Abstract

We realized a novel frequency comb based on femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser with 350MHz repetition rate and monolithic scheme for carrier-envelope-offset frequency generation. Long-term stabilization of more than 9 hours was demonstrated by simultaneously locking repetition rate (f rep) and carrier-envelope-offset frequency (f ceo) to an atomic clock. The Allan deviations of f ceo and f rep are 2.3×10-13 and 1.5×10-15 at 100s averaging time, respectively, and the reproducibility of f ceo with high accurate performance is also verified by comparison of the locking results recorded in 3 different days. By avoiding the extra noise induced by photonic crystal fiber, we obtained the accumulated phase error increase from in-loop to out-of-loop as small as 12 mrad [1Hz, 100kHz]. Furthermore, the absolute optical frequency of a stabilized 729nm Ti:sapphire laser which is referenced to a ultra-low expansion (ULE) cavity is measured by the comb and determined to be 411041985391583±10Hz.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [PubMed]
  2. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  3. T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
  4. J. Ye, H. Schnatz, and L. W. Hollberg, "Optical frequency combs: from frequency metrology to optical phase control," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1041-1058 (2003).
  5. G. D. Rovera, F. Ducos, J. J. Zondy, O. Acef, J. P. Wallerand, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, "Absolute frequency measurement of an I2 stabilized Nd:YAG optical frequency standard," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 918-922 (2002).
  6. T. H. Yoon, J. Ye, J. L. Hall, and J. M. Chartier, "Absolute frequency measurement of the iodine-stabilized He-Ne laser at 633 nm," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 221-226 (2001).
  7. J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, and L. Marmet, "Absolute frequency measurement of the HeNe/I2 standard at 633 nm," Opt. Commun. 187, 211-218 (2001).
  8. S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
    [PubMed]
  9. R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. H¨ansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
    [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
  11. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
  12. T. M. Fortier, A. Bartels, and S. A. Diddams, "Octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser with a repetition rate ~1 GHz for optical frequency measurements and comparisons," Opt. Lett. 31, 1011-1013 (2006).
    [PubMed]
  13. L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzucu, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kaertner, "Direct frequency comb generation from an octave-spanning prismless Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1683-1685 (2004).
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    [PubMed]
  18. T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, F. Krausz, "Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme," Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
    [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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  22. H. N. Han, W. Zhang, P. Wang, D. H. Li, and Z.Y. Wei, "Precise control of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser frequency comb," Acta Physica Sinica 56, 2760-2764 (2007).
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2008 (2)

2007 (1)

H. N. Han, W. Zhang, P. Wang, D. H. Li, and Z.Y. Wei, "Precise control of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser frequency comb," Acta Physica Sinica 56, 2760-2764 (2007).

2006 (2)

T. M. Fortier, A. Bartels, and S. A. Diddams, "Octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser with a repetition rate ~1 GHz for optical frequency measurements and comparisons," Opt. Lett. 31, 1011-1013 (2006).
[PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

2005 (2)

2004 (3)

2003 (2)

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, "Highly Phase Stable Mode-Locked Lasers," IEEE J. Selected Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1002-1010 (2003).

J. Ye, H. Schnatz, and L. W. Hollberg, "Optical frequency combs: from frequency metrology to optical phase control," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1041-1058 (2003).

2002 (2)

G. D. Rovera, F. Ducos, J. J. Zondy, O. Acef, J. P. Wallerand, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, "Absolute frequency measurement of an I2 stabilized Nd:YAG optical frequency standard," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 918-922 (2002).

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[PubMed]

2001 (2)

T. H. Yoon, J. Ye, J. L. Hall, and J. M. Chartier, "Absolute frequency measurement of the iodine-stabilized He-Ne laser at 633 nm," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 221-226 (2001).

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, and L. Marmet, "Absolute frequency measurement of the HeNe/I2 standard at 633 nm," Opt. Commun. 187, 211-218 (2001).

2000 (4)

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. H¨ansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[PubMed]

1999 (1)

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).

Acef, O.

G. D. Rovera, F. Ducos, J. J. Zondy, O. Acef, J. P. Wallerand, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, "Absolute frequency measurement of an I2 stabilized Nd:YAG optical frequency standard," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 918-922 (2002).

Adel, P.

Adler, F.

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Apolonski, A.

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Bartels, A.

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Benedick, A. J.

Bernard, J. E.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, and L. Marmet, "Absolute frequency measurement of the HeNe/I2 standard at 633 nm," Opt. Commun. 187, 211-218 (2001).

Birge, J. R.

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Chartier, J. M.

T. H. Yoon, J. Ye, J. L. Hall, and J. M. Chartier, "Absolute frequency measurement of the iodine-stabilized He-Ne laser at 633 nm," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 221-226 (2001).

Chen, L. J.

Cundiff, S. T.

