Abstract

We present general guidelines for the design of ultrabroadband, high-energy optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifiers, where maximization of both conversion efficiency and bandwidth and simultaneous suppression of superfluorescence is required. Using a semi-analytical approach together with numerical simulations, we find that the ratio of pump and seed pulse durations is a critical parameter in temporal optimization, and its optimum depends on the amplifier gain. Multi-stage amplifier design thus requires independent optimization of seed chirp at each amplification stage. We find that a small compromise in amplifier bandwidth relative to the full phase-matching bandwidth, through use of the appropriate seed chirp, both maximizes the efficiency-bandwidth product and optimizes the signal-to-noise ratio. On the other hand, maximization of signal bandwidth is found to significantly degrade both the signal-to-noise ratio and the conversion efficiency.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2008 (3)

2007 (8)

D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, R. Hua, K. Franjic, and R. J. D. Miller, "High-power femtosecond infrared laser source based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 813 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, A. Nebel, "111 W, 110 MHz repetition-rate, passively mode-locked TEM00Nd:YVO4 master oscillator power amplifier pumped at 888 nm," Opt. Lett. 32, 1259 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Adachi, H. Ishii, T. Kanai, N. Ishii, A. Kosuge, and S. Watanabe, "1.5 mJ, 6.4 fs parametric chirped-pulse amplification system at 1 kHz," Opt. Lett. 32, 2487 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok,W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulations for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, G. H. C. New, and P. K. Bates, "Contrast limitation due to pump noise in an optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system," Opt. Commun. 273, 510 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fulop, Zs. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuska and F. Krausz, "Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 87, 79 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, "Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-State Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

E. J. Grace, C. L. Tsangaris, and G. H. C. New, "Competing processes in optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Commun. 261, 225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system," New J. of Phys. 8, 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, T. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, "Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 μm," Opt. Lett. 31, 1103 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, and J. D. Zuegel, "5 Hz, >250 mJ optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier at 1053 nm," Opt. Lett. 30, 1843 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, "Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 184, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, E. A. Erofeev, E. A. Ibragimov, Sh. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. D. Khadzhaev, "Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. 1. Optimisation of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100 (1990).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, E. A. Erofeev, E. A. Ibragimov, Sh. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. D. Khadzhaev, "Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. 2. Parametric interaction of waves with conformal profiles," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1104 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Abeeluck, A. K.

J. K. Brasseur, A. K. Abeeluck, A. R. Awtry, L. S. Meng, K. E. Shortoff, N. J. Miller, R. K. Hampton, M. H. Cuchiara, and D. K. Neumann, "2.3-kW Continuous Operation Cryogenic Yb:YAG Laser," SPIE Proc. 6952, 69520L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

Aggarwal, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, "Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-State Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Awtry, A. R.

J. K. Brasseur, A. K. Abeeluck, A. R. Awtry, L. S. Meng, K. E. Shortoff, N. J. Miller, R. K. Hampton, M. H. Cuchiara, and D. K. Neumann, "2.3-kW Continuous Operation Cryogenic Yb:YAG Laser," SPIE Proc. 6952, 69520L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bagnoud, V.

Baltuska, A.

J. A. Fulop, Zs. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuska and F. Krausz, "Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 87, 79 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, T. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, "Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 μm," Opt. Lett. 31, 1103 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bates, P. K.

I. N. Ross, G. H. C. New, and P. K. Bates, "Contrast limitation due to pump noise in an optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system," Opt. Commun. 273, 510 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Begishev, I.

Begishev, I. A.

V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, and J. D. Zuegel, "5 Hz, >250 mJ optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier at 1053 nm," Opt. Lett. 30, 1843 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, and J. D. Zuegel, "High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatiotemporally shaped pump pulses," Opt. Lett. 28, 1245 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, E. A. Erofeev, E. A. Ibragimov, Sh. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. D. Khadzhaev, "Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. 1. Optimisation of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100 (1990).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, E. A. Erofeev, E. A. Ibragimov, Sh. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. D. Khadzhaev, "Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. 2. Parametric interaction of waves with conformal profiles," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1104 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Brasseur, J. K.

J. K. Brasseur, A. K. Abeeluck, A. R. Awtry, L. S. Meng, K. E. Shortoff, N. J. Miller, R. K. Hampton, M. H. Cuchiara, and D. K. Neumann, "2.3-kW Continuous Operation Cryogenic Yb:YAG Laser," SPIE Proc. 6952, 69520L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brida, D.

