Abstract

We demonstrate a bright, bandwidth-tunable, quasi-phasematched single-waveguide source generating photon pairs near 900 nm and 1300 nm. Two-photon coincidence spectra are measured at a range of operating temperatures of a periodically-poled KTiOPO4 (PPKTP) waveguide, which supports both type-0 and type-II spontaneous parametric down-conversion. We map out relative contributions of two-photon to one-photon fluorescence for a range of operating parameters. Such a versatile device is highly promising for future chip-scale quantum information processing.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  44. B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, J. P. Feve, M. Maglione, B. Menaert, and G. Marnier, "Optical Studies of Laser-Induced Gray-Tracking in KTP," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 281-286 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (7)

2006 (5)

2005 (7)

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "1.5- ?m band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7832-7839 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, X. Li, and P. Kumar, "Two-photon-state generation via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L. J. Wang, "Generation of correlated photon pairs in a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1530-1532 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, "Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion," Laser Phys. 15, 146-161 (2005).

Y. Kim and W. P. Grice, "Measurement of the spectral properties of the two-photon state generated via type II spontaneous parametric downconversion," Opt. Lett. 30, 908-910 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-Fiber Source of Polarization-Entangled Photons in the 1550 nm Telecom Band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, "Measurement of co- and cross-polarized Raman spectra in silica fiber for small detunings," Opt. Express 13, 2236-2244 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Efficient Conditional Preparation of High-Fidelity Single Photon States for Fiber-Optic Quantum Networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. B. U’Ren, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Photon engineering for quantum information processing," Quant. Inf. Comp. 3, 480-502 (2003).

2002 (1)

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, "Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a singlephoton on-demand source," Phys. Rev. A. 66, 053805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

K. Banaszek, A. B. U’Ren, and I. A.Walmsley, "Generation of correlated photons in controlled spatial modes by downconversion in nonlinear waveguides," Opt. Lett. 26, 1367-1369 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, "New High-Efficiency Source of Photon Pairs for Engineering Quantum Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620-5623 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Knill, R. LaFlamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for effcient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

C. K. Law, I. A. Walmsley, and J. H. Eberly, "Continuous frequency entanglement: effective finite Hilbert space and entropy control," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5304-5307 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, J. P. Feve, M. Maglione, B. Menaert, and G. Marnier, "Optical Studies of Laser-Induced Gray-Tracking in KTP," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 281-286 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral information and distinguishability in type-II down-conversion with a broadband pump," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627-1634 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, "New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ekert and P. L. Knight, "Entangled quantum systems and the Schmidt decomposition," Am. J. Phys. 63, 415-423 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, "Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm Experiment Using Pairs of Light Quanta Produced by Type-II Parametric Down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3893-3897 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, "Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4," App. Opt. 26, 2390-2394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

D. N. Klyshko, "Use of two-photon light for absolute calibration of photoelectric detectors," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1112-1117 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of Simultaneity in Parametric Production of Optical Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Alley, C. O.

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, "Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm Experiment Using Pairs of Light Quanta Produced by Type-II Parametric Down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3893-3897 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anant, V.

Baek, B.

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Banaszek, K.

Battle, P.

Beausoleil, R. G.

Berggren, K. K.

Bierlein, J. D.

Boulanger, B.

B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, J. P. Feve, M. Maglione, B. Menaert, and G. Marnier, "Optical Studies of Laser-Induced Gray-Tracking in KTP," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 281-286 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Branning, D.

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, "Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a singlephoton on-demand source," Phys. Rev. A. 66, 053805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, D. C.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of Simultaneity in Parametric Production of Optical Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, "Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4," App. Opt. 26, 2390-2394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Castelletto, S.

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, "Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a singlephoton on-demand source," Phys. Rev. A. 66, 053805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Cova, S.

M. Ghioni, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, "Progress in silicon single-photon avalanche diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 852-862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dauler, E. A.

De Micheli, M.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

De Riedmatten, H.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

Dyer, S. D.

Eberly, J. H.

C. K. Law, I. A. Walmsley, and J. H. Eberly, "Continuous frequency entanglement: effective finite Hilbert space and entropy control," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5304-5307 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckardt, R. C.

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, "Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4," App. Opt. 26, 2390-2394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ekert, A.

A. Ekert and P. L. Knight, "Entangled quantum systems and the Schmidt decomposition," Am. J. Phys. 63, 415-423 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fan, J.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, "Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4," App. Opt. 26, 2390-2394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, "Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4," App. Opt. 26, 2390-2394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fedrizzi, A.

Feigelson, R. S.

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, "Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4," App. Opt. 26, 2390-2394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Feve, J. P.

