H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “C band single pump photonic crystal fiber Raman amplifier,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 55(6), 555–559 (2010).

[Crossref]

A. Mowla and N. Granpayeh, “Design of a flat-gain multipumped distributed fiber Raman amplifier by particle swarm optimization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25(12), 3059–3066 (2008).

[Crossref]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Photonic crystal fiber for use in fiber Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 44(13), 796–798 (2008).

[Crossref]

Z. Lalidastjerdi, F. Kroushavi, and M. Rahmani, “An efficient shooting method for fiber amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 40(8), 1041–1046 (2008).

[Crossref]

J. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, G. Wu, Y. Wang, and W. Jiang, “Robust, compact, and flexible neural model for a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(6), 2362–2367 (2006).

[Crossref]

K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, X. Zhou, N. J. Frigo, and B. R. Hemenway, “240-km CWDM Transmission Using Cascaded SOA Raman Hybrid Amplifiers With 70-nm Bandwidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 328–330 (2006).

[Crossref]

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(4), 1946–1952 (2006).

[Crossref]

X. Liu and M. Zhang, “An effective method for two-point boundary value problems in Raman amplifier propagation equations,” Opt. Commun. 235(1-3), 75–82 (2004).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Design of multi-pumped Raman fiber amplifier by particle swarm optimization,” J. Optoelectron., Laser 15, 1190–1193 (2004) (in Chinese).

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(11), 2184–2187 (2004).

[Crossref]

X. Liu and Y. Li, “Efficient algorithm and optimization for broadband Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 12(4), 564–573 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-4-564 .

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

X. Liu and Y. Li, “Optimizing the bandwidth and noise performance of distributed multi-pump Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 425–431 (2004).

[Crossref]

J. Bromage, “Raman Amplification for Fiber Communications Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 79–93 (2004).

[Crossref]

M. Giltrelli and M. Santagiustina, “Semianalytical approach to the gain ripple minimization in multiple pump fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2454–2456 (2004).

[Crossref]

X. Liu and B. Lee, “Optimal design of fiber Raman amplifier based on hybrid genetic algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 428–430 (2004).

[Crossref]

S. Cui, J. Liu, and X. Ma, “A novel efficient optimal design method for gain-flattened multiwavelength pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2451–2453 (2004).

[Crossref]

P. Xiao, Q. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. Liu, “Pump optimal configuration algorithm for multi-pumped sources of distributed Raman fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4906, 433–441 (2002).

[Crossref]

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Optimal design of flat-gain wide-band fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(2), 250–254 (2002).

[Crossref]

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “On distributed Raman amplification for ultrabroad-band long-haul WDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(3), 409–416 (2002).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(9), 948–950 (2001).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “New design scheme for multiple-pump Raman fiber amplifiers using a simulated annealing algorithm,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 30(6), 434–436 (2001).

[Crossref]

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, and S. Namiki, “100 nm bandwidth flat-gain Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalised by 12-wavelength-channel WDM laser diode unit,” Electron. Lett. 35(16), 1355–1356 (1999).

[Crossref]

X. Yao, Y. Liu, and G. Lin, “Evolutionary programming made faster,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput. 3(2), 82–102 (1999).

[Crossref]

J. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, G. Wu, Y. Wang, and W. Jiang, “Robust, compact, and flexible neural model for a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(6), 2362–2367 (2006).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(9), 948–950 (2001).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(9), 948–950 (2001).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “New design scheme for multiple-pump Raman fiber amplifiers using a simulated annealing algorithm,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 30(6), 434–436 (2001).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “New design scheme for multiple-pump Raman fiber amplifiers using a simulated annealing algorithm,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 30(6), 434–436 (2001).

[Crossref]

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(4), 1946–1952 (2006).

[Crossref]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(11), 2184–2187 (2004).

[Crossref]

S. Cui, J. Liu, and X. Ma, “A novel efficient optimal design method for gain-flattened multiwavelength pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2451–2453 (2004).

[Crossref]

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, and S. Namiki, “100 nm bandwidth flat-gain Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalised by 12-wavelength-channel WDM laser diode unit,” Electron. Lett. 35(16), 1355–1356 (1999).

