Abstract

Metamaterials with anisotropic electromagnetic properties have the capability to manipulate the polarization states of electromagnetic waves. We describe a method to design a broadband, low-loss wave retarder with graded constitutive parameter distributions based on non-resonant metamaterial elements. A structured metamaterial half-wave retarder that converts one linear polarization to its cross polarization is designed and its performance is characterized experimentally.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. G. Veselago, "The Electrodynamics of Substances with Simultaneously Negative Values of ? and ?," Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509-514 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. B. Pendry, "Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Alu M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, "Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: Tailoring the radiation phase pattern," Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Zhang and T. J. Cui, "Negative reflections of electromagnetic waves in a strong chiral medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 194101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. N. Gollub, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Hybrid resonant phenomena in a SRR/YIG metamaterial structure," Opt. Express 17, 2122-2131 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2122.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarization selection with stacked hole array metamaterial," J. Appl. Opt., Pure Appl. Opt. 103, 053102 (2008).
  8. J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, "Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, "A Transmission Polarizer by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Proceedings of the IEEE-AP/S International Symposium & URSI Radio Science Meeting (2008).
  10. J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, "Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarized left-handed extraordinary optical transmission of subterahertz waves," Opt. Express 15, 8125-8134 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-13-8125.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1991).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Liu, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Broadband Gradient Index Optics Based on Non-Resonant Metamaterials," (Unpublished).
  16. R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak," Science 323, 366-369 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. V. G. and M. V. Lapine and S. A. Tretyakov, "Methods of crystal optics for studying electromagnetic phenomena in metamaterials: Review," Crystallography Reports 51, 1048-1062 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002)
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, "Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarization selection with stacked hole array metamaterial," J. Appl. Opt., Pure Appl. Opt. 103, 053102 (2008).

2007 (5)

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, "Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alu M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, "Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: Tailoring the radiation phase pattern," Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang and T. J. Cui, "Negative reflections of electromagnetic waves in a strong chiral medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 194101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarized left-handed extraordinary optical transmission of subterahertz waves," Opt. Express 15, 8125-8134 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-13-8125.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

M. V. G. and M. V. Lapine and S. A. Tretyakov, "Methods of crystal optics for studying electromagnetic phenomena in metamaterials: Review," Crystallography Reports 51, 1048-1062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002)
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, "Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1968 (1)

V. G. Veselago, "The Electrodynamics of Substances with Simultaneously Negative Values of ? and ?," Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509-514 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Beruete, M.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarization selection with stacked hole array metamaterial," J. Appl. Opt., Pure Appl. Opt. 103, 053102 (2008).

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarized left-handed extraordinary optical transmission of subterahertz waves," Opt. Express 15, 8125-8134 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-13-8125.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campillo, I.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarization selection with stacked hole array metamaterial," J. Appl. Opt., Pure Appl. Opt. 103, 053102 (2008).

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarized left-handed extraordinary optical transmission of subterahertz waves," Opt. Express 15, 8125-8134 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-13-8125.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caplin, D.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, "Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, J. Y.

J. N. Gollub, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Hybrid resonant phenomena in a SRR/YIG metamaterial structure," Opt. Express 17, 2122-2131 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2122.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak," Science 323, 366-369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, "Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, L. F.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cui, T. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak," Science 323, 366-369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Gollub, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Hybrid resonant phenomena in a SRR/YIG metamaterial structure," Opt. Express 17, 2122-2131 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2122.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, "Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang and T. J. Cui, "Negative reflections of electromagnetic waves in a strong chiral medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 194101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fyson, J.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gollub, J.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gollub, J. N.

Hand, T.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, "Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, C.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak," Science 323, 366-369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, T.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, "Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kong, J. A.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, "Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, R.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak," Science 323, 366-369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, M.

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, "Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Magnus, F.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Markos, P.

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Mendonca, S.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak," Science 323, 366-369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moore, J.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, K.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Navarro-Cia, M.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarization selection with stacked hole array metamaterial," J. Appl. Opt., Pure Appl. Opt. 103, 053102 (2008).

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarized left-handed extraordinary optical transmission of subterahertz waves," Opt. Express 15, 8125-8134 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-13-8125.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, "Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perkins, G.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ran, L.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, "Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sajuyigbe, S.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, D.

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

J. N. Gollub, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Hybrid resonant phenomena in a SRR/YIG metamaterial structure," Opt. Express 17, 2122-2131 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2122.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak," Science 323, 366-369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Sorolla, M.

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarization selection with stacked hole array metamaterial," J. Appl. Opt., Pure Appl. Opt. 103, 053102 (2008).

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarized left-handed extraordinary optical transmission of subterahertz waves," Opt. Express 15, 8125-8134 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-13-8125.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Veselago, V. G.

V. G. Veselago, "The Electrodynamics of Substances with Simultaneously Negative Values of ? and ?," Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509-514 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Wiltshire, M. C. K.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wood, B.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, Y.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, "Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang and T. J. Cui, "Negative reflections of electromagnetic waves in a strong chiral medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 194101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, "Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

C. Zhang and T. J. Cui, "Negative reflections of electromagnetic waves in a strong chiral medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 194101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, "Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crystallography Reports (1)

M. V. G. and M. V. Lapine and S. A. Tretyakov, "Methods of crystal optics for studying electromagnetic phenomena in metamaterials: Review," Crystallography Reports 51, 1048-1062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Opt., Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarization selection with stacked hole array metamaterial," J. Appl. Opt., Pure Appl. Opt. 103, 053102 (2008).

Nat. Mater. (1)

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, "A d.c. magnetic metamaterial," Nat. Mater. 7, 295-297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

A. Alu M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, "Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: Tailoring the radiation phase pattern," Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. B. Pendry, "Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, "Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak," Science 323, 366-369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. Usp. (1)

V. G. Veselago, "The Electrodynamics of Substances with Simultaneously Negative Values of ? and ?," Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509-514 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, "A Transmission Polarizer by Anisotropic Metamaterials," Proceedings of the IEEE-AP/S International Symposium & URSI Radio Science Meeting (2008).

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, "Broadband Gradient Index Optics Based on Non-Resonant Metamaterials," (Unpublished).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Illustration of a multi-layer half-wave retarder. (b) Distribution of wave impedances and the phase difference between the two modes over the metamaterial layers; ηx is the wave impedance of the mode with electric field directed along x-axis and ηy is the wave impedance of the mode with electric field directed along y-axis; δθ is the phase difference between the two modes.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) The sketch of an I-shape metamaterial particle. (b) Simulated refractive indices of the two wave modes when s = 1mm

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Variation of phase advances (a) and wave impedances (b) of the two modes with geometry parameter s.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simulated transmission coefficients from incident waves polarized along p 1 to outgoing waves polarized along p 1 (dashed red line) and p 2 (solid green line).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured polarization patterns (solid grey line) and ideal polarization patterns (dashed green line) of the transmitted waves at 8.0GHz (a), 8.5GHz (b) and 9.0GHz (c) compared with measured polarization pattern of the incident waves at 9.0GHz (d).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) The measured transmission coefficients of Ex (dashed blue line) and Ey (solid yellow line); (b) the measured transmission coefficients from p 1 (dashed red line) to p 1 and from p 1 to p 2 (solid grey line).

Equations (1)

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i θ x ( i ) i θ y ( i ) = p π ,

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