Abstract

We study the supercontinuum generation through femtosecond filamentation by using the quantum wake of the prealigned diatomic molecules of O2 and N2, where significant ultraviolet extension of the generated supercontinuum is attributed to the additional cross-focusing effect around parallel revival of molecular alignment and the consequent self-steepening as well as space-time focusing effect. Due to the discrepancy of the polarizabilities between O2 and N2 molecules, the spectral ultraviolet extension of the generated supercontinuum is more noticeable in molecular O2 than that in N2, and an extended supercontinuum spectrum from 370 to 900 nm is observed in O2 of 2 atm. The detailed dependence of the generated supercontinuum on the pump intensity for molecular alignment and gas pressure of O2 and N2 molecules are performed.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (4)

J. Wu, H. Qi, and H. Zeng, "Extreme-ultraviolet frequency combs by surface-enhanced optical fields with diatomic molecules," Phys. Rev. A 77, 053412 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H.M. Milchberg, "Trapping and destruction of long range high intensity optical filaments by molecular quantum wakes in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wu, H. Cai, H. Zeng, and A. Couairon, "Femtosecond filamentation and pulse compression in the wake of molecular alignment," Opt. Lett. 33, 2593-2595 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 80, 221-225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, "Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules," Nature 435, 470-474 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (5)

X.-J. Fang and T. Kobayashi, "Evolution of a super-broadened spectrum in a filament generated by an ultrashort intense laser pulse in fused silica," Appl. Phys. B 77, 167-170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Zheltikov, "Supercontinuum generation," Appl. Phys. B 77, 143-147 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, "Postpulse Molecular Alignment Measured by a Weak Field Polarization Technique," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, "Colloquium: Aligning molecules with strong laser pulses," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543-557 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, "Adaptive shaping of two-cycle visible pulses using a flexible mirror," Appl. Phys. B 75, 427-443 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

T. Kobayashi, T. Saito, and H. Ohtani, "Real-time spectroscopy of transition states in bacteriorhodopsin during retinal isomerization," Nature 414, 531-534 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Rosca-Pruna and M. J. J. Vrakking, "Experimental Observation of Revival Structures in Picosecond Laser-Induced Alignment of I2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 153902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T.C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

A. L. Gaeta, "Catastrophic collapse of ultrashort pulses", Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3582-3585 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).

1997 (1)

E.T.J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M.A. Franco, B.S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, N2, and O2 by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 650-660 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, "Supercontinuum generation in gases," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2268-2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

Aközbek, N.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

André, Y.-B.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baertschy, M.

R. A. Bartels, T.C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, "Adaptive shaping of two-cycle visible pulses using a flexible mirror," Appl. Phys. B 75, 427-443 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R. A.

R. A. Bartels, T.C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benedetti, E.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bloemer, M.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bourayou, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, H.

Calegari, F.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-H.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H.M. Milchberg, "Trapping and destruction of long range high intensity optical filaments by molecular quantum wakes in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, S. L.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 80, 221-225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, "Supercontinuum generation in gases," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2268-2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

Cussat-Blanc, S.

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).

De Silvestri, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, X.-J.

X.-J. Fang and T. Kobayashi, "Evolution of a super-broadened spectrum in a filament generated by an ultrashort intense laser pulse in fused silica," Appl. Phys. B 77, 167-170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Faucher, O.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, "Postpulse Molecular Alignment Measured by a Weak Field Polarization Technique," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedotov, A. B.

Fedotov, I. V.

Fork, R. L.

Franco, M.A.

E.T.J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M.A. Franco, B.S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, N2, and O2 by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 650-660 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Frey, S.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freysz, E.

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).

Fuß, W.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

A. L. Gaeta, "Catastrophic collapse of ultrashort pulses", Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3582-3585 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gasilov, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Greene, C. H.

R. A. Bartels, T.C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grillon, G.

E.T.J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M.A. Franco, B.S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, N2, and O2 by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 650-660 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guérin, S.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, "Postpulse Molecular Alignment Measured by a Weak Field Polarization Technique," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirlimann, C.

Ivanov, A.

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).

Jauslin, H. R.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, "Postpulse Molecular Alignment Measured by a Weak Field Polarization Technique," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, "Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules," Nature 435, 470-474 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. A. Bartels, T.C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

X.-J. Fang and T. Kobayashi, "Evolution of a super-broadened spectrum in a filament generated by an ultrashort intense laser pulse in fused silica," Appl. Phys. B 77, 167-170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, "Adaptive shaping of two-cycle visible pulses using a flexible mirror," Appl. Phys. B 75, 427-443 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, T. Saito, and H. Ohtani, "Real-time spectroscopy of transition states in bacteriorhodopsin during retinal isomerization," Nature 414, 531-534 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosma, K.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lavorel, B.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, "Postpulse Molecular Alignment Measured by a Weak Field Polarization Technique," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 80, 221-225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Q.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 80, 221-225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lupinski, D.

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).

Méjean, G.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milchberg, H.M.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H.M. Milchberg, "Trapping and destruction of long range high intensity optical filaments by molecular quantum wakes in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minemoto, S.

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, "Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules," Nature 435, 470-474 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

R. A. Bartels, T.C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E.T.J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M.A. Franco, B.S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, N2, and O2 by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 650-660 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E.T.J.

E.T.J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M.A. Franco, B.S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, N2, and O2 by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 650-660 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohtani, H.

T. Kobayashi, T. Saito, and H. Ohtani, "Real-time spectroscopy of transition states in bacteriorhodopsin during retinal isomerization," Nature 414, 531-534 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panja, S.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pashayan, Y. T.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, "Postpulse Molecular Alignment Measured by a Weak Field Polarization Technique," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prade, B.S.

