shapira, K. Kuriki, N. D. Orf, A. F. Abouraddy, G. Benoit, J. F. Viens, A. Rodriguez, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, and M. M. Brewster, “Surface-emitting fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 14(9), 3929–3935 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers,” Opt. Express 9(13), 748–779 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  20. O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. T. Engeness, M. Ibanescu, S. Johnson, O. Weisberg, M. Skorobogatiy, S. Jacobs, and Y. Fink, “Dispersion tailoring and compensation by modal interactions in OmniGuide fibers,” Opt. Express 11(10), 1175–1196 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

S. Ramachandran, P. Kristensen, and M. F. Yan, “Generation and propagation of radially polarized beams in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2525–2527 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, “Efficient all-optical switching using slow light within a hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(20), 203902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Londero, V. Venkataraman, A. R. Bhagwat, A. D. Slepkov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultralow-power four-wave mixing with Rb in a hollow-core photonic band-gap fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

2007

2006

2005

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Resonant optical interactions with molecules confined in photonic band-gap fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2003

2002

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic band gaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. Esslinger, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Quantum phase transition from a superfluid to a Mott insulator in a gas of ultracold atoms,” Nature 415(6867), 39–44 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Particle levitation and guidance in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1195–1203 (2002).
[PubMed]

2001

Abdolvand, A.

Abouraddy, A. F.

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahmad, R. U.

Anastassiou, C.

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bajcsy, M.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, “Efficient all-optical switching using slow light within a hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(20), 203902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balic, V.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, “Efficient all-optical switching using slow light within a hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(20), 203902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bayindir, M.

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Particle levitation and guidance in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1195–1203 (2002).
[PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benoit, G.

Bhagwat, A. R.

P. Londero, V. Venkataraman, A. R. Bhagwat, A. D. Slepkov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultralow-power four-wave mixing with Rb in a hollow-core photonic band-gap fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biener, G.

Bloch, I.

M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. Esslinger, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Quantum phase transition from a superfluid to a Mott insulator in a gas of ultracold atoms,” Nature 415(6867), 39–44 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brewster, M. M.

Chen, J. S. Y.

Engeness, T.

Engeness, T. D.

Erdogan, T.

Esslinger, T.

M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. Esslinger, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Quantum phase transition from a superfluid to a Mott insulator in a gas of ultracold atoms,” Nature 415(6867), 39–44 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Euser, T. G.

Fink, Y.

O. Shapira, K. Kuriki, N. D. Orf, A. F. Abouraddy, G. Benoit, J. F. Viens, A. Rodriguez, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, and M. M. Brewster, “Surface-emitting fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 14(9), 3929–3935 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kuriki, O. Shapira, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, Y. Kuriki, J. F. Viens, M. Bayindir, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Hollow multilayer photonic bandgap fibers for NIR applications,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1510–1517 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Engeness, M. Ibanescu, S. Johnson, O. Weisberg, M. Skorobogatiy, S. Jacobs, and Y. Fink, “Dispersion tailoring and compensation by modal interactions in OmniGuide fibers,” Opt. Express 11(10), 1175–1196 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Skorobogatiy, C. Anastassiou, S. G. Johnson, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, S. A. Jacobs, R. U. Ahmad, and Y. Fink, “Quantitative characterization of higher-order mode converters in weakly multimoded fibers,” Opt. Express 11(22), 2838–2847 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic band gaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers,” Opt. Express 9(13), 748–779 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

P. Londero, V. Venkataraman, A. R. Bhagwat, A. D. Slepkov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultralow-power four-wave mixing with Rb in a hollow-core photonic band-gap fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Resonant optical interactions with molecules confined in photonic band-gap fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghosh, S.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Resonant optical interactions with molecules confined in photonic band-gap fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greiner, M.

M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. Esslinger, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Quantum phase transition from a superfluid to a Mott insulator in a gas of ultracold atoms,” Nature 415(6867), 39–44 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hafezi, M.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, “Efficient all-optical switching using slow light within a hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(20), 203902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. Esslinger, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Quantum phase transition from a superfluid to a Mott insulator in a gas of ultracold atoms,” Nature 415(6867), 39–44 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hart, S. D.

K. Kuriki, O. Shapira, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, Y. Kuriki, J. F. Viens, M. Bayindir, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Hollow multilayer photonic bandgap fibers for NIR applications,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1510–1517 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic band gaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasman, E.

Hofferberth, S.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, “Efficient all-optical switching using slow light within a hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(20), 203902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ibanescu, M.

Jacobs, S.

Jacobs, S. A.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S.

Johnson, S. G.

Kaminski, C. F.

Kleiner, V.

Knight, J. C.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Particle levitation and guidance in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1195–1203 (2002).
[PubMed]

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kristensen, P.

Kuriki, K.

Kuriki, Y.

Lee, K. S.

Londero, P.

P. Londero, V. Venkataraman, A. R. Bhagwat, A. D. Slepkov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultralow-power four-wave mixing with Rb in a hollow-core photonic band-gap fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, “Efficient all-optical switching using slow light within a hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(20), 203902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandel, O.

