Abstract

Laser-diode (LD) pumped self-frequency doubling (SFD) Nd:GdCa4O(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB) miniature laser was demonstrated. The output power as high as 1.35 W was achieved which is over than five times than previous values for Nd:LnCa4O(BO3)3 (Ln = Y or Gd) SFD lasers and becomes the highest continuous-wave output power in this field to our knowledge. The maximum optical conversion efficiency is 17%. By comparison, we found that the cutting direction along its optimal phase-matching direction out of the principal planes is the determining factor resulting in this watt-level efficient output power. Different with previous studies, the emission wavelength is centered at about 545 nm. We believed that this efficient laser will become the most competitive one in the existing commercial green lasers, especially in the laser display, medical treatment and spectroscopic analysis etc.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garcı́a Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(5), 531–533 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1 W cw self-frequency-doubled diode-pumped Yb:YAl2(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195(5-6), 431–436 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Aka and A. Brenier, “Self-frequency conversion in nonlinear laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 89–94 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, W. A. Gambling, S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Efficient self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB crystal by type-I phase matching out of its principal planes,” Opt. Commun. 174(5-6), 471–474 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. T. Chen, Z. S. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Q. Wei, J. Lin, J. Y. Wang, N. Ye, J. H. Lv, B. C. Wu, M. H. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(4), 566–571 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. P. Wang, Y. P. Shao, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Liu, J. Q. Wei, and Z. S. Shao, “Determination of the optimum directions for the laser emission, frequency doubling, and self-frequency doubling of Nd:Ca4ReO(BO3)3 (Re = Gd, Y) crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 2029–2033 (2002).
  8. G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Augé, S. C. Auzanneau, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:GdCa4O(BO3)3 lasers: toward green microchip lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(9), 1526–1530 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Lu, G. M. Li, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Studies on the e!ective nonlinear coefficient of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 205(3), 453–456 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 669 nm froma self-frequency-doubled laser of YAl3BO34:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(13), 1788–1790 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency-doubling Nd:YAB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2295–2300 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, “Red, green, and blue laser light from a single Nd:YAl3BO34 crystal based on laser oscillation at 1.3 mm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 326–328 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. Aka and A. Brenier, “Self-frequency conversion in nonlinear laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 89–94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Z. P. Wang, Y. P. Shao, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Liu, J. Q. Wei, and Z. S. Shao, “Determination of the optimum directions for the laser emission, frequency doubling, and self-frequency doubling of Nd:Ca4ReO(BO3)3 (Re = Gd, Y) crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 2029–2033 (2002).

2001 (1)

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1 W cw self-frequency-doubled diode-pumped Yb:YAl2(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195(5-6), 431–436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, W. A. Gambling, S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Efficient self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB crystal by type-I phase matching out of its principal planes,” Opt. Commun. 174(5-6), 471–474 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Chen, Z. S. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Q. Wei, J. Lin, J. Y. Wang, N. Ye, J. H. Lv, B. C. Wu, M. H. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(4), 566–571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Augé, S. C. Auzanneau, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:GdCa4O(BO3)3 lasers: toward green microchip lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(9), 1526–1530 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, “Red, green, and blue laser light from a single Nd:YAl3BO34 crystal based on laser oscillation at 1.3 mm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 326–328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Lu, G. M. Li, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Studies on the e!ective nonlinear coefficient of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 205(3), 453–456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 669 nm froma self-frequency-doubled laser of YAl3BO34:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(13), 1788–1790 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garcı́a Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency-doubling Nd:YAB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

G. Aka and A. Brenier, “Self-frequency conversion in nonlinear laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 89–94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Augé, S. C. Auzanneau, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:GdCa4O(BO3)3 lasers: toward green microchip lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(9), 1526–1530 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Augé, F.

Auzanneau, S. C.

Balembois, F.

Bartschke, J.

J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency-doubling Nd:YAB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Benitez, J. M.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency-doubling Nd:YAB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brenier, A.

G. Aka and A. Brenier, “Self-frequency conversion in nonlinear laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 89–94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

Capmany, J.

