Abstract

Laser emission from leaky waveguides based in dye-doped organic gain media incorporating Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxanes (POSS) nanoparticles is reported. The samples consist of thin film gain media deposited onto glass substrate defining a planar asymmetric slab waveguide, which does not incorporate any resonant substructure. The presence of POSS results in additional amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) spectral narrowing, and conditions have been found for which directional multimode laser emission is achieved. The spectral narrowing is ascribed to the photon path enlargement caused by a non-resonant feedback mechanism provided by individual scatterers, which enhances incoherently the magnitude of the amplification process. On the contrary, the appearance of multimode lasing is attributed to coherent random lasing from a many scatterers collective effect.

© 2010 OSA

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2010 (1)

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-Doped Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS)-Modified Polymeric Matrices for Highly Efficient and Photostable Solid-State Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, R. Sastre, M. Calle, D. Muñoz, and J. de Abajo, “High-Gain Long-Lived Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Dye-Doped Fluorinated Polyimide Planar Waveguides,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210(19), 1624–1631 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, L. Cerdán, V. Martín, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Dye-Doped POSS Solutions: Random Nanomaterials for Laser Emisión,” Adv. Mater. 21(41), 4163–4166 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Takeda and M. Obara, “Extremely selective modal oscillation of random lasing induced by strong multiple scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 94(3), 443–450 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Waveguides and quasi-waveguides based on pyrromethene 597-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 73–83 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (7)

M. Djiango, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, B. Cai, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared luminescent polymer waveguide with a 20 dB small-signal gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Yuyama, T. Nakajima, K. Yamashita, and K. Oe, “Solid state organic laser emission at 970 nm from dye-doped fluorinated-polyimide planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhang, Z. Chen, and D. Ma, “White light emission on amplified spontaneous emission with dye content controlled polymer system,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Kumar, V. Rastogi, and K. S. Chiang, “Large-core single-mode channel waveguide based on geometrically shaped leaky cladding,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 507–512 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Lu, B. T. Cunningham, S.-J. Park, and J. G. Eden, “Opt. Commun, “Vertically emitting, dye-doped polymer laser in the green (λ ~ 536 nm) with a second order distributed feedback grating fabricated by replica molding,” Opt. Commun. 281(11), 3159–3162 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, G. Lin, H. Xu, M. Wang, and G. Qian, “Distributed feedback laser actions in zirconia-ORMOSIL waveguides based on energy transfer between co-doped laser dyes,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5218–5221 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamashita, M. Arimatsu, N. Takeuchi, M. Takayama, K. Oe, and H. Yanagi, “Multilayerd solid-state organic laser for simultaneous multiwavelength oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

H. Goudket, T. H. Nhung, B. Ea-Kim, G. Roger, and M. Canva, “Importance of dye host on absorption, propagation losses, and amplified spontaneous emission for dye-doped polymer thin films,” Appl. Opt. 45(29), 7736–7741 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(2), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

C. Liu, J. Liu, J. Zhang, and K. Dou, “Random lasing with scatterers of diameters 20 nm in an active medium,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 299–303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, “Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(10), 1471–1483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, J. Wang, C. Ye, W. Ni, J. Chan, Y. Yang, and D. Lo, “Near infrared distributed feedback lasers based on LDS dye-doped zirconia-organically modified silicate channel waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1643–1650 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to26 dB optical gain at 625 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5137–5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Lu, B. Zhong, and D. Ma, “Amplified spontaneous emission and gain from optically pumped films of dye-doped polymers,” Appl. Opt. 43(26), 5074–5078 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, L. Shi, D. Lo, and X.-L. Zhu, “Tunable multiwavelength distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 28(2), 90–92 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Duarte and R. O. James, “Tunable solid-state lasers incorporating dye-doped, polymer-nanoparticle gain media,” Opt. Lett. 28(21), 2088–2090 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (5)

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multi-wavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 44, 4965–4971 (2002).

