Abstract

We report on the measurements of near-UV excited-state absorption (ESA) spectra and refractive index changes (RICs) in the two ytterbium doped laser crystals Yb:Lu2O3 and Yb:Sc2O3. ESA is assigned to ligand-to-metal charge transfer (LMCT) absorption transitions and RICs to the polarizability changes experienced by the Yb3+ ions due to these strong electric-dipole allowed absorption bands.

© 2010 OSA

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2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (4)

R. Moncorgé, O. N. Eremeykin, J. L. Doualan, and O. L. Antipov, “Origin of athermal refractive index changes observed in Yb3+ doped YAG and KGW,” Opt. Commun. 281(9), 2526–2530 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasil’ev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, “Model of Y2O3–Yb charge-transfer luminescence based on ab initio cluster calculations,” J. Lumin. 128(11), 1748–1752 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Fotiadi, O. L. Antipov, and P. Mégret, “Dynamics of pump-induced refractive index changes in single-mode Yb-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12658–12663 (2008).
[PubMed]

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Boedefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2770–2772 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

2006 (3)

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Quant. Electr. QE 36 (5), 418 (2006) and Opt,” Lett. 31(6), 763 (2006).

J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and P. Nagtegaele, “Spectroscopic investigation of variations in the refractive index of a Nd:YAG laser crystal: Experiments and crystal-field calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74(23), 235108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. balembois, and P. Georges, Progr. in Quant Electronics 30, 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, R. L. Aggarwal, and T. Y. Fan, “300-W cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1274–1277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, “A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. van Pieterson, M. Heeroma, E. De Heer, and A. Meijerink, “Charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 91(3-4), 177–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

Aggarwal, R. L.

D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, R. L. Aggarwal, and T. Y. Fan, “300-W cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1274–1277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Antipov, O.

Antipov, O. L.

A. A. Fotiadi, O. L. Antipov, and P. Mégret, “Dynamics of pump-induced refractive index changes in single-mode Yb-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12658–12663 (2008).
[PubMed]

R. Moncorgé, O. N. Eremeykin, J. L. Doualan, and O. L. Antipov, “Origin of athermal refractive index changes observed in Yb3+ doped YAG and KGW,” Opt. Commun. 281(9), 2526–2530 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 315–318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Quant. Electr. QE 36 (5), 418 (2006) and Opt,” Lett. 31(6), 763 (2006).

O. L. Antipov, S. I. Belyaev, A. S. Kuzhelev, and D. V. Chausov, “Resonant two-wave mixing of optical beams by refractive-index and gain gratings in inverted Nd:YAG,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(8), 2276 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aoyama, M.

Aus der Au, J.

Baer, C. R. E.

balembois, F.

Belyaev, S. I.

Bock, S.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J.L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, Appl. Phys. B – Lasers and Optics. 97(2), 327 (2009
[CrossRef]

Boedefeld, R.

Bredikhin, D. V.

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Quant. Electr. QE 36 (5), 418 (2006) and Opt,” Lett. 31(6), 763 (2006).

Camy, P.

Chausov, D. V.

Chénais, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. balembois, and P. Georges, Progr. in Quant Electronics 30, 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Heer, E.

L. van Pieterson, M. Heeroma, E. De Heer, and A. Meijerink, “Charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 91(3-4), 177–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Debourg, G.

Doualan, J. L.

Doualan, J.L.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J.L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, Appl. Phys. B – Lasers and Optics. 97(2), 327 (2009
[CrossRef]

Druon, F.

Eremeykin, O. N.

R. Moncorgé, O. N. Eremeykin, J. L. Doualan, and O. L. Antipov, “Origin of athermal refractive index changes observed in Yb3+ doped YAG and KGW,” Opt. Commun. 281(9), 2526–2530 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Quant. Electr. QE 36 (5), 418 (2006) and Opt,” Lett. 31(6), 763 (2006).

Fan, T. Y.

D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, R. L. Aggarwal, and T. Y. Fan, “300-W cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1274–1277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fedorova, K. A.

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Quant. Electr. QE 36 (5), 418 (2006) and Opt,” Lett. 31(6), 763 (2006).

Forget, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. balembois, and P. Georges, Progr. in Quant Electronics 30, 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fotiadi, A. A.

Fournier, D.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, “A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaumé, R.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, “A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Golling, M.

Heckl, O. H.

Heeroma, M.

L. van Pieterson, M. Heeroma, E. De Heer, and A. Meijerink, “Charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 91(3-4), 177–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hein, J.

Hönninger, C.

