Abstract

Suitable use of stimulated Brillouin amplification (SBA) effect for selective single peak amplification in an optical frequency comb is demonstrated to provide high accuracy in optical frequency metrology. A pump wave generated by a tunable laser source (TLS) is used to stimulate SBA of such optical comb along an optical fiber and selectively amplify only one single peak of the comb. Nature of SBA preserves both linewidth and absolute wavelength position of the selected comb peak. All of these features result in a simple, robust and compact all in fiber system. Relative optical frequency accuracy in the order of Hz is confirmed.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]

2008

2006

2005

J. M. Subias Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, "Very High Resolution Optical Spectrometry by Stimulated Brillouin Scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 855-857 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Phase-locked widely tunable optical single-frequency generator based on a femtosecond comb," Opt. Lett. 30, 2323-2325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2002

1997

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin Gain Spectrum Characterization in Single-Mode Optical Fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Benito, D.

Bitou, Y.

Galech, S.

Hall, J. L.

Heras, C.

Heras, C. D.

J. M. Subias Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, "Very High Resolution Optical Spectrometry by Stimulated Brillouin Scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 855-857 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hernández, R.

Hong, F.-L.

Hyun, S.

Ikegami, T.

Inaba, H.

Jin, J.

Jost, J. D.

Junker, M.

Kim, S.-W.

Kim, Y.

Kim, Y.-J.

Lauterbach, K-U.

Lee, S. H.

Lee, W. K.

Loayssa, A.

López, F.

Matsumoto, H.

Minoshima, K.

Moon, H. S.

Nikles, M.

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin Gain Spectrum Characterization in Single-Mode Optical Fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

Pelayo, J.

C. Heras, J. Subias, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, and F. López, "Subpicometer wavelength accuracy with gain-switched laser diode in high-resolution optical spectrometry," Opt. Express 16, 10658-10663 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Subias Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, "Very High Resolution Optical Spectrometry by Stimulated Brillouin Scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 855-857 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pellejer, E.

J. M. Subias Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, "Very High Resolution Optical Spectrometry by Stimulated Brillouin Scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 855-857 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Robert, P. A.

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin Gain Spectrum Characterization in Single-Mode Optical Fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H.Y.

Schibli, T. R.

Schneider, T.

Subias, J.

Subias Domingo, J. M.

J. M. Subias Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, "Very High Resolution Optical Spectrometry by Stimulated Brillouin Scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 855-857 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suh, H. S.

Thevenaz, L.

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin Gain Spectrum Characterization in Single-Mode Optical Fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Villuendas, F.

C. Heras, J. Subias, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, and F. López, "Subpicometer wavelength accuracy with gain-switched laser diode in high-resolution optical spectrometry," Opt. Express 16, 10658-10663 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Subias Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, "Very High Resolution Optical Spectrometry by Stimulated Brillouin Scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 855-857 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. M. Subias Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, "Very High Resolution Optical Spectrometry by Stimulated Brillouin Scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 855-857 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin Gain Spectrum Characterization in Single-Mode Optical Fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for optical frequency metrology by selective Brillouin amplification of single peak in an optical comb.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured OFC optical spectrum at point A. Two superimposed zooms of indicated areas of this OFC are also shown.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured OFC optical spectrum at point B for conditions of (a) selected and (b) unselected amplification of the 5th comb peak; (c) Measured optical spectrum at point B of the optical signal under test and the OFC for the 5th comb peak amplification condition.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a)–(f) Measured rf spectra in the pump tuning process around the 5th and the 6th comb modes. (resolution bandwidth 3kHz, 30s sweep time); (g) Measured rf spectra for condition of 5th peak mode selection (resolution bandwidth 1 Hz, 45s sweep time).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Measured RF spectra resulting from optical beating between the SUT, the amplified comb mode and the TLS1 carrier wave (resolution bandwidth 3kHz, 30s sweep time), (b) Measured RF spectra of the beat signal between SUT and the 5th amplified comb peak (resolution bandwidth 1 Hz, 45s sweep time).

Equations (1)

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d P B ( z , λ ) = g B ( λ λ p λ B ) A eff P p ( z , λ p ) P c ( z , λ p + λ B ) dz

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