M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. Esslinger, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Quantum phase transition from a superfluid to a Mott insulator in a gas of ultracold atoms,” Nature 415(6867), 39–44 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niv, A.

Nold, J.

Orf, N. D.

Ouzounov, D. G.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Resonant optical interactions with molecules confined in photonic band-gap fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peyronel, T.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, “Efficient all-optical switching using slow light within a hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(20), 203902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramachandran, S.

Rodriguez, A.

Russell, P. St. J.

Scharrer, M.

Shapira, O.

Sharping, J. E.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Resonant optical interactions with molecules confined in photonic band-gap fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Slepkov, A. D.

P. Londero, V. Venkataraman, A. R. Bhagwat, A. D. Slepkov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultralow-power four-wave mixing with Rb in a hollow-core photonic band-gap fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soljacic, M.

Temelkuran, B.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic band gaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venkataraman, V.

P. Londero, V. Venkataraman, A. R. Bhagwat, A. D. Slepkov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultralow-power four-wave mixing with Rb in a hollow-core photonic band-gap fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viens, J. F.

Vuletic, V.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, “Efficient all-optical switching using slow light within a hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(20), 203902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weisberg, O.

Whyte, G.

Yan, M. F.

Yirmiyahu, Y.

Zibrov, A. S.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, “Efficient all-optical switching using slow light within a hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(20), 203902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Nature

M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. Esslinger, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Quantum phase transition from a superfluid to a Mott insulator in a gas of ultracold atoms,” Nature 415(6867), 39–44 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic band gaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

K. Kuriki, O. Shapira, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, Y. Kuriki, J. F. Viens, M. Bayindir, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Hollow multilayer photonic bandgap fibers for NIR applications,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1510–1517 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Shapira, K. Kuriki, N. D. Orf, A. F. Abouraddy, G. Benoit, J. F. Viens, A. Rodriguez, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, and M. M. Brewster, “Surface-emitting fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 14(9), 3929–3935 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers,” Opt. Express 9(13), 748–779 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Particle levitation and guidance in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1195–1203 (2002).
[PubMed]

M. Skorobogatiy, C. Anastassiou, S. G. Johnson, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, S. A. Jacobs, R. U. Ahmad, and Y. Fink, “Quantitative characterization of higher-order mode converters in weakly multimoded fibers,” Opt. Express 11(22), 2838–2847 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yirmiyahu, A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Excitation of a single hollow waveguide mode using inhomogeneous anisotropic subwavelength structures,” Opt. Express 15(20), 13404–13414 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. G. Euser, G. Whyte, M. Scharrer, J. S. Y. Chen, A. Abdolvand, J. Nold, C. F. Kaminski, and P. St. J. Russell, “Dynamic control of higher-order modes in hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17972–17981 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Engeness, M. Ibanescu, S. Johnson, O. Weisberg, M. Skorobogatiy, S. Jacobs, and Y. Fink, “Dispersion tailoring and compensation by modal interactions in OmniGuide fibers,” Opt. Express 11(10), 1175–1196 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Resonant optical interactions with molecules confined in photonic band-gap fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, “Efficient all-optical switching using slow light within a hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(20), 203902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Londero, V. Venkataraman, A. R. Bhagwat, A. D. Slepkov, and A. L. Gaeta, “Ultralow-power four-wave mixing with Rb in a hollow-core photonic band-gap fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

A. F. Abouraddy, Q. Hu, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Transmission of different angular-momentum modes in cylindrically symmetric photonic bandgap fibers in the near infrared,” CLEO 2007.

D. John, Joannopoulos, Steven G. Johnson, Joshua N. Winn, and Robert D. Meade, “Photonic Crystals,” (Princeton University Press 2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Scanning electron microscope micrographs of a multilayer cylindrically symmetric photonic band gap fiber cross section with a core diameter of 68 μm. (b) Three dimensional intensity distribution of a coherent superposition of four low energy eigenstates of the fiber. The red and blue regions correspond to surfaces in which the intensity drops to 1/4 and 1/16 of its maximal value, correspondingly.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(color). (a) Calculated intensity distributions of the TE01 (upper panel) and HE11 (lower panel) modes alongside their y ^ (b) and x ^ (c) polarizations. The SLM phase distributions (d) that are imparted to the x ^ -polarized Gaussian laser beam and the corresponding calculated coupling (e) to the twelve lowest modes with m<3 at the input (light blue) and after propagation through a meter long fiber (dark blue) taking into account differential modal losses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Schematic of the optical setup. (b) Measured intensity distribution for two perpendicular polarizations of the HE11 (upper panel) and TE01 (lower panel). (c) Far-field intensity patterns of the measured (upper panel) and reconstructed (lower panel) superposition of the two modes for a=0.625.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Coupling strength of the different modes as obtained from the mode decomposition algorithm for several values of the superposition coefficient a. The inset shows consolidated results for the main two modes together with theoretical calculation of the expected coupling coefficients. (b) Three-dimensional time averaged intensity pattern of the superposition defined by a = 0.625 (color scheme similar to Fig. 1) presented over 3.75 beat lengths (2πΔβ−1) of the two modes. To the right, the reconstructed and measured intensities at the end facet of the fiber are compared.

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