Abstract

This study demonstrates 578 nm yellow light generation with a narrow linewidth using a waveguide periodically poled lithium niboate (PPLN) and an optical injection-locked diode laser. The frequency of an external cavity diode laser used as a master laser operating at 1156 nm in optical injection-locking mode was locked into a high-finesse cavity with the Pound-Drever-Hall technique, which results in a linewidth reduction of the master laser. The linewidth of the master laser was estimated to be approximately 1.6 kHz. In an effort to amplify the optical power, a distributed feed-back laser was phase-locked to the master laser by an optical injection-locking technique. A waveguide PPLN was used for second harmonic generation. Frequency-doubled yellow light of approximately 2.4 mW was obtained with a conversion efficiency of 6.5%.

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2009

2008

A. Yamaguchi, S. Uetake, and Y. Takahashi, “A diode laser system for spectroscopy of the ultranarrow transition in ytterbium atoms,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 57–60 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Uetake, A. Yamaguchi, S. Kato, and Y. Takahashi, “High power narrow linewidth laser at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 33–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. B. Jensen, M. Bruun-laresen, O. Balle-Petersen, and T. Skettrup, “Yellow nanosecond sum-frequency generating optical parametric oscillator using periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 61–63 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, “Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 77(3), 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

S. Sinha, C. Langrock, M. J. F. Digonnet, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Efficient yellow-light generation by frequency doubling a narrow-linewidth 1150 nm ytterbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 31(3), 347–349 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.- Jia, Q. Zheng, Q.- Xue, Y.- Bu, and L.- Qian, “Yellow light generation by frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 212–215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Georgiev, V. P. Gapontsev, A. G. Dronov, M. Y. Vyatkin, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Watts-level frequency doubling of a narrow line linearly polarized Raman fiber laser to 589nm,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6772–6776 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hong, C. Cramer, E. Cook, W. Nagourney, and E. N. Fortson, “Observation of the 1S0-3P0 transition in atomic ytterbium for optical clocks and qubit arrays,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2644–2646 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

2001

1999

1998

H. Ludivigsen, M. Tossavainen, and M. Kaivola, “Laser linewidth measurements using self-homodyne detection with short delay,” Opt. Commun. 155(1-3), 180–186 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

I. T. McKinnie and A. L. Oien, “Tunable red-yellow laser based on second harmonic generation of Cr:forsterite in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 157–161 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

1983

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith, “Extracavity laser band-shape and bandwidth modification,” Phys. Rev. A 26(1), 12–18 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

Balle-Petersen, O.

O. B. Jensen, M. Bruun-laresen, O. Balle-Petersen, and T. Skettrup, “Yellow nanosecond sum-frequency generating optical parametric oscillator using periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 61–63 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barber, Z. W.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bencheikh, K.

Bergquist, J. C.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bressel, U.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brusch, A.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bruun-laresen, M.

O. B. Jensen, M. Bruun-laresen, O. Balle-Petersen, and T. Skettrup, “Yellow nanosecond sum-frequency generating optical parametric oscillator using periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 61–63 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bu, Y.-

F.- Jia, Q. Zheng, Q.- Xue, Y.- Bu, and L.- Qian, “Yellow light generation by frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 212–215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Chang, J.

Chen, Y. F.

Chen, Y.-F.

Conroy, R. S.

Cook, E.

Cramer, C.

Dekker, P.

Diddams, S. A.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Dronov, A. G.

Eisele, Ch.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Elliott, D. S.

D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith, “Extracavity laser band-shape and bandwidth modification,” Phys. Rev. A 26(1), 12–18 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ernsting, I.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

Fejer, M. M.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fortier, T. M.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortson, E. N.

Gapontsev, V. P.

Georgiev, D.

Gill, P.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, “Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 77(3), 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gubenko, A.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

Heavner, T.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heavner, T. P.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Higashi, R.

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollberg, L.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, F.-L.

Hong, T.

Hosaka, K.

F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, M. Yasuda, and A. Onae, “Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a frequency-stable light source at 578 nm,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1652–1659 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hoyt, C. W.

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y. C.

Hum, D. S.

Inaba, H.

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, M. Yasuda, and A. Onae, “Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a frequency-stable light source at 578 nm,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1652–1659 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jefferts, S.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jefferts, S. R.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jensen, O. B.