E.T.J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M.A. Franco, B.S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, N2, and O2 by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 650-660 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Qi, H.

J. Wu, H. Qi, and H. Zeng, "Extreme-ultraviolet frequency combs by surface-enhanced optical fields with diatomic molecules," Phys. Rev. A 77, 053412 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Renard, M.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, "Postpulse Molecular Alignment Measured by a Weak Field Polarization Technique," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Renard, V.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, "Postpulse Molecular Alignment Measured by a Weak Field Polarization Technique," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, M.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rolland, C.

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, "Supercontinuum generation in gases," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2268-2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosca-Pruna, F.

F. Rosca-Pruna and M. J. J. Vrakking, "Experimental Observation of Revival Structures in Picosecond Laser-Induced Alignment of I2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 153902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saito, T.

T. Kobayashi, T. Saito, and H. Ohtani, "Real-time spectroscopy of transition states in bacteriorhodopsin during retinal isomerization," Nature 414, 531-534 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakai, H.

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, "Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules," Nature 435, 470-474 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salmon, E.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Savvin, A. D.

Scalora, M.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, W. E.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Seideman, T.

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, "Colloquium: Aligning molecules with strong laser pulses," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543-557 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

Srinivasan-Rao, T.

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, "Supercontinuum generation in gases," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2268-2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stapelfeldt, H.

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, "Colloquium: Aligning molecules with strong laser pulses," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543-557 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 80, 221-225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

Trushin, S.A.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Uiberacker, M.

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Varma, S.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H.M. Milchberg, "Trapping and destruction of long range high intensity optical filaments by molecular quantum wakes in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vrakking, M. J. J.

F. Rosca-Pruna and M. J. J. Vrakking, "Experimental Observation of Revival Structures in Picosecond Laser-Induced Alignment of I2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 153902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, N.

R. A. Bartels, T.C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weinacht, T.C.

R. A. Bartels, T.C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wille, H.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, J.-P.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wöste, L.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

Yen, R.

Yu, J.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, H.

Zheltikov, A.

A. Zheltikov, "Supercontinuum generation," Appl. Phys. B 77, 143-147 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zheltikov, A. M.

Appl. Phys. B (5)

A. Zheltikov, "Supercontinuum generation," Appl. Phys. B 77, 143-147 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, "Adaptive shaping of two-cycle visible pulses using a flexible mirror," Appl. Phys. B 75, 427-443 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).

X.-J. Fang and T. Kobayashi, "Evolution of a super-broadened spectrum in a filament generated by an ultrashort intense laser pulse in fused silica," Appl. Phys. B 77, 167-170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 80, 221-225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

E.T.J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M.A. Franco, B.S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, N2, and O2 by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 650-660 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

T. Kobayashi, T. Saito, and H. Ohtani, "Real-time spectroscopy of transition states in bacteriorhodopsin during retinal isomerization," Nature 414, 531-534 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, "Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules," Nature 435, 470-474 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

N. Aközbek, S.A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Wu, H. Qi, and H. Zeng, "Extreme-ultraviolet frequency combs by surface-enhanced optical fields with diatomic molecules," Phys. Rev. A 77, 053412 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

R. A. Bartels, T.C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase modulation of ultrashort light pulses using molecular rotational wave packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H.M. Milchberg, "Trapping and destruction of long range high intensity optical filaments by molecular quantum wakes in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Rotational Raman effects in the wake of optical filamentation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, "Postpulse Molecular Alignment Measured by a Weak Field Polarization Technique," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Rosca-Pruna and M. J. J. Vrakking, "Experimental Observation of Revival Structures in Picosecond Laser-Induced Alignment of I2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 153902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Gaeta, "Catastrophic collapse of ultrashort pulses", Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3582-3585 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, "Supercontinuum generation in gases," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2268-2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, "Colloquium: Aligning molecules with strong laser pulses," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543-557 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. Spanner, Field-Free Alignment and Strong Field Control of Molecular Rotors (Canada, 2004).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The schematic of experimental setup. BS: beam splitter; VA: variable attenuator; HWP: half-wave plate; TFP: thin film polarizer; CCD: charge coupled device. The inset is the typical spatial profile of the probe pulse when the maximum UV extension of SC in parallel aligned O2 molecules was obtained.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) and (c) The measured molecular alignment signal of O2 and N2 by weak field polarization technique. (b) and (d) The calculated molecular alignment metric <<cos 2 θ >> versus pump-probe delay.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The spectra of the probe pulse at the end of O2 cell for (a) randomly orientated molecules (dashed curve) and (b)-(f) when it is tuned to various molecular alignment revivals as labeled in Fig. 2 (b). The dashed and solid curves stand for the output spectra of the probe pulse when the molecules are randomly orientated and prealigned, respectively. The solid curve in (a) is the input spectrum of the probe pulse.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) The evolution of the probe pulse spectra at the end of O2 cell with different pump intensities for molecular alignment. (b) The UV extension of SC of the probe pulse in prealigned (labeled as a) and randomly orientated (labeled as r) O2 molecules with different gas pressures.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The spectra of the probe pulse at the end of N2 cell with same presentation as Fig. 3.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) The evolution of the probe pulse spectra at the end of N2 cell with different pump intensities for molecular alignment. (b) The UV extension of SC of the probe pulse in prealigned (labeled as a) and randomly orientated (labeled as r) N2 molecules with different gas pressures.

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