Abstract

A new time-resolved pump-probe system with phase object, which is based on the PO Z-scan technique and the standard pump-probe system, is presented. This new method can simultaneously investigate the dynamic of nonlinear absorption and refraction conveniently. On the other hand, both degenerate and nondegenerate pump and probe beams in any polarization states can be used in this system. The nonlinear optical properties of tetrasulfonated copper phthalocyanine dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide solution are investigated by using this system.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Yariv and D. M. Pepper, "Amplified reflection, phase conjugation, and oscillation in degenerate four-wave mixing," Opt. Lett. 1, 16-18 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlineari-ties using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, "Nonlinear optical measurements using a 4f coherent imaging system with phase objects," Phys. Rev. A. 69, 053813 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Wang, M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Time-resolved Z-scan measurements of optical nonlinearities," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1009-1017 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Xia, A. Dogariu, K. Mansour, D. J. Hagan, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, S. Shi, "Nonlinear response and optical limiting in inorganic metal cluster Mo2Ag4S8 (PPh3)4 solutions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1497-1501 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Li, G. Pan, K. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, T.-h. Wei, and Y. Song, "Time-resolved pump-probe system based on a nonlinear imaging technique with phase object," Opt. Express 16, 6251-6259 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Yang and Y. Song, "Direct observation of the transient thermal lensing effect using the PO Z-scan," Opt. Lett. 34, 157-159 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. H. Weber and D. H. Busch, "Complexes Derived from Strong Field Ligands. XIX. Magnetic Properties of Transition Metal Derivatives of 4, 4’, 4", 4"’-Tetrasulfophthalocyanine," Inorg. Chem. 4, 469-471 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Zhao and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Z-scan technique using top-hat beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1613-1615 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2004 (1)

G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, "Nonlinear optical measurements using a 4f coherent imaging system with phase objects," Phys. Rev. A. 69, 053813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

W. Zhao and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Z-scan technique using top-hat beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1613-1615 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlineari-ties using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

1965 (1)

J. H. Weber and D. H. Busch, "Complexes Derived from Strong Field Ligands. XIX. Magnetic Properties of Transition Metal Derivatives of 4, 4’, 4", 4"’-Tetrasulfophthalocyanine," Inorg. Chem. 4, 469-471 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Boudebs, G.

G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, "Nonlinear optical measurements using a 4f coherent imaging system with phase objects," Phys. Rev. A. 69, 053813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Busch, D. H.

J. H. Weber and D. H. Busch, "Complexes Derived from Strong Field Ligands. XIX. Magnetic Properties of Transition Metal Derivatives of 4, 4’, 4", 4"’-Tetrasulfophthalocyanine," Inorg. Chem. 4, 469-471 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Cherukulappurath, S.

G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, "Nonlinear optical measurements using a 4f coherent imaging system with phase objects," Phys. Rev. A. 69, 053813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

Hagan, D. J.

Li, Y.

Mansour, K.

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

W. Zhao and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Z-scan technique using top-hat beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1613-1615 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pan, G.

Pepper, D. M.

Said, A. A.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

J. Wang, M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Time-resolved Z-scan measurements of optical nonlinearities," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1009-1017 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlineari-ties using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shi, S.

Song, Y.

Van Stryland, E. W.

Wang, J.

Wang, Y.

Weber, J. H.

J. H. Weber and D. H. Busch, "Complexes Derived from Strong Field Ligands. XIX. Magnetic Properties of Transition Metal Derivatives of 4, 4’, 4", 4"’-Tetrasulfophthalocyanine," Inorg. Chem. 4, 469-471 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T.-h.

Y. Li, G. Pan, K. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, T.-h. Wei, and Y. Song, "Time-resolved pump-probe system based on a nonlinear imaging technique with phase object," Opt. Express 16, 6251-6259 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlineari-ties using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Xia, T.

Yang, J.

Yang, K.

Yariv, A.

Zhang, X.

Zhao, W.

W. Zhao and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Z-scan technique using top-hat beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1613-1615 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Zhao and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Z-scan technique using top-hat beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1613-1615 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlineari-ties using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Chem. (1)

J. H. Weber and D. H. Busch, "Complexes Derived from Strong Field Ligands. XIX. Magnetic Properties of Transition Metal Derivatives of 4, 4’, 4", 4"’-Tetrasulfophthalocyanine," Inorg. Chem. 4, 469-471 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A. (1)

G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, "Nonlinear optical measurements using a 4f coherent imaging system with phase objects," Phys. Rev. A. 69, 053813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) The schematic of the improved time-resolved pump-probe system .BS, beam splitter; M1-M3, mirrors; L1-L3, convex lens; D1-D2, energy detector. (b) The schematic of PO.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The UV/Vis spectrum of CuPcTs/DMSO.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The normalized transmittance as a function of the temporal delay of CuPcTs/DMSO solution. The solid line is the numerical simulated curve.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Open aperture top-hat Z-scan of CuPcTs/DMSO for 4ns with the energy of 0.31 μJ . (b) The nonlinear refraction curves of CuPcTs/DMSO for 4ns with the energy of 0.31 μJ. The solid lines are the theoretical fitting to the experimental results.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I e = I o e ω o e 2 ω e 2 exp [ 2 r 2 ω e 2 ( t t d ) 2 τ 2 ]
E p 0 ( r , t ) = E 0 exp [ r 2 ω 0 2 ] exp [ t 2 2 τ 2 ]
E p 2 = 2 π i λ d exp ( i π r 2 λ d ) 0 + r 1 d r 1 E p 1 exp ( i π r 1 2 λ d ) J 0 ( 2 π r r 1 λ d )
I p z ' = α ( I e ) I p
d ϕ d z ' = k Δ n ( I e )
{ d N 0 d t = σ 0 I e ħ ω N 0 N 1 = N 00 N 0
α = σ 0 N 0 + σ 1 N 1
Δ n = Δ η 1 N 1

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