[Crossref]

K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, X. Zhou, N. J. Frigo, and B. R. Hemenway, “240-km CWDM Transmission Using Cascaded SOA Raman Hybrid Amplifiers With 70-nm Bandwidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 328–330 (2006).

[Crossref]

M. Giltrelli and M. Santagiustina, “Semianalytical approach to the gain ripple minimization in multiple pump fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2454–2456 (2004).

[Crossref]

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(4), 1946–1952 (2006).

[Crossref]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(11), 2184–2187 (2004).

[Crossref]

K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, X. Zhou, N. J. Frigo, and B. R. Hemenway, “240-km CWDM Transmission Using Cascaded SOA Raman Hybrid Amplifiers With 70-nm Bandwidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 328–330 (2006).

[Crossref]

P. Xiao, Q. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. Liu, “Pump optimal configuration algorithm for multi-pumped sources of distributed Raman fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4906, 433–441 (2002).

[Crossref]

K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, X. Zhou, N. J. Frigo, and B. R. Hemenway, “240-km CWDM Transmission Using Cascaded SOA Raman Hybrid Amplifiers With 70-nm Bandwidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 328–330 (2006).

[Crossref]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Photonic crystal fiber for use in fiber Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 44(13), 796–798 (2008).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “C band single pump photonic crystal fiber Raman amplifier,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 55(6), 555–559 (2010).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Novel asymmetrical twin-core photonic crystal fiber for gain-flattened Raman amplifier,” Sci. China, Ser. E: Technol. Sci. 52(8), 2412–2417 (2009).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Design of multi-pumped Raman fiber amplifier by particle swarm optimization,” J. Optoelectron., Laser 15, 1190–1193 (2004) (in Chinese).

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Shooting algorithm and particle swarm optimization based raman fiber amplifiers gain spectra design,” Opt. Commun. (to be published), doi:.

[PubMed]

J. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, G. Wu, Y. Wang, and W. Jiang, “Robust, compact, and flexible neural model for a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(6), 2362–2367 (2006).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “New design scheme for multiple-pump Raman fiber amplifiers using a simulated annealing algorithm,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 30(6), 434–436 (2001).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(9), 948–950 (2001).

[Crossref]

Z. Lalidastjerdi, F. Kroushavi, and M. Rahmani, “An efficient shooting method for fiber amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 40(8), 1041–1046 (2008).

[Crossref]

Z. Lalidastjerdi, F. Kroushavi, and M. Rahmani, “An efficient shooting method for fiber amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 40(8), 1041–1046 (2008).

[Crossref]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(11), 2184–2187 (2004).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(9), 948–950 (2001).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “New design scheme for multiple-pump Raman fiber amplifiers using a simulated annealing algorithm,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 30(6), 434–436 (2001).

[Crossref]

J. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, G. Wu, Y. Wang, and W. Jiang, “Robust, compact, and flexible neural model for a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(6), 2362–2367 (2006).

[Crossref]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(11), 2184–2187 (2004).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(9), 948–950 (2001).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “New design scheme for multiple-pump Raman fiber amplifiers using a simulated annealing algorithm,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 30(6), 434–436 (2001).

[Crossref]

X. Yao, Y. Liu, and G. Lin, “Evolutionary programming made faster,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput. 3(2), 82–102 (1999).

[Crossref]

S. Cui, J. Liu, and X. Ma, “A novel efficient optimal design method for gain-flattened multiwavelength pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2451–2453 (2004).

[Crossref]

P. Xiao, Q. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. Liu, “Pump optimal configuration algorithm for multi-pumped sources of distributed Raman fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4906, 433–441 (2002).

[Crossref]

X. Liu and B. Lee, “Optimal design of fiber Raman amplifier based on hybrid genetic algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 428–430 (2004).

[Crossref]

X. Liu and Y. Li, “Optimizing the bandwidth and noise performance of distributed multi-pump Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 425–431 (2004).

[Crossref]

X. Liu and Y. Li, “Efficient algorithm and optimization for broadband Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 12(4), 564–573 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-4-564 .

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

X. Liu and M. Zhang, “An effective method for two-point boundary value problems in Raman amplifier propagation equations,” Opt. Commun. 235(1-3), 75–82 (2004).