B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, J. P. Feve, M. Maglione, B. Menaert, and G. Marnier, "Optical Studies of Laser-Induced Gray-Tracking in KTP," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 281-286 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fiorentino, M.

Ghioni, M.

M. Ghioni, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, "Progress in silicon single-photon avalanche diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 852-862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gol’tsman, G. N.

Grice, W. P.

Y. Kim and W. P. Grice, "Measurement of the spectral properties of the two-photon state generated via type II spontaneous parametric downconversion," Opt. Lett. 30, 908-910 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral information and distinguishability in type-II down-conversion with a broadband pump," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627-1634 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gulinatti, A.

M. Ghioni, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, "Progress in silicon single-photon avalanche diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 852-862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Han, P. Y.

A. Ling, P. Y. Han, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Preparation of Bell States with controlled white noise," Laser Phys. 16, 1140-1144 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Herbst, T.

Hu, B. Q.

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, "Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4," App. Opt. 26, 2390-2394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. E.

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, "Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4," App. Opt. 26, 2390-2394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

Jennewein, T.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, A.

Kawahara, K.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, "New High-Efficiency Source of Photon Pairs for Engineering Quantum Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620-5623 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kerman, A. J.

Kiess, T. E.

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, "Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm Experiment Using Pairs of Light Quanta Produced by Type-II Parametric Down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3893-3897 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.

Klyshko, D. N.

D. N. Klyshko, "Use of two-photon light for absolute calibration of photoelectric detectors," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1112-1117 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Knight, P. L.

A. Ekert and P. L. Knight, "Entangled quantum systems and the Schmidt decomposition," Am. J. Phys. 63, 415-423 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Knill, E.

E. Knill, R. LaFlamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for effcient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kok, P.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits," Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuga, T.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, "New High-Efficiency Source of Photon Pairs for Engineering Quantum Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620-5623 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

Kurtsiefer, C.

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ling, P. Y. Han, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Preparation of Bell States with controlled white noise," Laser Phys. 16, 1140-1144 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kwiat, P. G.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, "New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

LaFlamme, R.

E. Knill, R. LaFlamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for effcient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamas-Linares, A.

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ling, P. Y. Han, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Preparation of Bell States with controlled white noise," Laser Phys. 16, 1140-1144 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Law, C. K.

C. K. Law, I. A. Walmsley, and J. H. Eberly, "Continuous frequency entanglement: effective finite Hilbert space and entropy control," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5304-5307 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K. F.

Li, X.

K. F. Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, "Generation of high-purity telecom-band entangled photon pairs in dispersion-shifted fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 1905-1907 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, "Measurement of co- and cross-polarized Raman spectra in silica fiber for small detunings," Opt. Express 13, 2236-2244 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, X. Li, and P. Kumar, "Two-photon-state generation via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-Fiber Source of Polarization-Entangled Photons in the 1550 nm Telecom Band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, C.

Ling, A.

A. Ling, P. Y. Han, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Preparation of Bell States with controlled white noise," Laser Phys. 16, 1140-1144 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lita, A. E.

Lum, C. Y.

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Maglione, M.

B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, J. P. Feve, M. Maglione, B. Menaert, and G. Marnier, "Optical Studies of Laser-Induced Gray-Tracking in KTP," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 281-286 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marcikic, I.

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marnier, G.

B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, J. P. Feve, M. Maglione, B. Menaert, and G. Marnier, "Optical Studies of Laser-Induced Gray-Tracking in KTP," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 281-286 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mattle, K.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, "New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menaert, B.

B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, J. P. Feve, M. Maglione, B. Menaert, and G. Marnier, "Optical Studies of Laser-Induced Gray-Tracking in KTP," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 281-286 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Migdall, A.

Migdall, A. L.

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, "Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a singlephoton on-demand source," Phys. Rev. A. 66, 053805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Milburn, G. J.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits," Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Knill, R. LaFlamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for effcient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, A. J.

Munro, M. W.

Munro, W. J.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits," Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nam, S. W.

Nam, S.W.

Nemoto, K.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits," Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poh, H. S.

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

Ralph, T. C.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits," Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rech, I.

M. Ghioni, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, "Progress in silicon single-photon avalanche diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 852-862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, T. D.

Rosfjord, K. M.

Rousseau, I.

B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, J. P. Feve, M. Maglione, B. Menaert, and G. Marnier, "Optical Studies of Laser-Induced Gray-Tracking in KTP," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 281-286 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sanaka, K.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, "New High-Efficiency Source of Photon Pairs for Engineering Quantum Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620-5623 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauge, S.

Sergienko, A. V.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, "New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, "Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm Experiment Using Pairs of Light Quanta Produced by Type-II Parametric Down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3893-3897 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-Fiber Source of Polarization-Entangled Photons in the 1550 nm Telecom Band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, Y.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, "New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, Y. H.