X. Zhu and D. Lo, “Sol-gel glass distributed-feedback waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 917–920 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G. X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, “Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2707–3181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S.-S. Yap, W.-O. Siew, T.-Y. Tou, and S.-W. Ng, “Red-green-blue laser emissions from dye-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) films,” Appl. Opt. 41(9), 1725–1728 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 27(14), 1220–1222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, “Progress in organic solid state lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 63(5), 729–762 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson, G. Levina, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Spectral analysis of polymer microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(26), 3858–3860 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene derivative model compounds,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6155–6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1973 (1)

D. B. Hall and C. Ye, “Leaky waves in a heteroepitaxial film,” J. Appl. Phys. 44(5), 2271-2274 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Arimatsu, M.

K. Yamashita, M. Arimatsu, N. Takeuchi, M. Takayama, K. Oe, and H. Yanagi, “Multilayerd solid-state organic laser for simultaneous multiwavelength oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ariu, M.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to26 dB optical gain at 625 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5137–5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Becker, E.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Belton, C.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene derivative model compounds,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6155–6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bernsten, T.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Blau, W. J.

M. Djiango, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, B. Cai, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared luminescent polymer waveguide with a 20 dB small-signal gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene derivative model compounds,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6155–6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boj, P. G.

Bradley, D. D. C.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to26 dB optical gain at 625 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5137–5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Buratto, S. K.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, B.

M. Djiango, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, B. Cai, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared luminescent polymer waveguide with a 20 dB small-signal gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Calle, M.

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, R. Sastre, M. Calle, D. Muñoz, and J. de Abajo, “High-Gain Long-Lived Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Dye-Doped Fluorinated Polyimide Planar Waveguides,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210(19), 1624–1631 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Calzado, E. M.

Canva, M.

Cerdán, L.

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Waveguides and quasi-waveguides based on pyrromethene 597-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 73–83 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, L. Cerdán, V. Martín, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Dye-Doped POSS Solutions: Random Nanomaterials for Laser Emisión,” Adv. Mater. 21(41), 4163–4166 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, R. Sastre, M. Calle, D. Muñoz, and J. de Abajo, “High-Gain Long-Lived Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Dye-Doped Fluorinated Polyimide Planar Waveguides,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210(19), 1624–1631 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chan, J.

Chen, F.

Chen, Z.

D. Zhang, Z. Chen, and D. Ma, “White light emission on amplified spontaneous emission with dye content controlled polymer system,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K. S.

A. Kumar, V. Rastogi, and K. S. Chiang, “Large-core single-mode channel waveguide based on geometrically shaped leaky cladding,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 507–512 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chiara, J. L.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-Doped Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS)-Modified Polymeric Matrices for Highly Efficient and Photostable Solid-State Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chmelka, B. F.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cordero, S. R.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Costela, A.

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, L. Cerdán, V. Martín, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Dye-Doped POSS Solutions: Random Nanomaterials for Laser Emisión,” Adv. Mater. 21(41), 4163–4166 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Waveguides and quasi-waveguides based on pyrromethene 597-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 73–83 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, R. Sastre, M. Calle, D. Muñoz, and J. de Abajo, “High-Gain Long-Lived Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Dye-Doped Fluorinated Polyimide Planar Waveguides,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210(19), 1624–1631 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-Doped Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS)-Modified Polymeric Matrices for Highly Efficient and Photostable Solid-State Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, B. T.

M. Lu, B. T. Cunningham, S.-J. Park, and J. G. Eden, “Opt. Commun, “Vertically emitting, dye-doped polymer laser in the green (λ ~ 536 nm) with a second order distributed feedback grating fabricated by replica molding,” Opt. Commun. 281(11), 3159–3162 (2008).
[CrossRef]

de Abajo, J.

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, R. Sastre, M. Calle, D. Muñoz, and J. de Abajo, “High-Gain Long-Lived Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Dye-Doped Fluorinated Polyimide Planar Waveguides,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210(19), 1624–1631 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Deng, T.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Ding, T.-N.

Djiango, M.

M. Djiango, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, B. Cai, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared luminescent polymer waveguide with a 20 dB small-signal gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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C. Liu, J. Liu, J. Zhang, and K. Dou, “Random lasing with scatterers of diameters 20 nm in an active medium,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 299–303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Ea-Kim, B.

