Abstract

We report more than 1.1 Watt of idler power at 3373 nm in a singly resonant optical parametric oscillator (SRO), directly pumped by a single-frequency monolithic tapered diode laser. The SRO is based on a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 crystal in a four mirror cavity and is excited by 8.05 W of 1062 nm radiation. The SRO pump power at threshold is 4 W. The internal slope-efficiency and conversion efficiency reach 89% and 44% respectively. The signal and idler waves are temperature tuned in the range of 1541 to 1600 nm and 3154 to 3415 nm respectively. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest output obtained for a diode pumped optical parametric oscillator (OPO), and the first time a SRO is directly pumped by a monolithic tapered diode laser.

© 2010 OSA

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2009 (3)

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “1060 nm DBR tapered lasers with 12 W output power and a nearly diffraction limited beam quality,” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301E (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, F. Dittmar, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-Brightness Quantum Well Tapered Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 1009–1020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Odriozola, J. M. G. Tijero, L. Borruel, I. Esquivias, H. Wenzel, F. Dittmar, K. Paschke, B. Sumpf, and G. Erbert, “Beam Properties of 980-nm Tapered Lasers With Separate Contacts: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(1), 42–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz, “Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 442(1-3), 145–149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, H. Verbraak, and H. Linnartz, “Selective trace gas detection of complex molecules with a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator using a planar jet expansion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(8), 081109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

K. Paschke, J. Behrendt, M. Maiwald, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High power, single mode 980 nm DBR tapered diode lasers with integrated 6th order surface gratings based on simplified fabrication process,” Proc. SPIE 6184, 618401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Lindsay, P. Groß, C. J. Lee, B. Adhimoolam, and K.-J. Boller, “Mid-infrared wavelength- and frequency-modulation spectroscopy with a pump-modulated singly-resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12341–12346 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (3)

1998 (1)

1996 (3)

1993 (1)

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical Parametric Oscillator Threshold and Linewidth Studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some Effects of Spatially Nonuniform Pumping in Pulsed Optical Parametric Oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(3), 109–118 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Adamiec, P.

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “1060 nm DBR tapered lasers with 12 W output power and a nearly diffraction limited beam quality,” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301E (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, F. Dittmar, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-Brightness Quantum Well Tapered Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 1009–1020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Adhimoolam, B.

Alexander, J. I.

Baillargeon, J. N.

Behrendt, J.

K. Paschke, J. Behrendt, M. Maiwald, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High power, single mode 980 nm DBR tapered diode lasers with integrated 6th order surface gratings based on simplified fabrication process,” Proc. SPIE 6184, 618401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bisson, S. E.

Bjorkholm, J. E.

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some Effects of Spatially Nonuniform Pumping in Pulsed Optical Parametric Oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(3), 109–118 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

Borruel, L.

H. Odriozola, J. M. G. Tijero, L. Borruel, I. Esquivias, H. Wenzel, F. Dittmar, K. Paschke, B. Sumpf, and G. Erbert, “Beam Properties of 980-nm Tapered Lasers With Separate Contacts: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(1), 42–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Boulanger, B.

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical Parametric Oscillator Threshold and Linewidth Studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bugge, F.

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “1060 nm DBR tapered lasers with 12 W output power and a nearly diffraction limited beam quality,” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301E (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, F. Dittmar, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-Brightness Quantum Well Tapered Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 1009–1020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Cappasso, F.

Cho, A. Y.

Dittmar, F.

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, F. Dittmar, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-Brightness Quantum Well Tapered Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 1009–1020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Odriozola, J. M. G. Tijero, L. Borruel, I. Esquivias, H. Wenzel, F. Dittmar, K. Paschke, B. Sumpf, and G. Erbert, “Beam Properties of 980-nm Tapered Lasers With Separate Contacts: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(1), 42–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Drobshoff, A.

Eckardt, R. C.

Erbert, G.