Cerullo, G.

Chann, B.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, "Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-State Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cirmi, G.

Collier, J. L.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, M. L.

Cuchiara, M. H.

J. K. Brasseur, A. K. Abeeluck, A. R. Awtry, L. S. Meng, K. E. Shortoff, N. J. Miller, R. K. Hampton, M. H. Cuchiara, and D. K. Neumann, "2.3-kW Continuous Operation Cryogenic Yb:YAG Laser," SPIE Proc. 6952, 69520L (2008).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Dienes, A.

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dupriez, P.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eikema, K. S. E.

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok,W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulations for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erofeev, E. A.

I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, E. A. Erofeev, E. A. Ibragimov, Sh. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. D. Khadzhaev, "Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. 1. Optimisation of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100 (1990).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, E. A. Erofeev, E. A. Ibragimov, Sh. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. D. Khadzhaev, "Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. 2. Parametric interaction of waves with conformal profiles," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1104 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Forget, N.

Franjic, K.

Fuji, T.

Fujita, M.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, "Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 184, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fulop, J. A.

J. A. Fulop, Zs. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuska and F. Krausz, "Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 87, 79 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

Gopinath, J.

Grace, E. J.

E. J. Grace, C. L. Tsangaris, and G. H. C. New, "Competing processes in optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Commun. 261, 225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

Guardalben, M.

Guardalben, M. J.

Gulamov, A. A.

I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, E. A. Erofeev, E. A. Ibragimov, Sh. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. D. Khadzhaev, "Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. 2. Parametric interaction of waves with conformal profiles," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1104 (1990).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, E. A. Erofeev, E. A. Ibragimov, Sh. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. D. Khadzhaev, "Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. 1. Optimisation of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hampton, R. K.

J. K. Brasseur, A. K. Abeeluck, A. R. Awtry, L. S. Meng, K. E. Shortoff, N. J. Miller, R. K. Hampton, M. H. Cuchiara, and D. K. Neumann, "2.3-kW Continuous Operation Cryogenic Yb:YAG Laser," SPIE Proc. 6952, 69520L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hickey, L. M. B.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hogervorst, W.

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok,W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulations for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, K.-H.

Horvath, B.

J. A. Fulop, Zs. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuska and F. Krausz, "Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 87, 79 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hua, R.

Hybl, J.

Ibragimov, ´ E. A.

I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, E. A. Erofeev, E. A. Ibragimov, Sh. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. D. Khadzhaev, "Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. 2. Parametric interaction of waves with conformal profiles," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1104 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ibragimov, E. A.

I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, E. A. Erofeev, E. A. Ibragimov, Sh. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. D. Khadzhaev, "Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. 1. Optimisation of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F.

Ishii, H.

Ishii, N.

Izawa, Y.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, "Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 184, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jonusauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kanai, T.

Kaplan, D.

Kartner, X.

Keegan, J.

Knoesen, A.

Kosuge, A.

Kraemer, D.

Krausz, F.

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Fulop, Zs. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuska and F. Krausz, "Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 87, 79 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system," New J. of Phys. 8, 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, T. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, "Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 μm," Opt. Lett. 31, 1103 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Langley, A. J.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z.

P. Zhu, L. Qian, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, "Numerical studies of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Major, Zs.

J. A. Fulop, Zs. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuska and F. Krausz, "Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 87, 79 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Malinowski, A.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Manzoni, C.

Marcinkevicius, A.

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system," New J. of Phys. 8, 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matousek, P.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, "Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2945 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McDonagh, L.

Meng, L. S.

J. K. Brasseur, A. K. Abeeluck, A. R. Awtry, L. S. Meng, K. E. Shortoff, N. J. Miller, R. K. Hampton, M. H. Cuchiara, and D. K. Neumann, "2.3-kW Continuous Operation Cryogenic Yb:YAG Laser," SPIE Proc. 6952, 69520L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Metzger, T.

Miller, N. J.

J. K. Brasseur, A. K. Abeeluck, A. R. Awtry, L. S. Meng, K. E. Shortoff, N. J. Miller, R. K. Hampton, M. H. Cuchiara, and D. K. Neumann, "2.3-kW Continuous Operation Cryogenic Yb:YAG Laser," SPIE Proc. 6952, 69520L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. J. D.

Moses, J.

Nakatsuka, M.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, "Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 184, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nebel, A.

Neumann, D. K.

