Abstract

We propose an illusion device which transforms a perfectly-electric-conducting (PEC) object into a virtual dielectric object with arbitrary material parameters. Such an illusion device has unconventional electromagnetic properties as verified by accurate numerical simulations. The presented illusion device is composed of inhomogeneous and anisotropic media with finite and positive permittivity and permeability components. Hence the designed device is possible to be realized using artificial metamaterials.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B.J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: A new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 203901 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9, 129 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8, 639–642 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao,W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Achieving perfect imaging beyond passive and active obstacles by a transformed bilayer lens,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161101 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, H. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electro. Resea. - PIER 95, 167 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Ng, H. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. T. Yang, H. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: Enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Yan, W. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Cylindrical superlens by a coordinate transformation,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 125113 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Near-field lenses in two dimensions,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 148463–8479 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Focusing light using negative refraction,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 156345–6364 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, and D. R. Smith, “Electric-field-coupled resonators for negative permittivity metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041109 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. Pendry, “All smoke and metamaterials,” Nature 460, 579 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2010

N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9, 129 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8, 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao,W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Achieving perfect imaging beyond passive and active obstacles by a transformed bilayer lens,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, H. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electro. Resea. - PIER 95, 167 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Pendry, “All smoke and metamaterials,” Nature 460, 579 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ng, H. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: Enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: A new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yan, W. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Cylindrical superlens by a coordinate transformation,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 125113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B.J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, and D. R. Smith, “Electric-field-coupled resonators for negative permittivity metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Focusing light using negative refraction,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 156345–6364 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Near-field lenses in two dimensions,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 148463–8479 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ao, X.

H. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao,W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cardenas, J.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

H. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao,W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ng, H. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ng, H. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao,W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, H. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electro. Resea. - PIER 95, 167 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, H. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: Enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16, 18545–18550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. Y.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

H. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao,W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Q.

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin, J. Y.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cui, T. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B.J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gabrielli, L. H.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Han, D. Z.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, S.

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hou, B.

H. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao,W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, C.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, W. X.

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Justice, B.J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B.J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kong, J. A.

Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, H. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electro. Resea. - PIER 95, 167 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kundtz, N.

N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9, 129 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lai, Y.

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonhardt, U.

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8, 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: A new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luo, X.

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, H. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electro. Resea. - PIER 95, 167 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

Ma, Y. G.

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8, 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, and D. R. Smith, “Electric-field-coupled resonators for negative permittivity metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B.J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ng, J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ng, H. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 644–646 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ong, C. K.

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8, 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J.

J. Pendry, “All smoke and metamaterials,” Nature 460, 579 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: A new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B.J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Focusing light using negative refraction,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 156345–6364 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Near-field lenses in two dimensions,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 148463–8479 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Poitras, C. B.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Achieving perfect imaging beyond passive and active obstacles by a transformed bilayer lens,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, W. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Cylindrical superlens by a coordinate transformation,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 125113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ramakrishna, S. A.

J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Focusing light using negative refraction,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 156345–6364 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Near-field lenses in two dimensions,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 148463–8479 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B.J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, and D. R. Smith, “Electric-field-coupled resonators for negative permittivity metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9, 129 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, and D. R. Smith, “Electric-field-coupled resonators for negative permittivity metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B.J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B.J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tyc, T.

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8, 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, W.

H. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao,W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, B.-I.

Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, H. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electro. Resea. - PIER 95, 167 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, J. J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, M.

W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Achieving perfect imaging beyond passive and active obstacles by a transformed bilayer lens,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, W. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Cylindrical superlens by a coordinate transformation,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 125113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yan, W.

W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Achieving perfect imaging beyond passive and active obstacles by a transformed bilayer lens,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, W. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Cylindrical superlens by a coordinate transformation,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 125113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.

Yang, X. M.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J. J.

Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, H. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electro. Resea. - PIER 95, 167 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P.

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. Q.

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, and D. R. Smith, “Electric-field-coupled resonators for negative permittivity metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Obtaining a nonsingular two-dimensional cloak of complex shape from a perfect three-dimensional cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 243502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter

J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Near-field lenses in two dimensions,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 148463–8479 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Focusing light using negative refraction,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 156345–6364 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8, 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9, 129 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Ma, C. K. Ong, T. Tyc, and U. Leonhardt, “An omnidirectional retroreflector based on the transmutation of dielectric singularities,” Nat. Mater. 8, 639–642 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3, 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature

J. Pendry, “All smoke and metamaterials,” Nature 460, 579 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

M. Yan, W. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Cylindrical superlens by a coordinate transformation,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 125113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Yan, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Achieving perfect imaging beyond passive and active obstacles by a transformed bilayer lens,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

W. X. Jiang, J. Y. Chin, Z. Li, Q. Cheng, R. Liu, and T. J. Cui, “Analytical design of conformally invisible cloaks for arbitrarily shaped objects,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 066607 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. Chen, B. Hou, S. Chen, X. Ao,W. Wen, and C. T. Chan, “Design and experimental realization of a broadband transformation media field rotator at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 183903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: A new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Electro. Resea. - PIER

Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, H. Chen, B.-I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Wave and ray analysis of a type of cloak exhibiting magnified and shifted scattering effect,” Prog. Electro. Resea. - PIER 95, 167 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Science

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B.J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312, 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(color online) A simple scheme of an illusion medium layer that transforms q PEC sphere to a dielectric sphere. Left: The PEC sphere (the actual object) enclosed with the illusion medium layer in the physical space. Right: The dielectric sphere (the illusion) in the virtual space.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(color online) The cross section of an illusion device which transforms a PEC sphere to a dielectric sphere virtually. (a) A PEC sphere with the illusion medium layer in the physical space. (b) A dielectric sphere in the illusion space.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(color online) The electric-field distributions in the computational domain for (a) a PEC cylinder without the illusion medium layer; (b) a PEC cylinder with the illusion medium layer; and (c) a dielectric cylinder when the plane waves are incident horizontally from the left to the right.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(color online) The electric-field distributions in the computational domain for (a) the dielectric hollow pipe; (b) the PEC cylinder with the illusion medium layer, when the plane waves are incident horizontally from the left to the right.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(color online) The electric-field distributions in the computational domain for (a) the bronze woman model without the illusion medium layers; (b) the bronze woman model with the illusion medium layers; and (c) a woman with material parameters εr = 3 and μr = 1, when the plane waves are incident in the horizontal direction from the left to the right.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε = = Λ ε = Λ T / det ( Λ ) , μ = = Λ μ = Λ T / det ( Λ ) ,
r = { k 1 r + r 1 , 0 r r 0 , k 2 ( r r 0 ) + r 2 , r 0 r r 3 ,
ε = = ε r A , = μ = = μ r A , =
A = = { ( ( r r 1 ) 2 / k 1 r 2 0 0 0 1 / k 1 0 0 0 1 / k 1 ) r 1 r r 2 , ( ( r r 2 + k 2 r 0 ) 2 / k 2 r 2 0 0 0 1 / k 2 0 0 0 1 / k 2 ) r 2 r r 3 .

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