Abstract

An all-fibre heralded single photon source operating at 1570 nm has been demonstrated. The device generates correlated photon pairs, widely spaced in frequency, through four-wave mixing in a photonic crystal fibre. Separation of the pair photons and narrowband filtering is all achieved in fibre. The output heralded single photon rate was 9.2 × 104 per second, with a counts-to-accidentals ratio of 10.4 and a heralding fidelity of 52 %. Furthermore, narrowband filtering ensured that the output single photon state was near time-bandwidth limited with a coherence length of 4 ps. Such a source is well suited to quantum information processing applications.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

S. A. Castelletto and R. E. Scholten, "Heralded single photon sources: a route towards quantum communications technology and photon standards," Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 181-194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, J. B. Altepeter, M. Medic, K. F. Lee, B. Gokden, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and P. Kumar, "Demonstration of a quantum controlled-NOT gate in the telecommunications band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133603 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, "Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, R. Thew, C. Jorel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "High coherence photon pair source for quantum communication," New J. Phys. 10, 023027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Goldschmidt, M.D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, "Spectrally bright and broad fiber-based heralded single-photon source," Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Xiong and W. J. Wadsworth, "Polarized supercontinuum in birefringent photonic crystal fibre pumped at 1064 nm and application to tuneable visible/UV generation," Opt. Express 16, 2438-2445 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, "Quantum interference with photon pairs using two micro-structured fibres," New J. Phys. 9, 276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. L. O’Brien, "Optical quantum computing," Science 318, 1567-1570 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

2004 (4)

W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 12, 299-309 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, "Realization of a photonic controlled-NOT gate sufficient for quantum computation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Efficiant conditional preparation of high-fidelity single photon states for fiber-optic quantum networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamo?lu, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum cryptography with entangled photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729-4732 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communications," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, P. G. Kwait, and A. Zeilinger, "Dense coding in experimental quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4656-4659 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

P. G. Kwait, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4342 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepéau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wooters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, "Practical quantum cryptography based on two-photon interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293-1295 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alibart, O.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, "Quantum interference with photon pairs using two micro-structured fibres," New J. Phys. 9, 276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and J. G. Rarity, "High brightness single mode source of correlated photon pairs using a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7572-7582 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Alibart, D. B. Ostrowsky, P. Baldi, and S. Tanzilli, "High-performance guided-wave asynchronous heralded single-photon source," Opt. Lett. 30, 1539-1541 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Altepeter, J. B.

J. Chen, J. B. Altepeter, M. Medic, K. F. Lee, B. Gokden, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and P. Kumar, "Demonstration of a quantum controlled-NOT gate in the telecommunications band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133603 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atkin, D. M.

Baldi, P.

O. Alibart, D. B. Ostrowsky, P. Baldi, and S. Tanzilli, "High-performance guided-wave asynchronous heralded single-photon source," Opt. Lett. 30, 1539-1541 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Becher, C.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamo?lu, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bennett, C. H.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepéau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wooters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beveratos, A.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, R. Thew, C. Jorel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "High coherence photon pair source for quantum communication," New J. Phys. 10, 023027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Biancalana, F.

Birks, T. A.

Bouwmeester, D.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brassard, G.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepéau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wooters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Briegel, H. J.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communications," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Castelletto, S. A.

S. A. Castelletto and R. E. Scholten, "Heralded single photon sources: a route towards quantum communications technology and photon standards," Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 181-194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, J. B. Altepeter, M. Medic, K. F. Lee, B. Gokden, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and P. Kumar, "Demonstration of a quantum controlled-NOT gate in the telecommunications band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133603 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cirac, J. I.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communications," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

Crepéau, C.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepéau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wooters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Micheli, M.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

De Riedmatten, H.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Duligall, J.

Dür, W.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communications," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eibl, M.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Eisaman, M.D.

E. A. Goldschmidt, M.D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, "Spectrally bright and broad fiber-based heralded single-photon source," Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ekert, A. K.

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, "Practical quantum cryptography based on two-photon interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293-1295 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, J.

E. A. Goldschmidt, M.D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, "Spectrally bright and broad fiber-based heralded single-photon source," Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fasel, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fulconis, J.

Gasparoni, S.

