Abstract

We have systematically investigated random lasing properties in weakly scattering systems composed of a macroporous silica disk immersed in a dye solution where the solvent is a mixture of two alcohols. Controlling the refractive index of the mixed solvent allows us to vary the scattering strength over a wide range. We have found two different scattering regimes where sharp spectral spikes with linewidth less than 1.0 nm, i.e., random laser with coherent feedback, appear in emission spectra. When the refractive index contrast between the solvent and the silica is very small, random lasing with coherent feedback is observed although the system appears nearly transparent. The coherent feedback vanishes when the refractive index contrast is increased up to a critical value, while further increase in the refractive index contrast results in the revival of the coherent feedback. We suggest that the existence of underlying microcavities plays an important role in the very weakly scattering regime (ballistic) while other mechanisms such as amplified extended modes may lead to the coherent feedback in lasing oscillation when the scattering strength increases.

©2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  30. B. R. Prasad, H. Ramachandran, A. K. Sood, C. K. Subramanian, and N. Kumar, “Lasing in active, sub-mean-free path-sized systems with dense, random, weak scatterers,” Appl. Opt. 36(30), 7718–7724 (1997).
    [Crossref]

2010 (1)

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, and K. Tanaka, “Coherent random lasers in weakly scattering polymer films containing silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. A 79(053817), 1–7 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, Y. Zong, and K. Tanaka, “Random lasers with coherent feedback in highly transparent polymer films embedded with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(201112), 1–3 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, “Resonance-driven random lasing,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 429–432 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(143902), 1–4 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74(053812), 1–11 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Popov, “Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, “Random lasing from dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced gain at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(191116), 1–3 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. U. Kang, “Observation of random lasing in gold-silica nanoshell/water solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(221112), 1–3 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (4)

H. Cao, “Review on latest developments in random lasers with coherent feedback,” J. Phys. Math. Gen. 38(49), 10497–10535 (2005) (and references therein).
[Crossref]

G. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticle-dye random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(131105), 1–3 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Yamilov, X. Wu, H. Cao, and A. L. Burin, “Absorption-induced confinement of lasing modes in diffusive random media,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2430–2432 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Polson and Z. V. Vardeny, “Organic random lasers in the weak-scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. B 71(045205), 1–5 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

2002 (1)

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(016802), 1–4 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

R. C. Polson, A. Chipouline, and Z. V. Vardney, “Random lasing in π-conjugated films and infiltrated opals,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim,” Ger. 13, 760–764 (2001).

G. R. Williams, S. B. Bayram, S. C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R. M. Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dielectric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65(013807), 1–6 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(24), 5584–5587 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. El-Kashef, “The necessary requirements imposed on polar dielectric laser dye solvents,” Physica B 279(4), 295–301 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. E. Seeling, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (3)

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellerman, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative emission in π-conjugated polymer thin films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(4), 729–732 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. R. Prasad, H. Ramachandran, A. K. Sood, C. K. Subramanian, and N. Kumar, “Lasing in active, sub-mean-free path-sized systems with dense, random, weak scatterers,” Appl. Opt. 36(30), 7718–7724 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Nakanishi, “Pore structure control of silica gels based on phase separation,” J. Porous Mater. 4(2), 67–112 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, “Random laser?” Nature 373(6511), 203–204 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

W. L. Sha, C. H. Liu, and R. R. Alfano, “Spectral and temporal measurements of laser action of Rhodamine 640 dye in strongly scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 19(23), 1922–1924 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1965 (1)

1908 (1)

G. Mie, “Beiträge zur Optik trüber Medien speziell kolloidaler Goldlösungen (contributions to the optics of diffuse media, especially colloidal metal solutions),” Ann. Phys. 25, 377–445 (1908).
[Crossref]

Alfano, R. R.

Anastasiadis, S. H.

Anglos, D.

Apalkov, V. M.

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(016802), 1–4 (2002).
[Crossref]

Asatryan, A. A.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74(053812), 1–11 (2006).
[Crossref]

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bayram, S. B.

G. R. Williams, S. B. Bayram, S. C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R. M. Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dielectric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65(013807), 1–6 (2001).
[Crossref]

Blanco, A.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, “Resonance-driven random lasing,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 429–432 (2008).
[Crossref]

Botten, L. C.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74(053812), 1–11 (2006).
[Crossref]

Burin, A. L.

Cao, H.

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(143902), 1–4 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74(053812), 1–11 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Cao, “Review on latest developments in random lasers with coherent feedback,” J. Phys. Math. Gen. 38(49), 10497–10535 (2005) (and references therein).
[Crossref]

A. Yamilov, X. Wu, H. Cao, and A. L. Burin, “Absorption-induced confinement of lasing modes in diffusive random media,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2430–2432 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(24), 5584–5587 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. E. Seeling, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chabanov, A. A.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74(053812), 1–11 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(24), 5584–5587 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. E. Seeling, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chang, S.-H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(24), 5584–5587 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chipouline, A.

R. C. Polson, A. Chipouline, and Z. V. Vardney, “Random lasing in π-conjugated films and infiltrated opals,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim,” Ger. 13, 760–764 (2001).

