Abstract

We report on high energy optical parametric oscillation of 118 mJ output with ~70% slope efficiency in 10 ns duration of 30 Hz operation by using Mg-doped congruent composition LiTaO3 (MgLT). The periodically poled MgLT device with ~30 µm period for quasi-phase matching (QPM) in 5-mm-thick crystal are prepared. MgLT crystal could become a candidate for high-energy and higher durability material of QPM device, compared to conventional Mg-doped congruent composition LiNbO3.

© 2009 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. Matsushita, I. Ohta, and T. Kondo, “Quasi-Phase-Matched Parametric Fluorescence in Periodically Inverted GaP Waveguide,” App. Phys. Express 2, 061101 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Harada, K. Muramatsu, Y. Iwasaki, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Periodic twinning in crystal quartz for optical quasi-phase matched secondary harmonic conversion,” J. Mater. Res. 19(4), 969–972 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(5), 435–437 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, “Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(2), 875–879 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

T. Matsushita, I. Ohta, and T. Kondo, “Quasi-Phase-Matched Parametric Fluorescence in Periodically Inverted GaP Waveguide,” App. Phys. Express 2, 061101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

S. V. Tovstonog, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, “High power continuous-wave green light generation by quasiphase matching in Mg stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 05115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Jacobsson, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrowband and tunable ring optical parametric oscillator with a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3278–3280 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

H. Ishizuki and T. Taira, “High-energy quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillation in a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 device with a 5 mm x 5 mm aperture,” Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2918–2920 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 285(1-2), 88–95 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

M. Harada, K. Muramatsu, Y. Iwasaki, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Periodic twinning in crystal quartz for optical quasi-phase matched secondary harmonic conversion,” J. Mater. Res. 19(4), 969–972 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Tian, V. Gopalan, and L. Galambos, “Domain reversal in stoichiometric LiTaO3 prepared by vapor transport equilibration,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(19), 4445–4447 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 663–670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, “Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(21), 3073–3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

A. Kuroda, S. Kurimura, and Y. Uesu, “Domain inversion in ferroelectric MgO:LiNbO3 by applying electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(11), 1565–1567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(5), 435–437 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation: Tuning and Tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, “Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(2), 875–879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bäder, U.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 663–670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bliss, D.

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bordui, P. F.

P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, “Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(2), 875–879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Borsutzky, A.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 663–670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation: Tuning and Tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Canalias, C.

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

G. Imeshev, M. E. Fermann, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, “High-power source of THz radiation based on orientation-patterned GaAs pumped by a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4439–4444 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation: Tuning and Tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, “Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(2), 875–879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Fujii, M.

Furukawa, Y.

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, “Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(21), 3073–3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Furuya, H.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Galambos, L.

L. Tian, V. Gopalan, and L. Galambos, “Domain reversal in stoichiometric LiTaO3 prepared by vapor transport equilibration,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(19), 4445–4447 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gopalan, V.

L. Tian, V. Gopalan, and L. Galambos, “Domain reversal in stoichiometric LiTaO3 prepared by vapor transport equilibration,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(19), 4445–4447 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, “Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(21), 3073–3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Harada, M.

M. Harada, K. Muramatsu, Y. Iwasaki, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Periodic twinning in crystal quartz for optical quasi-phase matched secondary harmonic conversion,” J. Mater. Res. 19(4), 969–972 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

Hellström, J.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 663–670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Imeshev, G.

Ishizuki, H.

Ito, R.

Iwasaki, Y.

M. Harada, K. Muramatsu, Y. Iwasaki, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Periodic twinning in crystal quartz for optical quasi-phase matched secondary harmonic conversion,” J. Mater. Res. 19(4), 969–972 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsson, B.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation: Tuning and Tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, “Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(2), 875–879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, H.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 663–670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kitamoto, A.

Kitamura, K.

S. V. Tovstonog, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, “High power continuous-wave green light generation by quasiphase matching in Mg stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 05115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 285(1-2), 88–95 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, “Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(21), 3073–3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, T.

T. Matsushita, I. Ohta, and T. Kondo, “Quasi-Phase-Matched Parametric Fluorescence in Periodically Inverted GaP Waveguide,” App. Phys. Express 2, 061101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, “Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear-optical coefficients,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(9), 2268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kumaragurubaran, S.

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 285(1-2), 88–95 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kurimura, S.

