Abstract

We report a 1.58 μm superluminescent diode (SLD) with a spot-size converter (SSC) designed and fabricated as a light source for a tunable external cavity laser (T-ECL). The active section of the SLD is fabricated by using a planar buried heterostructure (PBH) for low-threshold current and high-output power operation at a low injection current. The SSC structure of the SLD is designed to possess a buried deep-ridge waveguide (BD-RWG) and show a beam of less divergence. The full-width at half maximum (FWHM) of the horizontal and vertical far-field patterns (FFPs), due to the beam of the less divergence, are 14° and 13°, respectively. We also confirm that an L-band T-ECL employing the SSC SLD operates well enough to prove the characteristics of high performance.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. S. J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 571–573 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects ou upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on Manchester of inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H.-C. Ji, I. Yamashita, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Cost-effective colorless WDM-PON delivering up/down-stream data and broadcast services on a single wavelength using mutually injected Fabry–Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4520–4528 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-slot-based transmission scheme for local customer internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30(2), 282–289 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H.-S. Kim, B.-S. Choi, K.-S. Kim, D. C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and D. K. Oh, “Improvement of modulation bandwidth in multisection RSOA for colorless WDM-PON,” Opt. Express 17(19), 16372–16378 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Takesue and T. Sugie, “Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(11), 2546–2556 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, A. Borghesani, I. Lealman, D. G. Moodie, and D. W. Smith, “Signal-induced Rayleigh noise reduction using gain saturation in an integrated R-EAM SOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), (2009), Paper OThA6.
  10. areS. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, K. S. Kim, D.-H. Lee, S.-H. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “200 GHz-spacing 8-channel multi-wavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal sources,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9401–9407 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. H. Yoon, S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, D. K. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, and H.-J. Lee, “2.5-Gb/s hybridly-integrated tunable external cavity laser using a superluminescent diode and a polymer Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5556–5561 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M.-C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP buried-ridge waveguide laser with improved lateral single-mode property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (6)

H.-C. Ji, I. Yamashita, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Cost-effective colorless WDM-PON delivering up/down-stream data and broadcast services on a single wavelength using mutually injected Fabry–Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4520–4528 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M.-C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects ou upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on Manchester of inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-slot-based transmission scheme for local customer internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30(2), 282–289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP buried-ridge waveguide laser with improved lateral single-mode property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 571–573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

areS. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J.-G.

Akanbi, O.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 571–573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baek, Y.-S.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, K. S. Kim, D.-H. Lee, S.-H. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “200 GHz-spacing 8-channel multi-wavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal sources,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9401–9407 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

areS. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chae, C.-J.

J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-slot-based transmission scheme for local customer internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30(2), 282–289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 571–573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Choi, B.-S.

Chung, H. S.

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects ou upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on Manchester of inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, K.-T.

Ji, H.-C.

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 571–573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ju, J. J.

Kang, M.-H.

J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-slot-based transmission scheme for local customer internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30(2), 282–289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. G.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. K.

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects ou upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on Manchester of inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. C.

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.-S.

Kim, J. G.

J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-slot-based transmission scheme for local customer internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30(2), 282–289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects ou upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on Manchester of inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. S.

Kim, K.-S.

Kim, M.-S.

Kim, S.-B.

areS. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.-I.

Kwon, O. K.

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP buried-ridge waveguide laser with improved lateral single-mode property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, O.-K.

Lee, C. H.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

Lee, D.-H.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, K. S. Kim, D.-H. Lee, S.-H. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “200 GHz-spacing 8-channel multi-wavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal sources,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9401–9407 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.-J.

Luo, Y.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 571–573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Noh, Y.-O.

Oh, D. K.

Oh, K. R.

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP buried-ridge waveguide laser with improved lateral single-mode property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.-R.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, K. S. Kim, D.-H. Lee, S.-H. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “200 GHz-spacing 8-channel multi-wavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal sources,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9401–9407 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

areS. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oh, M.-C.

Oh, S. H.

K. H. Yoon, S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, D. K. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, and H.-J. Lee, “2.5-Gb/s hybridly-integrated tunable external cavity laser using a superluminescent diode and a polymer Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5556–5561 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, K. S. Kim, D.-H. Lee, S.-H. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “200 GHz-spacing 8-channel multi-wavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal sources,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9401–9407 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, K.-H. Yoon, D. K. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, and H.-J. Lee, “Tunable external cavity laser employing uncooled superluminescent diode,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10189–10194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP buried-ridge waveguide laser with improved lateral single-mode property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M.-C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

areS. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.-J.

Park, S.

areS. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. J.

Park, S.-H.

Park, Y.-J.

areS. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J.-U.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, K. S. Kim, D.-H. Lee, S.-H. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “200 GHz-spacing 8-channel multi-wavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal sources,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9401–9407 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

areS. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, K.-H.

Sugie, T.

Sung, H.-K.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, K. S. Kim, D.-H. Lee, S.-H. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “200 GHz-spacing 8-channel multi-wavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal sources,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9401–9407 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

areS. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takesue, H.

Wang, T.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 571–573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, I.

Yoon, K. H.

Yoon, K.-H.

Yu, J.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 571–573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zong, L.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 571–573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

ETRI J. (3)

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP buried-ridge waveguide laser with improved lateral single-mode property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects ou upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on Manchester of inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-slot-based transmission scheme for local customer internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30(2), 282–289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

areS. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 571–573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (6)

Other (1)

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, A. Borghesani, I. Lealman, D. G. Moodie, and D. W. Smith, “Signal-induced Rayleigh noise reduction using gain saturation in an integrated R-EAM SOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), (2009), Paper OThA6.

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