Abstract

We have designed, fabricated, and characterized an InP photonic crystal slab structure that supports a cavity-confined slow-light mode, i.e. a bandgap-confined valence band-edge mode. Three dimensional finite difference in time domain calculations predict that this type of structure can support electromagnetic modes with large quality factors and small mode volumes. Moreover these modes are robust with respect to fabrication imperfections. In this paper, we demonstrate room-temperature laser operation at 1.5 μm of a cavity-confined slow-light mode under pulsed excitation. The gain medium is a single layer of InAs/InP quantum dots. An effective peak pump power threshold of 80 μW is reported.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton, 1995).
  2. K. Sakoda, Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals 2nd edition (Springer, 2004).
  3. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. -S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. -S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1202.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of Modified Single Defect Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based two dimensional photonic crystal on silicon : In plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. E. Vasdekis, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, "Low threshold edge emitting polymer distributed feedback laser based on a square lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161102 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, "Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195306 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Ben Bakir, Ch. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, and O. Painter, "Fabrication-tolerant high quality factor photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Express 12, 1458-1463 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-7-1458.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S.-H. Kwon, S.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Small, low-loss heterogeneous photonic bandedge laser," Opt. Express 12, 5356-5361 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-22-5356.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Gardin, F. Bordas, X. Letartre, C. Seassal, A. Rahmani, R. Bozio, and P. Viktorovitch, "Microlasers based on effective index confined slow light modes in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 6331-6339 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-16-9-6331.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. Bordas, M. J. Steel, C. Seassal, and A. Rahmani, "Confinement of band-edge modes in a photonic crystal slab," Opt. Express 15, 10890-10902 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-17-10890.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuˇckovi’c, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, K. Watanabe, N. Kumagai, Y. Nakata, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, "Room temperature continuous wave lasing in photonic crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 14, 6308-6315 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. B. Ellis, I. Fushman, D. Englund, B. Zhang, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, "Dynamics of quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151102 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. http://www.rsoftdesign.com

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

F. Bordas, M. J. Steel, C. Seassal, and A. Rahmani, "Confinement of band-edge modes in a photonic crystal slab," Opt. Express 15, 10890-10902 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-17-10890.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ellis, I. Fushman, D. Englund, B. Zhang, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, "Dynamics of quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, K. Watanabe, N. Kumagai, Y. Nakata, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, "Room temperature continuous wave lasing in photonic crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 14, 6308-6315 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ben Bakir, Ch. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuˇckovi’c, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. -S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1202.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Vasdekis, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, "Low threshold edge emitting polymer distributed feedback laser based on a square lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. -S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, "Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of Modified Single Defect Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based two dimensional photonic crystal on silicon : In plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Andreani, L. C.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andrew, P.

A. E. Vasdekis, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, "Low threshold edge emitting polymer distributed feedback laser based on a square lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, K. Watanabe, N. Kumagai, Y. Nakata, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, "Room temperature continuous wave lasing in photonic crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 14, 6308-6315 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuˇckovi’c, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asano, T.

Badolato, A.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barclay, P. E.

Barnes, W. L.

A. E. Vasdekis, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, "Low threshold edge emitting polymer distributed feedback laser based on a square lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ben Bakir, B.

B. Ben Bakir, Ch. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bordas, F.

Bouwmeester, D.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozio, R.

Choi, Y.-S.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chutinan, A.

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, "Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Deppe, D. G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Cioccio, L.

B. Ben Bakir, Ch. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ellis, B.

B. Ellis, I. Fushman, D. Englund, B. Zhang, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, "Dynamics of quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Englund, D.

B. Ellis, I. Fushman, D. Englund, B. Zhang, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, "Dynamics of quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuˇckovi’c, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fattal, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuˇckovi’c, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedeli, J. M.

B. Ben Bakir, Ch. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fushman, I.

B. Ellis, I. Fushman, D. Englund, B. Zhang, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, "Dynamics of quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gardin, S.

Gibbs, H. M.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hendrickson, J.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hennessy, K.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, E. L.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huh, J.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of Modified Single Defect Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J.-K.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of Modified Single Defect Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Imada, M.

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, "Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, S.

Iwamoto, S.

Khitrova, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.-S.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of Modified Single Defect Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-H.

