Abstract

We study the injection locking bistability of a specially engineered two-color semiconductor Fabry-Pérot laser. Oscillation in the uninjected primary mode leads to a bistability of single mode and two-color equilibria. With pulsed modulation of the injected power we demonstrate an all-optical memory element based on this bistability, where the uninjected primary mode is switched with 35 dB intensity contrast. Using experimental and theoretical analysis, we describe the associated bifurcation structure, which is not found in single mode systems with optical injection.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Otsuka and S. Kobayashi, “Optical bistability and nonlinear resonance in a resonant-type semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 19, 262–263 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Ishii and T. Baba, “Bistable lasing in twin microdisk photonic molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181102 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Raburn, M. Takenada, K. Takeda, X. Song, J. S. Barton, and Y. Nakano, “Integrable multimode interference distributed Bragg reflector laser all-optical flip-flops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1421–1423 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, “Switchable lasing in multimode microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 073902 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee, and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Express 14, 4058–4063 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Z. Wang, G. Verschaffelt, Y. Shu, G. Mezosi, M. Sorel, J. Danckaert, and S. Yu, “Integrated small-sized semiconductor ring laser with novel retro-reflector cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 99–101 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  8. F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Kawaguchi and I. S. Hidayat, “Gigahertz all-optical flip-flop operation of polarisation-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1150–1151 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  10. T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013907 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. S. Schikora, P. Hövel, H.-J. Wünsche, E. Schöll, and F. Henneberger, “All-optical noninvasive control of unstable steady states in a semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 213902 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, “Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor laser dynamics on subnanosecond time scales and its potential for chaos communication,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 011801 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, T. B. Simpson, and D. Lenstra, “The dynamical complexity of optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rep. 416, 1–128 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  15. I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, K. F. Huang, and K. Tai, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by external optical injection in semiconductor lasrs,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 765–784 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. K. White, J. V. Maloney, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, A. Hohl, and R. Kalmus, “Multilongitudinal-mode dynamics in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1469–1473 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. O’Brien, A. Amann, R. Fehse, S. Osborne, E. P. O’Reilly, and J. M. Rondinelli, “Spectral manipulation in Fabry-Pérot lasers: perturbative inverse scattering approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1046–1056 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  19. V. Kovanis, T. Erneux, and A. Gavrielides, “Largely detuned injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Com-mun. 159, 177–183 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  21. P. M. Varangis, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, ”Frequency entrainment in optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2353–2356 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  22. T. Heil, I. Fischer, W. Elsäβer, and A. Gavrielides, “Dynamics of semiconductor lasers subject to delayed optical feedback: the short cavity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243901 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. E. J. Doedelet al.. AUTO-07P: Continuation and bifurcation software for ordinary differential equations. Technical report, Concordia University Montreal, (2007) http://indy.cs.concordia.ca/auto/.
  24. S. Bauer, O. Brox, J. Kreissl, B. Sartorius, M. Radiziunas, J. Sieber, H.-J. Wünsche, and F. Henneberger, ”Non-linear dynamics of semiconductor lasers with active optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016206 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  25. M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Two-mode injection locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2903–2905 (1999).

2008 (2)

Z. Wang, G. Verschaffelt, Y. Shu, G. Mezosi, M. Sorel, J. Danckaert, and S. Yu, “Integrated small-sized semiconductor ring laser with novel retro-reflector cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 99–101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
[Crossref]

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, “Switchable lasing in multimode microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 073902 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (6)

Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee, and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Express 14, 4058–4063 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Raburn, M. Takenada, K. Takeda, X. Song, J. S. Barton, and Y. Nakano, “Integrable multimode interference distributed Bragg reflector laser all-optical flip-flops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1421–1423 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. O’Brien, A. Amann, R. Fehse, S. Osborne, E. P. O’Reilly, and J. M. Rondinelli, “Spectral manipulation in Fabry-Pérot lasers: perturbative inverse scattering approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1046–1056 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Schikora, P. Hövel, H.-J. Wünsche, E. Schöll, and F. Henneberger, “All-optical noninvasive control of unstable steady states in a semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 213902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, T. B. Simpson, and D. Lenstra, “The dynamical complexity of optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rep. 416, 1–128 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Ishii and T. Baba, “Bistable lasing in twin microdisk photonic molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181102 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Bauer, O. Brox, J. Kreissl, B. Sartorius, M. Radiziunas, J. Sieber, H.-J. Wünsche, and F. Henneberger, ”Non-linear dynamics of semiconductor lasers with active optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016206 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

