Abstract

We demonstrate a purely dielectric resonant waveguide structure that enhances the efficiency of second-harmonic generation by a factor of at least 5500 compared to a flat reference surface in the same geometry. We also show that the structure emits second-harmonic radiation in four different directions when the sample is illuminated with fundamental radiation incident at the resonant angle of the sample.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Magnusson and S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(9), 1022–1024 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Priambodo, T. Maldonado, and R. Magnusson, “Fabrication and characterization of high-quality waveguide-mode resonant optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(16), 3248–3250 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Kappel, A. Selle, M. A. Bader, and G. Marowsky, “Resonant double-grating waveguide structures as inverted Fabry-Perot interferometers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(6), 1127–1136 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Bader, A. Selle, O. Stenzel, R. Delmdahl, G. Spiecker, and C. Fischer, “High spectral resolution analysis of tunable narrowband resonant grating waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. B 89(2-3), 151–154 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Brückner, D. Friedrich, T. Clausnitzer, O. Burmeister, M. Britzger, E.-B. Kley, K. Danzmann, A. Tünnermann, and R. Schnabel, “Demonstration of a cavity coupler based on a resonant waveguide grating,” Opt. Express 17(1), 163–169 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-1-163 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Feng, X. Zhang, J. Song, H. Liu, and Y. Song, “Theoretical analysis on the tuning dynamics of the waveguide-grating structures,” Opt. Express 17(2), 426–436 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-2-426 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Sun, J. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Jin, H. He, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Electric field distribution in resonant reflection filters under normal incidence,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(12), 125003 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. C. Mathias, N. Ganesh, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Combined enhanced fluorescence and label-free biomolecular detection with a photonic crystal surface,” Appl. Opt. 46(12), 2351–2360 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Karvinen, T. Nuutinen, J. Rahomäki, O. Hyvärinen, and P. Vahimaa, “Strong fluorescence-signal gain with single-excitation-enhancing and emission-directing nanostructured diffraction grating,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3208–3210 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-34-20-3208 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. U. Felderhof, A. Bratz, G. Marowsky, O. Roders, and F. Sieverdes, “Optical second-harmonic generation from adsorbate layers in total-reflection geometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10(10), 1824–1833 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, “Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(11), 111109 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. J. Rodríguez, F. X. Wang, B. K. Canfield, S. Cattaneo, and M. Kauranen, “Multipolar tensor analysis of second-order nonlinear optical response of surface and bulk of glass,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8695–8701 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-12-8704 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. V. Chukharev, N. Tkachenko, A. Efimov, P. Vainiotalo, and H. Lemmetyinen, “Spectroscopy of a terthiophene-vinylbenzoate,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2(10), 1044–1049 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. Karvinen, T. Nuutinen, O. Hyvärinen, and P. Vahimaa, “Enhancement of laser-induced fluorescence at 473 nm excitation with subwavelength resonant waveguide gratings,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16364–16370 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-21-16364 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

2007 (4)

P. C. Mathias, N. Ganesh, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Combined enhanced fluorescence and label-free biomolecular detection with a photonic crystal surface,” Appl. Opt. 46(12), 2351–2360 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bader, A. Selle, O. Stenzel, R. Delmdahl, G. Spiecker, and C. Fischer, “High spectral resolution analysis of tunable narrowband resonant grating waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. B 89(2-3), 151–154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, “Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(11), 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Rodríguez, F. X. Wang, B. K. Canfield, S. Cattaneo, and M. Kauranen, “Multipolar tensor analysis of second-order nonlinear optical response of surface and bulk of glass,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8695–8701 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-12-8704 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

P. Priambodo, T. Maldonado, and R. Magnusson, “Fabrication and characterization of high-quality waveguide-mode resonant optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(16), 3248–3250 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Chukharev, N. Tkachenko, A. Efimov, P. Vainiotalo, and H. Lemmetyinen, “Spectroscopy of a terthiophene-vinylbenzoate,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2(10), 1044–1049 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

R. Magnusson and S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(9), 1022–1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bader, M.

M. Bader, A. Selle, O. Stenzel, R. Delmdahl, G. Spiecker, and C. Fischer, “High spectral resolution analysis of tunable narrowband resonant grating waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. B 89(2-3), 151–154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bader, M. A.

Bratz, A.

Britzger, M.

Brückner, F.

Burmeister, O.

Canfield, B. K.

Cattaneo, S.

Chan, L. L.

Chukharev, V.

V. Chukharev, N. Tkachenko, A. Efimov, P. Vainiotalo, and H. Lemmetyinen, “Spectroscopy of a terthiophene-vinylbenzoate,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2(10), 1044–1049 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clausnitzer, T.

Cunningham, B. T.

Danzmann, K.

Delmdahl, R.

M. Bader, A. Selle, O. Stenzel, R. Delmdahl, G. Spiecker, and C. Fischer, “High spectral resolution analysis of tunable narrowband resonant grating waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. B 89(2-3), 151–154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, A.

V. Chukharev, N. Tkachenko, A. Efimov, P. Vainiotalo, and H. Lemmetyinen, “Spectroscopy of a terthiophene-vinylbenzoate,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2(10), 1044–1049 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, Z.

T. Sun, J. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Jin, H. He, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Electric field distribution in resonant reflection filters under normal incidence,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(12), 125003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Felderhof, B. U.

Feng, S.

Fischer, C.

M. Bader, A. Selle, O. Stenzel, R. Delmdahl, G. Spiecker, and C. Fischer, “High spectral resolution analysis of tunable narrowband resonant grating waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. B 89(2-3), 151–154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Friedrich, D.

Friesem, A.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ganesh, N.