J. K. Brasseur, A. K. Abeeluck, A. R. Awtry, L. S. Meng, K. E. Shortoff, N. J. Miller, R. K. Hampton, M. H. Cuchiara, and D. K. Neumann, "2.3-kW Continuous Operation Cryogenic Yb:YAG Laser," SPIE Proc. 6952, 69520L (2008).
[CrossRef]

New, G. H. C.

I. N. Ross, G. H. C. New, and P. K. Bates, "Contrast limitation due to pump noise in an optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system," Opt. Commun. 273, 510 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Grace, C. L. Tsangaris, and G. H. C. New, "Competing processes in optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Commun. 261, 225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, "Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2945 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, Y.

O, F.

Ochoa, J. R.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, "Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-State Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

Pervak, V.

Piper, A.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Puth, J.

Qian, L.

P. Zhu, L. Qian, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, "Numerical studies of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D. J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, "Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-State Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

I. N. Ross, G. H. C. New, and P. K. Bates, "Contrast limitation due to pump noise in an optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system," Opt. Commun. 273, 510 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, "Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2945 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, K.

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shortoff, K. E.

J. K. Brasseur, A. K. Abeeluck, A. R. Awtry, L. S. Meng, K. E. Shortoff, N. J. Miller, R. K. Hampton, M. H. Cuchiara, and D. K. Neumann, "2.3-kW Continuous Operation Cryogenic Yb:YAG Laser," SPIE Proc. 6952, 69520L (2008).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, A.

Sidick, E.

Spitzberg, J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, "Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-State Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tavella, F.

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Fulop, Zs. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuska and F. Krausz, "Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 87, 79 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system," New J. of Phys. 8, 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Teisset, C. Y.

Thomsen, B. C.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tilleman, M.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, "Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-State Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Towrie, M.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsangaris, C. L.

E. J. Grace, C. L. Tsangaris, and G. H. C. New, "Competing processes in optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Commun. 261, 225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ubachs, W.

Veisz, L.

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Watanabe, S.

Waxer, L.

Waxer, L. J.

Witte, S.

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok,W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulations for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, A. L.

Xue, S.

P. Zhu, L. Qian, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, "Numerical studies of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, C.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, "Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 184, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, M.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, "Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 184, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. K.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, "Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 184, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, P.

P. Zhu, L. Qian, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, "Numerical studies of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zinkstok, R. T.

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok,W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulations for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zuegel, J.

Zuegel, J. D.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok,W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "Numerical simulations for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system," Appl. Phys. B 87, 677 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fulop, Zs. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuska and F. Krausz, "Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 87, 79 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, "Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-State Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

New J. of Phys. (1)

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system," New J. of Phys. 8, 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (5)

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, "Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 184, 451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, G. H. C. New, and P. K. Bates, "Contrast limitation due to pump noise in an optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system," Opt. Commun. 273, 510 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Grace, C. L. Tsangaris, and G. H. C. New, "Competing processes in optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Commun. 261, 225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

P. Zhu, L. Qian, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, "Numerical studies of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 13 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, and J. D. Zuegel, "5 Hz, >250 mJ optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier at 1053 nm," Opt. Lett. 30, 1843 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, T. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, "Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 μm," Opt. Lett. 31, 1103 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, and J. D. Zuegel, "High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatiotemporally shaped pump pulses," Opt. Lett. 28, 1245 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, A. Siddiqui, J. Moses, J. Gopinath, J. Hybl, F. O. Ilday, T. Y. Fan, and F. X. Kartner, "Generation of 287-W, 5.5-ps pulses at 78-MHz repetition rate from a cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber chirped-pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 33, 2473 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, A. Nebel, "111 W, 110 MHz repetition-rate, passively mode-locked TEM00Nd:YVO4 master oscillator power amplifier pumped at 888 nm," Opt. Lett. 32, 1259 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

