Abstract

Theory and experiments on the side-mode-suppression-ratio (SMSR) enhancement and the linewidth reduction of a Fabry-Perot laser diode (FPLD) side-mode-injection-locked by using another FPLD are demonstrated to realize its potential application as a DWDM transmitter source. The SMSR, the spectral linewidth and the linewidth enhancement factor are simulated to realize the limitation of the FPLD-FPLD link under side-mode injection-locking condition. A degradation of the linewidth enhancement factor from 1.5 to 2.1 is observed due to the slave FPLD injection-locked at principle- and side-mode conditions. Up to 22-channel selectability of the 2.5 Gbit/s directly modulated FPLD based transmitter under side-mode injection-locking is demonstrated with a SMSR >35 dB, a Q-factor 6.8-9.2, a locking range of 24 nm, a power penalty of -0.7 dB, and a BER of 10-10 at -17 dBm. The side-mode injection-locked FPLD shows high-quality transmission performance and meet the demand for cost-effective and high-capability 2.5 Gbit/s WDM systems.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Olshansky, V. A. Lanzisera, S. F. Su, R. Cross, A. M. Forucci, and A. H. Oakes, "Subcarrier multiplexed broad-band service network: A flexible platform for broad-band subscriber services," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 60-69, (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically Tunable, Diode-Pumped Erbium-Doped Fibre Ring Laser with Fibre Fabry-Perot Etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951, (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. C. Kwon and S. K. Han, "Performance analysis of a wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode by light injection of an external spectrally sliced Fabry-Perot laser diode," Appl. Opt. 45, 6175-6179, (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. J. Meng, T. Chau, and M. C. Wu, "Improved intrinsic dynamic distortions in directly modulated semiconductor lasers by optical injection-locking," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1172-1176, (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, "Fast Wavelength Tuning of a Self-Seeded Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode with a Fabry-Pérot Semiconductor Filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364-1366, (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-side mode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443, (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Lee, J. H. Song, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional DWDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, and Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and Experiments of a Mode Beating Noise Suppressed and Mutually Injection-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode and Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier Link" IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022, (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Q2. N. Kashima, "Dynamic properties of FP-LD transmitters using side-mode injection-locking for LANs and WDM-PONs," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3045-3058, (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Xu, Y.-J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and J. Shankar, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Express 15, 2953-2962, (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Noda, K. Kojima, and K. Kyuma, "Mutual injection-locking properties of monolithically integrated surface-emitting multiple-quantum-well distributed feedback lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1883-1894, (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. P. Agrawal, "Fiber-optic Communication Systems", 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1997, Ch. 3, p.121.
  13. N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306, (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

H. C. Kwon and S. K. Han, "Performance analysis of a wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode by light injection of an external spectrally sliced Fabry-Perot laser diode," Appl. Opt. 45, 6175-6179, (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Lee, J. H. Song, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional DWDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q2. N. Kashima, "Dynamic properties of FP-LD transmitters using side-mode injection-locking for LANs and WDM-PONs," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3045-3058, (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, and Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and Experiments of a Mode Beating Noise Suppressed and Mutually Injection-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode and Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier Link" IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022, (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, "Fast Wavelength Tuning of a Self-Seeded Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode with a Fabry-Pérot Semiconductor Filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364-1366, (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-side mode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443, (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

X. J. Meng, T. Chau, and M. C. Wu, "Improved intrinsic dynamic distortions in directly modulated semiconductor lasers by optical injection-locking," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1172-1176, (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. Olshansky, V. A. Lanzisera, S. F. Su, R. Cross, A. M. Forucci, and A. H. Oakes, "Subcarrier multiplexed broad-band service network: A flexible platform for broad-band subscriber services," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 60-69, (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306, (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically Tunable, Diode-Pumped Erbium-Doped Fibre Ring Laser with Fibre Fabry-Perot Etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951, (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. Noda, K. Kojima, and K. Kyuma, "Mutual injection-locking properties of monolithically integrated surface-emitting multiple-quantum-well distributed feedback lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1883-1894, (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-side mode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bergano, N. S.

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306, (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chae, C.-J.

Chang, Y.-C.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, and Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and Experiments of a Mode Beating Noise Suppressed and Mutually Injection-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode and Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier Link" IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chau, T.

X. J. Meng, T. Chau, and M. C. Wu, "Improved intrinsic dynamic distortions in directly modulated semiconductor lasers by optical injection-locking," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1172-1176, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.-F.

Chiang, K. S.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, "Fast Wavelength Tuning of a Self-Seeded Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode with a Fabry-Pérot Semiconductor Filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364-1366, (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-side mode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cross, R.

R. Olshansky, V. A. Lanzisera, S. F. Su, R. Cross, A. M. Forucci, and A. H. Oakes, "Subcarrier multiplexed broad-band service network: A flexible platform for broad-band subscriber services," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 60-69, (1993).
[CrossRef]

Davidsion, C. R.

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306, (1992).
[CrossRef]

Digiovanni, D. J.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically Tunable, Diode-Pumped Erbium-Doped Fibre Ring Laser with Fibre Fabry-Perot Etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Forucci, A. M.

R. Olshansky, V. A. Lanzisera, S. F. Su, R. Cross, A. M. Forucci, and A. H. Oakes, "Subcarrier multiplexed broad-band service network: A flexible platform for broad-band subscriber services," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 60-69, (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gambling, W. A.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, "Fast Wavelength Tuning of a Self-Seeded Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode with a Fabry-Pérot Semiconductor Filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364-1366, (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-side mode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. K.