Das, R. N.

Dice, G.

G. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticle-dye random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(131105), 1–3 (2005).
[Crossref]

Elezzabi, A. Y.

G. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticle-dye random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(131105), 1–3 (2005).
[Crossref]

El-Kashef, H.

H. El-Kashef, “The necessary requirements imposed on polar dielectric laser dye solvents,” Physica B 279(4), 295–301 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fan, B.

Fang, W.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74(053812), 1–11 (2006).
[Crossref]

Frolov, S. V.

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellerman, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative emission in π-conjugated polymer thin films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(4), 729–732 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fujita, K.

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, and K. Tanaka, “Coherent random lasers in weakly scattering polymer films containing silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. A 79(053817), 1–7 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, Y. Zong, and K. Tanaka, “Random lasers with coherent feedback in highly transparent polymer films embedded with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(201112), 1–3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Garcia, P. D.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, “Resonance-driven random lasing,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 429–432 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gellerman, W.

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellerman, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative emission in π-conjugated polymer thin films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(4), 729–732 (1997).
[Crossref]

Genack, A. Z.

Giannelis, E. P.

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gottardo, S.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, “Resonance-driven random lasing,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 429–432 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hinklin, T.

G. R. Williams, S. B. Bayram, S. C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R. M. Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dielectric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65(013807), 1–6 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(24), 5584–5587 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. E. Seeling, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jakubiak, R.

Kang, J. U.

J. U. Kang, “Observation of random lasing in gold-silica nanoshell/water solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(221112), 1–3 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kopp, V. I.

Kumar, N.

Lagendijk, A.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, “Random laser?” Nature 373(6511), 203–204 (1995).
[Crossref]

Laine, R. M.

G. R. Williams, S. B. Bayram, S. C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R. M. Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dielectric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65(013807), 1–6 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. H.

Liu, X.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(24), 5584–5587 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lopez, C.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, “Resonance-driven random lasing,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 429–432 (2008).
[Crossref]

Malitson, I. H.

Meng, X.

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, and K. Tanaka, “Coherent random lasers in weakly scattering polymer films containing silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. A 79(053817), 1–7 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, Y. Zong, and K. Tanaka, “Random lasers with coherent feedback in highly transparent polymer films embedded with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(201112), 1–3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mie, G.

G. Mie, “Beiträge zur Optik trüber Medien speziell kolloidaler Goldlösungen (contributions to the optics of diffuse media, especially colloidal metal solutions),” Ann. Phys. 25, 377–445 (1908).
[Crossref]

Mujumdar, S.

G. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticle-dye random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(131105), 1–3 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(053903), 1–4 (2004).
[Crossref]

Murai, S.

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, and K. Tanaka, “Coherent random lasers in weakly scattering polymer films containing silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. A 79(053817), 1–7 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, Y. Zong, and K. Tanaka, “Random lasers with coherent feedback in highly transparent polymer films embedded with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(201112), 1–3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, K.

K. Nakanishi, “Pore structure control of silica gels based on phase separation,” J. Porous Mater. 4(2), 67–112 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, M.

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellerman, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative emission in π-conjugated polymer thin films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(4), 729–732 (1997).
[Crossref]

Polson, R. C.

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. C. Polson and Z. V. Vardeny, “Organic random lasers in the weak-scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. B 71(045205), 1–5 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. C. Polson, A. Chipouline, and Z. V. Vardney, “Random lasing in π-conjugated films and infiltrated opals,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim,” Ger. 13, 760–764 (2001).

Popov, A.

A. Popov, “Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, “Random lasing from dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced gain at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(191116), 1–3 (2006).
[Crossref]

Prasad, B. R.

Psyllaki, M.

Raikh, M. E.

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(016802), 1–4 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ramachandran, H.

Rand, S. C.

G. R. Williams, S. B. Bayram, S. C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R. M. Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dielectric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65(013807), 1–6 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ricci, M.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(053903), 1–4 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sapienza, R.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, “Resonance-driven random lasing,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 429–432 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sebbah, P.

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(143902), 1–4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Seelig, E. W.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(24), 5584–5587 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seeling, E. E.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. E. Seeling, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sha, W. L.

Shapiro, B.

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(016802), 1–4 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sood, A. K.

Stassinopoulos, A.

Subramanian, C. K.

Tanaka, K.

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, and K. Tanaka, “Coherent random lasers in weakly scattering polymer films containing silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. A 79(053817), 1–7 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, Y. Zong, and K. Tanaka, “Random lasers with coherent feedback in highly transparent polymer films embedded with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(201112), 1–3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Torre, R.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(053903), 1–4 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tulek, A.

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vaia, R. A.

van Albada, M. P.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, “Random laser?” Nature 373(6511), 203–204 (1995).
[Crossref]

Vanneste, C.

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(143902), 1–4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vardeny, Z. V.

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. C. Polson and Z. V. Vardeny, “Organic random lasers in the weak-scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. B 71(045205), 1–5 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellerman, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative emission in π-conjugated polymer thin films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(4), 729–732 (1997).
[Crossref]

Vardney, Z. V.