T. Heil, I. Fischer, W. Elsäβer, and A. Gavrielides, “Dynamics of semiconductor lasers subject to delayed optical feedback: the short cavity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243901 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, “Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor laser dynamics on subnanosecond time scales and its potential for chaos communication,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 011801 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

V. Kovanis, T. Erneux, and A. Gavrielides, “Largely detuned injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Com-mun. 159, 177–183 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Two-mode injection locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2903–2905 (1999).

1998 (1)

J. K. White, J. V. Maloney, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, A. Hohl, and R. Kalmus, “Multilongitudinal-mode dynamics in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1469–1473 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

P. M. Varangis, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, ”Frequency entrainment in optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2353–2356 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, K. F. Huang, and K. Tai, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by external optical injection in semiconductor lasrs,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 765–784 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

H. Kawaguchi and I. S. Hidayat, “Gigahertz all-optical flip-flop operation of polarisation-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1150–1151 (1995).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

K. Otsuka and S. Kobayashi, “Optical bistability and nonlinear resonance in a resonant-type semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 19, 262–263 (1983).
[Crossref]

Ackemann, T.

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amann, A.

S. O’Brien, A. Amann, R. Fehse, S. Osborne, E. P. O’Reilly, and J. M. Rondinelli, “Spectral manipulation in Fabry-Pérot lasers: perturbative inverse scattering approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1046–1056 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
[Crossref]

Anandarajah, P.

S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
[Crossref]

Avramopoulos, H.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

Baba, T.

S. Ishii and T. Baba, “Bistable lasing in twin microdisk photonic molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Barry, L. P.

S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
[Crossref]

Barton, J. S.

M. Raburn, M. Takenada, K. Takeda, X. Song, J. S. Barton, and Y. Nakano, “Integrable multimode interference distributed Bragg reflector laser all-optical flip-flops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1421–1423 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bauer, S.

S. Bauer, O. Brox, J. Kreissl, B. Sartorius, M. Radiziunas, J. Sieber, H.-J. Wünsche, and F. Henneberger, ”Non-linear dynamics of semiconductor lasers with active optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016206 (2004).
[Crossref]

Binsma, H.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref]

Brox, O.

S. Bauer, O. Brox, J. Kreissl, B. Sartorius, M. Radiziunas, J. Sieber, H.-J. Wünsche, and F. Henneberger, ”Non-linear dynamics of semiconductor lasers with active optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016206 (2004).
[Crossref]

Buckley, K.

S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chi, N.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chigrin, D. N.

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, “Switchable lasing in multimode microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 073902 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, J. S.

Clavero, R.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

Colle, D.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

Danckaert, J.

Z. Wang, G. Verschaffelt, Y. Shu, G. Mezosi, M. Sorel, J. Danckaert, and S. Yu, “Integrated small-sized semiconductor ring laser with novel retro-reflector cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 99–101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Davis, P.

I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, “Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor laser dynamics on subnanosecond time scales and its potential for chaos communication,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 011801 (2000).
[Crossref]

de Vries, T.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref]

den Besten, J. H.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref]

Doedel, E. J.

E. J. Doedelet al.. AUTO-07P: Continuation and bifurcation software for ordinary differential equations. Technical report, Concordia University Montreal, (2007) http://indy.cs.concordia.ca/auto/.

Dorren, H. J. S.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref]

Elsäßer, W.

T. Heil, I. Fischer, W. Elsäβer, and A. Gavrielides, “Dynamics of semiconductor lasers subject to delayed optical feedback: the short cavity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243901 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erneux, T.

V. Kovanis, T. Erneux, and A. Gavrielides, “Largely detuned injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Com-mun. 159, 177–183 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. M. Varangis, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, ”Frequency entrainment in optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2353–2356 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fehse, R.

S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. O’Brien, A. Amann, R. Fehse, S. Osborne, E. P. O’Reilly, and J. M. Rondinelli, “Spectral manipulation in Fabry-Pérot lasers: perturbative inverse scattering approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1046–1056 (2006).
[Crossref]

Firth, W. J.