H. Odriozola, J. M. G. Tijero, L. Borruel, I. Esquivias, H. Wenzel, F. Dittmar, K. Paschke, B. Sumpf, and G. Erbert, “Beam Properties of 980-nm Tapered Lasers With Separate Contacts: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(1), 42–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “1060 nm DBR tapered lasers with 12 W output power and a nearly diffraction limited beam quality,” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301E (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, F. Dittmar, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-Brightness Quantum Well Tapered Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 1009–1020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Paschke, J. Behrendt, M. Maiwald, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High power, single mode 980 nm DBR tapered diode lasers with integrated 6th order surface gratings based on simplified fabrication process,” Proc. SPIE 6184, 618401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Esquivias, I.

H. Odriozola, J. M. G. Tijero, L. Borruel, I. Esquivias, H. Wenzel, F. Dittmar, K. Paschke, B. Sumpf, and G. Erbert, “Beam Properties of 980-nm Tapered Lasers With Separate Contacts: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(1), 42–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fève, J.-P.

Fricke, J.

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “1060 nm DBR tapered lasers with 12 W output power and a nearly diffraction limited beam quality,” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301E (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, F. Dittmar, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-Brightness Quantum Well Tapered Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 1009–1020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Paschke, J. Behrendt, M. Maiwald, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High power, single mode 980 nm DBR tapered diode lasers with integrated 6th order surface gratings based on simplified fabrication process,” Proc. SPIE 6184, 618401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gmachl, C.

Groß, P.

Harren, F. J. M.

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz, “Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 442(1-3), 145–149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, H. Verbraak, and H. Linnartz, “Selective trace gas detection of complex molecules with a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator using a planar jet expansion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(8), 081109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Paldus, T. G. Spence, R. N. Zare, J. Oomens, F. J. M. Harren, D. H. Parker, C. Gmachl, F. Cappasso, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Photoacoustic spectroscopy using quantum-cascade lasers,” Opt. Lett. 24(3), 178–180 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hasler, K.-H.

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “1060 nm DBR tapered lasers with 12 W output power and a nearly diffraction limited beam quality,” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301E (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, F. Dittmar, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-Brightness Quantum Well Tapered Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 1009–1020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hellström, J.

Hutchinson, A. L.

Kappe, P.

Klein, M. E.

Kulp, T. J.

Laue, C. K.

Laurell, F.

Lee, C. J.

Lee, D.-H.

Lindsay, I. D.

Linnartz, H.

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, H. Verbraak, and H. Linnartz, “Selective trace gas detection of complex molecules with a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator using a planar jet expansion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(8), 081109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz, “Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 442(1-3), 145–149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maiwald, M.

K. Paschke, J. Behrendt, M. Maiwald, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High power, single mode 980 nm DBR tapered diode lasers with integrated 6th order surface gratings based on simplified fabrication process,” Proc. SPIE 6184, 618401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ménaert, B.

Menzel, R.

Meyn, J.-P.

Myers, L. E.

Ngai, A. K. Y.

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, H. Verbraak, and H. Linnartz, “Selective trace gas detection of complex molecules with a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator using a planar jet expansion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(8), 081109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz, “Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 442(1-3), 145–149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Odriozola, H.

H. Odriozola, J. M. G. Tijero, L. Borruel, I. Esquivias, H. Wenzel, F. Dittmar, K. Paschke, B. Sumpf, and G. Erbert, “Beam Properties of 980-nm Tapered Lasers With Separate Contacts: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(1), 42–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oomens, J.

Ostermeyer, M.

Pacaud, O.

Paldus, B. A.

Parker, D. H.

Paschke, K.

H. Odriozola, J. M. G. Tijero, L. Borruel, I. Esquivias, H. Wenzel, F. Dittmar, K. Paschke, B. Sumpf, and G. Erbert, “Beam Properties of 980-nm Tapered Lasers With Separate Contacts: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(1), 42–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Paschke, J. Behrendt, M. Maiwald, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High power, single mode 980 nm DBR tapered diode lasers with integrated 6th order surface gratings based on simplified fabrication process,” Proc. SPIE 6184, 618401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

Persijn, S. T.

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz, “Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 442(1-3), 145–149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, H. Verbraak, and H. Linnartz, “Selective trace gas detection of complex molecules with a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator using a planar jet expansion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(8), 081109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Powers, P. E.

Ressel, P.

