Abstract

Bi-doped BaF2 crystal was grown by the temperature gradient technique and its spectral properties were investigated. The absorption, emission and excitation spectra were measured at room temperature. Two broadband emissions centered at 1070 and 1500 nm were observed in Bi-doped BaF2 crystal. This extraordinary luminescence should be ascribed to Bi-related centers at distinct sites. We suggest Bi2+ or Bi+ centers adjacent to F vacancy defects are the origins of the observed NIR emissions.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. F. Johnson, R. E. Dietz, and H. J. Guggenheim, " Optical maser oscillation from Ni2+ in MgF2 involving simultaneous emission of phonons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 318-320 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. F. Johnson, H. J. Guggenheim, D. Bahnck, and A. M. Johnson, "Phonon-terminated laser emission from Ni2+ ions in KMgF3," Opt.Lett. 8, 371-373 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325-3326 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glasses," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, "Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification," Opt. Lett. 29, 1998-2000 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express. 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express. 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, and G. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, "Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103532 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Blasse and A. Bril, "Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors," J. Chem. Phys. 48, 217-222 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Srivastava, "Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+BPO5 (M2+=Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+)," J. Lumin. 78, 239-243 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, "Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407-1413 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, "Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 1, 13-26 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  22. V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, "Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, "Spectroscopic study of optical centers formed in Bi-, Pb-, Sb-, Sn-, Te-, and In-doped germanate glasses," Opt. Lett. 33, 2131-2133 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (8)

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, "Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 1010112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Qiu and Y. Shen, "Investigation on the spectral characteristics of bismuth doped silica fibers," Opt. Mater. 31, 223-228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, "Inhomogeneous Broadening, Luminescence Origin and Optical Amplification in Bismuth-Doped Glass," J. Phys. Chem. A,  112, 3036-3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, "Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, "Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, "Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407-1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, "Spectroscopic study of optical centers formed in Bi-, Pb-, Sb-, Sn-, Te-, and In-doped germanate glasses," Opt. Lett. 33, 2131-2133 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Dvoyrin, O..I. Medvedkov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov "Optical amplification in 1430-1495 nm range and laser action in Bi-doped fibers,"Opt. Express 16, 16971-16976 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, and G. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express. 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express. 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325-3326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glasses," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Srivastava, "Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+BPO5 (M2+=Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+)," J. Lumin. 78, 239-243 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, "Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 1, 13-26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

R. Moncorgé and T. Benyattou, "Excited-state absorption of Ni2+ in MgF2 and MgO," Phys. Rev. B 37, 9186-9196 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

L. F. Johnson, H. J. Guggenheim, D. Bahnck, and A. M. Johnson, "Phonon-terminated laser emission from Ni2+ ions in KMgF3," Opt.Lett. 8, 371-373 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1968 (1)

G. Blasse and A. Bril, "Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors," J. Chem. Phys. 48, 217-222 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

L. F. Johnson, R. E. Dietz, and H. J. Guggenheim, " Optical maser oscillation from Ni2+ in MgF2 involving simultaneous emission of phonons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 318-320 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

Bahnck, D.

L. F. Johnson, H. J. Guggenheim, D. Bahnck, and A. M. Johnson, "Phonon-terminated laser emission from Ni2+ ions in KMgF3," Opt.Lett. 8, 371-373 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, R.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, "Inhomogeneous Broadening, Luminescence Origin and Optical Amplification in Bismuth-Doped Glass," J. Phys. Chem. A,  112, 3036-3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barturam, R. H.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, "Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 1, 13-26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Benyattou, T.

R. Moncorgé and T. Benyattou, "Excited-state absorption of Ni2+ in MgF2 and MgO," Phys. Rev. B 37, 9186-9196 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, "Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse and A. Bril, "Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors," J. Chem. Phys. 48, 217-222 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bril, A.

G. Blasse and A. Bril, "Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors," J. Chem. Phys. 48, 217-222 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

Bulatov, L. I.

Bykov, A. B.

Chen, D.

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express. 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express. 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification," Opt. Lett. 29, 1998-2000 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, "Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Dietz, R. E.

L. F. Johnson, R. E. Dietz, and H. J. Guggenheim, " Optical maser oscillation from Ni2+ in MgF2 involving simultaneous emission of phonons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 318-320 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, "Inhomogeneous Broadening, Luminescence Origin and Optical Amplification in Bismuth-Doped Glass," J. Phys. Chem. A,  112, 3036-3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, H.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, "Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Y.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, and G. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Douay, M.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, "Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Fockele, M.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, "Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 1, 13-26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325-3326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glasses," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guggenheim, H. J.

L. F. Johnson, H. J. Guggenheim, D. Bahnck, and A. M. Johnson, "Phonon-terminated laser emission from Ni2+ ions in KMgF3," Opt.Lett. 8, 371-373 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Johnson, R. E. Dietz, and H. J. Guggenheim, " Optical maser oscillation from Ni2+ in MgF2 involving simultaneous emission of phonons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 318-320 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

Hao, J.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, "Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407-1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, "Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, N.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, "Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407-1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express. 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express. 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification," Opt. Lett. 29, 1998-2000 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, A. M.

