Abstract

Multiple light spots can be generated by modulating the spatial phase distribution of laser beam with a spatial light modulator (SLM). In this paper, we demonstrate the fabrication of three-dimensional 1 × 4 splitter waveguides inside a glass by focusing multiple light spots of femtosecond (fs) laser pulses, which can be controlled by switching spatial phase distributions on an SLM. In the conventional fs laser writing technique, a highly precise positioning of a substrate is essential for fabricating a branched waveguide in a splitter. Using the technique proposed in this paper, a continuously branched waveguide can be produced easily by translating a glass substrate only one time; therefore this technique can eliminate the need for a high precision in positioning of a substrate and save a fabrication time.

© 2010 OSA

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2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

T. Inoue, H. Tanaka, N. Fukuchi, M. Takumi, N. Matsumoto, T. Hara, N. Yoshida, Y. Igasaki, and Y. Kobayashi, “LCOS spatial light modulator controlled by 12-bit signals for optical phase-only modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6487, Y11 (2007).

2005 (3)

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, D. Spence, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Direct writing of guided wave devices inside bulk glass using femtosecond lasers,” AOS News 19, 8–11 (2005).

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, “Variable holographic femtosecond laser processing by use of a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Eaton, H. Zhang, P. R. Herman, F. Yoshino, L. Shah, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Heat accumulation effects in femtosecond laser-written waveguides with variable repetition rate,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4708–4716 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, ““Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys,” Adv. Mater. 77, 109–111 (2003).

2001 (2)

1999 (2)

Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and T. Yoko, “Three-dimensional microdrilling of glass by multiphoton process and chemical etching,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 10A), L1146–L1148 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. H. Hu, J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, M. Levy, and R. M. Osgood., “A low-loss and compact waveguide Y-branch using refractive-index tapering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 203–205 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

1994 (2)

J. Bengtsson, “Kinoform design with an optimal-rotation-angle method,” Appl. Opt. 33(29), 6879–6884 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Svalgaard, C. V. Poulsen, A. Bjarklev, and O. Poulsen, “Direct UV writing of buried singlemode channel wave-guides in Ge-doped silica films,” Electron. Lett. 30(17), 1401–1403 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

H. Takahashi, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kawachi, “Design and fabrication of silica-based integrated-optic 1X128 power splitter,” Electron. Lett. 27(23), 2131–2133 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

D. B. Keck, A. J. Morrow, D. A. Nolan, and D. A. Thompson, “Passive Components in the Subscriber Loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(11), 1623–1633 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

N. Takato, K. Jinguji, M. Yasu, H. Toba, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based single-mode wave-guides on silicon and their application to guide-wave optical interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(6), 1003–1010 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

Ams, M.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, D. Spence, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Direct writing of guided wave devices inside bulk glass using femtosecond lasers,” AOS News 19, 8–11 (2005).

Andrews, R. A.

Arai, A. Y.

Audouard, E.

Bellini, N.

Bengtsson, J.

Bjarklev, A.

M. Svalgaard, C. V. Poulsen, A. Bjarklev, and O. Poulsen, “Direct UV writing of buried singlemode channel wave-guides in Ge-doped silica films,” Electron. Lett. 30(17), 1401–1403 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bovatsek, J.

Brodeur, A.

Burghoff, J.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, ““Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys,” Adv. Mater. 77, 109–111 (2003).

Carvalho, I. C.

Cerullo, G.

Chen, A

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, A.

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, G.

Chuyanov, A.

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chuyanov, V

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Corbari, C.

Dalton, L. R

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dalton, L. R.

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Davis, K. M.

Dawes, J. M.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, D. Spence, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Direct writing of guided wave devices inside bulk glass using femtosecond lasers,” AOS News 19, 8–11 (2005).

Eaton, S. M.

Emons, M.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Fukuchi, N.

T. Inoue, H. Tanaka, N. Fukuchi, M. Takumi, N. Matsumoto, T. Hara, N. Yoshida, Y. Igasaki, and Y. Kobayashi, “LCOS spatial light modulator controlled by 12-bit signals for optical phase-only modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6487, Y11 (2007).

