Abstract

Metamaterials with anisotropic electromagnetic properties have the capability to manipulate the polarization states of electromagnetic waves. We describe a method to design a broadband, low-loss wave retarder with graded constitutive parameter distributions based on non-resonant metamaterial elements. A structured metamaterial half-wave retarder that converts one linear polarization to its cross polarization is designed and its performance is characterized experimentally.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. G. Veselago, “The Electrodynamics of Substances with Simultaneously Negative Values of ε and μ,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509–514 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. B. Pendry, “Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966–3969 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Alu, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: Tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Zhang and T. J. Cui, “Negative reflections of electromagnetic waves in a strong chiral medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 194101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. N. Gollub, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Hybrid resonant phenomena in a SRR/YIG metamaterial structure,” Opt. Express 17, 2122–2131 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2122.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, “Polarization selection with stacked hole array meta-material,” J. Appl. Opt. 103, 053102 (2008).
  8. J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, “A Transmission Polarizer by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Proceedings of the IEEE-AP/S International Symposium & URSI Radio Science Meeting (2008).
  10. J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, “Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, “Polarized left-handed extraordinary optical transmission of subterahertz waves,” Opt. Express 15, 8125–8134 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-13-8125.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1991).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Liu, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Gradient Index Optics Based on Non-Resonant Metamaterials,” (Unpublished) .
  16. R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. V. G., M. V. Lapine, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Methods of crystal optics for studying electromagnetic phenomena in metamaterials: Review,” Crystallography Reports 51, 1048–1062 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, “Polarization selection with stacked hole array meta-material,” J. Appl. Opt. 103, 053102 (2008).

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, “Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alu, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: Tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang and T. J. Cui, “Negative reflections of electromagnetic waves in a strong chiral medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 194101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, “Polarized left-handed extraordinary optical transmission of subterahertz waves,” Opt. Express 15, 8125–8134 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-13-8125.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

M. V. G., M. V. Lapine, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Methods of crystal optics for studying electromagnetic phenomena in metamaterials: Review,” Crystallography Reports 51, 1048–1062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1968 (1)

V. G. Veselago, “The Electrodynamics of Substances with Simultaneously Negative Values of ε and μ,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509–514 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Alu, A.

A. Alu, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: Tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beruete, M.

Campillo, I.

Caplin, D.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Q.

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Gradient Index Optics Based on Non-Resonant Metamaterials,” (Unpublished) .

Chin, J. Y.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Gollub, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Hybrid resonant phenomena in a SRR/YIG metamaterial structure,” Opt. Express 17, 2122–2131 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2122.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, “Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, “A Transmission Polarizer by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Proceedings of the IEEE-AP/S International Symposium & URSI Radio Science Meeting (2008).

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Gradient Index Optics Based on Non-Resonant Metamaterials,” (Unpublished) .

Cohen, L. F.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cui, T. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Gollub, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Hybrid resonant phenomena in a SRR/YIG metamaterial structure,” Opt. Express 17, 2122–2131 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2122.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, “Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang and T. J. Cui, “Negative reflections of electromagnetic waves in a strong chiral medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 194101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, “A Transmission Polarizer by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Proceedings of the IEEE-AP/S International Symposium & URSI Radio Science Meeting (2008).

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Gradient Index Optics Based on Non-Resonant Metamaterials,” (Unpublished) .

Cummer, S.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Engheta, N.

A. Alu, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: Tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fyson, J.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G., M. V.

M. V. G., M. V. Lapine, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Methods of crystal optics for studying electromagnetic phenomena in metamaterials: Review,” Crystallography Reports 51, 1048–1062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gollub, J.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gollub, J. N.

Hand, T.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, C.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, T.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kong, J. A.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lapine, M. V.

M. V. G., M. V. Lapine, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Methods of crystal optics for studying electromagnetic phenomena in metamaterials: Review,” Crystallography Reports 51, 1048–1062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Gradient Index Optics Based on Non-Resonant Metamaterials,” (Unpublished) .

Lu, M.

