Abstract

Recently, there is a great interest in pushing communication technologies to 100 Gb/s. However, there are still many challenges to perform high speed (> 40 Gb/s) clock and data recovery, and data time-division-multiplexing (TDM). Here, we propose and numerically analyze an asynchronous optical packet retimer using parabolic or sinusoidal phase modulation and linear dispersion. This scheme is named pulse position locking (PPL). Numerical simulation shows that this scheme can effectively resynchronize input signals with arbitrary delays to the local clock, and reduce input jitter. The scheme can also be applied to TDM 10 Gb/s and 40 Gb/s signals to over 100 Gb/s.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008

2006

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. A. Harrison, K. J. Blow, and A. J. Poustie, "All-optical bit-level retiming and jitter suppression," Opt. Commun. 240, 221-226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1994

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989

Blow, K. J.

J. A. Harrison, K. J. Blow, and A. J. Poustie, "All-optical bit-level retiming and jitter suppression," Opt. Commun. 240, 221-226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bonk, R.

Chow, C. W.

Cotter, D.

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis, D. Cotter, S. Ibrahim, R. Weerasuriya, C. W. Chow, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, S. Sygletos, P. Vorreau, R. Bonk, D. Hillerkuss, I. Tomkos, A. Tzanakaki, C. Kouloumentas, D. J. Richardson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, G. Zarris, and D. Simeonidou, "Optical interconnection of core and metro networks," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 928-935 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Cotter and A. D. Ellis, "Asynchronous digital optical regeneration and networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2068-2080 (1998)
[CrossRef]

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Firth, W. J.

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

Gunning, P.

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, J. A.

J. A. Harrison, K. J. Blow, and A. J. Poustie, "All-optical bit-level retiming and jitter suppression," Opt. Commun. 240, 221-226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hillerkuss, D.

Ibrahim, S.

Ibsen, M.

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A. E.

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, B. H.

Kouloumentas, C.

Leuthold, J.

Lucek, J. K.

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Malyon, D. J.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moodie, D. G.

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nazarathy, M.

Parmigiani, F.

Petropoulos, P.

Phillips, I. D.

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A. J.

J. A. Harrison, K. J. Blow, and A. J. Poustie, "All-optical bit-level retiming and jitter suppression," Opt. Commun. 240, 221-226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Simeonidou, D.

Smith, K.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Smith, N. J.

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sygletos, S.

Tomkos, I.

Tzanakaki, A.

Vorreau, P.

Weerasuriya, R.

Widdowson, T.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zarris, G.

Electron. Lett.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, and K. J. Blow, "Soliton shepherding: All-optical active soliton control over global distances," Electron. Lett. 30, 990-991 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Phillips, P. Gunning, A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, and D. Cotter, "10-Gb/s asynchronous digital optical regeneratior," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 892-894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Netw.

Opt. Commun.

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth, and K. Smith, "Soliton dynamics in the presence of phase modulators," Opt. Commun. 102, 324-328 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Harrison, K. J. Blow, and A. J. Poustie, "All-optical bit-level retiming and jitter suppression," Opt. Commun. 240, 221-226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

P. Vorreau, D. Hillerkuss, F. Parmigiani, S. Sygletos, R. Bonk, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, G. Zarris, D. Simeonidou, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, R. Weerasuriya, S. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, R. Morais, P. Monteiro, S. Ben Ezra, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "2R/3R optical grooming switch with time slot interchange," Proc ECOC’08, Brussels, Belgium, Post Deadline Paper Th.3.F.4, (2008).

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, and M. Duelk, "107-Gb/s optical ETDM transmitter for 100G Ethernet transport," Proc. of ECOC, Glasgow, U.K., 2005, Postdeadline paper Th4.1.1.

M. Daikoku, I. Morita, H. Taga, H. Tanaka, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Fujita, "100 Gb/s DQPSK transmission experiment without OTDM for 100G Ethernet transport," Proc. of OFC, Anaheim, USA, 2006, Postdeadline Paper PDP36.

C. W. Chow and A. D. Ellis, "Serial OTDM for 100 Gb/s Ethernet applications," Proc. of CLEO, Long Beach, USA, 2006, Postdeadline Paper, CPDB6.

"IEEE802.3 Higher Speed Study Group," http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/3/10G_study/public/index.html

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