García, J. F.

Garner, S. M.

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Giallorenzi, T. G.

Ginther, R.

Hara, T.

T. Inoue, H. Tanaka, N. Fukuchi, M. Takumi, N. Matsumoto, T. Hara, N. Yoshida, Y. Igasaki, and Y. Kobayashi, “LCOS spatial light modulator controlled by 12-bit signals for optical phase-only modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6487, Y11 (2007).

Harris, R. D.

Hartl, I.

Hayasaki, Y.

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, “Variable holographic femtosecond laser processing by use of a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Herman, P. R.

Hertel, I. V.

Hirao, K.

M. Sakakura, T. Sawano, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Parallel drawing of multiple bent optical waveguides by using a spatial light modulator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(12), 126507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and T. Yoko, “Three-dimensional microdrilling of glass by multiphoton process and chemical etching,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 10A), L1146–L1148 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(21), 1729–1731 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hu, M. H.

M. H. Hu, J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, M. Levy, and R. M. Osgood., “A low-loss and compact waveguide Y-branch using refractive-index tapering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 203–205 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. Z.

M. H. Hu, J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, M. Levy, and R. M. Osgood., “A low-loss and compact waveguide Y-branch using refractive-index tapering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 203–205 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huot, N.

Igasaki, Y.

T. Inoue, H. Tanaka, N. Fukuchi, M. Takumi, N. Matsumoto, T. Hara, N. Yoshida, Y. Igasaki, and Y. Kobayashi, “LCOS spatial light modulator controlled by 12-bit signals for optical phase-only modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6487, Y11 (2007).

Inoue, T.

T. Inoue, H. Tanaka, N. Fukuchi, M. Takumi, N. Matsumoto, T. Hara, N. Yoshida, Y. Igasaki, and Y. Kobayashi, “LCOS spatial light modulator controlled by 12-bit signals for optical phase-only modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6487, Y11 (2007).

Ippen, E. P.

Jinguji, K.

N. Takato, K. Jinguji, M. Yasu, H. Toba, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based single-mode wave-guides on silicon and their application to guide-wave optical interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(6), 1003–1010 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, M.

H. Takahashi, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kawachi, “Design and fabrication of silica-based integrated-optic 1X128 power splitter,” Electron. Lett. 27(23), 2131–2133 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. Takato, K. Jinguji, M. Yasu, H. Toba, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based single-mode wave-guides on silicon and their application to guide-wave optical interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(6), 1003–1010 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Keck, D. B.

D. B. Keck, A. J. Morrow, D. A. Nolan, and D. A. Thompson, “Passive Components in the Subscriber Loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(11), 1623–1633 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, R.

Kobayashi, Y.

T. Inoue, H. Tanaka, N. Fukuchi, M. Takumi, N. Matsumoto, T. Hara, N. Yoshida, Y. Igasaki, and Y. Kobayashi, “LCOS spatial light modulator controlled by 12-bit signals for optical phase-only modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6487, Y11 (2007).

Kondo, Y.

Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and T. Yoko, “Three-dimensional microdrilling of glass by multiphoton process and chemical etching,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 10A), L1146–L1148 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kowalevicz, A. M.

Lee, S. S

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levy, M.

M. H. Hu, J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, M. Levy, and R. M. Osgood., “A low-loss and compact waveguide Y-branch using refractive-index tapering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 203–205 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Luff, B. J.

Marshall, G. D.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, D. Spence, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Direct writing of guided wave devices inside bulk glass using femtosecond lasers,” AOS News 19, 8–11 (2005).

Matsumoto, N.

T. Inoue, H. Tanaka, N. Fukuchi, M. Takumi, N. Matsumoto, T. Hara, N. Yoshida, Y. Igasaki, and Y. Kobayashi, “LCOS spatial light modulator controlled by 12-bit signals for optical phase-only modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6487, Y11 (2007).

Mauclair, C.

Mazur, E.

Minoshima, K.

Mitsuyu, T.

Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and T. Yoko, “Three-dimensional microdrilling of glass by multiphoton process and chemical etching,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 10A), L1146–L1148 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

M. Sakakura, T. Sawano, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Parallel drawing of multiple bent optical waveguides by using a spatial light modulator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(12), 126507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(21), 1729–1731 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Morrow, A. J.

D. B. Keck, A. J. Morrow, D. A. Nolan, and D. A. Thompson, “Passive Components in the Subscriber Loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(11), 1623–1633 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, N.

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, “Variable holographic femtosecond laser processing by use of a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nolan, D. A.

D. B. Keck, A. J. Morrow, D. A. Nolan, and D. A. Thompson, “Passive Components in the Subscriber Loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(11), 1623–1633 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, ““Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys,” Adv. Mater. 77, 109–111 (2003).

Ohmori, Y.

H. Takahashi, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kawachi, “Design and fabrication of silica-based integrated-optic 1X128 power splitter,” Electron. Lett. 27(23), 2131–2133 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Osellame, R.

Osgood, R. M.

M. H. Hu, J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, M. Levy, and R. M. Osgood., “A low-loss and compact waveguide Y-branch using refractive-index tapering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 203–205 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, G.

Piper, J. A.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, D. Spence, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Direct writing of guided wave devices inside bulk glass using femtosecond lasers,” AOS News 19, 8–11 (2005).

Pospiech, M.

Poulsen, C. V.

M. Svalgaard, C. V. Poulsen, A. Bjarklev, and O. Poulsen, “Direct UV writing of buried singlemode channel wave-guides in Ge-doped silica films,” Electron. Lett. 30(17), 1401–1403 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Poulsen, O.

M. Svalgaard, C. V. Poulsen, A. Bjarklev, and O. Poulsen, “Direct UV writing of buried singlemode channel wave-guides in Ge-doped silica films,” Electron. Lett. 30(17), 1401–1403 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and T. Yoko, “Three-dimensional microdrilling of glass by multiphoton process and chemical etching,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 10A), L1146–L1148 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rosenfeld, A.

Sakaguchi, K.

Sakakura, M.

M. Sakakura, T. Sawano, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Parallel drawing of multiple bent optical waveguides by using a spatial light modulator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(12), 126507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sang-Shin Lee, V.

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sawano, T.

M. Sakakura, T. Sawano, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Parallel drawing of multiple bent optical waveguides by using a spatial light modulator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(12), 126507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Scarmozzino, R.

M. H. Hu, J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, M. Levy, and R. M. Osgood., “A low-loss and compact waveguide Y-branch using refractive-index tapering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 203–205 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C. B.

Schiffrin, D. J.

Shah, L.

Shimotsuma, Y.

M. Sakakura, T. Sawano, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Parallel drawing of multiple bent optical waveguides by using a spatial light modulator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(12), 126507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spence, D.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, D. Spence, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Direct writing of guided wave devices inside bulk glass using femtosecond lasers,” AOS News 19, 8–11 (2005).

Steier,

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Steier, W. H.

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Steinmann, A.

Stoian, R.

Sugimoto, N.

Sugimoto, T.

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, “Variable holographic femtosecond laser processing by use of a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Svalgaard, M.

M. Svalgaard, C. V. Poulsen, A. Bjarklev, and O. Poulsen, “Direct UV writing of buried singlemode channel wave-guides in Ge-doped silica films,” Electron. Lett. 30(17), 1401–1403 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

H. Takahashi, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kawachi, “Design and fabrication of silica-based integrated-optic 1X128 power splitter,” Electron. Lett. 27(23), 2131–2133 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Takato, N.

N. Takato, K. Jinguji, M. Yasu, H. Toba, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based single-mode wave-guides on silicon and their application to guide-wave optical interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(6), 1003–1010 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Takita, A.

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, “Variable holographic femtosecond laser processing by use of a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takumi, M.

T. Inoue, H. Tanaka, N. Fukuchi, M. Takumi, N. Matsumoto, T. Hara, N. Yoshida, Y. Igasaki, and Y. Kobayashi, “LCOS spatial light modulator controlled by 12-bit signals for optical phase-only modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6487, Y11 (2007).

Tanaka, H.