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, I.

T. Heil, I. Fischer, W. Elsäβer, and A. Gavrielides, “Dynamics of semiconductor lasers subject to delayed optical feedback: the short cavity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243901 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, “Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor laser dynamics on subnanosecond time scales and its potential for chaos communication,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 011801 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gatare, I.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
[Crossref]

Gavrielides, A.

T. Heil, I. Fischer, W. Elsäβer, and A. Gavrielides, “Dynamics of semiconductor lasers subject to delayed optical feedback: the short cavity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243901 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kovanis, T. Erneux, and A. Gavrielides, “Largely detuned injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Com-mun. 159, 177–183 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. K. White, J. V. Maloney, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, A. Hohl, and R. Kalmus, “Multilongitudinal-mode dynamics in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1469–1473 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. M. Varangis, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, ”Frequency entrainment in optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2353–2356 (1997).
[Crossref]

Heil, T.

T. Heil, I. Fischer, W. Elsäβer, and A. Gavrielides, “Dynamics of semiconductor lasers subject to delayed optical feedback: the short cavity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243901 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henneberger, F.

S. Schikora, P. Hövel, H.-J. Wünsche, E. Schöll, and F. Henneberger, “All-optical noninvasive control of unstable steady states in a semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 213902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Bauer, O. Brox, J. Kreissl, B. Sartorius, M. Radiziunas, J. Sieber, H.-J. Wünsche, and F. Henneberger, ”Non-linear dynamics of semiconductor lasers with active optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016206 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hidayat, I. S.

H. Kawaguchi and I. S. Hidayat, “Gigahertz all-optical flip-flop operation of polarisation-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1150–1151 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hill, M. T.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
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M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
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J. K. White, J. V. Maloney, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, A. Hohl, and R. Kalmus, “Multilongitudinal-mode dynamics in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1469–1473 (1998).
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F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
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T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, K. F. Huang, and K. Tai, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by external optical injection in semiconductor lasrs,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 765–784 (1997).
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Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013907 (2008).
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Jeppesen, P.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
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J. K. White, J. V. Maloney, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, A. Hohl, and R. Kalmus, “Multilongitudinal-mode dynamics in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1469–1473 (1998).
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Kawaguchi, H.

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
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F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
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M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
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K. Otsuka and S. Kobayashi, “Optical bistability and nonlinear resonance in a resonant-type semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 19, 262–263 (1983).
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Koonen, A. M. J.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
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V. Kovanis, T. Erneux, and A. Gavrielides, “Largely detuned injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Com-mun. 159, 177–183 (1999).
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J. K. White, J. V. Maloney, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, A. Hohl, and R. Kalmus, “Multilongitudinal-mode dynamics in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1469–1473 (1998).
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P. M. Varangis, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, ”Frequency entrainment in optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2353–2356 (1997).
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Krauskopf, B.

S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, T. B. Simpson, and D. Lenstra, “The dynamical complexity of optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rep. 416, 1–128 (2005).
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Kreissl, J.

S. Bauer, O. Brox, J. Kreissl, B. Sartorius, M. Radiziunas, J. Sieber, H.-J. Wünsche, and F. Henneberger, ”Non-linear dynamics of semiconductor lasers with active optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016206 (2004).
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Lee, H. J.

Leijtens, X. J. M.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
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Lenstra, D.

S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, T. B. Simpson, and D. Lenstra, “The dynamical complexity of optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rep. 416, 1–128 (2005).
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Lester, L. F.

P. M. Varangis, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, ”Frequency entrainment in optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2353–2356 (1997).
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Liu, J. M.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, K. F. Huang, and K. Tai, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by external optical injection in semiconductor lasrs,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 765–784 (1997).
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Liu, Y.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
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I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, “Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor laser dynamics on subnanosecond time scales and its potential for chaos communication,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 011801 (2000).
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Maloney, J. V.

J. K. White, J. V. Maloney, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, A. Hohl, and R. Kalmus, “Multilongitudinal-mode dynamics in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1469–1473 (1998).
[Crossref]

Marti, J.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
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Martinez, J. M.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
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Mezosi, G.

Z. Wang, G. Verschaffelt, Y. Shu, G. Mezosi, M. Sorel, J. Danckaert, and S. Yu, “Integrated small-sized semiconductor ring laser with novel retro-reflector cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 99–101 (2008).
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Mori, T.