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, "Realization of a photonic controlled-NOT gate sufficient for quantum computation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, R. Thew, C. Jorel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "High coherence photon pair source for quantum communication," New J. Phys. 10, 023027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gokden, B.

J. Chen, J. B. Altepeter, M. Medic, K. F. Lee, B. Gokden, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and P. Kumar, "Demonstration of a quantum controlled-NOT gate in the telecommunications band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133603 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldschmidt, E. A.

E. A. Goldschmidt, M.D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, "Spectrally bright and broad fiber-based heralded single-photon source," Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hadfield, R. H.

J. Chen, J. B. Altepeter, M. Medic, K. F. Lee, B. Gokden, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and P. Kumar, "Demonstration of a quantum controlled-NOT gate in the telecommunications band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133603 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halder, M.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, R. Thew, C. Jorel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "High coherence photon pair source for quantum communication," New J. Phys. 10, 023027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

Hu, E.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamo?lu, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamo?lu, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jennewein, T.

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum cryptography with entangled photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729-4732 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joly, N.

Jorel, C.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, R. Thew, C. Jorel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "High coherence photon pair source for quantum communication," New J. Phys. 10, 023027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jozsa, R.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepéau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wooters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiraz, A.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamo?lu, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

Knill, E.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

J. Chen, J. B. Altepeter, M. Medic, K. F. Lee, B. Gokden, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and P. Kumar, "Demonstration of a quantum controlled-NOT gate in the telecommunications band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133603 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwait, P. G.

K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, P. G. Kwait, and A. Zeilinger, "Dense coding in experimental quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4656-4659 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwait, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4342 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Laflamme, R.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K. F.

J. Chen, J. B. Altepeter, M. Medic, K. F. Lee, B. Gokden, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and P. Kumar, "Demonstration of a quantum controlled-NOT gate in the telecommunications band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133603 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonhardt, R.

Lundeen, J. S.

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, "Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mattle, K.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, P. G. Kwait, and A. Zeilinger, "Dense coding in experimental quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4656-4659 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwait, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4342 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Medic, M.

J. Chen, J. B. Altepeter, M. Medic, K. F. Lee, B. Gokden, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and P. Kumar, "Demonstration of a quantum controlled-NOT gate in the telecommunications band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133603 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Michler, P.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamo?lu, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Migdall, A.

E. A. Goldschmidt, M.D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, "Spectrally bright and broad fiber-based heralded single-photon source," Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Milburn, G. J.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mosley, P. J.

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, "Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nam, S. W.

J. Chen, J. B. Altepeter, M. Medic, K. F. Lee, B. Gokden, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and P. Kumar, "Demonstration of a quantum controlled-NOT gate in the telecommunications band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133603 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Brien, J. L.

J. L. O’Brien, "Optical quantum computing," Science 318, 1567-1570 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

O. Alibart, D. B. Ostrowsky, P. Baldi, and S. Tanzilli, "High-performance guided-wave asynchronous heralded single-photon source," Opt. Lett. 30, 1539-1541 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Palma, G. M.

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, "Practical quantum cryptography based on two-photon interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293-1295 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, J. W.

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, "Realization of a photonic controlled-NOT gate sufficient for quantum computation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peres, A.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepéau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wooters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petroff, P. M.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamo?lu, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polyakov, S. V.

E. A. Goldschmidt, M.D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, "Spectrally bright and broad fiber-based heralded single-photon source," Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rarity, J. G.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, "Quantum interference with photon pairs using two micro-structured fibres," New J. Phys. 9, 276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and J. G. Rarity, "High brightness single mode source of correlated photon pairs using a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7572-7582 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs," Opt. Express 13, 534-544 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, "Practical quantum cryptography based on two-photon interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293-1295 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, T.

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, "Realization of a photonic controlled-NOT gate sufficient for quantum computation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

Schoenfeld, W. V.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamo?lu, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scholten, R. E.

S. A. Castelletto and R. E. Scholten, "Heralded single photon sources: a route towards quantum communications technology and photon standards," Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 181-194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sergienko, A. V.

P. G. Kwait, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4342 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shih, Y. H.

P. G. Kwait, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4342 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Simon, C.

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum cryptography with entangled photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729-4732 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, B. J.