T. Inoue, H. Tanaka, N. Fukuchi, M. Takumi, N. Matsumoto, T. Hara, N. Yoshida, Y. Igasaki, and Y. Kobayashi, “LCOS spatial light modulator controlled by 12-bit signals for optical phase-only modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6487, Y11 (2007).

Thompson, D. A.

D. B. Keck, A. J. Morrow, D. A. Nolan, and D. A. Thompson, “Passive Components in the Subscriber Loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(11), 1623–1633 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Toba, H.

N. Takato, K. Jinguji, M. Yasu, H. Toba, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based single-mode wave-guides on silicon and their application to guide-wave optical interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(6), 1003–1010 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tuennermann, A.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, ““Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys,” Adv. Mater. 77, 109–111 (2003).

Väckenstedt, B.

West, E. J.

Wilkinson, J. S.

Will, M.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, ““Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys,” Adv. Mater. 77, 109–111 (2003).

Wilson, R.

Withford, M. J.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, D. Spence, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Direct writing of guided wave devices inside bulk glass using femtosecond lasers,” AOS News 19, 8–11 (2005).

Yacoubian, A

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yacoubian, W. H.

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

Yasu, M.

N. Takato, K. Jinguji, M. Yasu, H. Toba, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based single-mode wave-guides on silicon and their application to guide-wave optical interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(6), 1003–1010 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yoko, T.

Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and T. Yoko, “Three-dimensional microdrilling of glass by multiphoton process and chemical etching,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 10A), L1146–L1148 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, N.

T. Inoue, H. Tanaka, N. Fukuchi, M. Takumi, N. Matsumoto, T. Hara, N. Yoshida, Y. Igasaki, and Y. Kobayashi, “LCOS spatial light modulator controlled by 12-bit signals for optical phase-only modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6487, Y11 (2007).

Yoshino, F.

Zhang, H.

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, ““Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys,” Adv. Mater. 77, 109–111 (2003).

AOS News (1)

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, D. Spence, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Direct writing of guided wave devices inside bulk glass using femtosecond lasers,” AOS News 19, 8–11 (2005).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, “Variable holographic femtosecond laser processing by use of a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. Takahashi, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kawachi, “Design and fabrication of silica-based integrated-optic 1X128 power splitter,” Electron. Lett. 27(23), 2131–2133 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Svalgaard, C. V. Poulsen, A. Bjarklev, and O. Poulsen, “Direct UV writing of buried singlemode channel wave-guides in Ge-doped silica films,” Electron. Lett. 30(17), 1401–1403 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. M. Garner, V. Sang-Shin Lee, A. Chuyanov, A. Chen, W. H. Yacoubian, Steier, L. R. Dalton, S. S Lee, V Chuyanov, A Chen, A Yacoubian, W. H. Steier, and L. R Dalton, “Three-Dimensional Integrated Optics Using Polymers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(8), 1146–1155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. H. Hu, J. Z. Huang, R. Scarmozzino, M. Levy, and R. M. Osgood., “A low-loss and compact waveguide Y-branch using refractive-index tapering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 203–205 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

D. B. Keck, A. J. Morrow, D. A. Nolan, and D. A. Thompson, “Passive Components in the Subscriber Loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(11), 1623–1633 (1989).
[CrossRef]

N. Takato, K. Jinguji, M. Yasu, H. Toba, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based single-mode wave-guides on silicon and their application to guide-wave optical interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(6), 1003–1010 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. Sakakura, T. Sawano, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Parallel drawing of multiple bent optical waveguides by using a spatial light modulator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(12), 126507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and T. Yoko, “Three-dimensional microdrilling of glass by multiphoton process and chemical etching,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 10A), L1146–L1148 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. Inoue, H. Tanaka, N. Fukuchi, M. Takumi, N. Matsumoto, T. Hara, N. Yoshida, Y. Igasaki, and Y. Kobayashi, “LCOS spatial light modulator controlled by 12-bit signals for optical phase-only modulation,” Proc. SPIE 6487, Y11 (2007).

Other (1)

K. Iizuka, Engineering optics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin; Tokyo, 1985)

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MPG (4067 KB)     

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