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, "Highly Phase Stable Mode-Locked Lasers," IEEE J. Selected Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1002-1010 (2003).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, "Passively mode-locked 10GHz femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 1905-1907 (2008).
[PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, A. Bartels, and S. A. Diddams, "Octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser with a repetition rate ~1 GHz for optical frequency measurements and comparisons," Opt. Lett. 31, 1011-1013 (2006).
[PubMed]

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, "Phase-locked Erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 29, 250-252 (2004).
[PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[PubMed]

Ducos, F.

G. D. Rovera, F. Ducos, J. J. Zondy, O. Acef, J. P. Wallerand, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, "Absolute frequency measurement of an I2 stabilized Nd:YAG optical frequency standard," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 918-922 (2002).

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, A. Bartels, and S. A. Diddams, "Octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser with a repetition rate ~1 GHz for optical frequency measurements and comparisons," Opt. Lett. 31, 1011-1013 (2006).
[PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, "Highly Phase Stable Mode-Locked Lasers," IEEE J. Selected Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1002-1010 (2003).

Fuji, T.

Gohle, C.

Grosche, G.

H¨ansch, T. W.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. H¨ansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

T. H. Yoon, J. Ye, J. L. Hall, and J. M. Chartier, "Absolute frequency measurement of the iodine-stabilized He-Ne laser at 633 nm," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 221-226 (2001).

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

Han, H. N.

H. N. Han, W. Zhang, P. Wang, D. H. Li, and Z.Y. Wei, "Precise control of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser frequency comb," Acta Physica Sinica 56, 2760-2764 (2007).

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, F. Krausz, "Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme," Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[PubMed]

P. Kubina, P. Adel, F. Adler, G. Grosche, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, A. Leitenstorfer, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Long term comparison of two fiber based frequency comb systems," Opt. Express 13, 904-909 (2005).
[PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).

Heinecke, D.

Hollberg, L. W.

J. Ye, H. Schnatz, and L. W. Hollberg, "Optical frequency combs: from frequency metrology to optical phase control," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1041-1058 (2003).

Holzwarth, R.

P. Kubina, P. Adel, F. Adler, G. Grosche, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, A. Leitenstorfer, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Long term comparison of two fiber based frequency comb systems," Opt. Express 13, 904-909 (2005).
[PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. H¨ansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).

Ippen, E. P.

Jones, D. J.

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, "Highly Phase Stable Mode-Locked Lasers," IEEE J. Selected Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1002-1010 (2003).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[PubMed]

Jørgensen, C. G.

Kaertner, F. X.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kim, J.

Kleppner, D.

Knight, J. C.

G. D. Rovera, F. Ducos, J. J. Zondy, O. Acef, J. P. Wallerand, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, "Absolute frequency measurement of an I2 stabilized Nd:YAG optical frequency standard," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 918-922 (2002).

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. H¨ansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[PubMed]

Krausz, F.

Kubina, P.

Kuzucu, O.

Lehnert, W.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Li, D. H.

H. N. Han, W. Zhang, P. Wang, D. H. Li, and Z.Y. Wei, "Precise control of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser frequency comb," Acta Physica Sinica 56, 2760-2764 (2007).

Lipphardt, B.

Madej, A. A.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, and L. Marmet, "Absolute frequency measurement of the HeNe/I2 standard at 633 nm," Opt. Commun. 187, 211-218 (2001).

Marmet, L.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, and L. Marmet, "Absolute frequency measurement of the HeNe/I2 standard at 633 nm," Opt. Commun. 187, 211-218 (2001).

Matos, L.

Moutzouris, K.

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[PubMed]

Rauschenberger, J.

Reichert, J.

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).

Rovera, G. D.

G. D. Rovera, F. Ducos, J. J. Zondy, O. Acef, J. P. Wallerand, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, "Absolute frequency measurement of an I2 stabilized Nd:YAG optical frequency standard," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 918-922 (2002).

Russell, P. J.

G. D. Rovera, F. Ducos, J. J. Zondy, O. Acef, J. P. Wallerand, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, "Absolute frequency measurement of an I2 stabilized Nd:YAG optical frequency standard," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 918-922 (2002).

Russell, P. S. J.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. H¨ansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[PubMed]

Sander, M. Y.

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Scherer, M.

Schibli, T. R.

Schnatz, H.

Siemsen, K. J.

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, and L. Marmet, "Absolute frequency measurement of the HeNe/I2 standard at 633 nm," Opt. Commun. 187, 211-218 (2001).

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[PubMed]

Stentz, A. J.

Tauser, F.

Tempea, G.

Udem, T.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. Udem, C. Gohle, T. W. Hänsch, W. Lehnert, M. Scherer, F. Krausz, "Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme," Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. H¨ansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. H¨ansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[PubMed]

Wallerand, J. P.

G. D. Rovera, F. Ducos, J. J. Zondy, O. Acef, J. P. Wallerand, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, "Absolute frequency measurement of an I2 stabilized Nd:YAG optical frequency standard," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 918-922 (2002).

Wang, P.

H. N. Han, W. Zhang, P. Wang, D. H. Li, and Z.Y. Wei, "Precise control of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser frequency comb," Acta Physica Sinica 56, 2760-2764 (2007).

