Abstract

We propose and demonstrate the principle of a novel adaptive wavelength division multiplexer/demultiplexer structure based on Opto-VLSI processing. By driving an Opto-VLSI processor with an appropriate phase hologram, optical signals of arbitrary wavelengths from different input fiber ports can be multiplexed into a common output fiber port. In addition, wavelength division multiplexed channels of arbitrary wavelength spacings can also be demultiplexed and dynamically routed into arbitrary output fiber ports. A proof-of-principle 1×3 adaptive multiplexer/demultiplexers is experimentally demonstrated.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. X. Yu, D. T. Neilson, and S. Member, “Diffraction-Grating-Based (De) Multiplexer Using Image Plane Transformations,” J. Sel. Topic Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1194–1201 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. H. Qu, H. Zhao, Z. J. Fang, E. Marin, and J. P. Meunier, “Configurable wavelength-selective switch based on fiber grating and fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(10), 1343–1345 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. K. Smit and C. Dam Van, “PHASAR-Based WDM-Devices: Principles, Design and Applications,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 236–250 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. S. Patel and Y. Silberberg, “Liquid crystal and grating-based multiple wavelength cross-connect switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(5), 514–516 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhu, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, and S. Poole, “Highly programmable Wavelength Selective Switch based on Liquid Crystal on Silicon switching elements,” in OFC/NFOEC 2005 (2005).
  7. M. T. Knapczyk, L. G. De Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, “Reconfigurable Add – Drop Optical Filter Based on Arrays of Digital Micromirrors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(2), 237–242 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, “1 x N-2 wavelength-selective switch with two cross-scanning one-axis analog micromirror arrays in a 4-f optical system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 897–903 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Xiao, B. Juswardy, K. Alameh, and Y. T. Lee, “Novel broadband reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer employing custom fiber arrays and Opto-VLSI processors,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11703 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

2006

2002

C. X. Yu, D. T. Neilson, and S. Member, “Diffraction-Grating-Based (De) Multiplexer Using Image Plane Transformations,” J. Sel. Topic Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1194–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

R. H. Qu, H. Zhao, Z. J. Fang, E. Marin, and J. P. Meunier, “Configurable wavelength-selective switch based on fiber grating and fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(10), 1343–1345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. K. Smit and C. Dam Van, “PHASAR-Based WDM-Devices: Principles, Design and Applications,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. S. Patel and Y. Silberberg, “Liquid crystal and grating-based multiple wavelength cross-connect switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(5), 514–516 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Alameh, K.

Bernussi, A. A.

Chang, K. K.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R. T.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Collins, R.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dam Van, C.

M. K. Smit and C. Dam Van, “PHASAR-Based WDM-Devices: Principles, Design and Applications,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

De Peralta, L. G.

Deng, X.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Z. J.

R. H. Qu, H. Zhao, Z. J. Fang, E. Marin, and J. P. Meunier, “Configurable wavelength-selective switch based on fiber grating and fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(10), 1343–1345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Guo, B.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hah, D.

Horwitz, J. W.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.

Juswardy, B.

Knapczyk, M. T.

Lee, Y. T.

Marin, E.

R. H. Qu, H. Zhao, Z. J. Fang, E. Marin, and J. P. Meunier, “Configurable wavelength-selective switch based on fiber grating and fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(10), 1343–1345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Member, S.

C. X. Yu, D. T. Neilson, and S. Member, “Diffraction-Grating-Based (De) Multiplexer Using Image Plane Transformations,” J. Sel. Topic Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1194–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meunier, J. P.

R. H. Qu, H. Zhao, Z. J. Fang, E. Marin, and J. P. Meunier, “Configurable wavelength-selective switch based on fiber grating and fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(10), 1343–1345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morey, B.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Neilson, D. T.

C. X. Yu, D. T. Neilson, and S. Member, “Diffraction-Grating-Based (De) Multiplexer Using Image Plane Transformations,” J. Sel. Topic Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1194–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Patel, J. S.

J. S. Patel and Y. Silberberg, “Liquid crystal and grating-based multiple wavelength cross-connect switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(5), 514–516 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, J.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Qu, R. H.

R. H. Qu, H. Zhao, Z. J. Fang, E. Marin, and J. P. Meunier, “Configurable wavelength-selective switch based on fiber grating and fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(10), 1343–1345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

J. S. Patel and Y. Silberberg, “Liquid crystal and grating-based multiple wavelength cross-connect switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(5), 514–516 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M. K.

M. K. Smit and C. Dam Van, “PHASAR-Based WDM-Devices: Principles, Design and Applications,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Temkin, H.

Tsai, J. C.

Villavicencio, V.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. C.

Xiao, F.

Yu, C. X.

C. X. Yu, D. T. Neilson, and S. Member, “Diffraction-Grating-Based (De) Multiplexer Using Image Plane Transformations,” J. Sel. Topic Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1194–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, F.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H.

R. H. Qu, H. Zhao, Z. J. Fang, E. Marin, and J. P. Meunier, “Configurable wavelength-selective switch based on fiber grating and fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(10), 1343–1345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zou, J.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

R. H. Qu, H. Zhao, Z. J. Fang, E. Marin, and J. P. Meunier, “Configurable wavelength-selective switch based on fiber grating and fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(10), 1343–1345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Patel and Y. Silberberg, “Liquid crystal and grating-based multiple wavelength cross-connect switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(5), 514–516 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. K. Smit and C. Dam Van, “PHASAR-Based WDM-Devices: Principles, Design and Applications,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Sel. Topic Quantum Electron.

C. X. Yu, D. T. Neilson, and S. Member, “Diffraction-Grating-Based (De) Multiplexer Using Image Plane Transformations,” J. Sel. Topic Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1194–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

F. Zhao, J. Qiao, X. Deng, J. Zou, B. Guo, R. Collins, V. Villavicencio, K. K. Chang, J. W. Horwitz, B. Morey, and R. T. Chen, “Reliable grating-based wavelength division (de)multiplexers for otptical networks,” Opt. Eng. 40(7), 1204–1211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhu, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, and S. Poole, “Highly programmable Wavelength Selective Switch based on Liquid Crystal on Silicon switching elements,” in OFC/NFOEC 2005 (2005).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The proposed adaptive multi/demultiplexer structure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Multiplexing operation of the proposed adaptive multi/demultiplexer

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Demultiplexing scenarios demonstrating the principle of the Opto-VLSI-based multi/demultiplexer.

Equations (1)

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α m = arc sin ( m λ d )

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