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M. Lu, B. T. Cunningham, S.-J. Park, and J. G. Eden, “Opt. Commun, “Vertically emitting, dye-doped polymer laser in the green (λ ~ 536 nm) with a second order distributed feedback grating fabricated by replica molding,” Opt. Commun. 281(11), 3159–3162 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

García, O.

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, L. Cerdán, V. Martín, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Dye-Doped POSS Solutions: Random Nanomaterials for Laser Emisión,” Adv. Mater. 21(41), 4163–4166 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Waveguides and quasi-waveguides based on pyrromethene 597-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 73–83 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, R. Sastre, M. Calle, D. Muñoz, and J. de Abajo, “High-Gain Long-Lived Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Dye-Doped Fluorinated Polyimide Planar Waveguides,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210(19), 1624–1631 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-Doped Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS)-Modified Polymeric Matrices for Highly Efficient and Photostable Solid-State Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

García-Moreno, I.

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, R. Sastre, M. Calle, D. Muñoz, and J. de Abajo, “High-Gain Long-Lived Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Dye-Doped Fluorinated Polyimide Planar Waveguides,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210(19), 1624–1631 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-Doped Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS)-Modified Polymeric Matrices for Highly Efficient and Photostable Solid-State Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Waveguides and quasi-waveguides based on pyrromethene 597-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 73–83 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, L. Cerdán, V. Martín, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Dye-Doped POSS Solutions: Random Nanomaterials for Laser Emisión,” Adv. Mater. 21(41), 4163–4166 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Garrido, L.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-Doped Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS)-Modified Polymeric Matrices for Highly Efficient and Photostable Solid-State Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(2), 189–193 (2006).
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D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
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D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
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K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene derivative model compounds,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6155–6159 (1999).
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P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
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Johannes, H.-H.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaino, T.

M. Djiango, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, B. Cai, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared luminescent polymer waveguide with a 20 dB small-signal gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161114 (2006).
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R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, “Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(10), 1471–1483 (2005).
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M. Djiango, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, B. Cai, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared luminescent polymer waveguide with a 20 dB small-signal gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161114 (2006).
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M. Djiango, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, B. Cai, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared luminescent polymer waveguide with a 20 dB small-signal gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083306 (2008).
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D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
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G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, “Progress in organic solid state lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 63(5), 729–762 (2000).
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K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene derivative model compounds,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6155–6159 (1999).
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A. Kumar, V. Rastogi, and K. S. Chiang, “Large-core single-mode channel waveguide based on geometrically shaped leaky cladding,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 507–512 (2008).
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Kumar, R.

R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, “Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(10), 1471–1483 (2005).
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G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, “Progress in organic solid state lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 63(5), 729–762 (2000).
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R. C. Polson, G. Levina, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Spectral analysis of polymer microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(26), 3858–3860 (2000).
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Y. Yang, G. Lin, H. Xu, M. Wang, and G. Qian, “Distributed feedback laser actions in zirconia-ORMOSIL waveguides based on energy transfer between co-doped laser dyes,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5218–5221 (2008).
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K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene derivative model compounds,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6155–6159 (1999).
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C. Liu, J. Liu, J. Zhang, and K. Dou, “Random lasing with scatterers of diameters 20 nm in an active medium,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 299–303 (2005).
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C. Liu, J. Liu, J. Zhang, and K. Dou, “Random lasing with scatterers of diameters 20 nm in an active medium,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 299–303 (2005).
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F. Chen, J. Wang, C. Ye, W. Ni, J. Chan, Y. Yang, and D. Lo, “Near infrared distributed feedback lasers based on LDS dye-doped zirconia-organically modified silicate channel waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1643–1650 (2005).
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J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, L. Shi, D. Lo, and X.-L. Zhu, “Tunable multiwavelength distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 28(2), 90–92 (2003).
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D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G. X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, “Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2707–3181 (2002).
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M. Lu, B. T. Cunningham, S.-J. Park, and J. G. Eden, “Opt. Commun, “Vertically emitting, dye-doped polymer laser in the green (λ ~ 536 nm) with a second order distributed feedback grating fabricated by replica molding,” Opt. Commun. 281(11), 3159–3162 (2008).
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D. Zhang, Z. Chen, and D. Ma, “White light emission on amplified spontaneous emission with dye content controlled polymer system,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123103 (2008).
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Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 27(14), 1220–1222 (2002).
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Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multi-wavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 44, 4965–4971 (2002).