Washburn, B. R.

Wei, Z.Y.

H. N. Han, W. Zhang, P. Wang, D. H. Li, and Z.Y. Wei, "Precise control of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser frequency comb," Acta Physica Sinica 56, 2760-2764 (2007).

Windeler, R. S.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

Yan, M. F.

Ye, J.

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, "Highly Phase Stable Mode-Locked Lasers," IEEE J. Selected Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1002-1010 (2003).

J. Ye, H. Schnatz, and L. W. Hollberg, "Optical frequency combs: from frequency metrology to optical phase control," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1041-1058 (2003).

T. H. Yoon, J. Ye, J. L. Hall, and J. M. Chartier, "Absolute frequency measurement of the iodine-stabilized He-Ne laser at 633 nm," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 221-226 (2001).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

Yoon, T. H.

T. H. Yoon, J. Ye, J. L. Hall, and J. M. Chartier, "Absolute frequency measurement of the iodine-stabilized He-Ne laser at 633 nm," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 221-226 (2001).

Zhang, W.

H. N. Han, W. Zhang, P. Wang, D. H. Li, and Z.Y. Wei, "Precise control of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser frequency comb," Acta Physica Sinica 56, 2760-2764 (2007).

Zondy, J. J.

G. D. Rovera, F. Ducos, J. J. Zondy, O. Acef, J. P. Wallerand, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, "Absolute frequency measurement of an I2 stabilized Nd:YAG optical frequency standard," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 918-922 (2002).

Acta Physica Sinica (1)

H. N. Han, W. Zhang, P. Wang, D. H. Li, and Z.Y. Wei, "Precise control of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser frequency comb," Acta Physica Sinica 56, 2760-2764 (2007).

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

T. H. Yoon, J. Ye, J. L. Hall, and J. M. Chartier, "Absolute frequency measurement of the iodine-stabilized He-Ne laser at 633 nm," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 221-226 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron (1)

J. Ye, H. Schnatz, and L. W. Hollberg, "Optical frequency combs: from frequency metrology to optical phase control," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1041-1058 (2003).

IEEE J. Selected Top. Quantum Electron (1)

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, "Highly Phase Stable Mode-Locked Lasers," IEEE J. Selected Top. Quantum Electron 9, 1002-1010 (2003).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

G. D. Rovera, F. Ducos, J. J. Zondy, O. Acef, J. P. Wallerand, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, "Absolute frequency measurement of an I2 stabilized Nd:YAG optical frequency standard," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 918-922 (2002).

Nature (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, K. J. Siemsen, and L. Marmet, "Absolute frequency measurement of the HeNe/I2 standard at 633 nm," Opt. Commun. 187, 211-218 (2001).

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. H¨ansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[PubMed]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).

Science (2)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[PubMed]

Other (2)

W. Zhang, H. N. Han, P. Wang, and Z. Y. Wei, "Stabilization and phase control of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser with a repetition rate of 90MHz," Proc. SPIE 6279, 62793X1-X8 (2007)

Y. Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, H. N. Han, Q. Du and Z. Y. Wei, "Carrier-envelope phase measurement and control of sub-10fs laser pulse at high repetition rate with difference frequency technique," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThX2.
[PubMed]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Setup of the monolithic frequency comb, the femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser is depicted in the above block. M1 and M2: concave chirped mirrors, M3 and M4: plane chirped mirrors, OC: output coulper, AOM: acousto-optic modulator, W: wedge, AM: Ag mirror, CM: chirped mirror, LF: long-pass filter, feed back 1: PZT driver for f rep control, feed back 2: AOM driver for f ceo control.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). Laser spectrum generated by the 7-fs Ti:sapphire laser, covering from 600nm to 1000nm. (b). Infrared spectrum after MgO:PPLN crystal.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The locking result of f ceo, recorded directly by the counter at 1-s gate time, and the inset is f ceo signal with S/N of 42dB

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Allan deviation of f ceo at different averaging time

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The comparison of three groups recorded in three days. Red triangle-mean value. Blue whisker-standard deviation

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The locking result of f rep, recorded directly by the counter at 1-s gate time

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Allan deviation of f rep at different averaging time

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Bottom-Left: the SSB noise power spectrum of f ceo as the function of Fourier frequency. Black line: in-loop phase error. Red line: out-of -loop phase error. Blue line: the noise floor of the signal analyzer. Top-Right: the accumulated phase noise of in-loop (black closed square) and out-of-loop (red closed square) as the function of observation time.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Beatnote with SNR of 46dB between the frequency comb and ULE-stabilized cw 729nm laser

Fig.10.
Fig.10.

Allan deviation of optical frequency measurement at different averaging time

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Summary of experimental results of f ceo in three different days

Tables Icon

Table 2. Summary of the optical frequency measured results at different gate time

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f opt = n f rep ± f ceo ± f beat
f opt = n f rep f ceo f beat = 411041985391583 ± 10 Hz

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