T. Mori, Y. Yamayoshi, and H. Kawaguchi, “Low-switching energy and high-repetition-frequency all-optical flip-flop operations of a polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101102 (2006).
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Nakano, Y.

M. Raburn, M. Takenada, K. Takeda, X. Song, J. S. Barton, and Y. Nakano, “Integrable multimode interference distributed Bragg reflector laser all-optical flip-flops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1421–1423 (2006).
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I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
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S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
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S. O’Brien, A. Amann, R. Fehse, S. Osborne, E. P. O’Reilly, and J. M. Rondinelli, “Spectral manipulation in Fabry-Pérot lasers: perturbative inverse scattering approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1046–1056 (2006).
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S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
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O’Reilly, E. P.

S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
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S. O’Brien, A. Amann, R. Fehse, S. Osborne, E. P. O’Reilly, and J. M. Rondinelli, “Spectral manipulation in Fabry-Pérot lasers: perturbative inverse scattering approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1046–1056 (2006).
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Oei, Y. S.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
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Osborne, S.

S. O’Brien, A. Amann, R. Fehse, S. Osborne, E. P. O’Reilly, and J. M. Rondinelli, “Spectral manipulation in Fabry-Pérot lasers: perturbative inverse scattering approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1046–1056 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
[Crossref]

Otsuka, K.

K. Otsuka and S. Kobayashi, “Optical bistability and nonlinear resonance in a resonant-type semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 19, 262–263 (1983).
[Crossref]

Panajotov, K.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Two-mode injection locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2903–2905 (1999).

Patchell, J.

S. O’Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. P. O’Reilly, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O’Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Pérot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pickavet, M.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

Raburn, M.

M. Raburn, M. Takenada, K. Takeda, X. Song, J. S. Barton, and Y. Nakano, “Integrable multimode interference distributed Bragg reflector laser all-optical flip-flops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1421–1423 (2006).
[Crossref]

Radiziunas, M.

S. Bauer, O. Brox, J. Kreissl, B. Sartorius, M. Radiziunas, J. Sieber, H.-J. Wünsche, and F. Henneberger, ”Non-linear dynamics of semiconductor lasers with active optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016206 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ramos, F.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

Riposati, B.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rondinelli, J. M.

Sartorius, B.

S. Bauer, O. Brox, J. Kreissl, B. Sartorius, M. Radiziunas, J. Sieber, H.-J. Wünsche, and F. Henneberger, ”Non-linear dynamics of semiconductor lasers with active optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016206 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schikora, S.

S. Schikora, P. Hövel, H.-J. Wünsche, E. Schöll, and F. Henneberger, “All-optical noninvasive control of unstable steady states in a semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 213902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schöll, E.

S. Schikora, P. Hövel, H.-J. Wünsche, E. Schöll, and F. Henneberger, “All-optical noninvasive control of unstable steady states in a semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 213902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sciamanna, M.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Two-mode injection locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2903–2905 (1999).

Shu, Y.

Z. Wang, G. Verschaffelt, Y. Shu, G. Mezosi, M. Sorel, J. Danckaert, and S. Yu, “Integrated small-sized semiconductor ring laser with novel retro-reflector cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 99–101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sieber, J.

S. Bauer, O. Brox, J. Kreissl, B. Sartorius, M. Radiziunas, J. Sieber, H.-J. Wünsche, and F. Henneberger, ”Non-linear dynamics of semiconductor lasers with active optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016206 (2004).
[Crossref]

Simpson, T. B.

S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, T. B. Simpson, and D. Lenstra, “The dynamical complexity of optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rep. 416, 1–128 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, K. F. Huang, and K. Tai, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by external optical injection in semiconductor lasrs,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 765–784 (1997).
[Crossref]

Smalbrugge, B.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref]

Smit, M. K.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature (London) 432, 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref]

Song, X.

M. Raburn, M. Takenada, K. Takeda, X. Song, J. S. Barton, and Y. Nakano, “Integrable multimode interference distributed Bragg reflector laser all-optical flip-flops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1421–1423 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sorel, M.