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 669 nm froma self-frequency-doubled laser of YAl3BO34:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(13), 1788–1790 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, “Red, green, and blue laser light from a single Nd:YAl3BO34 crystal based on laser oscillation at 1.3 mm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 326–328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garcı́a Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. T.

Chen, H. C.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, W. A. Gambling, S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Efficient self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB crystal by type-I phase matching out of its principal planes,” Opt. Commun. 174(5-6), 471–474 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Lu, G. M. Li, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Studies on the e!ective nonlinear coefficient of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 205(3), 453–456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z. X.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, W. A. Gambling, S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Efficient self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB crystal by type-I phase matching out of its principal planes,” Opt. Commun. 174(5-6), 471–474 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Lu, G. M. Li, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Studies on the e!ective nonlinear coefficient of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 205(3), 453–456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chin, A. K.

D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chow, Y. T.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, W. A. Gambling, S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Efficient self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB crystal by type-I phase matching out of its principal planes,” Opt. Commun. 174(5-6), 471–474 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, J. M.

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1 W cw self-frequency-doubled diode-pumped Yb:YAl2(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195(5-6), 431–436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, P.

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1 W cw self-frequency-doubled diode-pumped Yb:YAl2(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195(5-6), 431–436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gambling, W. A.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, W. A. Gambling, S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Efficient self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB crystal by type-I phase matching out of its principal planes,” Opt. Commun. 174(5-6), 471–474 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Garci´a Solé, J.

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garcı́a Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

García Solé, J.

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, “Red, green, and blue laser light from a single Nd:YAl3BO34 crystal based on laser oscillation at 1.3 mm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 326–328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 669 nm froma self-frequency-doubled laser of YAl3BO34:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(13), 1788–1790 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Hammons, D. A.

D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hubert, H.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jaque, D.

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, “Red, green, and blue laser light from a single Nd:YAl3BO34 crystal based on laser oscillation at 1.3 mm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 326–328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 669 nm froma self-frequency-doubled laser of YAl3BO34:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(13), 1788–1790 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garcı́a Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

Jiang, M. H.

Jollay, R.

D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kahn-Harari, A.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garcı́a Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency-doubling Nd:YAB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. M.

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Lu, G. M. Li, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Studies on the e!ective nonlinear coefficient of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 205(3), 453–456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

Liu, Y. G.

Z. P. Wang, Y. P. Shao, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Liu, J. Q. Wei, and Z. S. Shao, “Determination of the optimum directions for the laser emission, frequency doubling, and self-frequency doubling of Nd:Ca4ReO(BO3)3 (Re = Gd, Y) crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 2029–2033 (2002).

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1 W cw self-frequency-doubled diode-pumped Yb:YAl2(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195(5-6), 431–436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J. H.

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Lu, G. M. Li, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Studies on the e!ective nonlinear coefficient of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 205(3), 453–456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J. R.

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Lu, G. M. Li, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Studies on the e!ective nonlinear coefficient of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 205(3), 453–456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lucas-Leclin, G.

Lv, J. H.

Mori, Y.

Mougel, F.

G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Augé, S. C. Auzanneau, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:GdCa4O(BO3)3 lasers: toward green microchip lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(9), 1526–1530 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Piper, J. A.

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1 W cw self-frequency-doubled diode-pumped Yb:YAl2(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195(5-6), 431–436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, M.

D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

Shao, Y. P.

Z. P. Wang, Y. P. Shao, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Liu, J. Q. Wei, and Z. S. Shao, “Determination of the optimum directions for the laser emission, frequency doubling, and self-frequency doubling of Nd:Ca4ReO(BO3)3 (Re = Gd, Y) crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 2029–2033 (2002).

Shao, Z. S.

Z. P. Wang, Y. P. Shao, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Liu, J. Q. Wei, and Z. S. Shao, “Determination of the optimum directions for the laser emission, frequency doubling, and self-frequency doubling of Nd:Ca4ReO(BO3)3 (Re = Gd, Y) crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 2029–2033 (2002).

