Abstract

The polarization state of the white light produced by a femtosecond laser pulse through a water cell is investigated. The depolarization of the white light was found to be induced by magnification of the polarization perturbation in the incident light which is caused by the focus lens. Cross-phase modulation (XPM) of the third order nonlinear polarization is proposed as the depolarization mechanism.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. C. Marceau, Y. Chen, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast birefringence induced by a femtosecond laser filament in gases,” Opt. Lett. 34(9), 1417–1419 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (4)

P. Béjot, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, M. Moret, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrafast gaseous half-wave plate,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7564–7570 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization separator created by a filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2731–2733 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Sai Santosh Kumar, K. L. N. Deepak, and D. Narayana Rao, “Depolarization properties of the femtosecond supercontinuum generated in condensed media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043818–1-04381–10 (2008).

V. Kartazaev and R. R. Alfano, “Polarization properties of SC generated in CaF2,” Opt. Commun. 281, 463–468 (2008).

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Depolarization of white light generated by ultrashort laser pulses in optical media,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2184–2186 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Plasma effects and the modulation of white light spectra in the propagation of ultrashort, high-power laser pulses in barium fluoride,” Appl. Phys. B 82(4), 575–583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Systematic study of highly efficient white light generation in transparent materials using intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 61–66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Interpretation of the spectrally resolved far field of femtosecond pulses propagating in bulk nonlinear dispersive media,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10729–10741 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Dynamic Nonlinear X Waves for emtosecond Pulse Propagation in Water,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(25), 253901–253904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser pulse filamentation versus optical breakdown in H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 215–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-3), 189–197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Midorikawa, H. Kawano, A. Suda, C. Nagura, and M. Obara, “Polarization properties of ultrafast white-light continuum generated in condensed media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 923–925 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Berge, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort IR Laser Pulses in Fused Silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902–1-213902–4 (2001).

M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Polarization dynamics of femtosecond pulses propagating in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(4), 046607–046608 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(4), 637–650 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Orsitto and N. Tartoni, “Proposal for a new electron temperature diagnostic for fusion reactors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(1), 798–801 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Band-Gap Dependence of the Ultrafast White-Light Continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(20), 4406–4409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov and D. W. McBranch, “Femtosecond high-sensitivity, chirp-free transient absorption spectroscopy using kilohertz lasers,” Opt. Lett. 23(4), 277–279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

M. Wittmann and A. Penzkofer, “Spectral superbroadening of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 126(4-6), 308–317 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Cavaille, D. Combes, and A. Zwick, “Effect of High Hydrostatic Pressure and Additives on the Dynamics of Water: a Raman Spectroscopy Study,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 27(11), 853–857 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

1990 (1)

1986 (1)

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

1974 (1)

A. Yoshida and T. Asakura, “Electromagnetic Field near the focus of Gaussian Beams,” Optik (Stuttg.) 41, 281–292 (1974).

1973 (1)

A. Penzkofer, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, “Stimulated Short-Wave Radiation due to Single-Frequency Resonances of χ (3),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 31(14), 863–866 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Akozbek, N.

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-3), 189–197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

V. Kartazaev and R. R. Alfano, “Polarization properties of SC generated in CaF2,” Opt. Commun. 281, 463–468 (2008).

Amico, C. D.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

André, Y.-B.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Asakura, T.

A. Yoshida and T. Asakura, “Electromagnetic Field near the focus of Gaussian Beams,” Optik (Stuttg.) 41, 281–292 (1974).

Becker, A

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser pulse filamentation versus optical breakdown in H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 215–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-3), 189–197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Béjot, P.

Berge, L.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Berge, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort IR Laser Pulses in Fused Silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902–1-213902–4 (2001).

Bonacina, L.

Bowden, C. M.

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-3), 189–197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

Brodeur, A.

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(4), 637–650 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Band-Gap Dependence of the Ultrafast White-Light Continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(20), 4406–4409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Buchvarov, I.

Cavaille, D.

D. Cavaille, D. Combes, and A. Zwick, “Effect of High Hydrostatic Pressure and Additives on the Dynamics of Water: a Raman Spectroscopy Study,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 27(11), 853–857 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Châteauneuf, M.

