Abstract

We report the first demonstration of polarisation insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion (AOWC) for single wavelength channel 640 Gbit/s return-to-zero differential-phase-shift-keying (RZ-DPSK) signal and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation multiplexed (Pol-Mux) RZ-DPSK signals using a 100-m polarisation-maintaining highly nonlinear fiber (PM-HNLF) in a polarisation diversity loop configuration. The AOWC is based on four-wave mixing in PM-HNLF. Error free performance is achieved for the wavelength converted signals. Less than 0.5 dB polarisation sensitivity is obtained.

© 2010 OSA

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References

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  1. B. Metcalfe, “Toward Terabit Ethernet”, OFC 2008, San Diego (USA), plenary talk.
  2. R. Derksen, G. Lehmann, C. Weiske, C. Schubert, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Moller, and J. Lutz, “Integrated 100 Gbit/s ETDM Receiver in a Transmission Experiment over 480 km DMF,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2006, OFC 2006, Paper PDP37.
  3. H. Hu, H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, A. Clausen, L. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “Polarisation-insensitive 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing using a polarisation-maintaining highly non-linear fibre,” Photonics in Switching 2009, paper FrI1–2, Pisa, Italy.
  4. H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Demonstration of 5.1 Tbit/s data capacity on a single-wavelength channel,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1438–1443 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-2-1438 .
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu, I. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Error-Free 320-Gb/s All-Optical Wavelength Conversion Using a Single Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(1), 103–108 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK data signals,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2009, San Diego, California, U.S.A., Paper OThS6.
  9. A. Bogoni, and I. Xiaoxia Wu, Fazal, and A. Willner, “320 Gb/s nonlinear operations based on a PPLN waveguide for optical multiplexing and wavelength conversion,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2009, San Diego, California, U.S.A., paper OThS5.
  10. M. Galili, L. Oxenløwe, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical Wavelength Conversion by Cross-Phase Modulation of Data Signals up to 640 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 573–579 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Galili, H. Mulvad, L. Gruner-Nielsen, J. Xu, L. Oxenlowe, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s optical wavelength conversion using FWM in a polarisation maintaining HNLF,” presented at the ECOC 2008, Brussels, Belgium, paper Tu.3.D.5.
  12. H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and T. Ozeki, “Inter-wavelength-band conversions and demultiplexings of 640 Gbit/s OTDM signals,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2002, paper WM2.
  13. H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tb/s Wavelength Conversion for Polarisation Multiplexed RZ-DPSK Signals,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2009, San Diego, California, U.S.A., paper OWP1.

2010

2009

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. Galili, L. Oxenløwe, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical Wavelength Conversion by Cross-Phase Modulation of Data Signals up to 640 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 573–579 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Boerner, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, A.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Galili, L. Oxenløwe, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical Wavelength Conversion by Cross-Phase Modulation of Data Signals up to 640 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 573–579 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, A. T.

de Waardt, H.

Dorren, H. J. S.

Ferber, S.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Futami, F.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galili, M.

H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Demonstration of 5.1 Tbit/s data capacity on a single-wavelength channel,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1438–1443 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-2-1438 .
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Galili, L. Oxenløwe, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical Wavelength Conversion by Cross-Phase Modulation of Data Signals up to 640 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 573–579 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hansen Mulvad, H. C.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

Jensen, J. B.

Jeppesen, P.

H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Demonstration of 5.1 Tbit/s data capacity on a single-wavelength channel,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1438–1443 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-2-1438 .
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Galili, L. Oxenløwe, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical Wavelength Conversion by Cross-Phase Modulation of Data Signals up to 640 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 573–579 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Kroh, M.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Liu, Y.

Ludwig, R.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marembert, V.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mulvad, H.

M. Galili, L. Oxenløwe, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical Wavelength Conversion by Cross-Phase Modulation of Data Signals up to 640 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 573–579 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mulvad, H. C. H.

Oxenløwe, L.

M. Galili, L. Oxenløwe, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical Wavelength Conversion by Cross-Phase Modulation of Data Signals up to 640 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 573–579 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Demonstration of 5.1 Tbit/s data capacity on a single-wavelength channel,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1438–1443 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-2-1438 .
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peucheret, C.

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shu, X.

Tangdiongga, E.

Watanabe, S.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. G.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. Galili, L. Oxenløwe, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical Wavelength Conversion by Cross-Phase Modulation of Data Signals up to 640 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 573–579 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Other

B. Metcalfe, “Toward Terabit Ethernet”, OFC 2008, San Diego (USA), plenary talk.

R. Derksen, G. Lehmann, C. Weiske, C. Schubert, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Moller, and J. Lutz, “Integrated 100 Gbit/s ETDM Receiver in a Transmission Experiment over 480 km DMF,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2006, OFC 2006, Paper PDP37.

H. Hu, H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, A. Clausen, L. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “Polarisation-insensitive 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing using a polarisation-maintaining highly non-linear fibre,” Photonics in Switching 2009, paper FrI1–2, Pisa, Italy.

M. Galili, H. Mulvad, L. Gruner-Nielsen, J. Xu, L. Oxenlowe, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s optical wavelength conversion using FWM in a polarisation maintaining HNLF,” presented at the ECOC 2008, Brussels, Belgium, paper Tu.3.D.5.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and T. Ozeki, “Inter-wavelength-band conversions and demultiplexings of 640 Gbit/s OTDM signals,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2002, paper WM2.

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tb/s Wavelength Conversion for Polarisation Multiplexed RZ-DPSK Signals,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2009, San Diego, California, U.S.A., paper OWP1.

H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK data signals,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2009, San Diego, California, U.S.A., Paper OThS6.

A. Bogoni, and I. Xiaoxia Wu, Fazal, and A. Willner, “320 Gb/s nonlinear operations based on a PPLN waveguide for optical multiplexing and wavelength conversion,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2009, San Diego, California, U.S.A., paper OThS5.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Polarisation-maintaining fibre loop (blue lines indicate the PMF), (b) FWM conversion efficiency dependence on wavelength detuning

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the polarisation insensitive AOWC of a 640 Gbit/s RZ-DPSK signal (without Pol. Mux and Pol. Demux) or a 1.28 Tbit/s Pol-Mux RZ-DPSK signal

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BER measurements for the 640 Gbit/s RZ-DPSK signal back-to-back, and for the wavelength converted 640 Gbit/s RZ-DPSK signal with input SOP being circular polarisation or linear polarisation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) and (b): Power fluctuations of the wavelength converted single polarisation 640 Gbit/s signal and the Pol. Mux 1.28 Tbit/s signal with polarisation scrambling.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Spectra at input (red dash) and output (black solid) of the PMFL, and the wavelength converted 1.28 Tbit/s Pol-Mux RZ-DPSK signal (blue short dash); (b) Autocorrelations of original data pulse (dashed) and converted data pulse (solid line).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) BER measurements for the 10 Gbit/s DPSK channels demultiplexed from the 1.28-Tbit/s Pol-Mux RZ-DPSK signals back to back, and the wavelength converted 1.28-Tbit/s Pol-Mux RZ-DPSK signals (TM and TE). (b) 10 Gbit/s eye-diagrams of the converted, demultiplexed and demodulated signals in TM and TE polarisation.

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