C. T. Chen, Z. S. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Q. Wei, J. Lin, J. Y. Wang, N. Ye, J. H. Lv, B. C. Wu, M. H. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(4), 566–571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, W. A. Gambling, S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Efficient self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB crystal by type-I phase matching out of its principal planes,” Opt. Commun. 174(5-6), 471–474 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Lu, G. M. Li, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Studies on the e!ective nonlinear coefficient of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 205(3), 453–456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Augé, S. C. Auzanneau, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:GdCa4O(BO3)3 lasers: toward green microchip lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(9), 1526–1530 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency-doubling Nd:YAB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. Q.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, W. A. Gambling, S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Efficient self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB crystal by type-I phase matching out of its principal planes,” Opt. Commun. 174(5-6), 471–474 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

Z. P. Wang, Y. P. Shao, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Liu, J. Q. Wei, and Z. S. Shao, “Determination of the optimum directions for the laser emission, frequency doubling, and self-frequency doubling of Nd:Ca4ReO(BO3)3 (Re = Gd, Y) crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 2029–2033 (2002).

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1 W cw self-frequency-doubled diode-pumped Yb:YAl2(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195(5-6), 431–436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Chen, Z. S. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Q. Wei, J. Lin, J. Y. Wang, N. Ye, J. H. Lv, B. C. Wu, M. H. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(4), 566–571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. P.

Z. P. Wang, Y. P. Shao, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Liu, J. Q. Wei, and Z. S. Shao, “Determination of the optimum directions for the laser emission, frequency doubling, and self-frequency doubling of Nd:Ca4ReO(BO3)3 (Re = Gd, Y) crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 2029–2033 (2002).

Wei, J. Q.

Z. P. Wang, Y. P. Shao, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Liu, J. Q. Wei, and Z. S. Shao, “Determination of the optimum directions for the laser emission, frequency doubling, and self-frequency doubling of Nd:Ca4ReO(BO3)3 (Re = Gd, Y) crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 2029–2033 (2002).

C. T. Chen, Z. S. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Q. Wei, J. Lin, J. Y. Wang, N. Ye, J. H. Lv, B. C. Wu, M. H. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(4), 566–571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B. C.

Xu, X. G.

Z. P. Wang, Y. P. Shao, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Liu, J. Q. Wei, and Z. S. Shao, “Determination of the optimum directions for the laser emission, frequency doubling, and self-frequency doubling of Nd:Ca4ReO(BO3)3 (Re = Gd, Y) crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 2029–2033 (2002).

Ye, N.

Yoshimura, M.

Zhang, S. J.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, W. A. Gambling, S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Efficient self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB crystal by type-I phase matching out of its principal planes,” Opt. Commun. 174(5-6), 471–474 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Lu, G. M. Li, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Studies on the e!ective nonlinear coefficient of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 205(3), 453–456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

Z. P. Wang, Y. P. Shao, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Liu, J. Q. Wei, and Z. S. Shao, “Determination of the optimum directions for the laser emission, frequency doubling, and self-frequency doubling of Nd:Ca4ReO(BO3)3 (Re = Gd, Y) crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 2029–2033 (2002).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, “Red, green, and blue laser light from a single Nd:YAl3BO34 crystal based on laser oscillation at 1.3 mm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 326–328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency-doubling Nd:YAB Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Lu, G. M. Li, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Studies on the e!ective nonlinear coefficient of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 205(3), 453–456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (2)

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, W. A. Gambling, S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Efficient self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB crystal by type-I phase matching out of its principal planes,” Opt. Commun. 174(5-6), 471–474 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Dekker, J. M. Dawes, J. A. Piper, Y. G. Liu, and J. Y. Wang, “1.1 W cw self-frequency-doubled diode-pumped Yb:YAl2(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 195(5-6), 431–436 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (2)

G. Aka and A. Brenier, “Self-frequency conversion in nonlinear laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 89–94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration of the SFD Nd:GdCOB laser

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output powers versus incident pump power of the Nd:GdCOB laser

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Stability of SFD laser at the output power of about 1.03 W

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectrum of the SFD Nd:GdCOB laser

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