I. A. Begishev, A. A. Gulamov, E. A. Erofeev, E. A. Ibragimov, Sh. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. D. Khadzhaev, "Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. 2. Parametric interaction of waves with conformal profiles," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1104 (1990).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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O. D. Mucke, D. Sidorov, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, S. Alisauskas, J. Pocius, L. Giniunas, and R. Danielius, "Multimillijoule Optically Synchronized and Carrier-Envelope-Phase-Stable Chirped Parametric Amplification at 1.5 μm," XVI International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, Stresa, Italy, June 2008.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Signal gain, G, versus propagation length, L, for a phase-matched (Δk = 0) parametric amplifier that has a peak gain G 0 = 5 * 104, calculated by solution of the coupled nonlinear wave equations describing parametric amplification for monochromatic plane waves. L 0 is the length at which the gain curve peaks with an initial pump intensity Ip (0), i.e., the length at which the pump is fully depleted and before backconversion occurs. In (a), gain curves corresponding to lower pump intensity are also shown (representing, for example, the amplification that occurs along the wings of a pump pulse relative to its peak). In (b), the effect of increasing Δk is shown, with an initial pump intensity Ip (0) for all curves. Δkb is the wavevector mismatch that reduces the gain at L 0 by e-1.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Normalized Gaussian pump pulse profile (black, solid) and corresponding temporal gain profile (red, dashed) of an unchirped phase-matched parametric amplifier with a peak gain G 0 = 100. The shaded region indicates the region of the pump pulse where gain is ≥ e-1 G 0. A suitable seed pulse is also indicated. (b) The equivalent of (a) but assuming a seed spectrum extending from ωs - δωb , to ωs + δωb and chirped such that frequencies ωs ± δωb just fit within the region of significant gain corresponding to (a). (c) Normalized pump intensity profile and corresponding gain profiles for various values of the peak gain for an unchirped phase-matched amplifier.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(solid lines) Efficiency-bandwidth products, ηΔv, obtainable from the OPCPA for different values of the seed chirp (GDD) and peak gains of 102, 104 and 106. (dashed curve) Total noise gain subtracted by total signal gain for G 0 = 106. Curves are calculated for 1.047-μm pump and 2.094-μm signal and idler mixing in 3 mm of PPSLT. The pump is 9-ps long.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a-d) Gaussian pump (black, solid) and seed (gray, solid) intensity profiles with corresponding signal gain (green, dot-dashed) and noise gain (red, dotted) profiles for several ratios of seed and pump pulse durations (Δts tp ). The shaded region represents the difference between noise and signal gain. The chirp of the signal pulse is represented by colored bars. (e-h) Corresponding signal gain profiles (green, dot-dashed) in the frequency domain, plotted alongside the full phase-matching bandwidth of the amplifier (red, solid).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Study of efficiency (a) and bandwidth (b) of the OPCPA process for various seed durations and pump peak intensities, for the case Ep /Es = 104. Squares of panel (a) highlight the highest efficiency, ηmax , obtainable for a given seed duration; the corresponding bandwidths, Δv, are indicated as filled squares in panel (b).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Best gain-bandwidth products obtainable from the OPCPA for various seed durations and pump-to-signal energy ratios of Ep /Es = 102 (circles), Ep /Es = 104 (filled squares) and Ep /Es = 106 (open squares). The seed durations corresponding to the best performances at the three operating regimes are shown. The increase in noise relative to signal during amplification is shown for the data points of the Ep /Es = 106 curve (triangles).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Fit of (Δts tp ) opt values from Fig. 6 versus Ep /Es (squares) using the gain centroid width formula, Eq. (7) (solid line).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Comparison between numerical simulations [(a),(c)] and experiments [(b),(d)] for a 3-mm long, 9-ps pumped, PPSLT-based amplifier. (a)-(b) Best efficiencies and bandwidths as a function of seed chirps. (c)-(d) Amplified spectra corresponding to the maximum efficiencies for the three given seed chirps.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Schematics of two-stage OPCPA system designs. In (a), the signal chirp in pre- and power amplifiers must be the same. In (b), a third dispersive element allows independent optimization of Δts tp at each stage.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Width of temporal region of significant gain versus peak gain

Equations (9)

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G 1 4 exp ( 2 [ Γ 2 ( Δk / 2 ) 2 ] 1 / 2 L ) ,
G 1 4 exp ( 2 Γ L ) .
g ( t g ) g 0 = I p ( t g ) I p ( 0 ) = g 0 1 g 0 .
t g = Δ t p 2 In 2 2 In [ 1 1 / In ( 4 G 0 ) ] .
E ( z , t ) = 1 2 { A s ( z , t ) · e j ( ω s t k s z ) +
A i ( z , t ) · e j ( ω i t k i z ) +
A p ( z , t ) · e j ( ω p t k p z ) + c . c } ,
2 E ( z , t ) z 2 μ 0 2 D ( z , t ) t 2 = μ 0 2 P NL ( z , t ) t 2 ,
( Δ t s / Δ t p ) opt a 2 In [ 1 1 / In ( 2 E p / E s ) ] ,

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