Hornung, M.

Huber, G.

Ivakin, E.

Ivakin, E. V.

E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 315–318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Quant. Electr. QE 36 (5), 418 (2006) and Opt,” Lett. 31(6), 763 (2006).

Jacquemet, M.

Jochmann, A.

Kaluza, M. C.

Kamenskikh, I. A.

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasil’ev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, “Model of Y2O3–Yb charge-transfer luminescence based on ab initio cluster calculations,” J. Lumin. 128(11), 1748–1752 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

Karsch, S.

Kawanaka, J.

Keller, U.

Klingebiel, S.

Kränkel, C.

Krasikov, D. N.

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasil’ev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, “Model of Y2O3–Yb charge-transfer luminescence based on ab initio cluster calculations,” J. Lumin. 128(11), 1748–1752 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Kuleshov, N. V.

E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 315–318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuzhelev, A. S.

Lucca, A.

Margerie, J.

J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and P. Nagtegaele, “Spectroscopic investigation of variations in the refractive index of a Nd:YAG laser crystal: Experiments and crystal-field calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74(23), 235108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mégret, P.

Meijerink, A.

L. van Pieterson, M. Heeroma, E. De Heer, and A. Meijerink, “Charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 91(3-4), 177–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailin, V. V.

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasil’ev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, “Model of Y2O3–Yb charge-transfer luminescence based on ab initio cluster calculations,” J. Lumin. 128(11), 1748–1752 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

R. Soulard, A. Zinoviev, J. L. Doualan, E. Ivakin, O. Antipov, and R. Moncorgé, “Detailed characterization of pump-induced refractive index changes observed in Nd:YVO(4), Nd:GdVO(4) and Nd:KGW,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1553–1568 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J.L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, Appl. Phys. B – Lasers and Optics. 97(2), 327 (2009
[CrossRef]

R. Moncorgé, O. N. Eremeykin, J. L. Doualan, and O. L. Antipov, “Origin of athermal refractive index changes observed in Yb3+ doped YAG and KGW,” Opt. Commun. 281(9), 2526–2530 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and P. Nagtegaele, “Spectroscopic investigation of variations in the refractive index of a Nd:YAG laser crystal: Experiments and crystal-field calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74(23), 235108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moser, M.

Nagtegaele, P.

J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and P. Nagtegaele, “Spectroscopic investigation of variations in the refractive index of a Nd:YAG laser crystal: Experiments and crystal-field calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74(23), 235108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nishioka, H.

Ochoa, J. R.

D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, R. L. Aggarwal, and T. Y. Fan, “300-W cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1274–1277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, K.

Paschotta, R.

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Podleska, S.

Ripin, D. J.

D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, R. L. Aggarwal, and T. Y. Fan, “300-W cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1274–1277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roger, J. P.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, “A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saraceno, C. J.

Savikin, A. P.

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Quant. Electr. QE 36 (5), 418 (2006) and Opt,” Lett. 31(6), 763 (2006).

Schaer, S. F.

Scherbinin, A. V.

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasil’ev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, “Model of Y2O3–Yb charge-transfer luminescence based on ab initio cluster calculations,” J. Lumin. 128(11), 1748–1752 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schramm, U.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J.L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, Appl. Phys. B – Lasers and Optics. 97(2), 327 (2009
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Siebold, M.

Soulard, R.

Südmeyer, T.

Sukhadolau, A. V.

E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 315–318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sukhodolov, A. V.

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Quant. Electr. QE 36 (5), 418 (2006) and Opt,” Lett. 31(6), 763 (2006).

Tokita, S.

Tokurakawa, M.

Tsuji, K.

Uecker, R.

Ueda, K.

van Pieterson, L.

L. van Pieterson, M. Heeroma, E. De Heer, and A. Meijerink, “Charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 91(3-4), 177–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vasil’ev, A. N.

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasil’ev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, “Model of Y2O3–Yb charge-transfer luminescence based on ab initio cluster calculations,” J. Lumin. 128(11), 1748–1752 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, “A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, “A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wandt, C.

Xu, B.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J.L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, Appl. Phys. B – Lasers and Optics. 97(2), 327 (2009
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

Yamakawa, K.

Yanagitani, T.

