Abstract

Here we report the first (as far as we know) experimental observation of extremely high enhancement factor due to elastic surface plasmon-polariton scattering by surface singularities.We have observed strong diffraction of surface plasmon-polaritons by shallow diffraction grating while its illumination by evanescent or volume waves do not shows any traces of diffraction structure in space distribution of scattered light.

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  1. V. M. Agranovich, and D. L. Mills, eds., Surface Polaritons. Electromagnetic Waves at Surfaces and Interfaces (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford 1982).
  2. M. Born, and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge University Press, 2002).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Pincemin, A. A. Maradudin, A. D. Boardman, and J.-J. Greffet, “Scattering of a surface plasmon polariton by a surface defect,” Phys. Rev. B 50(20), 15261–15275 (1994), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v50/i20/p15261_1 .
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  18. J. A. Sánchez-Gil, J. V. García-Ramos, and E. R. Méndez, “Influence of nanoscale cutoff in random self-affine fractal silver surfaces on the excitation of localized optical modes,” Opt. Lett. 26(16), 1286–1288 (2001), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-26-16-1286 .
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (5)

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003), http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v424/n6950/abs/nature01937.html .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, W. Gotschy, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of Ag and Au nanowire gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(8), 3825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v86/i14/p3008_1 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Sánchez-Gil, J. V. García-Ramos, and E. R. Méndez, “Influence of nanoscale cutoff in random self-affine fractal silver surfaces on the excitation of localized optical modes,” Opt. Lett. 26(16), 1286–1288 (2001), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-26-16-1286 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

V. A. Sterligov, Y. V. Subbota, Y. M. Shirshov, L. P. Pochekaylova, E. F. Venger, R. V. Konakova, and I. Yu. Ilyin, “Elastic laser light scattering by GaAs surfaces,” Appl. Opt. 38(12), 2666–2676 (1999), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-12-2666 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Weeber, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field optical properties of localized plasmons around lithographically designed nanostructures,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(5), 2576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. V. Shchegrov, I. V. Novikov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Scattering of Surface Plasmon Polaritons by a Circularly Symmetric Surface Defect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(22), 4269–4272 (1997), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v78/i22/p4269_1 .
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

F. Pincemin, A. A. Maradudin, A. D. Boardman, and J.-J. Greffet, “Scattering of a surface plasmon polariton by a surface defect,” Phys. Rev. B 50(20), 15261–15275 (1994), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v50/i20/p15261_1 .
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, W. Gotschy, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of Ag and Au nanowire gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(8), 3825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Backman, V.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003), http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v424/n6950/abs/nature01937.html .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boardman, A. D.

F. Pincemin, A. A. Maradudin, A. D. Boardman, and J.-J. Greffet, “Scattering of a surface plasmon polariton by a surface defect,” Phys. Rev. B 50(20), 15261–15275 (1994), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v50/i20/p15261_1 .
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. B. Evlyukhin and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmon polariton scattering by small ellipsoid particles,” Surf. Sci. 590(2-3), 173–180 (2005), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&_method=list&_ArticleListID=1111942191&_sort=r&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=d9c7fd465a5eff77960ca82b58a1ce0b .
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v86/i14/p3008_1 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003), http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v424/n6950/abs/nature01937.html .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Weeber, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field optical properties of localized plasmons around lithographically designed nanostructures,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(5), 2576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, W. Gotschy, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of Ag and Au nanowire gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(8), 3825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Domashev, G. E.

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003), http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v424/n6950/abs/nature01937.html .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erland, J.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v86/i14/p3008_1 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evlyukhin, A. B.

A. B. Evlyukhin and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmon polariton scattering by small ellipsoid particles,” Surf. Sci. 590(2-3), 173–180 (2005), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&_method=list&_ArticleListID=1111942191&_sort=r&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=d9c7fd465a5eff77960ca82b58a1ce0b .
[CrossRef]

García-Ramos, J. V.

Girard, C.

J. C. Weeber, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field optical properties of localized plasmons around lithographically designed nanostructures,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(5), 2576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gotschy, W.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, W. Gotschy, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of Ag and Au nanowire gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(8), 3825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Goudonnet, J. P.

J. C. Weeber, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field optical properties of localized plasmons around lithographically designed nanostructures,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(5), 2576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Greffet, J.-J.

F. Pincemin, A. A. Maradudin, A. D. Boardman, and J.-J. Greffet, “Scattering of a surface plasmon polariton by a surface defect,” Phys. Rev. B 50(20), 15261–15275 (1994), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v50/i20/p15261_1 .
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v86/i14/p3008_1 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ilyin, I. Yu.

Konakova, R. V.

Krenn, J. R.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, W. Gotschy, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of Ag and Au nanowire gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(8), 3825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Weeber, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field optical properties of localized plasmons around lithographically designed nanostructures,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(5), 2576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmann, M.

Lamprecht, B.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, W. Gotschy, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of Ag and Au nanowire gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(8), 3825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, W. Gotschy, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of Ag and Au nanowire gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(8), 3825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leosson, K.