S.-H. Kwon, S.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Small, low-loss heterogeneous photonic bandedge laser," Opt. Express 12, 5356-5361 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-22-5356.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of Modified Single Defect Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-K.

Kumagai, N.

Kwon, S.-H.

Lee, Y.-H.

S.-H. Kwon, S.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Small, low-loss heterogeneous photonic bandedge laser," Opt. Express 12, 5356-5361 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-22-5356.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of Modified Single Defect Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

S. Gardin, F. Bordas, X. Letartre, C. Seassal, A. Rahmani, R. Bozio, and P. Viktorovitch, "Microlasers based on effective index confined slow light modes in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 6331-6339 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-16-9-6331.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ben Bakir, Ch. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based two dimensional photonic crystal on silicon : In plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mochizuki, M.

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, "Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based two dimensional photonic crystal on silicon : In plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakaoka, T.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuˇckovi’c, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakata, Y.

Noda, S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. -S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1202.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. -S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, "Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, M.

Painter, O.

Park, H.-G.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of Modified Single Defect Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, P. M.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rahmani, A.

Rakher, M. T.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Regreny, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based two dimensional photonic crystal on silicon : In plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based two dimensional photonic crystal on silicon : In plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rupper, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryu, H.-Y.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of Modified Single Defect Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Samuel, I. D. W.

A. E. Vasdekis, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, "Low threshold edge emitting polymer distributed feedback laser based on a square lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seassal, C.

Seassal, Ch.

B. Ben Bakir, Ch. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shchekin, O. B.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solomon, G.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuˇckovi’c, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, B. -S.

Srinivasan, K.

Steel, M. J.

Strauf, S.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turnbull, G. A.

A. E. Vasdekis, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, "Low threshold edge emitting polymer distributed feedback laser based on a square lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vasdekis, A. E.

A. E. Vasdekis, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, "Low threshold edge emitting polymer distributed feedback laser based on a square lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Viktorovitch, P.

S. Gardin, F. Bordas, X. Letartre, C. Seassal, A. Rahmani, R. Bozio, and P. Viktorovitch, "Microlasers based on effective index confined slow light modes in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 6331-6339 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-16-9-6331.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ben Bakir, Ch. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based two dimensional photonic crystal on silicon : In plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Waks, E.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuˇckovi’c, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, K.

Yamamoto, Y.

B. Ellis, I. Fushman, D. Englund, B. Zhang, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, "Dynamics of quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuˇckovi’c, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

B. Ellis, I. Fushman, D. Englund, B. Zhang, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, "Dynamics of quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuˇckovi’c, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zussy, M.

B. Ben Bakir, Ch. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

B. Ben Bakir, Ch. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based two dimensional photonic crystal on silicon : In plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Vasdekis, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, "Low threshold edge emitting polymer distributed feedback laser based on a square lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Ellis, I. Fushman, D. Englund, B. Zhang, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, "Dynamics of quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of Modified Single Defect Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. -S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, "Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuˇckovi’c, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton, 1995).

K. Sakoda, Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals 2nd edition (Springer, 2004).

http://www.rsoftdesign.com

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Evolution of the valence and conduction band edge frequencies with the surface air filling factor for an infinite crystal, computed by 3D plane wave expansion [19]. If, for instance, the cladding region has a filling factor of f = 0.37, marked by the vertical blue dashed line, the photonic crystal will possess a bandgap between 0.301 and 0.400. The valence band edge of a crystal with a higher filling factor would then lies in this bandgap (green line). Inset: A typical fabricated structure with a six lattice period wide hexagonal cavity surrounded by a cladding with lower filling factor. The white horizontal line is 2 μm long.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a): Lin-Lout curve for the structure S 1 (circles), together with the spontaneous emission background (squares). This quantity is magnified by 100 for clarity; (b): Evolution of the experimental quality factor, defined by Qexp = λ/, as described in the text, and of the central wavelength of the mode : λ.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Characteristics of structure S 2. (a): Lin-Lout curve (disks), together with the spontaneous emission background (squares); (b): Evolution of Qexp and λ.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Photoluminescence of the unstructured sample (in black), corresponding to the QD emission, together with the spectra of the lasing modes of S 1 (red) and S 2 (blue).

Metrics