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, “Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, “A Transmission Polarizer by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Proceedings of the IEEE-AP/S International Symposium & URSI Radio Science Meeting (2008).

Magnus, F.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Markos, P.

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mendonca, S.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Gradient Index Optics Based on Non-Resonant Metamaterials,” (Unpublished) .

Moore, J.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, K.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Navarro-Cia, M.

Pendry, J. B.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perkins, G.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ran, L.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sajuyigbe, S.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salandrino, A.

A. Alu, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: Tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, D.

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silveirinha, M. G.

A. Alu, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: Tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Gollub, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Hybrid resonant phenomena in a SRR/YIG metamaterial structure,” Opt. Express 17, 2122–2131 (2009). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2122.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Gradient Index Optics Based on Non-Resonant Metamaterials,” (Unpublished) .

Sorolla, M.

Soukoulis, C. M.

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Tretyakov, S. A.

M. V. G., M. V. Lapine, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Methods of crystal optics for studying electromagnetic phenomena in metamaterials: Review,” Crystallography Reports 51, 1048–1062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Veselago, V. G.

V. G. Veselago, “The Electrodynamics of Substances with Simultaneously Negative Values of ε and μ,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509–514 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Wiltshire, M. C. K.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wood, B.

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, Y.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang and T. J. Cui, “Negative reflections of electromagnetic waves in a strong chiral medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 194101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

C. Zhang and T. J. Cui, “Negative reflections of electromagnetic waves in a strong chiral medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 194101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, “Metamaterial polarizers by electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 251903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crystallography Reports (1)

M. V. G., M. V. Lapine, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Methods of crystal optics for studying electromagnetic phenomena in metamaterials: Review,” Crystallography Reports 51, 1048–1062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Opt. (1)

M. Beruete, M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, “Polarization selection with stacked hole array meta-material,” J. Appl. Opt. 103, 053102 (2008).

Nature Mater. (1)

F. Magnus, B. Wood, J. Moore, K. Morrison, G. Perkins, J. Fyson, M. C. K. Wiltshire, D. Caplin, L. F. Cohen, and J. B. Pendry, “A d.c. magnetic metamaterial,” Nature Mater. 7, 295–297 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

D. R. Smith, D. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Alu, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: Tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating Electromagnetic Wave Polarizations by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies,” Science 314, 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak,” Science 323, 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. Usp. (1)

V. G. Veselago, “The Electrodynamics of Substances with Simultaneously Negative Values of ε and μ,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509–514 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. Y. Chin, M. Lu, and T. J. Cui, “A Transmission Polarizer by Anisotropic Metamaterials,” Proceedings of the IEEE-AP/S International Symposium & URSI Radio Science Meeting (2008).

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband Gradient Index Optics Based on Non-Resonant Metamaterials,” (Unpublished) .

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Illustration of a multi-layer half-wave retarder. (b) Distribution of wave impedances and the phase difference between the two modes over the metamaterial layers; ηx is the wave impedance of the mode with electric field directed along x-axis and ηy is the wave impedance of the mode with electric field directed along y-axis; δθ is the phase difference between the two modes.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) The sketch of an I-shape metamaterial particle. (b) Simulated refractive indices of the two wave modes when s = 1mm

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Variation of phase advances (a) and wave impedances (b) of the two modes with geometry parameter s.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simulated transmission coefficients from incident waves polarized along p 1 to outgoing waves polarized along p 1 (dashed red line) and p 2 (solid green line).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured polarization patterns (solid grey line) and ideal polarization patterns (dashed green line) of the transmitted waves at 8.0GHz (a), 8.5GHz (b) and 9.0GHz (c) compared with measured polarization pattern of the incident waves at 9.0GHz (d).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) The measured transmission coefficients of Ex (dashed blue line) and Ey (solid yellow line); (b) the measured transmission coefficients from p 1 (dashed red line) to p 1 and from p 1 to p 2 (solid grey line).

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

i θ x ( i ) i θ y ( i ) = p π ,

Metrics