Abstract

In this paper, we propose a saturable absorber (SA) device consisting on an in-fiber micro-slot inscribed by femtosecond laser micro fabrication, filled by a dispersion of Carbon Nanotubes (CNT). Due to the flexibility of the fabrication method, efficient and simple integration of the mode-locking device directly into the optical fiber is achieved. Furthermore, the fabrication process offers a high level of control over the dimensions and location of the micro-slots. We apply this fabrication flexibility to extend the interaction length between the CNT and the propagating optical field along the optical fiber, hence enhancing the nonlinearity of the device. Furthermore, the method allows the fabrication of devices that operate by either a direct field interaction (when the central peak of the propagating optical mode passes through the nonlinear media) or an evanescent field interaction (only a fraction of the optical mode interacts with the CNT). In this paper, several devices with different interaction lengths and interaction regimes are investigated. Self-starting passively modelocked laser operation with an enhanced nonlinear interaction is observed using CNT-based SAs in both interaction regimes. This method constitutes a simple and suitable approach to integrate the CNT into the optical system as well as enhancing the optical nonlinearity of CNT-based photonic devices.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. P. Ippen, “Principle of Passive Mode Locking,” Appl. Phys. B 58(3), 159–170 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba, “Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Synth. Met. 103(1–3), 2555–2558 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube Photonics and Optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 341–350 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast Fiber Pulsed Lasers Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 137–146 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
  9. F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. Nishizawa, Y. Seno, K. Sumimura, Y. Sakakibara, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “All-polarization-maintaining Er-doped ultrashort-pulse fiber laser using carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9429–9435 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. Kieu and M. Mansuripur, “Femtosecond laser pulse generation with a fiber taper embedded in carbon nanotube/polymer composite,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2242–2244 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, H. Jung, K. Oh, and D.-I. Yeom, “Femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser employing a hollow optical fiber filled with carbon nanotube dispersion as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21788–21793 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Oomuro, R. Kaji, T. Itatani, H. Ishii, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, M. Yamashita, M. Mori and Y. Sakakibara in Proc. CLEO2007 paper CThV1 (2007).
  14. S. Uchida, A. Martinez, Y.-W. Song, T. Ishigure, and S. Yamashita, “Carbon nanotube-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3077–3079 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Y.-W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, “Carbon nanotube mode lockers with enhanced nonlinearity via evanescent field interaction in D-shaped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(2), 148–150 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Novel Kerr shutter using carbon nanotubes deposited onto a 5-cm D-shaped fiber,” Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO 2006), no.CMA4, May 2006.
  17. Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021115 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y.-W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Polarization insensitive all-fiber mode-lockers functioned by carbon nanotubes deposited onto tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(2), 021101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Martinez, K. Zhou, I. Bennion, and S. Yamashita, “In-fiber microchannel device filled with a carbon nanotube dispersion for passive mode-lock lasing,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15425–15430 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. K. Zhou, Y. Lai, X. Chen, K. Sugden, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “A refractometer based on a micro-slot in a fiber Bragg grating formed by chemically assisted femtosecond laser processing,” Opt. Express 15(24), 15848–15853 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. Petrovic, Y. Lai, and I. Bennion, “Numerical and experimental study of microfluidic devices in step-index optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 47(10), 1410–1416 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Y. Lai, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Microchannels in conventional single-mode fibers,” Opt. Lett. 31(17), 2559–2561 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).

S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, H. Jung, K. Oh, and D.-I. Yeom, “Femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser employing a hollow optical fiber filled with carbon nanotube dispersion as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21788–21793 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Uchida, A. Martinez, Y.-W. Song, T. Ishigure, and S. Yamashita, “Carbon nanotube-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3077–3079 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, K. Zhou, I. Bennion, and S. Yamashita, “In-fiber microchannel device filled with a carbon nanotube dispersion for passive mode-lock lasing,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15425–15430 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Petrovic, Y. Lai, and I. Bennion, “Numerical and experimental study of microfluidic devices in step-index optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 47(10), 1410–1416 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Nishizawa, Y. Seno, K. Sumimura, Y. Sakakibara, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “All-polarization-maintaining Er-doped ultrashort-pulse fiber laser using carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9429–9435 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube Photonics and Optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast Fiber Pulsed Lasers Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba, “Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Synth. Met. 103(1–3), 2555–2558 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. P. Ippen, “Principle of Passive Mode Locking,” Appl. Phys. B 58(3), 159–170 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Achiba, Y.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba, “Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Synth. Met. 103(1–3), 2555–2558 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, Y. H.

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ajayan, P. M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Avouris, P.