Chen, Y.

Chin, S. L

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

C. Marceau, Y. Chen, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast birefringence induced by a femtosecond laser filament in gases,” Opt. Lett. 34(9), 1417–1419 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization separator created by a filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2731–2733 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser pulse filamentation versus optical breakdown in H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 215–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-3), 189–197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(4), 637–650 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Band-Gap Dependence of the Ultrafast White-Light Continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(20), 4406–4409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Combes, D.

D. Cavaille, D. Combes, and A. Zwick, “Effect of High Hydrostatic Pressure and Additives on the Dynamics of Water: a Raman Spectroscopy Study,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 27(11), 853–857 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Berge, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort IR Laser Pulses in Fused Silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902–1-213902–4 (2001).

Deepak, K. L. N.

R. Sai Santosh Kumar, K. L. N. Deepak, and D. Narayana Rao, “Depolarization properties of the femtosecond supercontinuum generated in condensed media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043818–1-04381–10 (2008).

Dharmadhikari, A. K.

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Depolarization of white light generated by ultrashort laser pulses in optical media,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2184–2186 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Plasma effects and the modulation of white light spectra in the propagation of ultrashort, high-power laser pulses in barium fluoride,” Appl. Phys. B 82(4), 575–583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Systematic study of highly efficient white light generation in transparent materials using intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 61–66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Du, D.

Dubois, J.

Dühr, O.

Fiebig, T.

Franco, M.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Berge, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort IR Laser Pulses in Fused Silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902–1-213902–4 (2001).

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Golub, I.

Golubtsov, I. S.

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser pulse filamentation versus optical breakdown in H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 215–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Iwasaki, A.

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser pulse filamentation versus optical breakdown in H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 215–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Iwasaki, S A

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

A. Penzkofer, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, “Stimulated Short-Wave Radiation due to Single-Frequency Resonances of χ (3),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 31(14), 863–866 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser pulse filamentation versus optical breakdown in H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 215–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kartazaev, V.

V. Kartazaev and R. R. Alfano, “Polarization properties of SC generated in CaF2,” Opt. Commun. 281, 463–468 (2008).

Kasparian, J.

Kawano, H.

K. Midorikawa, H. Kawano, A. Suda, C. Nagura, and M. Obara, “Polarization properties of ultrafast white-light continuum generated in condensed media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 923–925 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klimov, V. I.

Kohler, B.

Kolesik, M.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Interpretation of the spectrally resolved far field of femtosecond pulses propagating in bulk nonlinear dispersive media,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10729–10741 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Dynamic Nonlinear X Waves for emtosecond Pulse Propagation in Water,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(25), 253901–253904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Polarization dynamics of femtosecond pulses propagating in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(4), 046607–046608 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

Kosareva, O.

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser pulse filamentation versus optical breakdown in H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 215–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Laubereau, A.

A. Penzkofer, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, “Stimulated Short-Wave Radiation due to Single-Frequency Resonances of χ (3),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 31(14), 863–866 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser pulse filamentation versus optical breakdown in H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 215–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-3), 189–197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Marceau, C.

Mathur, D.

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Depolarization of white light generated by ultrashort laser pulses in optical media,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2184–2186 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Plasma effects and the modulation of white light spectra in the propagation of ultrashort, high-power laser pulses in barium fluoride,” Appl. Phys. B 82(4), 575–583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Systematic study of highly efficient white light generation in transparent materials using intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 61–66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McBranch, D. W.

Méchain, G.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

K. Midorikawa, H. Kawano, A. Suda, C. Nagura, and M. Obara, “Polarization properties of ultrafast white-light continuum generated in condensed media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 923–925 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Interpretation of the spectrally resolved far field of femtosecond pulses propagating in bulk nonlinear dispersive media,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10729–10741 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Dynamic Nonlinear X Waves for emtosecond Pulse Propagation in Water,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(25), 253901–253904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Polarization dynamics of femtosecond pulses propagating in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(4), 046607–046608 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mondelain, D.

Moret, M.

Mourou, G.

Mysyrowicz, A.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Berge, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort IR Laser Pulses in Fused Silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902–1-213902–4 (2001).