Zinoviev, A.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J.L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, Appl. Phys. B – Lasers and Optics. 97(2), 327 (2009
[CrossRef]

E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 315–318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, “A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, R. L. Aggarwal, and T. Y. Fan, “300-W cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(10), 1274–1277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

L. van Pieterson, M. Heeroma, E. De Heer, and A. Meijerink, “Charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 91(3-4), 177–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Krasikov, A. V. Scherbinin, A. N. Vasil’ev, I. A. Kamenskikh, and V. V. Mikhailin, “Model of Y2O3–Yb charge-transfer luminescence based on ab initio cluster calculations,” J. Lumin. 128(11), 1748–1752 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Lett. (1)

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Quant. Electr. QE 36 (5), 418 (2006) and Opt,” Lett. 31(6), 763 (2006).

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Moncorgé, O. N. Eremeykin, J. L. Doualan, and O. L. Antipov, “Origin of athermal refractive index changes observed in Yb3+ doped YAG and KGW,” Opt. Commun. 281(9), 2526–2530 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Margerie, R. Moncorgé, and P. Nagtegaele, “Spectroscopic investigation of variations in the refractive index of a Nd:YAG laser crystal: Experiments and crystal-field calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74(23), 235108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Progr. in Quant Electronics (1)

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. balembois, and P. Georges, Progr. in Quant Electronics 30, 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

http://www.schott.com/lithotec/english/products/calcium_Fluoride/calcium_fluoride.html

R. C. Powell, Physics of Solid State Laser Materials, Springer, NY, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1998.

B. Di Bartolo, Optical Interactions in Solids, John Wiley and Sons Inc., NY, 1968.

N. V. Guerassimova, L. A. Kamenskikh, D. N. Krasikov, V. V. Mikhailin, K. Petermann, D. F. de Sousa, G. Zimmerer “Charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+ in sesquioxides” HASYLAB Annual Report 2004.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Total refractive index changes Δntotal found in the case of Yb:Sc2O3, as measured (○○○) and as resulting () from the sum of the deconvoluted electronic and thermal contributions Δnel and Δnth, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Total refractive index changes Δntotal found in the case of Yb:Lu2O3, as measured (○○○) and as resulting () from the sum of the deconvoluted electronic and thermal contributions Δnel and Δnth, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical density and excited-state “absorption difference” spectra of 0.85 mm thick 2.5%Yb:Sc2O3 and 1.05 mm thick 2.5%Yb:Lu2O3 single crystals

Equations (15)

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Δ I ( t ) / 2 I 0 ¯ x , y Δ ϕ ( t ) ¯ x , y = 2 π Δ n ( t ) ¯ x , y , z ( 2 l ) / λ 0
Δ n ( t ) ¯ x , y , z Δ n e l ¯ x , y , z × exp ( t / τ e l ) + Δ n t h ¯ x , y , z × exp ( t / τ t h )
N e x ¯ x , y , z = 2 π ( ϖ p 2 + ϖ s 2 ) 1 l E a b s . λ p h c τ F τ p [ 1 exp ( τ p τ F ) ]
Δ n e l ¯ x , y , z = 2 π n 0 f L 2 Δ α p N e x ¯ x , y , z
Δ α p Y b : S c 2 0 3 ( 633 n m ) = ( 1.9 ± 0.6 ) × 10 26 c m 3
Δ α p Y b : L u 2 0 3 ( 633 n m ) = ( 2.3 ± 0.6 ) × 10 26 c m 3
I u = I 0 T 2 exp [ σ g s a N l ] a n d I p = I 0 T 2 exp [ σ g s a N g l σ e s a N e x l ]
σ e s a σ g s a = ln ( I u / I p ) N e x l
N e x I a b s λ p h c π ϖ p 2 l
σ e s a Y b : S c 2 O 3 ( 248 n m ) 6.4 × 10 19 c m 2 a n d σ e s a Y b : L u 2 O 3 ( 261 n m ) 7.5 ± 0.5 × 10 19 c m 2
Δ α p s p e c ( υ ¯ ) = 7.1 × 10 15 [ f e s a υ ¯ e s a 2 υ ¯ 2 f g s a ( υ ¯ e s a + υ ¯ Z L ) 2 υ ¯ 2 ]
f e s a = 1.13 × 10 19 λ 2 σ e s a ( λ ) d λ
f e s a Y b : S c 2 O 3 0.0054 a n d Δ α p Y b : S c 2 O 3 ( 633 n m ) = ( 1.9 ± 0.5 ) × 10 26 c m 3
f e s a Y b : L u 2 O 3 0.0073 a n d Δ α p Y b : L u 2 O 3 ( 633 n m ) = ( 2.6 ± 0.6 ) × 10 26 c m 3
β = Δ χ R Δ χ Im = 8 π 2 f L 2 υ ¯ n . Δ α p Δ σ

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