O. B. Jensen, M. Bruun-laresen, O. Balle-Petersen, and T. Skettrup, “Yellow nanosecond sum-frequency generating optical parametric oscillator using periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 61–63 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jia, F.-

F.- Jia, Q. Zheng, Q.- Xue, Y.- Bu, and L.- Qian, “Yellow light generation by frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 212–215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, G.

Kaivola, M.

H. Ludivigsen, M. Tossavainen, and M. Kaivola, “Laser linewidth measurements using self-homodyne detection with short delay,” Opt. Commun. 155(1-3), 180–186 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kato, S.

S. Uetake, A. Yamaguchi, S. Kato, and Y. Takahashi, “High power narrow linewidth laser at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 33–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Katori, H.

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitching, J.

Kohno, T.

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kovsh, A.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Krestnikov, I.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Lee, A. J.

A. J. Lee, H. M. Pask, T. Omatsu, P. Dekker, and J. A. Piper, “All-solid-state continuous-wave yellow laser based on intracavity frequency-doubled self-Raman laser action,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 539–544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lemke, N. D.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T. C.

Liu, Z.

Livshits, D.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ludivigsen, H.

H. Ludivigsen, M. Tossavainen, and M. Kaivola, “Laser linewidth measurements using self-homodyne detection with short delay,” Opt. Commun. 155(1-3), 180–186 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ludlow, A. D.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, L. S.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

McKinnie, I. T.

I. T. McKinnie and A. L. Oien, “Tunable red-yellow laser based on second harmonic generation of Cr:forsterite in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 157–161 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mikhrin, S.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Millo, J.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, “Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 77(3), 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mlynek, J.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nagourney, W.

Nakajima, Y.

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nevsky, A. Yu.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

Nishikawa, T.

Oates, C. W.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oien, A. L.

I. T. McKinnie and A. L. Oien, “Tunable red-yellow laser based on second harmonic generation of Cr:forsterite in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 157–161 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Okhapkin, M.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Omatsu, T.

A. J. Lee, H. M. Pask, T. Omatsu, P. Dekker, and J. A. Piper, “All-solid-state continuous-wave yellow laser based on intracavity frequency-doubled self-Raman laser action,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 539–544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

Oxborrow, M.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, “Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 77(3), 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ozawa, A.

Parker, T.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Parker, T. E.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pask, H. M.

Petelski, T.

Piper, J. A.

Poli, N.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

Pugla, S.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, “Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 77(3), 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L.-

F.- Jia, Q. Zheng, Q.- Xue, Y.- Bu, and L.- Qian, “Yellow light generation by frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 212–215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roy, R.

D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith, “Extracavity laser band-shape and bandwidth modification,” Phys. Rev. A 26(1), 12–18 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rulkov, A. B.

Schiller, S.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Petelski, R. S. Conroy, K. Bencheikh, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “All-solid-state, tunable, single-frequency source of yellow light for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 26(13), 1013–1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shevy, Y.

Sinha, S.

Skettrup, T.

O. B. Jensen, M. Bruun-laresen, O. Balle-Petersen, and T. Skettrup, “Yellow nanosecond sum-frequency generating optical parametric oscillator using periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 61–63 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. J.

D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith, “Extracavity laser band-shape and bandwidth modification,” Phys. Rev. A 26(1), 12–18 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Spence, D. J.

Stalnaker, J. E.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W.

Sun, Y.

Taichenachev, A. V.

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, Y.

S. Uetake, A. Yamaguchi, S. Kato, and Y. Takahashi, “High power narrow linewidth laser at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 33–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Yamaguchi, S. Uetake, and Y. Takahashi, “A diode laser system for spectroscopy of the ultranarrow transition in ytterbium atoms,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 57–60 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takamoto, M.

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tao, X.

Taylor, J. R.

Tossavainen, M.

H. Ludivigsen, M. Tossavainen, and M. Kaivola, “Laser linewidth measurements using self-homodyne detection with short delay,” Opt. Commun. 155(1-3), 180–186 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, S. W.

Uetake, S.

A. Yamaguchi, S. Uetake, and Y. Takahashi, “A diode laser system for spectroscopy of the ultranarrow transition in ytterbium atoms,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 57–60 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Uetake, A. Yamaguchi, S. Kato, and Y. Takahashi, “High power narrow linewidth laser at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 33–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Urbanek, K. E.

Vyatkin, M. Y.