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M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to26 dB optical gain at 625 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5137–5139 (2004).
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Martín, V.

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, L. Cerdán, V. Martín, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Dye-Doped POSS Solutions: Random Nanomaterials for Laser Emisión,” Adv. Mater. 21(41), 4163–4166 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-Doped Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS)-Modified Polymeric Matrices for Highly Efficient and Photostable Solid-State Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McGehee, M. D.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Metzdorf, D.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
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Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multi-wavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 44, 4965–4971 (2002).

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 27(14), 1220–1222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, C. N.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to26 dB optical gain at 625 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5137–5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, R. Sastre, M. Calle, D. Muñoz, and J. de Abajo, “High-Gain Long-Lived Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Dye-Doped Fluorinated Polyimide Planar Waveguides,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210(19), 1624–1631 (2009).
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K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(2), 189–193 (2006).
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H. Sakata and K. Natsume, “Distributed-feedback vertical cavity structures for optically pumped solid-state organic lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 577–583 (2007).
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S. Yuyama, T. Nakajima, K. Yamashita, and K. Oe, “Solid state organic laser emission at 970 nm from dye-doped fluorinated-polyimide planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023306 (2008).
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Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multi-wavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 44, 4965–4971 (2002).

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 27(14), 1220–1222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-J.

M. Lu, B. T. Cunningham, S.-J. Park, and J. G. Eden, “Opt. Commun, “Vertically emitting, dye-doped polymer laser in the green (λ ~ 536 nm) with a second order distributed feedback grating fabricated by replica molding,” Opt. Commun. 281(11), 3159–3162 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R. V.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to26 dB optical gain at 625 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5137–5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, S.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene derivative model compounds,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6155–6159 (1999).
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A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010), doi:.
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R. C. Polson, G. Levina, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Spectral analysis of polymer microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(26), 3858–3860 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Qian, G.

Y. Yang, G. Lin, H. Xu, M. Wang, and G. Qian, “Distributed feedback laser actions in zirconia-ORMOSIL waveguides based on energy transfer between co-doped laser dyes,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5218–5221 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quintana, J. A.

Radhakrishnan, P.

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(2), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rajesh, M.

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(2), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to26 dB optical gain at 625 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5137–5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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A. Kumar, V. Rastogi, and K. S. Chiang, “Large-core single-mode channel waveguide based on geometrically shaped leaky cladding,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 507–512 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reilly, M. A.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to26 dB optical gain at 625 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5137–5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Riedl, T.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Roger, G.

Rost, H.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene derivative model compounds,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6155–6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rüther, M.

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakata, H.

H. Sakata and K. Natsume, “Distributed-feedback vertical cavity structures for optically pumped solid-state organic lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 577–583 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sastre, R.

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Waveguides and quasi-waveguides based on pyrromethene 597-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 73–83 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, L. Cerdán, V. Martín, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Dye-Doped POSS Solutions: Random Nanomaterials for Laser Emisión,” Adv. Mater. 21(41), 4163–4166 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, R. Sastre, M. Calle, D. Muñoz, and J. de Abajo, “High-Gain Long-Lived Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Dye-Doped Fluorinated Polyimide Planar Waveguides,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210(19), 1624–1631 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-Doped Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS)-Modified Polymeric Matrices for Highly Efficient and Photostable Solid-State Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, D.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scott, B.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Segura, J. L.

Shi, L.

J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, L. Shi, D. Lo, and X.-L. Zhu, “Tunable multiwavelength distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 28(2), 90–92 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G. X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, “Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2707–3181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Siew, W.-O.

Singh, A. P.

R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, “Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(10), 1471–1483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stucky, G. D.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, Y.

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takayama, M.