R. C. Polson, A. Chipouline, and Z. V. Vardney, “Random lasing in π-conjugated films and infiltrated opals,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim,” Ger. 13, 760–764 (2001).

Vithana, H. K. M.

Wang, Q. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. E. Seeling, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wiersma, D.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(053903), 1–4 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wiersma, D. S.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, “Resonance-driven random lasing,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 429–432 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, “Random laser?” Nature 373(6511), 203–204 (1995).
[Crossref]

Williams, G. R.

G. R. Williams, S. B. Bayram, S. C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R. M. Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dielectric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65(013807), 1–6 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74(053812), 1–11 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Yamilov, X. Wu, H. Cao, and A. L. Burin, “Absorption-induced confinement of lasing modes in diffusive random media,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2430–2432 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J. Y.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(24), 5584–5587 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamilov, A.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74(053812), 1–11 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Yamilov, X. Wu, H. Cao, and A. L. Burin, “Absorption-induced confinement of lasing modes in diffusive random media,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2430–2432 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoshino, K.

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellerman, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative emission in π-conjugated polymer thin films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(4), 729–732 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zacharakis, G.

Zhang, D. Z.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(24), 5584–5587 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y. G.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. E. Seeling, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zong, Y.

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, Y. Zong, and K. Tanaka, “Random lasers with coherent feedback in highly transparent polymer films embedded with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(201112), 1–3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ann. Phys. (1)

G. Mie, “Beiträge zur Optik trüber Medien speziell kolloidaler Goldlösungen (contributions to the optics of diffuse media, especially colloidal metal solutions),” Ann. Phys. 25, 377–445 (1908).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

G. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticle-dye random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(131105), 1–3 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Popov, “Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, “Random lasing from dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced gain at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(191116), 1–3 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. U. Kang, “Observation of random lasing in gold-silica nanoshell/water solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(221112), 1–3 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, Y. Zong, and K. Tanaka, “Random lasers with coherent feedback in highly transparent polymer films embedded with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(201112), 1–3 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ger. (1)

R. C. Polson, A. Chipouline, and Z. V. Vardney, “Random lasing in π-conjugated films and infiltrated opals,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim,” Ger. 13, 760–764 (2001).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Math. Gen. (1)

H. Cao, “Review on latest developments in random lasers with coherent feedback,” J. Phys. Math. Gen. 38(49), 10497–10535 (2005) (and references therein).
[Crossref]

J. Porous Mater. (1)

K. Nakanishi, “Pore structure control of silica gels based on phase separation,” J. Porous Mater. 4(2), 67–112 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. Garcia, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. Lopez, “Resonance-driven random lasing,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 429–432 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, “Random laser?” Nature 373(6511), 203–204 (1995).
[Crossref]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

X. Meng, K. Fujita, S. Murai, and K. Tanaka, “Coherent random lasers in weakly scattering polymer films containing silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. A 79(053817), 1–7 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. R. Williams, S. B. Bayram, S. C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R. M. Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dielectric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65(013807), 1–6 (2001).
[Crossref]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74(053812), 1–11 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. C. Polson and Z. V. Vardeny, “Organic random lasers in the weak-scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. B 71(045205), 1–5 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(053903), 1–4 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(143902), 1–4 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raikh, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(016802), 1–4 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. V. Frolov, W. Gellerman, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Cooperative emission in π-conjugated polymer thin films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(4), 729–732 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. E. Seeling, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(24), 5584–5587 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Physica B (1)

H. El-Kashef, “The necessary requirements imposed on polar dielectric laser dye solvents,” Physica B 279(4), 295–301 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) SEM image of the macroporous silica. The central pore size is about 3 µm. (b) Experimental pump-probe scheme for random lasing. The excitation source is a picoseconds Nd3+: YAG laser (wavelength: 532 nm, pulse duration: 25 ps, repetition rate: 10 Hz). The backward emission was collected with the fiber bundle into a monochromator and analyzed with a CCD system.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Normalized emission spectra obtained at an identical pump position while at various pump energies: E p = 0.57 (black), 0.70 (red), 1.06 (blue), 1.30 (dark cyan), and 1.97 µJ (magenta). (b) Integrated emission intensity versus E p. The lasing threshold (E th) occurs at E p = 0.86 µJ, as seen in the onset of an abrupt increase. The sample has Δn = 0.001. (c) Normalized emission spectra obtained at various pump positions, while keeping pump energy E p = 1.30 µJ.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Normalized emission spectra of the samples with Δn = 0.008 (black), 0.012 (red), and 0.022 (blue), respectively. E p = 1.30 µJ. (b) Integrated emission intensity versus E p.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Single-shot emission spectra recorded at 1.97 µJ for the samples with Δn = 0.001 (a), 0.008 (b), and 0.022 (c). The arrows marked in (a) denote lasing modes reproduced from pulse to pulse. All the spectra are normalized.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Single-shot emission spectra and (b) corresponding power PFT spectra derived from (a).

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