Kashima, N.

Q2. N. Kashima, "Dynamic properties of FP-LD transmitters using side-mode injection-locking for LANs and WDM-PONs," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3045-3058, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kerfoot, F. W.

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306, (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, K.

S. Noda, K. Kojima, and K. Kyuma, "Mutual injection-locking properties of monolithically integrated surface-emitting multiple-quantum-well distributed feedback lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1883-1894, (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, H. C.

Kyuma, K.

S. Noda, K. Kojima, and K. Kyuma, "Mutual injection-locking properties of monolithically integrated surface-emitting multiple-quantum-well distributed feedback lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1883-1894, (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lanzisera, V. A.

R. Olshansky, V. A. Lanzisera, S. F. Su, R. Cross, A. M. Forucci, and A. H. Oakes, "Subcarrier multiplexed broad-band service network: A flexible platform for broad-band subscriber services," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 60-69, (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. K.

K. Lee, J. H. Song, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional DWDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

K. Lee, J. H. Song, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional DWDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, "Fast Wavelength Tuning of a Self-Seeded Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode with a Fabry-Pérot Semiconductor Filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364-1366, (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-side mode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, G.-R.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, and Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and Experiments of a Mode Beating Noise Suppressed and Mutually Injection-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode and Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier Link" IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.-H.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, and Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and Experiments of a Mode Beating Noise Suppressed and Mutually Injection-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode and Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier Link" IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-side mode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Meng, X. J.

X. J. Meng, T. Chau, and M. C. Wu, "Improved intrinsic dynamic distortions in directly modulated semiconductor lasers by optical injection-locking," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1172-1176, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

S. Noda, K. Kojima, and K. Kyuma, "Mutual injection-locking properties of monolithically integrated surface-emitting multiple-quantum-well distributed feedback lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1883-1894, (1990).
[CrossRef]

Oakes, A. H.

R. Olshansky, V. A. Lanzisera, S. F. Su, R. Cross, A. M. Forucci, and A. H. Oakes, "Subcarrier multiplexed broad-band service network: A flexible platform for broad-band subscriber services," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 60-69, (1993).
[CrossRef]

Olshansky, R.

R. Olshansky, V. A. Lanzisera, S. F. Su, R. Cross, A. M. Forucci, and A. H. Oakes, "Subcarrier multiplexed broad-band service network: A flexible platform for broad-band subscriber services," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 60-69, (1993).
[CrossRef]

Piccirilli, A.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically Tunable, Diode-Pumped Erbium-Doped Fibre Ring Laser with Fibre Fabry-Perot Etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pramayon, P. E.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically Tunable, Diode-Pumped Erbium-Doped Fibre Ring Laser with Fibre Fabry-Perot Etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically Tunable, Diode-Pumped Erbium-Doped Fibre Ring Laser with Fibre Fabry-Perot Etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shankar, J.

Song, J. H.

K. Lee, J. H. Song, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional DWDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W. V.

K. Lee, J. H. Song, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional DWDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stone, J.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically Tunable, Diode-Pumped Erbium-Doped Fibre Ring Laser with Fibre Fabry-Perot Etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically Tunable, Diode-Pumped Erbium-Doped Fibre Ring Laser with Fibre Fabry-Perot Etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Su, S. F.

R. Olshansky, V. A. Lanzisera, S. F. Su, R. Cross, A. M. Forucci, and A. H. Oakes, "Subcarrier multiplexed broad-band service network: A flexible platform for broad-band subscriber services," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 60-69, (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J. W.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically Tunable, Diode-Pumped Erbium-Doped Fibre Ring Laser with Fibre Fabry-Perot Etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wen, Y.-J.

Wu, M. C.

X. J. Meng, T. Chau, and M. C. Wu, "Improved intrinsic dynamic distortions in directly modulated semiconductor lasers by optical injection-locking," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1172-1176, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Zhang, L.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-side mode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, W.-D.

Zyskind, J. L.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically Tunable, Diode-Pumped Erbium-Doped Fibre Ring Laser with Fibre Fabry-Perot Etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically Tunable, Diode-Pumped Erbium-Doped Fibre Ring Laser with Fibre Fabry-Perot Etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951, (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Q2. N. Kashima, "Dynamic properties of FP-LD transmitters using side-mode injection-locking for LANs and WDM-PONs," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3045-3058, (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Olshansky, V. A. Lanzisera, S. F. Su, R. Cross, A. M. Forucci, and A. H. Oakes, "Subcarrier multiplexed broad-band service network: A flexible platform for broad-band subscriber services," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 60-69, (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Noda, K. Kojima, and K. Kyuma, "Mutual injection-locking properties of monolithically integrated surface-emitting multiple-quantum-well distributed feedback lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1883-1894, (1990).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, and Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and Experiments of a Mode Beating Noise Suppressed and Mutually Injection-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode and Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier Link" IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022, (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, "Fast Wavelength Tuning of a Self-Seeded Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode with a Fabry-Pérot Semiconductor Filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364-1366, (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-side mode suppression ratio," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443, (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Lee, J. H. Song, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional DWDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306, (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

X. J. Meng, T. Chau, and M. C. Wu, "Improved intrinsic dynamic distortions in directly modulated semiconductor lasers by optical injection-locking," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1172-1176, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, "Fiber-optic Communication Systems", 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1997, Ch. 3, p.121.

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