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nagura, C.

K. Midorikawa, H. Kawano, A. Suda, C. Nagura, and M. Obara, “Polarization properties of ultrafast white-light continuum generated in condensed media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 923–925 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Narayana Rao, D.

R. Sai Santosh Kumar, K. L. N. Deepak, and D. Narayana Rao, “Depolarization properties of the femtosecond supercontinuum generated in condensed media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043818–1-04381–10 (2008).

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Niedermeier, S.

Obara, M.

K. Midorikawa, H. Kawano, A. Suda, C. Nagura, and M. Obara, “Polarization properties of ultrafast white-light continuum generated in condensed media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 923–925 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Orsitto, F.

F. Orsitto and N. Tartoni, “Proposal for a new electron temperature diagnostic for fusion reactors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(1), 798–801 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Penzkofer, A.

M. Wittmann and A. Penzkofer, “Spectral superbroadening of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 126(4-6), 308–317 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Penzkofer, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, “Stimulated Short-Wave Radiation due to Single-Frequency Resonances of χ (3),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 31(14), 863–866 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Petit, S.

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-3), 189–197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petit, Y.

Prade, B.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Berge, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort IR Laser Pulses in Fused Silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902–1-213902–4 (2001).

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rajgara, F. A.

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Plasma effects and the modulation of white light spectra in the propagation of ultrashort, high-power laser pulses in barium fluoride,” Appl. Phys. B 82(4), 575–583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Depolarization of white light generated by ultrashort laser pulses in optical media,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2184–2186 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Systematic study of highly efficient white light generation in transparent materials using intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 61–66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, M.

Rolland, C.

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sai Santosh Kumar, R.

R. Sai Santosh Kumar, K. L. N. Deepak, and D. Narayana Rao, “Depolarization properties of the femtosecond supercontinuum generated in condensed media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043818–1-04381–10 (2008).

Salmon, E.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Squier, J.

Srinivasan-Rao, T.

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suda, A.

K. Midorikawa, H. Kawano, A. Suda, C. Nagura, and M. Obara, “Polarization properties of ultrafast white-light continuum generated in condensed media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 923–925 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sudrie, L.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Berge, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort IR Laser Pulses in Fused Silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902–1-213902–4 (2001).

Tartoni, N.

F. Orsitto and N. Tartoni, “Proposal for a new electron temperature diagnostic for fusion reactors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(1), 798–801 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Théberge, F.

Trifonov, A.

Tzortzakis, S.

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Berge, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort IR Laser Pulses in Fused Silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902–1-213902–4 (2001).

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wille, H.

Wilson, K. R.

Wittmann, M.

M. Wittmann and A. Penzkofer, “Spectral superbroadening of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 126(4-6), 308–317 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J. P.

Wolf, J.-P.

Wöste, L.

Wright, E. M.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Interpretation of the spectrally resolved far field of femtosecond pulses propagating in bulk nonlinear dispersive media,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10729–10741 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Dynamic Nonlinear X Waves for emtosecond Pulse Propagation in Water,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(25), 253901–253904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Polarization dynamics of femtosecond pulses propagating in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(4), 046607–046608 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yang, G.

Yoshida, A.

A. Yoshida and T. Asakura, “Electromagnetic Field near the focus of Gaussian Beams,” Optik (Stuttg.) 41, 281–292 (1974).

Yu, J.

Zwick, A.

D. Cavaille, D. Combes, and A. Zwick, “Effect of High Hydrostatic Pressure and Additives on the Dynamics of Water: a Raman Spectroscopy Study,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 27(11), 853–857 (1996).
[CrossRef]

,” Phys. Rev. Lett (1)

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Berge, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort IR Laser Pulses in Fused Silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902–1-213902–4 (2001).