K. Yamashita, M. Arimatsu, N. Takeuchi, M. Takayama, K. Oe, and H. Yanagi, “Multilayerd solid-state organic laser for simultaneous multiwavelength oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, S.

S. Takeda and M. Obara, “Extremely selective modal oscillation of random lasing induced by strong multiple scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 94(3), 443–450 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, N.

K. Yamashita, M. Arimatsu, N. Takeuchi, M. Takayama, K. Oe, and H. Yanagi, “Multilayerd solid-state organic laser for simultaneous multiwavelength oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Teuschel, A.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene derivative model compounds,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6155–6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tillmann, H.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene derivative model compounds,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6155–6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tou, T.-Y.

Trastoy, B.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-Doped Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS)-Modified Polymeric Matrices for Highly Efficient and Photostable Solid-State Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tripathi, K. N.

R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, “Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(10), 1471–1483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tulek, A.

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Vallabhan, C. P. G.

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(2), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vardeny, Z. V.

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson, G. Levina, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Spectral analysis of polymer microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(26), 3858–3860 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vasa, N. J.

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multi-wavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 44, 4965–4971 (2002).

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 27(14), 1220–1222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Villalvilla, J. M.

Wang, J.

F. Chen, J. Wang, C. Ye, W. Ni, J. Chan, Y. Yang, and D. Lo, “Near infrared distributed feedback lasers based on LDS dye-doped zirconia-organically modified silicate channel waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1643–1650 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, L. Shi, D. Lo, and X.-L. Zhu, “Tunable multiwavelength distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 28(2), 90–92 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G. X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, “Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2707–3181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

Y. Yang, G. Lin, H. Xu, M. Wang, and G. Qian, “Distributed feedback laser actions in zirconia-ORMOSIL waveguides based on energy transfer between co-doped laser dyes,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5218–5221 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weimann, T.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to26 dB optical gain at 625 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5137–5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Whitesides, G. M.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wirnsberger, G.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, R.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to26 dB optical gain at 625 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5137–5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

Y. Yang, G. Lin, H. Xu, M. Wang, and G. Qian, “Distributed feedback laser actions in zirconia-ORMOSIL waveguides based on energy transfer between co-doped laser dyes,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5218–5221 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, K.

K. Yamashita, M. Arimatsu, N. Takeuchi, M. Takayama, K. Oe, and H. Yanagi, “Multilayerd solid-state organic laser for simultaneous multiwavelength oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Yuyama, T. Nakajima, K. Yamashita, and K. Oe, “Solid state organic laser emission at 970 nm from dye-doped fluorinated-polyimide planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yanagi, H.

K. Yamashita, M. Arimatsu, N. Takeuchi, M. Takayama, K. Oe, and H. Yanagi, “Multilayerd solid-state organic laser for simultaneous multiwavelength oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, P.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, G. Lin, H. Xu, M. Wang, and G. Qian, “Distributed feedback laser actions in zirconia-ORMOSIL waveguides based on energy transfer between co-doped laser dyes,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5218–5221 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, J. Wang, C. Ye, W. Ni, J. Chan, Y. Yang, and D. Lo, “Near infrared distributed feedback lasers based on LDS dye-doped zirconia-organically modified silicate channel waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1643–1650 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yap, S.-S.

Ye, C.

Yuyama, S.

S. Yuyama, T. Nakajima, K. Yamashita, and K. Oe, “Solid state organic laser emission at 970 nm from dye-doped fluorinated-polyimide planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.

D. Zhang, Z. Chen, and D. Ma, “White light emission on amplified spontaneous emission with dye content controlled polymer system,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. X.

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G. X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, “Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2707–3181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.-X.

Zhang, J.

C. Liu, J. Liu, J. Zhang, and K. Dou, “Random lasing with scatterers of diameters 20 nm in an active medium,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 299–303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, B.