S. V. Tovstonog, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, “High power continuous-wave green light generation by quasiphase matching in Mg stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 05115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Harada, K. Muramatsu, Y. Iwasaki, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Periodic twinning in crystal quartz for optical quasi-phase matched secondary harmonic conversion,” J. Mater. Res. 19(4), 969–972 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuroda, S. Kurimura, and Y. Uesu, “Domain inversion in ferroelectric MgO:LiNbO3 by applying electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(11), 1565–1567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, A.

A. Kuroda, S. Kurimura, and Y. Uesu, “Domain inversion in ferroelectric MgO:LiNbO3 by applying electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(11), 1565–1567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kusukame, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

B. Jacobsson, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrowband and tunable ring optical parametric oscillator with a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3278–3280 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 663–670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lynch, C.

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation: Tuning and Tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Matsushita, T.

T. Matsushita, I. Ohta, and T. Kondo, “Quasi-Phase-Matched Parametric Fluorescence in Periodically Inverted GaP Waveguide,” App. Phys. Express 2, 061101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, T. E.

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, “Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(21), 3073–3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, M.

Mizushima, T.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mizuuchi, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Muramatsu, K.

M. Harada, K. Muramatsu, Y. Iwasaki, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Periodic twinning in crystal quartz for optical quasi-phase matched secondary harmonic conversion,” J. Mater. Res. 19(4), 969–972 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nada, N.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(5), 435–437 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, M.

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 285(1-2), 88–95 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Niwa, K.

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, “Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(21), 3073–3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Norwood, R. G.

P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, “Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(2), 875–879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ohta, I.

T. Matsushita, I. Ohta, and T. Kondo, “Quasi-Phase-Matched Parametric Fluorescence in Periodically Inverted GaP Waveguide,” App. Phys. Express 2, 061101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

B. Jacobsson, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Narrowband and tunable ring optical parametric oscillator with a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3278–3280 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 663–670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peltz, H. M.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 663–670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Saikawa, J.

Saitoh, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(5), 435–437 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shikii, S.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shirane, M.

Shoji, I.

Taira, T.

Takekawa, S.

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 285(1-2), 88–95 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tian, L.

L. Tian, V. Gopalan, and L. Galambos, “Domain reversal in stoichiometric LiTaO3 prepared by vapor transport equilibration,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(19), 4445–4447 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tovstonog, S. V.

S. V. Tovstonog, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, “High power continuous-wave green light generation by quasiphase matching in Mg stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 05115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Uesu, Y.

A. Kuroda, S. Kurimura, and Y. Uesu, “Domain inversion in ferroelectric MgO:LiNbO3 by applying electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(11), 1565–1567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wallenstein, R.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 663–670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, K.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(5), 435–437 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(5), 435–437 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

App. Phys. Express (1)

T. Matsushita, I. Ohta, and T. Kondo, “Quasi-Phase-Matched Parametric Fluorescence in Periodically Inverted GaP Waveguide,” App. Phys. Express 2, 061101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 663–670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Broken PPMgLN device at high energy OPO experiment. (5mmH x 16mmW x 40mmL). (a) Two QPM regions are included in one PPMgLN device, (b) Broken PPMgLN device, (c) Broken section.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Typical example of high-energy PPMgLN-OPO experiment, (b) Measured spectrum of high-order harmonic waves (SH: second harmonics, SF: sum frequency, TH: third harmonics). Pumping energy of ~60 mJ, Rep. rate = 30 Hz, Pulse duration ~10 ns, Signal wave = 1.736 µm, Idler wave = 2.749 µm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photographs of obtained periodical structure in 5-mm-thick MgLT. Λ QPM ~30 µm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of OPO output wavelength on device temperature (Pumping energy ~30 mJ, Λ QPM = 32.5 µm). The wavelength of signal wave was measured values (JASCO, CT-25), and that of idler wave was calculated values.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of total OPO output energy and conversion efficiency on input pump energy.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Typical example of high-energy PPMgLT-OPO experiment, (b) Measured spectrum of high-order harmonic waves (SH: second harmonics, SF: sum frequency, TH: third harmonics). Pumping energy of ~120 mJ, Rep. rate = 30 Hz, Duration ~10 ns, Signal wave = 1.740 µm, Idler wave = 2.739 µm.

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