Appl. Phys. B (4)

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, S. L. Chin, I. S. Golubtsov, S A Iwasaki, A Becker, V. P Kandidov, and S. L Chin, “Random deflection of the white light beam during self-focusing and filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in water,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 595–599 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Plasma effects and the modulation of white light spectra in the propagation of ultrashort, high-power laser pulses in barium fluoride,” Appl. Phys. B 82(4), 575–583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Systematic study of highly efficient white light generation in transparent materials using intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 61–66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, O. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser pulse filamentation versus optical breakdown in H2O,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 215–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Midorikawa, H. Kawano, A. Suda, C. Nagura, and M. Obara, “Polarization properties of ultrafast white-light continuum generated in condensed media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 923–925 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

D. Cavaille, D. Combes, and A. Zwick, “Effect of High Hydrostatic Pressure and Additives on the Dynamics of Water: a Raman Spectroscopy Study,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 27(11), 853–857 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (4)

V. Kartazaev and R. R. Alfano, “Polarization properties of SC generated in CaF2,” Opt. Commun. 281, 463–468 (2008).

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-3), 189–197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, C. D. Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Wittmann and A. Penzkofer, “Spectral superbroadening of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 126(4-6), 308–317 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (11)

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization separator created by a filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2731–2733 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Marceau, Y. Chen, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast birefringence induced by a femtosecond laser filament in gases,” Opt. Lett. 34(9), 1417–1419 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Buchvarov, A. Trifonov, and T. Fiebig, “Toward an understanding of white-light generation in cubic media - polarization properties across the entire spectral range,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1539–1541 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Depolarization of white light generated by ultrashort laser pulses in optical media,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2184–2186 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. I. Klimov and D. W. McBranch, “Femtosecond high-sensitivity, chirp-free transient absorption spectroscopy using kilohertz lasers,” Opt. Lett. 23(4), 277–279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. T. J. Nibbering, O. Dühr, and G. Korn, “Generation of intense tunable 20-fs pulses near 400nm by use of a gas-filled hollow waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 22(17), 1335–1337 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Yakovlev, B. Kohler, and K. R. Wilson, “Broadly tunable 30-fs pulses produced by optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 19(23), 2000–2002 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Golub, “Optical characteristics of supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 15(6), 305–307 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 20(1), 73–75 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Yang and Y. R. Shen, “Spectral broadening of ultrashort pulses in a nonlinear medium,” Opt. Lett. 9(11), 510–512 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

A. Yoshida and T. Asakura, “Electromagnetic Field near the focus of Gaussian Beams,” Optik (Stuttg.) 41, 281–292 (1974).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. Sai Santosh Kumar, K. L. N. Deepak, and D. Narayana Rao, “Depolarization properties of the femtosecond supercontinuum generated in condensed media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043818–1-04381–10 (2008).

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Polarization dynamics of femtosecond pulses propagating in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(4), 046607–046608 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Band-Gap Dependence of the Ultrafast White-Light Continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(20), 4406–4409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Dynamic Nonlinear X Waves for emtosecond Pulse Propagation in Water,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(25), 253901–253904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Penzkofer, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, “Stimulated Short-Wave Radiation due to Single-Frequency Resonances of χ (3),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 31(14), 863–866 (1973).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

F. Orsitto and N. Tartoni, “Proposal for a new electron temperature diagnostic for fusion reactors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(1), 798–801 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (3rd ed., Elsevier, Pte Ltd, Singapore, 2004), Chap. 6.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. M, 800nm reflector; HWP1, half wave plates; P1,P2, Grin-Taylor Prisms; Li, lens with focal length of 15cm, diameter of 2.5cm (i = 1 or 2: two lenses named L1 and L2 are used in our experiment)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The parallel (a) and perpendicular (b) polarized white light spectrums detected at different input powers

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

T (λ) of the white light at different input powers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

T (λ) of the white light when the polarizer P1 is put after the lens L1 at the input power of 290mW.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 T (λ) of the white light at different situations with the input power of 290 mW

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

χ i j k l ( 3 ) = χ x x y y ( 3 ) δ i j δ k l + χ x y x y ( 3 ) δ i k δ j l + χ x y y x ( 3 ) δ i l δ j k
P x = 3 ε 0 4 χ x x x x ( 3 ) [ ( | E x | 2 + 2 3 | E y | 2 ) E x + 1 3 ( E x * E y ) E y ] P y = 3 ε 0 4 χ x x x x ( 3 ) [ ( | E y | 2 + 2 3 | E x | 2 ) E y + 1 3 ( E y * E x ) E x ]

Metrics