C. Marquart, S. Bozhevolnyi, and K. Leosson, “Near-field imaging of surface plasmon-polariton guiding in band gap structures at telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Express 13(9), 3303–3309 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-9-3303 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v86/i14/p3008_1 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Maradudin, A. A.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolianinov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3-4), 131–314 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Shchegrov, I. V. Novikov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Scattering of Surface Plasmon Polaritons by a Circularly Symmetric Surface Defect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(22), 4269–4272 (1997), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v78/i22/p4269_1 .
[CrossRef]

F. Pincemin, A. A. Maradudin, A. D. Boardman, and J.-J. Greffet, “Scattering of a surface plasmon polariton by a surface defect,” Phys. Rev. B 50(20), 15261–15275 (1994), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v50/i20/p15261_1 .
[CrossRef]

Marquart, C.

Méndez, E. R.

Novikov, I. V.

A. V. Shchegrov, I. V. Novikov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Scattering of Surface Plasmon Polaritons by a Circularly Symmetric Surface Defect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(22), 4269–4272 (1997), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v78/i22/p4269_1 .
[CrossRef]

Pincemin, F.

F. Pincemin, A. A. Maradudin, A. D. Boardman, and J.-J. Greffet, “Scattering of a surface plasmon polariton by a surface defect,” Phys. Rev. B 50(20), 15261–15275 (1994), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v50/i20/p15261_1 .
[CrossRef]

Pochekaylova, L. P.

Sánchez-Gil, J. A.

Schider, G.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, W. Gotschy, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of Ag and Au nanowire gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(8), 3825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shchegrov, A. V.

A. V. Shchegrov, I. V. Novikov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Scattering of Surface Plasmon Polaritons by a Circularly Symmetric Surface Defect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(22), 4269–4272 (1997), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v78/i22/p4269_1 .
[CrossRef]

Shirshov, Y. M.

Shirshov, Yu. M.

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v86/i14/p3008_1 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smolianinov, I. I.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolianinov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3-4), 131–314 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sterligov, V. A.

Subbota, Y. V.

Subbota, Yu. V.

Svechnikov, S. V.

Taflove, A.

Venger, E. F.

Weeber, J. C.

J. C. Weeber, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field optical properties of localized plasmons around lithographically designed nanostructures,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(5), 2576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolianinov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3-4), 131–314 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. C. Weeber, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field optical properties of localized plasmons around lithographically designed nanostructures,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(5), 2576 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, W. Gotschy, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of Ag and Au nanowire gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(8), 3825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003), http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v424/n6950/abs/nature01937.html .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolianinov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3-4), 131–314 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

F. Pincemin, A. A. Maradudin, A. D. Boardman, and J.-J. Greffet, “Scattering of a surface plasmon polariton by a surface defect,” Phys. Rev. B 50(20), 15261–15275 (1994), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v50/i20/p15261_1 .
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. V. Shchegrov, I. V. Novikov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Scattering of Surface Plasmon Polaritons by a Circularly Symmetric Surface Defect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(22), 4269–4272 (1997), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v78/i22/p4269_1 .
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001), http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v86/i14/p3008_1 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Surf. Sci. (1)

A. B. Evlyukhin and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmon polariton scattering by small ellipsoid particles,” Surf. Sci. 590(2-3), 173–180 (2005), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&_method=list&_ArticleListID=1111942191&_sort=r&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=d9c7fd465a5eff77960ca82b58a1ce0b .
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

J. A. Sánchez-Gil, and J. V. García-Ramos, “Strong surface field enhancements in the scattering of p-polarized light from fractal metal surfaces,” Opt. Comm, 134, 11 (1997), http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=PublicationURL&_tockey=%23TOC%235533%231997%23998659998%23444337%23FLP%23&_cdi=5533&_pubType=J&_auth=y&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=323ab4860f326f27c025c60e58af5461

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1988), p. 135.

K. Kneip, M. Moskovits, and H. Kneip, eds., Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering: Physics and Applications, 103, Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 2006).

V. M. Agranovich, and D. L. Mills, eds., Surface Polaritons. Electromagnetic Waves at Surfaces and Interfaces (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford 1982).

M. Born, and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge University Press, 2002).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online). AFM image of a groove etched in a PMMA film. The upper part of the structure is a transparent PMMA film placed on a gold film substrate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The optical microscopy image of DG-zone with five grooves. Image label is polarization of the incident beam. The angle of incidence corresponds to optimal conditions of SPPs excitation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

P ARS(cos θ) – (a, c) and its moving FFT spectra – (b, d) for the experimentally measured (a,b) and theoretically calculated (c,d) scattering intensities.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Polarization dependencies of normalized scattered light intensity for diffraction grating zone with P (S) polarizations - DG, P (DG, S) and flat zone with P(S) polarizations - Flat, P (Flat, S), measured outside of the prism.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Angular dependence of light scattered into the prism. The angle of incidence corresponds to the minimum of R(γ) value.

Equations (1)

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I ~ ( sin ( N ( n sin γ sin θ ) π p / λ ) sin ( ( n sin γ sin θ ) π p / λ ) 2 ( sin ( ( n sin γ sin θ ) π a / λ ( n sin γ sin θ ) π a / λ ) 2

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