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube Photonics and Optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baek, I. H.

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Bonaccorso, F.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. Y.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freitag, M.

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube Photonics and Optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Goh, C. S.

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).

Hennrich, F.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen, “Principle of Passive Mode Locking,” Appl. Phys. B 58(3), 159–170 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ishigure, T.

Itoga, E.

Itoh, K.

Jablonski, M.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast Fiber Pulsed Lasers Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jung, H.

Kataura, H.

N. Nishizawa, Y. Seno, K. Sumimura, Y. Sakakibara, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “All-polarization-maintaining Er-doped ultrashort-pulse fiber laser using carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9429–9435 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba, “Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Synth. Met. 103(1–3), 2555–2558 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

Kim, K.

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kiran, A. J.

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kumazawa, Y.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba, “Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Synth. Met. 103(1–3), 2555–2558 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lai, Y.

Lee, H. W.

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lim, H.

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T.-M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maniwa, Y.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba, “Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Synth. Met. 103(1–3), 2555–2558 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mansuripur, M.

Martinez, A.

Maruyama, S.

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Milne, W. I.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morimune, K.

Y.-W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Polarization insensitive all-fiber mode-lockers functioned by carbon nanotubes deposited onto tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(2), 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, N.

Oh, K.

Ohtsuka, Y.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba, “Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Synth. Met. 103(1–3), 2555–2558 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Perebeinos, V.

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube Photonics and Optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petrovic, J.

Raravikar, N. R.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, H. Jung, K. Oh, and D.-I. Yeom, “Femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser employing a hollow optical fiber filled with carbon nanotube dispersion as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21788–21793 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rozhin, A. G.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakakibara, Y.

Scardaci, V.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schadler, L. S.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seno, Y.

Set, S. Y.

Y.-W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, “Carbon nanotube mode lockers with enhanced nonlinearity via evanescent field interaction in D-shaped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(2), 148–150 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y.-W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Polarization insensitive all-fiber mode-lockers functioned by carbon nanotubes deposited onto tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(2), 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast Fiber Pulsed Lasers Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.-W.

Sugden, K.

Sumimura, K.

Sun, Z.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, Z. P.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).

Suzuki, S.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba, “Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Synth. Met. 103(1–3), 2555–2558 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tan, P. H.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).

Tanaka, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast Fiber Pulsed Lasers Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, S.

Umezu, I.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba, “Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Synth. Met. 103(1–3), 2555–2558 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, F. Q.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).

Wang, G.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yaguchi, H.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast Fiber Pulsed Lasers Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

Yeom, D.-I.

S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, H. Jung, K. Oh, and D.-I. Yeom, “Femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser employing a hollow optical fiber filled with carbon nanotube dispersion as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21788–21793 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yim, J. H.

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.-P.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, K.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

E. P. Ippen, “Principle of Passive Mode Locking,” Appl. Phys. B 58(3), 159–170 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Lee, J. H. Yim, A. J. Kiran, I. H. Baek, S. Lee, D.-I. Yeom, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lim, and F. Rotermund, “Bundling influence on ultrafast optical nonlinearities of single-walled carbon nanotubes in suspension and composite film,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Polarization insensitive all-fiber mode-lockers functioned by carbon nanotubes deposited onto tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(2), 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast Fiber Pulsed Lasers Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube Photonics and Optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Synth. Met. (1)

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba, “Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Synth. Met. 103(1–3), 2555–2558 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).

T. Oomuro, R. Kaji, T. Itatani, H. Ishii, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, M. Yamashita, M. Mori and Y. Sakakibara in Proc. CLEO2007 paper CThV1 (2007).

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Novel Kerr shutter using carbon nanotubes deposited onto a 5-cm D-shaped fiber,” Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO 2006), no.CMA4, May 2006.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of the microslot fabricated for this work. (a) Microslot cross through the core of the fiber, hence the CNT directly interact with the center of the waveform. (b) By fabricating the microslots a given distance away from the core, we can work with an evanescent interaction between the CNT and the optical field.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Set-up of the all-fiber passively mode-locked ring fiber laser. EDFA, Erbium doped fiber amplifier; SMF, single-mode fiber; ISO, isolator; PC, Polarization controller. (b) Optical Spectra from the ring cavity laser. (c) Autocorrelator trace for three microfluidic devices filled with CNTs. By increasing the interaction length between the nonlinear media (CNT) and optical field shorter pulse durations are achieved. (d) Pulse train of measured with a photo-detector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical Spectrum when using a microslot inscribed out of the core (evanescent interaction). (b) Autocorrelator trace yielding pulse duration of 1.3ps.

Metrics