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “1060 nm DBR tapered lasers with 12 W output power and a nearly diffraction limited beam quality,” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301E (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sivco, D. L.

Spence, T. G.

Sumpf, B.

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “1060 nm DBR tapered lasers with 12 W output power and a nearly diffraction limited beam quality,” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301E (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Odriozola, J. M. G. Tijero, L. Borruel, I. Esquivias, H. Wenzel, F. Dittmar, K. Paschke, B. Sumpf, and G. Erbert, “Beam Properties of 980-nm Tapered Lasers With Separate Contacts: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(1), 42–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, F. Dittmar, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-Brightness Quantum Well Tapered Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 1009–1020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tijero, J. M. G.

H. Odriozola, J. M. G. Tijero, L. Borruel, I. Esquivias, H. Wenzel, F. Dittmar, K. Paschke, B. Sumpf, and G. Erbert, “Beam Properties of 980-nm Tapered Lasers With Separate Contacts: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(1), 42–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tränkle, G.

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “1060 nm DBR tapered lasers with 12 W output power and a nearly diffraction limited beam quality,” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301E (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, F. Dittmar, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-Brightness Quantum Well Tapered Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 1009–1020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Velsko, S. P.

Verbraak, H.

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz, “Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 442(1-3), 145–149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, H. Verbraak, and H. Linnartz, “Selective trace gas detection of complex molecules with a continuous wave optical parametric oscillator using a planar jet expansion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(8), 081109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Walpole, J. N.

J. N. Walpole, “Semiconductor amplifiers and lasers with tapered gain regions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28(6), 623–645 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wenzel, H.

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, F. Dittmar, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “High-Brightness Quantum Well Tapered Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 1009–1020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Odriozola, J. M. G. Tijero, L. Borruel, I. Esquivias, H. Wenzel, F. Dittmar, K. Paschke, B. Sumpf, and G. Erbert, “Beam Properties of 980-nm Tapered Lasers With Separate Contacts: Experiments and Simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(1), 42–50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, P. Ressel, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “1060 nm DBR tapered lasers with 12 W output power and a nearly diffraction limited beam quality,” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301E (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Paschke, J. Behrendt, M. Maiwald, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High power, single mode 980 nm DBR tapered diode lasers with integrated 6th order surface gratings based on simplified fabrication process,” Proc. SPIE 6184, 618401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wulfmeyer, V.

Yang, S. T.

Zare, R. N.

Zorn, M.

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B. Sumpf, K.-H. Hasler, P. Adamiec, F. Bugge, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “12.2 W output power from 1060 nm DBR tapered lasers with narrow spectral line width and nearly diffraction limited beam quality,“ in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2009 and the European Quantum Electronics Conference. CLEO Europe - EQEC 2009, DOI 10.1109/CLEOE-EQEC.2009.5192718.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic view of the monolithic DBR tapered laser with a surface grating.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Idler output power measured with respect to the pump power for taper currents of 12.5 A (blue dots) and 15.2 A (red squares). The solid lines are linear fits to the data. The wavelengths of pump, signal, and idler were 1062 nm, 1549 nm, and 3373 nm respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of the pump wave. The ridge waveguide and taper current are 347.7 mA and 12.5A respectively. The temperature of the laser was 14.7°C. Inset: Linewidth of the pump measured with a Fabry Perot interferometer with a FSR of 3 GHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup. laser: Monolithic DBR laser, F1: aspherical lens with 8 mm focal length, F2: cylindrical lens with 100 mm focal length, H: half wave plate, PBS: polarizing beam splitter, F3: mode matching spherical lens with 150 mm focal length, M1-M4: cavity mirrors HR for the signal wave, M5: dichroic mirror to separate the residual pump from the idler.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Signal and idler wavelength (a) and OPO output power (b). Inset is the spectrum of the signal.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Examples of the beam profiles measured for the undepleted pump (a), the depleted pump (b), the signal (c), and the idler (d). (a) through (c) are measured with the Thorlabs BP104IR beam profiler, while (d) is measured using the Electrophysics PV320-LZZE camera. (e) shows the cross section of the undepleted pump (solid trace) and the depleted pump (dashed trace) along the slow axis.

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