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, "Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanzilli, S.

O. Alibart, D. B. Ostrowsky, P. Baldi, and S. Tanzilli, "High-performance guided-wave asynchronous heralded single-photon source," Opt. Lett. 30, 1539-1541 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tapster, P. R.

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, "Practical quantum cryptography based on two-photon interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293-1295 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thew, R.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, R. Thew, C. Jorel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "High coherence photon pair source for quantum communication," New J. Phys. 10, 023027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Walther, P.

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, "Realization of a photonic controlled-NOT gate sufficient for quantum computation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wasylczyk, P.

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, "Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weihs, G.

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum cryptography with entangled photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729-4732 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinfurter, H.

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum cryptography with entangled photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729-4732 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, P. G. Kwait, and A. Zeilinger, "Dense coding in experimental quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4656-4659 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwait, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4342 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wong, G. K. L.

Wooters, W. K.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepéau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wooters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiong, C.

Zbinden, H.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, R. Thew, C. Jorel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "High coherence photon pair source for quantum communication," New J. Phys. 10, 023027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, "Realization of a photonic controlled-NOT gate sufficient for quantum computation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum cryptography with entangled photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729-4732 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, P. G. Kwait, and A. Zeilinger, "Dense coding in experimental quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4656-4659 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwait, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4342 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamo?lu, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communications," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37, 26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. A. Castelletto and R. E. Scholten, "Heralded single photon sources: a route towards quantum communications technology and photon standards," Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 181-194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys (1)

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (2)

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, "Quantum interference with photon pairs using two micro-structured fibres," New J. Phys. 9, 276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, R. Thew, C. Jorel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "High coherence photon pair source for quantum communication," New J. Phys. 10, 023027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

E. A. Goldschmidt, M.D. Eisaman, J. Fan, S. V. Polyakov, and A. Migdall, "Spectrally bright and broad fiber-based heralded single-photon source," Phys. Rev. A 78, 013844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (10)

K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, P. G. Kwait, and A. Zeilinger, "Dense coding in experimental quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4656-4659 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communications," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum cryptography with entangled photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729-4732 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, "Realization of a photonic controlled-NOT gate sufficient for quantum computation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, J. B. Altepeter, M. Medic, K. F. Lee, B. Gokden, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and P. Kumar, "Demonstration of a quantum controlled-NOT gate in the telecommunications band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133603 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepéau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wooters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwait, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4342 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, "Heralded generation of ultrafast single photons in pure quantum states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Ekert, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and G. M. Palma, "Practical quantum cryptography based on two-photon interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1293-1295 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Efficiant conditional preparation of high-fidelity single photon states for fiber-optic quantum networks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamo?lu, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. O’Brien, "Optical quantum computing," Science 318, 1567-1570 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. S. Clark, J. Fulconis, J. G. Rarity, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. L. O’Brien, "An all optical fibre quantum controlled-NOT gate," arXiv:quant-ph/0802.1676 (2008).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SEM image of the PCF structure used. The core size is 5 μm and the ratio of the air hole diameter to the pitch d /Λ is 0.33. The zero dispersion wavelength is 1087 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated phasematching curve for the PCF with a peak pump power of 12 W.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic diagram showing the all-fibre single photon source, the launch optics and detectors used. λ/2 is a half wave plate and black crosses indicate splices. WDM consists of two spliced fused fibre wavelength division multiplexing components separating 803 nm, 1064 nm and 1570 nm light into different fibres, with a termination on the 1064 nm path.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Coincidence count rate between the two output arms of the device as a function of the variable electronic delay. This data was taken with a pump power of 65 mW incident on the PCF. The singles count rate in the signal arm was 180 kC/s at the main coincidence peak.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Variation of the coincidence count rate with average input pump power. The measured counts-to-accidentals ratios were 18.6 and 46.5 for the high and low power cases respectively. At both pump powers the heralding fidelity was measured to be 51 %.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured transmission of broadband light through the device from directly after the PCF to the InGaAs detector. The wavelength dependence of the transmission profile is due to the reflection from the narrowband fibre Bragg grating.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ω s + ω i 2 ω p = 0
k s + k i 2 k p + 2 γP = 0
H = C C A

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