Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) emerged as an attractive material for nonlinear optical devices. Their quasi-one-dimensional structure provided their unique nonlinear characteristics. However, one of their drawbacks is the handling method. We have proposed and demonstrated optical manipulation of CNTs to deposit them onto cores of optical fiber ends with a simple technique. Although the method is very simple, it requires precise control of the optical power. The method does not posses controllability of the CNT-layer properties. In this paper, we employed optical reflectometry to solve these problems. A 15μm diameter circular region was area-selectively coated by CNTs using highly uniform solution. The preferentially-deposited CNTs were directly, for the first time, observed by a field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM).

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51-56 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. -C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. -P. Zhao, T. -M. Lu, G. -C. Wang, and X. -C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly syntehsized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, "Carbon nanotube-poly(vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621-1625 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Nakazawa, S. Nakahara, T. Hirooka, M. Yoshida, T. Kaino, and K. Komatsu, "Polymer saturable absorber materials in the 1.5 μm band using poly-methyl-methacrylate and polystyrene with single-wall carbon nanotubes and their applilcation to a femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 915-917 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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  8. K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, "Optically manipulated deposition of carbon nanotubes onto optical fiber end," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L988-L990 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. W. Nicholson, R. S. Windeler, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Optically driven deposition of single-walled carbon-nanotube saturable absorbers on optical fiber end-faces," Opt. Express 15, 9176-9183 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Tan, H. A. Lopez, C. W. Cai, and Y. Zhang, "Optical Trapping of single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nano. Lett. 4,1415-1419 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Zhang, H. I. Kim, C. H. Oh, X. Sun, and H. Lee, "Multidimensional manipulation of carbon nanotube bundles with optical tweezers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,053123 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. Margulis and E. Gaiduk, "Nature of near-infrared absorption in single-wall carbon nanotubes," Phys. Lett. A 281,52-58 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, "Optically manipulated deposition of carbon nanotubes onto optical fiber end," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L988-L990 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, R. S. Windeler, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Optically driven deposition of single-walled carbon-nanotube saturable absorbers on optical fiber end-faces," Opt. Express 15, 9176-9183 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, "Carbon nanotube-poly(vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621-1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly syntehsized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tan, H. A. Lopez, C. W. Cai, and Y. Zhang, "Optical Trapping of single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nano. Lett. 4,1415-1419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51-56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Y. -C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. -P. Zhao, T. -M. Lu, G. -C. Wang, and X. -C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

V. Margulis and E. Gaiduk, "Nature of near-infrared absorption in single-wall carbon nanotubes," Phys. Lett. A 281,52-58 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Achiba, Y.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, "Carbon nanotube-poly(vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621-1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ajayan, P. M.

Y. -C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. -P. Zhao, T. -M. Lu, G. -C. Wang, and X. -C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cai, C. W.

S. Tan, H. A. Lopez, C. W. Cai, and Y. Zhang, "Optical Trapping of single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nano. Lett. 4,1415-1419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. -C.

Y. -C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. -P. Zhao, T. -M. Lu, G. -C. Wang, and X. -C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Gaiduk, E.

V. Margulis and E. Gaiduk, "Nature of near-infrared absorption in single-wall carbon nanotubes," Phys. Lett. A 281,52-58 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gaiduk, E. A.

A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hirooka, T.

Inoue, Y.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly syntehsized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jablonski, M.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly syntehsized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51-56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaino, T.

Kashiwagi, K.

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, "Optically manipulated deposition of carbon nanotubes onto optical fiber end," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L988-L990 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kataura, H.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, "Carbon nanotube-poly(vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621-1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. I.

J. Zhang, H. I. Kim, C. H. Oh, X. Sun, and H. Lee, "Multidimensional manipulation of carbon nanotube bundles with optical tweezers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,053123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, K.

Lee, H.

J. Zhang, H. I. Kim, C. H. Oh, X. Sun, and H. Lee, "Multidimensional manipulation of carbon nanotube bundles with optical tweezers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,053123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, H. A.

S. Tan, H. A. Lopez, C. W. Cai, and Y. Zhang, "Optical Trapping of single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nano. Lett. 4,1415-1419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T. -M.

Y. -C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. -P. Zhao, T. -M. Lu, G. -C. Wang, and X. -C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, A.

A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, V.

V. Margulis and E. Gaiduk, "Nature of near-infrared absorption in single-wall carbon nanotubes," Phys. Lett. A 281,52-58 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, S.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly syntehsized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, Y.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly syntehsized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakahara, S.

Nakazawa, M.

Nicholson, J. W.

Oh, C. H.

J. Zhang, H. I. Kim, C. H. Oh, X. Sun, and H. Lee, "Multidimensional manipulation of carbon nanotube bundles with optical tweezers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,053123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Raravikar, N. R.

Y. -C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. -P. Zhao, T. -M. Lu, G. -C. Wang, and X. -C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A. G.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, "Carbon nanotube-poly(vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621-1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sakakibara, Y.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, "Carbon nanotube-poly(vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621-1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schadler, L. S.

Y. -C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. -P. Zhao, T. -M. Lu, G. -C. Wang, and X. -C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, "Optically manipulated deposition of carbon nanotubes onto optical fiber end," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L988-L990 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51-56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly syntehsized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

J. Zhang, H. I. Kim, C. H. Oh, X. Sun, and H. Lee, "Multidimensional manipulation of carbon nanotube bundles with optical tweezers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,053123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tan, S.

S. Tan, H. A. Lopez, C. W. Cai, and Y. Zhang, "Optical Trapping of single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nano. Lett. 4,1415-1419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Tokumoto, M.

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, "Carbon nanotube-poly(vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621-1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. -C.

Y. -C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. -P. Zhao, T. -M. Lu, G. -C. Wang, and X. -C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Yaguchi, H.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly syntehsized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51-56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, "Optically manipulated deposition of carbon nanotubes onto optical fiber end," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L988-L990 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly syntehsized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, H. I. Kim, C. H. Oh, X. Sun, and H. Lee, "Multidimensional manipulation of carbon nanotube bundles with optical tweezers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,053123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. -C.

Y. -C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. -P. Zhao, T. -M. Lu, G. -C. Wang, and X. -C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

S. Tan, H. A. Lopez, C. W. Cai, and Y. Zhang, "Optical Trapping of single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nano. Lett. 4,1415-1419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. -P.

Y. -C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. -P. Zhao, T. -M. Lu, G. -C. Wang, and X. -C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhidkin, E. N.

A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. -C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. -P. Zhao, T. -M. Lu, G. -C. Wang, and X. -C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, H. I. Kim, C. H. Oh, X. Sun, and H. Lee, "Multidimensional manipulation of carbon nanotube bundles with optical tweezers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,053123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Diamond Relat. Mater. (1)

A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Sakakibara, A. G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and M. Tokumoto, "Carbon nanotube-poly(vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621-1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, "Optically manipulated deposition of carbon nanotubes onto optical fiber end," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L988-L990 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nano. Lett. (1)

S. Tan, H. A. Lopez, C. W. Cai, and Y. Zhang, "Optical Trapping of single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nano. Lett. 4,1415-1419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt Lett. (1)

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly syntehsized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

V. Margulis and E. Gaiduk, "Nature of near-infrared absorption in single-wall carbon nanotubes," Phys. Lett. A 281,52-58 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamasita, and S. Y. Set, "Novel cost effective carbon nanotubes deposition technique using optical tweezer effect," in Proceedings of the SPIE Vol. 6478; Photonics Packaging, Integration and Interconnects VII, A. M. Earman and R. T. Chen, eds., pp. 6478-15 (SPIE, 2007).

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