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, "Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm Experiment Using Pairs of Light Quanta Produced by Type-II Parametric Down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3893-3897 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spillane, S. M.

Stevens, M. J.

Swillo, M.

Takesue, H.

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tengner, M.

Tittel, W.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vanherzeele, H.

Voronov, B. M.

Voss, P. L.

Walmsley, I. A.

C. K. Law, I. A. Walmsley, and J. H. Eberly, "Continuous frequency entanglement: effective finite Hilbert space and entropy control," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5304-5307 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral information and distinguishability in type-II down-conversion with a broadband pump," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627-1634 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. J.

Wasilewski, W.

Weinberg, D. L.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of Simultaneity in Parametric Production of Optical Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Weinfurter, H.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, "New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, X.

Yamamoto, Y.

Yang, J. K.W.

Zappa, F.

M. Ghioni, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, "Progress in silicon single-photon avalanche diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 852-862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

A. Fedrizzi, T. Herbst, A. Poppe, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, "A wavelength-tunable fiber-coupled source of narrowband entangled photons," Opt. Express 15, 15377-15386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, "New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Am. J. Phys. (1)

A. Ekert and P. L. Knight, "Entangled quantum systems and the Schmidt decomposition," Am. J. Phys. 63, 415-423 (1995).
[CrossRef]

App. Opt. (1)

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, and R. S. Feigelson, "Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4," App. Opt. 26, 2390-2394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, J. P. Feve, M. Maglione, B. Menaert, and G. Marnier, "Optical Studies of Laser-Induced Gray-Tracking in KTP," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 281-286 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Ghioni, A. Gulinatti, I. Rech, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, "Progress in silicon single-photon avalanche diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 852-862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (2)

A. Ling, P. Y. Han, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Preparation of Bell States with controlled white noise," Laser Phys. 16, 1140-1144 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, I. A. Walmsley, R. Erdmann, W. P. Grice, and M. G. Raymer, "Generation of pure-state single-photon wavepackets by conditional preparation based on spontaneous parametric downconversion," Laser Phys. 15, 146-161 (2005).

Nature (1)

E. Knill, R. LaFlamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for effcient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (10)

M. Fiorentino, S. M. Spillane, R. G. Beausoleil, T. D. Roberts, P. Battle, and M. W. Munro, "Spontaneous parametric down-conversion in periodically poled KTP waveguides and bulk crystals," Opt. Express 15, 7479-7488 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, X. Xie, H. Takesue, S.W. Nam, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, "Correlated photon-pair generation in reverse-proton-exchange PPLN waveguides with integrated mode demultiplexer at 10 GHz clock," Opt. Express 15, 10288-10293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Rosfjord, J. K.W. Yang, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, V. Anant, B. M. Voronov, G. N. Gol’tsman, and K. K. Berggren, "Nanowire single-photon detector with an integrated optical cavity and anti-reflection coating," Opt. Express 14, 527-534 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, and S. W. Nam, "Counting near-infrared single-photons with 95% efficiency," Opt. Express 16, 3032-3040 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "1.5- ?m band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7832-7839 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. D. Dyer,M. J. Stevens, B. Baek, and S.W. Nam, "High-efficiency, ultra low-noise all-fiber photon-pair source," Opt. Express 16, 9966-9977 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, "Measurement of co- and cross-polarized Raman spectra in silica fiber for small detunings," Opt. Express 13, 2236-2244 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Fan and A. Migdall, "A broadband high spectral brightness fiber-based two-photon source," Opt. Express 15, 2915-2920 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fedrizzi, T. Herbst, A. Poppe, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, "A wavelength-tunable fiber-coupled source of narrowband entangled photons," Opt. Express 15, 15377-15386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sauge, M. Swillo, M. Tengner, and A. Karlsson, "A single-crystal source of path-polarization entangled photons at non-degenerate wavelengths," Opt. Express 16, 9701-9707 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, "Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral information and distinguishability in type-II down-conversion with a broadband pump," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627-1634 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, X. Li, and P. Kumar, "Two-photon-state generation via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A. (1)

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, "Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a singlephoton on-demand source," Phys. Rev. A. 66, 053805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Efficient Conditional Preparation of High-Fidelity Single Photon States for Fiber-Optic Quantum Networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, "New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, "Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm Experiment Using Pairs of Light Quanta Produced by Type-II Parametric Down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3893-3897 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-Fiber Source of Polarization-Entangled Photons in the 1550 nm Telecom Band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, "New High-Efficiency Source of Photon Pairs for Engineering Quantum Entanglement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620-5623 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of Simultaneity in Parametric Production of Optical Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Law, I. A. Walmsley, and J. H. Eberly, "Continuous frequency entanglement: effective finite Hilbert space and entropy control," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5304-5307 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quant. Inf. Comp. (1)

A. B. U’Ren, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Photon engineering for quantum information processing," Quant. Inf. Comp. 3, 480-502 (2003).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits," Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. N. Klyshko, "Use of two-photon light for absolute calibration of photoelectric detectors," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1112-1117 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in a fiber loop," Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Liang, K. F. Lee, J. Chen, and P. Kumar, "Distribution of Fiber-Generated Polarization Entangled Photon-Pairs over 100 km of Standard Fiber in OC-192WDMEnvironment," postdeadline paper presented at OFC 2006, paper PDP35.