[Crossref]

X. Liu and B. Lee, “Effective shooting algorithm and its application to fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express 11(12), 1452–1461 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-12-1452 .

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

X. Yao, Y. Liu, and G. Lin, “Evolutionary programming made faster,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput. 3(2), 82–102 (1999).

[Crossref]

S. Cui, J. Liu, and X. Ma, “A novel efficient optimal design method for gain-flattened multiwavelength pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2451–2453 (2004).

[Crossref]

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, and S. Namiki, “100 nm bandwidth flat-gain Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalised by 12-wavelength-channel WDM laser diode unit,” Electron. Lett. 35(16), 1355–1356 (1999).

[Crossref]

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(4), 1946–1952 (2006).

[Crossref]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(11), 2184–2187 (2004).

[Crossref]

Z. Lalidastjerdi, F. Kroushavi, and M. Rahmani, “An efficient shooting method for fiber amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 40(8), 1041–1046 (2008).

[Crossref]

K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, X. Zhou, N. J. Frigo, and B. R. Hemenway, “240-km CWDM Transmission Using Cascaded SOA Raman Hybrid Amplifiers With 70-nm Bandwidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 328–330 (2006).

[Crossref]

M. Giltrelli and M. Santagiustina, “Semianalytical approach to the gain ripple minimization in multiple pump fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2454–2456 (2004).

[Crossref]

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, and S. Namiki, “100 nm bandwidth flat-gain Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalised by 12-wavelength-channel WDM laser diode unit,” Electron. Lett. 35(16), 1355–1356 (1999).

[Crossref]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Photonic crystal fiber for use in fiber Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 44(13), 796–798 (2008).

[Crossref]

J. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, G. Wu, Y. Wang, and W. Jiang, “Robust, compact, and flexible neural model for a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(6), 2362–2367 (2006).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “C band single pump photonic crystal fiber Raman amplifier,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 55(6), 555–559 (2010).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Novel asymmetrical twin-core photonic crystal fiber for gain-flattened Raman amplifier,” Sci. China, Ser. E: Technol. Sci. 52(8), 2412–2417 (2009).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Design of multi-pumped Raman fiber amplifier by particle swarm optimization,” J. Optoelectron., Laser 15, 1190–1193 (2004) (in Chinese).

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Shooting algorithm and particle swarm optimization based raman fiber amplifiers gain spectra design,” Opt. Commun. (to be published), doi:.

[PubMed]

J. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, G. Wu, Y. Wang, and W. Jiang, “Robust, compact, and flexible neural model for a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(6), 2362–2367 (2006).

[Crossref]

P. Xiao, Q. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. Liu, “Pump optimal configuration algorithm for multi-pumped sources of distributed Raman fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4906, 433–441 (2002).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “C band single pump photonic crystal fiber Raman amplifier,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 55(6), 555–559 (2010).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Novel asymmetrical twin-core photonic crystal fiber for gain-flattened Raman amplifier,” Sci. China, Ser. E: Technol. Sci. 52(8), 2412–2417 (2009).

[Crossref]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Photonic crystal fiber for use in fiber Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 44(13), 796–798 (2008).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Design of multi-pumped Raman fiber amplifier by particle swarm optimization,” J. Optoelectron., Laser 15, 1190–1193 (2004) (in Chinese).

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Shooting algorithm and particle swarm optimization based raman fiber amplifiers gain spectra design,” Opt. Commun. (to be published), doi:.

[PubMed]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “New design scheme for multiple-pump Raman fiber amplifiers using a simulated annealing algorithm,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 30(6), 434–436 (2001).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(9), 948–950 (2001).

[Crossref]

X. Yao, Y. Liu, and G. Lin, “Evolutionary programming made faster,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput. 3(2), 82–102 (1999).

[Crossref]

P. Xiao, Q. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. Liu, “Pump optimal configuration algorithm for multi-pumped sources of distributed Raman fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4906, 433–441 (2002).

[Crossref]

X. Liu and M. Zhang, “An effective method for two-point boundary value problems in Raman amplifier propagation equations,” Opt. Commun. 235(1-3), 75–82 (2004).