L. F. Johnson, H. J. Guggenheim, D. Bahnck, and A. M. Johnson, "Phonon-terminated laser emission from Ni2+ ions in KMgF3," Opt.Lett. 8, 371-373 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, L. F.

L. F. Johnson, H. J. Guggenheim, D. Bahnck, and A. M. Johnson, "Phonon-terminated laser emission from Ni2+ ions in KMgF3," Opt.Lett. 8, 371-373 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Johnson, R. E. Dietz, and H. J. Guggenheim, " Optical maser oscillation from Ni2+ in MgF2 involving simultaneous emission of phonons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 318-320 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

Kustov, E. F.

Lakshminarayana, G.

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, "Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 1010112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, "Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407-1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lerouge, A.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, "Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, and G. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lohse, F.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, "Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 1, 13-26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

Melkumov, M. A.

Meng, X.

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express. 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express. 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification," Opt. Lett. 29, 1998-2000 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moncorgé, R.

R. Moncorgé and T. Benyattou, "Excited-state absorption of Ni2+ in MgF2 and MgO," Phys. Rev. B 37, 9186-9196 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325-3326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glasses," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, "Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peng, M.

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express. 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express. 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification," Opt. Lett. 29, 1998-2000 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petricevic, V.

Qiu, J.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, "Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407-1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, "Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, "Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 1010112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, "Inhomogeneous Broadening, Luminescence Origin and Optical Amplification in Bismuth-Doped Glass," J. Phys. Chem. A,  112, 3036-3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express. 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express. 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification," Opt. Lett. 29, 1998-2000 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, Y.

Y. Qiu and Y. Shen, "Investigation on the spectral characteristics of bismuth doped silica fibers," Opt. Mater. 31, 223-228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Razdobreev, I.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, "Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, "Inhomogeneous Broadening, Luminescence Origin and Optical Amplification in Bismuth-Doped Glass," J. Phys. Chem. A,  112, 3036-3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruan, J.

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, "Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 1010112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sharonov, M. Yu.

Shen, Y.

Y. Qiu and Y. Shen, "Investigation on the spectral characteristics of bismuth doped silica fibers," Opt. Mater. 31, 223-228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shubin, A. V.

Si, J.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, and G. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spaeth, J-M.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, "Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 1, 13-26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, M.

M. Srivastava, "Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+BPO5 (M2+=Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+)," J. Lumin. 78, 239-243 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Su, L.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, and G. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, "Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Truong, V. G.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, "Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Umnikov, A. A.

Wu, E.

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, "Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 1010112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, and G. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, "Inhomogeneous Broadening, Luminescence Origin and Optical Amplification in Bismuth-Doped Glass," J. Phys. Chem. A,  112, 3036-3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, "Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407-1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, I.

Yang, W.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, and G. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yashkov, M. V.

Ye, S.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, "Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407-1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, "Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 1010112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, "Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q.

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express. 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express. 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Z.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, and G. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, G.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, and G. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, S.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, "Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, "Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 1010112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, "Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407-1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, "Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407-1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express. 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express. 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification," Opt. Lett. 29, 1998-2000 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, "Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407-1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325-3326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, "Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, "Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 1010112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, "Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, "Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Blasse and A. Bril, "Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors," J. Chem. Phys. 48, 217-222 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

M. Srivastava, "Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+BPO5 (M2+=Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+)," J. Lumin. 78, 239-243 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, "Inhomogeneous Broadening, Luminescence Origin and Optical Amplification in Bismuth-Doped Glass," J. Phys. Chem. A,  112, 3036-3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J-M. Spaeth, and R. H. Barturam, "Identification and optical properties of axial lead centres in alkaline-earth fluorides," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 1, 13-26 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glasses," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt Lett. (1)

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, and G. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Express. (2)

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express. 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express. 13, 1635-1642 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Qiu and Y. Shen, "Investigation on the spectral characteristics of bismuth doped silica fibers," Opt. Mater. 31, 223-228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt.Lett. (1)

L. F. Johnson, H. J. Guggenheim, D. Bahnck, and A. M. Johnson, "Phonon-terminated laser emission from Ni2+ ions in KMgF3," Opt.Lett. 8, 371-373 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. Moncorgé and T. Benyattou, "Excited-state absorption of Ni2+ in MgF2 and MgO," Phys. Rev. B 37, 9186-9196 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. F. Johnson, R. E. Dietz, and H. J. Guggenheim, " Optical maser oscillation from Ni2+ in MgF2 involving simultaneous emission of phonons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 318-320 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. Boulon, Spectroscopy of Solid-State Laser-type Materials vol 30, ed. B Di Bartolo (New York: Plenum, 1987) pp 223-66.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Absorption spectra of BFB, BF crystals and Bi-doped glass[7] in the wavelength region from 200 to 2000 nm. The inset shows the photographs of crystal samples.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

NIR photoluminescence spectra of BFB crystal excited at 500, 700, and 808 nm, and measured excitation spectra of BFB crystal monitored at 1070, 1280 and 1500 nm

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

NIR emission spectra of BFB crystal excited at wavelengths between 500 and 590 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Visible luminescence and corresponding excitation spectra of BFB crystal.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

NIR emission spectra of BFB samples before and after heat treatment, respectively. The inset shows the photographs of the samples.

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