S. Sauge, M. Swillo, S. Albert-Seifried, G. B. Xavier, J. Waldeback, M. Tengner, D. Ljunggren, and A. Karlsson, "Narrowband polarization-entangled photon pairs distributed over aWDMlink for qubit networks," Opt. Express 15, 6926-6933 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, "Development and Applications of Fiber-based Entanglement Sources", Ph.D. thesis, Northwestern University (2007), http://terpconnect.umd.edu/˜junchen/files/dissertation.pdf.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1:
Fig. 1:

Diagram of the experimental setup. A PPKTP waveguide is pumped with a pulsed laser, and the down-converted photons are spectrally analyzed using tunable filters and coincidence detection with single-photon detectors. BS, beam splitter; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; DM, dichroic mirror; HWP, half-wave plate; FPC, fiber polarization controller; APD, avalanche photodiode.

Fig. 2:
Fig. 2:

Temperature dependence of idler single-count spectrum for (a) type-0 SPDC, and (b) type-II SPDC.

Fig. 3:
Fig. 3:

Pump power dependencies of CAR (left axis) and coincidences and accidental coincidences per 100 s (right axis) for (a) type-0 SPDC with λs = 899.18nm and λi = 1304.00nm and (b) type-II SPDC with λs = 904.00nm and λi = 1294.00nm. (c) Log-log plot of CAR vs. produced photon pairs per pulse. Three additional data points from external references are included for comparison. Detector dark-count contributions have been subtracted.

Fig. 4:
Fig. 4:

Coincidence spectra for (a) type-0 SPDC at T opt = 34.6°C, type-II SPDC at (b) T = 25.0°C, (c) T opt = 34.6°C, and (d) T = 40.0°C. Note that while the range and scale of (a) are different from (b), (c), and (d), the aspect ratio is constant at 2:1 for all; and although the power P and counting time t of (a) are different from (b), (c), and (d), their product Pt is roughly the same for all, so that the results can be directly compared. The Schmidt number K and entropy of entanglement S are also indicated on each figure.

Fig. 5:
Fig. 5:

Single-count spectra for (a) type-0 SPDC at T opt = 34.6°C, type-II SPDC at (b) T = 25.0°C, (c) T opt = 34.6°C, and (d) T = 40.0°C. Note that the production rate is plotted instead of the detected rate. Photon-pair (2-photon) and single-photon background (1-photon) contributions are distinguished using experimentally determined total collection efficiencies.

Fig. 6:
Fig. 6:

(a) Schematic of the two types of phase matching schemes inside our PPKTP waveguide. Quasi-phase matching functions adjusted to match the photon-pair components obtained from experimental data for (b) type-II SPDC at T opt =34.6°C, and (c) type-0 SPDC at T opt = 34.6°C. Solid squares are data points for photon-pair components derived from Fig. 5. Fit parameters are L eff = 8.5mm and k wg = -0.1μm-1 for all curves in (b) and (c). The dashed and the solid curve in (c) use the poling period values indicated.

Tables (2)

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Table 1: Measured values of transmission efficiencies for optical path components and the single-photon detection efficiencies. The uncertainties are specified in one standard deviation.

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Table 2: Comparison of spectral brightness efficiencies for both type-0 and type-II SPDC for our waveguide versus the results of others (Refs. [12, 41, 42]). Note that while Ref. [42] specifies an in-fiber spectral brightness efficiency, all other numbers are pair-production spectral brightness efficiencies (i.e., without coupling into single-mode fibers).

Equations (4)

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n y ( λ ) = 2.19229 + 1.83547 1 0.04970 λ 2 0.01621 λ 2 ,
n z ( λ ) = 2.25411 + 1.06543 1 0.05486 λ 2 0.02140 λ 2 ,
2 π n z ( λ p ) λ p = 2 π n z ( λ s ) λ s + 2 π n z ( λ i ) λ i + 2 π m 0 Λ + k wg ,
2 π n y ( λ p ) λ p = 2 π n z ( λ s ) λ s + 2 π n y ( λ i ) λ i + 2 π m 2 Λ + k wg ,

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