[Crossref]

J. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, G. Wu, Y. Wang, and W. Jiang, “Robust, compact, and flexible neural model for a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(6), 2362–2367 (2006).

[Crossref]

K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, X. Zhou, N. J. Frigo, and B. R. Hemenway, “240-km CWDM Transmission Using Cascaded SOA Raman Hybrid Amplifiers With 70-nm Bandwidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 328–330 (2006).

[Crossref]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21(11), 2184–2187 (2004).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “C band single pump photonic crystal fiber Raman amplifier,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 55(6), 555–559 (2010).

[Crossref]

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, and S. Namiki, “100 nm bandwidth flat-gain Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalised by 12-wavelength-channel WDM laser diode unit,” Electron. Lett. 35(16), 1355–1356 (1999).

[Crossref]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Photonic crystal fiber for use in fiber Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 44(13), 796–798 (2008).

[Crossref]

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(9), 948–950 (2001).

[Crossref]

K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, X. Zhou, N. J. Frigo, and B. R. Hemenway, “240-km CWDM Transmission Using Cascaded SOA Raman Hybrid Amplifiers With 70-nm Bandwidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 328–330 (2006).

[Crossref]

M. Giltrelli and M. Santagiustina, “Semianalytical approach to the gain ripple minimization in multiple pump fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2454–2456 (2004).

[Crossref]

X. Liu and B. Lee, “Optimal design of fiber Raman amplifier based on hybrid genetic algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 428–430 (2004).

[Crossref]

S. Cui, J. Liu, and X. Ma, “A novel efficient optimal design method for gain-flattened multiwavelength pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2451–2453 (2004).

[Crossref]

X. Yao, Y. Liu, and G. Lin, “Evolutionary programming made faster,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput. 3(2), 82–102 (1999).

[Crossref]

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(4), 1946–1952 (2006).

[Crossref]

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Optimal design of flat-gain wide-band fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(2), 250–254 (2002).

[Crossref]

J. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, G. Wu, Y. Wang, and W. Jiang, “Robust, compact, and flexible neural model for a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(6), 2362–2367 (2006).

[Crossref]

J. Bromage, “Raman Amplification for Fiber Communications Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 79–93 (2004).

[Crossref]

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “On distributed Raman amplification for ultrabroad-band long-haul WDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(3), 409–416 (2002).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Design of multi-pumped Raman fiber amplifier by particle swarm optimization,” J. Optoelectron., Laser 15, 1190–1193 (2004) (in Chinese).

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Li, “New design scheme for multiple-pump Raman fiber amplifiers using a simulated annealing algorithm,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 30(6), 434–436 (2001).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Shooting algorithm and particle swarm optimization based raman fiber amplifiers gain spectra design,” Opt. Commun. (to be published), doi:.

[PubMed]

X. Liu and M. Zhang, “An effective method for two-point boundary value problems in Raman amplifier propagation equations,” Opt. Commun. 235(1-3), 75–82 (2004).

[Crossref]

X. Liu and Y. Li, “Optimizing the bandwidth and noise performance of distributed multi-pump Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 425–431 (2004).

[Crossref]

X. Liu and Y. Li, “Efficient algorithm and optimization for broadband Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 12(4), 564–573 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-4-564 .

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

B. Neto, A. L. Teixeira, N. Wada, and P. S. André, “Efficient use of hybrid Genetic Algorithms in the gain optimization of distributed Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 15(26), 17520–17528 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-26-17520 .

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

X. Liu and B. Lee, “Effective shooting algorithm and its application to fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express 11(12), 1452–1461 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-12-1452 .

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

Z. Lalidastjerdi, F. Kroushavi, and M. Rahmani, “An efficient shooting method for fiber amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 40(8), 1041–1046 (2008).

[Crossref]

P. Xiao, Q. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. Liu, “Pump optimal configuration algorithm for multi-pumped sources of distributed Raman fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4906, 433–441 (2002).

[Crossref]

H. M. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. F. Wang, “Novel asymmetrical twin-core photonic crystal fiber for gain-flattened Raman amplifier,” Sci. China, Ser. E: Technol. Sci. 52(8), 2412–2417 (2009).

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