Wang, Q.

Wang, S. C.

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Webster, S. A.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, “Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 77(3), 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wong, B. C.

Xue, Q.-

F.- Jia, Q. Zheng, Q.- Xue, Y.- Bu, and L.- Qian, “Yellow light generation by frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 212–215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, A.

S. Uetake, A. Yamaguchi, S. Kato, and Y. Takahashi, “High power narrow linewidth laser at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 33–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Yamaguchi, S. Uetake, and Y. Takahashi, “A diode laser system for spectroscopy of the ultranarrow transition in ytterbium atoms,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 57–60 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Yasuda, M.

F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, M. Yasuda, and A. Onae, “Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a frequency-stable light source at 578 nm,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1652–1659 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yudin, V. I.

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, X.

Zheng, Q.

F.- Jia, Q. Zheng, Q.- Xue, Y.- Bu, and L.- Qian, “Yellow light generation by frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 212–215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

A. J. Lee, H. M. Pask, T. Omatsu, P. Dekker, and J. A. Piper, “All-solid-state continuous-wave yellow laser based on intracavity frequency-doubled self-Raman laser action,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 539–544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Uetake, A. Yamaguchi, S. Kato, and Y. Takahashi, “High power narrow linewidth laser at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 33–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Yamaguchi, S. Uetake, and Y. Takahashi, “A diode laser system for spectroscopy of the ultranarrow transition in ytterbium atoms,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 57–60 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

O. B. Jensen, M. Bruun-laresen, O. Balle-Petersen, and T. Skettrup, “Yellow nanosecond sum-frequency generating optical parametric oscillator using periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 61–63 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

I. T. McKinnie and A. L. Oien, “Tunable red-yellow laser based on second harmonic generation of Cr:forsterite in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 157–161 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F.- Jia, Q. Zheng, Q.- Xue, Y.- Bu, and L.- Qian, “Yellow light generation by frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 212–215 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Ludivigsen, M. Tossavainen, and M. Kaivola, “Laser linewidth measurements using self-homodyne detection with short delay,” Opt. Commun. 155(1-3), 180–186 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Z. Liu, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, J. Chang, S. Fan, W. Sun, G. Jin, X. Tao, Y. Sun, S. Zhang, and Z. Liu, “Self-frequency-doubled KTiOAsO4 Raman laser emitting at 573 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2183–2185 (2009).
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H. M. Pask and J. A. Piper, “Efficient all-solid-state yellow laser source producing 1.2-W average power,” Opt. Lett. 24(21), 1490–1492 (1999).
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T. Petelski, R. S. Conroy, K. Bencheikh, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “All-solid-state, tunable, single-frequency source of yellow light for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 26(13), 1013–1015 (2001).
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Phys. Rev. A

D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith, “Extracavity laser band-shape and bandwidth modification,” Phys. Rev. A 26(1), 12–18 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, “Thermal-noise-limited optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 77(3), 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0 → 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77,050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

C. W. Oates, Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, C. W. Hoyt, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Stable laser system for probing the clock transition at 578 nm in neutral ytterbium,” Proc. 2007 IEEE Int. Freq. Cont. Symp./21st Europ. Freq. Time Forum, Vols 1–4, 1274–1277 (2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Experimental diagram of coherent 578 nm yellow light generation. DFB: distributed feed-back laser A.P.: anamorphic prism pairs, O.I.: optical isolator, ECDL: external cavity diode laser, H.C.: high-finesse cavity, P.M.: polarization maintaining fiber, M: mirror, IF: interference filter, H.W.: half-wave plate, Q.W.: quarter-wave plate, P.O.: polarizer, PD: photo diode, PPLN: waveguide periodically poled lithium niobate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) (a) Spectral density of frequency fluctuations using a stabilized PHD error signal (blue curve) and the noise limit of the measurement system (red curve) (b) The stability of the stabilized ECDL using the Allan deviation, which was calculated by the power spectrum density of (a).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Heterodyne beat signal between the ECDL and before (red line) and after (black line) the injection-locked DFB laser with a resolution bandwidth of 300 kHz. The beat spectrum of the 1 Hz resolution bandwidth is shown in the inset on the right.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) (a) Output power of second harmonic generation on the WG-PPLN as function of the temperature. (b) The output power of yellow light (blue circle) and the conversion efficiency (red square) as a function of the pump power at 1156 nm.

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