He, H.

T. Sun, J. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Jin, H. He, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Electric field distribution in resonant reflection filters under normal incidence,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(12), 125003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hyvärinen, O.

Jin, Y.

T. Sun, J. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Jin, H. He, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Electric field distribution in resonant reflection filters under normal incidence,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(12), 125003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kappel, C.

Karvinen, P.

Kauranen, M.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, “Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(11), 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Rodríguez, F. X. Wang, B. K. Canfield, S. Cattaneo, and M. Kauranen, “Multipolar tensor analysis of second-order nonlinear optical response of surface and bulk of glass,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8695–8701 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-12-8704 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kley, E.-B.

Kuittinen, M.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, “Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(11), 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leivo, S.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, “Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(11), 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lemmetyinen, H.

V. Chukharev, N. Tkachenko, A. Efimov, P. Vainiotalo, and H. Lemmetyinen, “Spectroscopy of a terthiophene-vinylbenzoate,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2(10), 1044–1049 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

Ma, J.

T. Sun, J. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Jin, H. He, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Electric field distribution in resonant reflection filters under normal incidence,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(12), 125003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Magnusson, R.

P. Priambodo, T. Maldonado, and R. Magnusson, “Fabrication and characterization of high-quality waveguide-mode resonant optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(16), 3248–3250 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Magnusson and S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(9), 1022–1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Maldonado, T.

P. Priambodo, T. Maldonado, and R. Magnusson, “Fabrication and characterization of high-quality waveguide-mode resonant optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(16), 3248–3250 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marowsky, G.

Mathias, P. C.

Nuutinen, T.

Priambodo, P.

P. Priambodo, T. Maldonado, and R. Magnusson, “Fabrication and characterization of high-quality waveguide-mode resonant optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(16), 3248–3250 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rahomäki, J.

Roders, O.

Rodríguez, F. J.

Rosenblatt, D.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schnabel, R.

Selle, A.

M. Bader, A. Selle, O. Stenzel, R. Delmdahl, G. Spiecker, and C. Fischer, “High spectral resolution analysis of tunable narrowband resonant grating waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. B 89(2-3), 151–154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Kappel, A. Selle, M. A. Bader, and G. Marowsky, “Resonant double-grating waveguide structures as inverted Fabry-Perot interferometers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(6), 1127–1136 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shao, J.

T. Sun, J. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Jin, H. He, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Electric field distribution in resonant reflection filters under normal incidence,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(12), 125003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sharon, A.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sieverdes, F.

Siltanen, M.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, “Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(11), 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

Song, Y.

Spiecker, G.

M. Bader, A. Selle, O. Stenzel, R. Delmdahl, G. Spiecker, and C. Fischer, “High spectral resolution analysis of tunable narrowband resonant grating waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. B 89(2-3), 151–154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stenzel, O.

M. Bader, A. Selle, O. Stenzel, R. Delmdahl, G. Spiecker, and C. Fischer, “High spectral resolution analysis of tunable narrowband resonant grating waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. B 89(2-3), 151–154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, T.

T. Sun, J. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Jin, H. He, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Electric field distribution in resonant reflection filters under normal incidence,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(12), 125003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tkachenko, N.

V. Chukharev, N. Tkachenko, A. Efimov, P. Vainiotalo, and H. Lemmetyinen, “Spectroscopy of a terthiophene-vinylbenzoate,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2(10), 1044–1049 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

Vahimaa, P.

Vainiotalo, P.

V. Chukharev, N. Tkachenko, A. Efimov, P. Vainiotalo, and H. Lemmetyinen, “Spectroscopy of a terthiophene-vinylbenzoate,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2(10), 1044–1049 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voima, P.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, “Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(11), 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F. X.

Wang, J.

T. Sun, J. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Jin, H. He, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Electric field distribution in resonant reflection filters under normal incidence,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(12), 125003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

R. Magnusson and S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(9), 1022–1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Bader, A. Selle, O. Stenzel, R. Delmdahl, G. Spiecker, and C. Fischer, “High spectral resolution analysis of tunable narrowband resonant grating waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. B 89(2-3), 151–154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. Magnusson and S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(9), 1022–1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Priambodo, T. Maldonado, and R. Magnusson, “Fabrication and characterization of high-quality waveguide-mode resonant optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(16), 3248–3250 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, “Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(11), 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

T. Sun, J. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Jin, H. He, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Electric field distribution in resonant reflection filters under normal incidence,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(12), 125003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. (1)

V. Chukharev, N. Tkachenko, A. Efimov, P. Vainiotalo, and H. Lemmetyinen, “Spectroscopy of a terthiophene-vinylbenzoate,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2(10), 1044–1049 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Theoretically calculated transmission of the RWG at 1064 nm as a function of incident angle, (b) scanning electron microscope image of the RWG, and (c) calculated time-average energy density in the RWG (delimited by the white lines) at 1064 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Directions of the SH light diffracted by the RWG. T 0 (T -1) and R 0 (R -1) represent the directions of the transmitted and reflected 0 (−1) order. The direction of the incident fundamental beam is marked in red and the normal to the surface with the dashed line. (b) Experimental setup. λ/2: half-wave plate, Vis-block: filter blocking any visible radiation from the laser, IR-filter: filter blocking any IR radiation from the RWG, PMT: photomultiplier.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Second harmonic vs. detection angle. The 0° angle corresponds to the normal to the RWG. T 0 and R 0 represent the directions of the transmitted and reflected 0 order while T -1 and R -1 represent that of the −1 order. Inset: detailed view of the 0th diffraction order in transmission.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n 2 sin θ m = n 1 sin θ i + m ( λ / a ) ,

Metrics