Z. Wang, G. Verschaffelt, Y. Shu, G. Mezosi, M. Sorel, J. Danckaert, and S. Yu, “Integrated small-sized semiconductor ring laser with novel retro-reflector cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 99–101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stampoulidis, L.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tafur Monroy, I.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tai, K.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, K. F. Huang, and K. Tai, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by external optical injection in semiconductor lasrs,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 765–784 (1997).
[Crossref]

Takeda, K.

M. Raburn, M. Takenada, K. Takeda, X. Song, J. S. Barton, and Y. Nakano, “Integrable multimode interference distributed Bragg reflector laser all-optical flip-flops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1421–1423 (2006).
[Crossref]

Takenada, M.

M. Raburn, M. Takenada, K. Takeda, X. Song, J. S. Barton, and Y. Nakano, “Integrable multimode interference distributed Bragg reflector laser all-optical flip-flops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1421–1423 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tanguy, Y.

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W. J. Firth, and R. Jäger, “Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsiokos, D.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

Van Caenegem, R.

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. Tafur Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASANGE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Tech.,  23, 2993–3011 (2005).
[Crossref]

Varangis, P. M.

P. M. Varangis, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, ”Frequency entrainment in optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2353–2356 (1997).
[Crossref]

Verschaffelt, G.

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S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, T. B. Simpson, and D. Lenstra, “The dynamical complexity of optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rep. 416, 1–128 (2005).
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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Z. Wang, G. Verschaffelt, Y. Shu, G. Mezosi, M. Sorel, J. Danckaert, and S. Yu, “Integrated small-sized semiconductor ring laser with novel retro-reflector cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 99–101 (2008).
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E. J. Doedelet al.. AUTO-07P: Continuation and bifurcation software for ordinary differential equations. Technical report, Concordia University Montreal, (2007) http://indy.cs.concordia.ca/auto/.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The optical power of the short wavelength mode, V 1, as a function of the injected power at the long wavelength mode, V 2, in up and down sweep as indicated by the arrows. The lower left inset shows the two color equilibrium state. The upper left inset shows the injected mode in this state in close-up where a two-peak structure is seen. These peaks are separated by the detuning frequency. The right inset shows the single mode locked state of the device.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Power spectral densities (PSD) of each of the primary modes of the device as a function of the injected power. The upper panel shows the PSD for increasing injection, while the lower panels show the PSD for decreasing injection. The frequency detuning is Δω = -14 GHz and the relaxation oscillation frequency is v RO = 3.9 GHz. Left panels: uninjected mode, v 1. Right panels: Injected mode, v 2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Left panel: The experimental setup schematic for the all-optical memory element device operation; PC, polarization controller; A.M., amplitude modulator; BS, beam splitter; L, lens; I, isolator; G, grating. Right panels: The intensity time traces of the uninjected mode, v 1, the injected mode, v 2, and of the injected field strength. The pulse duration is 5 ns.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Left panels: Local extrema of the field intensities (a) ∣E 12 and (b) ∣E 22 obtained from numerical integration of Eqs. (1) – (3) as a function of the injected field strength for increasing and decreasing injection. The frequency detuning is -14 GHz. Right panels: Numerical intensity time traces of the injected field strength and of the two primary modes of the device. The detuning is -14 GHz. The average value of the injected field strength is 0.018 with a modulation of ± 0.008. The pulses are 5 ns duration with a 200 ps rise-time.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Bifurcation diagram in the Δω vs. K plane. Subcritical and supercritical Hopf bifurcations are indicated by dashed and solid blue lines and labeled via H - m and H + m , respectively. H 1 ± and H 2 ± denote Hopf bifurcations of single and two mode equilibria, respectively. The solid black line SN is the saddle-node bifurcation of the single mode locked state. Filled and open circles are experimental data showing the locking and unlocking transitions respectively. (b) Bifurcation diagram in the Δω vs. K plane with ε = 0. Given the value of γ= 9.8 × 1011 s -1, a frequency detuning of 1 GHz corresponds to a value of 0.00641 in dimensionless units.

Equations (4)

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E ˙ 1 = 1 2 ( 1 + ) ( g 1 ( 2 n + 1 ) 1 ) E 1
E ˙ 2 = [ 1 2 ( 1 + ) ( g 2 ( 2 n + 1 ) 1 ) i Δ ω ] E 2 + K
T n ˙ = P n ( 1 + 2 n ) m g m E m 2
g m = g m ( 0 ) ( 1 + ε n β mn E n 2 ) 1 .

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