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu and D. Lo, “Sol-gel glass distributed-feedback waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 917–920 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G. X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, “Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2707–3181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.-L.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-Doped Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS)-Modified Polymeric Matrices for Highly Efficient and Photostable Solid-State Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, L. Cerdán, V. Martín, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Dye-Doped POSS Solutions: Random Nanomaterials for Laser Emisión,” Adv. Mater. 21(41), 4163–4166 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B (4)

A. Kumar, V. Rastogi, and K. S. Chiang, “Large-core single-mode channel waveguide based on geometrically shaped leaky cladding,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 507–512 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Bernsten, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, “Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. B 77(4), 399–402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, and R. Sastre, “Waveguides and quasi-waveguides based on pyrromethene 597-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 73–83 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Takeda and M. Obara, “Extremely selective modal oscillation of random lasing induced by strong multiple scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 94(3), 443–450 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to26 dB optical gain at 625 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(22), 5137–5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Djiango, T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, B. Cai, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared luminescent polymer waveguide with a 20 dB small-signal gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Yuyama, T. Nakajima, K. Yamashita, and K. Oe, “Solid state organic laser emission at 970 nm from dye-doped fluorinated-polyimide planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and D. Lo, “Sol-gel glass distributed-feedback waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 917–920 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G. X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, “Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2707–3181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamashita, M. Arimatsu, N. Takeuchi, M. Takayama, K. Oe, and H. Yanagi, “Multilayerd solid-state organic laser for simultaneous multiwavelength oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson, G. Levina, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Spectral analysis of polymer microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(26), 3858–3860 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

D. B. Hall and C. Ye, “Leaky waves in a heteroepitaxial film,” J. Appl. Phys. 44(5), 2271-2274 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhang, Z. Chen, and D. Ma, “White light emission on amplified spontaneous emission with dye content controlled polymer system,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene derivative model compounds,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6155–6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, “Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(10), 1471–1483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(2), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Macromol. Chem. Phys. (1)

L. Cerdán, A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, O. García, R. Sastre, M. Calle, D. Muñoz, and J. de Abajo, “High-Gain Long-Lived Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Dye-Doped Fluorinated Polyimide Planar Waveguides,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210(19), 1624–1631 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

M. Lu, B. T. Cunningham, S.-J. Park, and J. G. Eden, “Opt. Commun, “Vertically emitting, dye-doped polymer laser in the green (λ ~ 536 nm) with a second order distributed feedback grating fabricated by replica molding,” Opt. Commun. 281(11), 3159–3162 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, G. Lin, H. Xu, M. Wang, and G. Qian, “Distributed feedback laser actions in zirconia-ORMOSIL waveguides based on energy transfer between co-doped laser dyes,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5218–5221 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, J. Liu, J. Zhang, and K. Dou, “Random lasing with scatterers of diameters 20 nm in an active medium,” Opt. Commun. 244(1-6), 299–303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Sakata and K. Natsume, “Distributed-feedback vertical cavity structures for optically pumped solid-state organic lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 577–583 (2007).
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Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, “Progress in organic solid state lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 63(5), 729–762 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, “Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography,” Science 287(5452), 465–467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

M. A. Noginov, Solid-State Random Lasers (Springer, New York, 2005).

C. Lowe, Surface Coatings Technology (John Wiley & Sons, London 1997), vol.5, Chap. VI, p.60–62.
[PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Molecular structures of octa(propyl-methacryl)-POSS (8MMAPOSS) and methyl methacrylate monomer (MMA).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Film excitation and emission geometry.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized emission spectra recorded for different values of z from 5.5 μm thick films onto glass with different wt% content of 8MMAPOSS at a pump intensity of 500 kW/cm2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Emission from a sample without POSS (a) and with 50 wt% content of 8MMAPOSS (b) at 20 cm from the waveguide edge. In (c) the picture is as in (b) but with the room fully lighted.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence on pump intensity of the intensity of the main peak in the multimode emission from a 5.5 μm thick film with 50 wt% 8MMAPOSS for a pumped stripe placed at position z = 4mm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Ensemble-averaged PFT spectra of the emission spectra shown in Fig. 3. Amplitude of PFT (ordinates) in arbitrary units.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Normalized emission spectra recorded for selected values of z from 2.1 μm thick films onto glass with different wt% content of 8MMAPOSS at a pump intensity of 500 kW/cm2.

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