Abstract

We propose an operation switchable ring-cavity erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) via intra-cavity polarization control. By using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror in the EDFL cavity, stable Q-switching, Q-switched mode-locking, continuous-wave mode-locking, pulse splitting, and harmonic mode-locking pulses can be manipulated simply by detuning a polarization controller while keeping the pump power at the same level. All EDFL operation states can be obtained under the polarization angles detuning within 180°. Continuous-wave mode-locking of EDFL with 800-fs pulsewidth repeated at 4 MHz has been obtained, for which the output pulse energy is 0.5 nJ and the peak power is 625 W. Interaction between solitons and the accompanied non-soliton component will lead to either pulse splitting or 5th-order harmonic mode-locking at repetition rate of 20 MHz.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. N. Filippov, A. N. Starodumov, and A. V. Kir’yanov, "All-fiber passively Q-switched low-threshold erbium laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 343-345 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Zhao and S. D. Jackson, "Passively Q-switched fiber laser that uses saturable Raman gain," Opt. Lett. 31, 751-753 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Hakulinen and O. G. Okhotnikov, "8 ns fiber laser Q switched by the resonant saturable absorber mirror," Opt. Lett. 32, 2677-2679 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. C. Barnett, L. Rahman, M. N. Islam, Y. C. Chen, P. Bhattacharya, W. Riha, K. V. Reddy, A. T. Howe, K. A. Stair, H. Iwamura, S. R. Friberg, and T. Mukai, "High-power erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 20, 471-473 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, "Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications," New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J.-H. Lin, W.-H. Yang, W.-F. Hsieh, and K. -H. Lin, "Low threshold and high power output of a diode-pumped nonlinear mirror mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser," Opt. Express 13, 6323-6329 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. W. Lou and M. Currie, "High-energy saturable absorber mode-locked fiber laser system," Opt. Lett. 30, 406-408 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. K. Nielsen and S. R. Keiding, "All-fiber mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 32,1474-1476 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, "High repetition rate, low jitter, low intensity noise, fundamentally mode-locked 167 fs soliton Er-fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 1566-1568 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Kieu and M. Mansuripur, "All-fiber bidirectional passively mode-locked ring laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 64-66 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. A. Zenteno, H. Po, and N. M. Cho, "All-solid-state passively Q-switched mode-locked Nd-doped fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 15, 115-117 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J.-H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, H.-H. Hsu, and W.-F. Hsieh, "Q-switched and mode-locked pulses generation in Nd:GdVO4 laser with dual loss-modulation mechanism," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 276-280 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,  16, 46-56 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. B. Grudinin and S. Gray, "Passive harmonic mode locking in soliton fiber lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,  14, 144-154 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Xu, D. Lei, S. Wen, X. Fu, J. Zhang, Y. Shao, L. Zhang, H. Zhang, and D. Fan, "Observation of central wavelength dynamics in erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Express 16, 7169-7174 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Jiang, G. Sucha, M. E. Fermann, J. Jimenez, D. Harter, M. Dagenais, S. Fox, and Y. Hu, "Nonlinearly limited saturable-absorber mode locking of an erbium fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 24, 1074-1076 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Applications of nonlinear fiber optics (Academic Press, 2nd edition, 2008).
  18. R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Effect of amplified spontaneous emission and absorber mirror recovery time on the dynamics of mode-locked fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011113 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Kivistö, R. Herda, and O. G. Okhotnikov, "All-fiber supercontinuum source based on a mode-locked ytterbium laser with dispersion compensation by linearly chirped Bragg grating," Opt. Express 16, 265-270 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, "Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications," New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

1999

1997

1995

1990

Barnett, B. C.

Bhattacharya, P.

Chen, J.

Chen, Y. C.

Cho, N. M.

Currie, M.

Dagenais, M.

Fan, D.

Fermann, M. E.

Filippov, V. N.

Fox, S.

Friberg, S. R.

Fu, X.

Gray, S.

Grudinin, A.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, "Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications," New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

Hakulinen, T.

Harter, D.

Herda, R.

S. Kivistö, R. Herda, and O. G. Okhotnikov, "All-fiber supercontinuum source based on a mode-locked ytterbium laser with dispersion compensation by linearly chirped Bragg grating," Opt. Express 16, 265-270 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Effect of amplified spontaneous emission and absorber mirror recovery time on the dynamics of mode-locked fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hönninger, C.

Howe, A. T.

Hsieh, W.-F.

J.-H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, H.-H. Hsu, and W.-F. Hsieh, "Q-switched and mode-locked pulses generation in Nd:GdVO4 laser with dual loss-modulation mechanism," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 276-280 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Lin, W.-H. Yang, W.-F. Hsieh, and K. -H. Lin, "Low threshold and high power output of a diode-pumped nonlinear mirror mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser," Opt. Express 13, 6323-6329 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, H.-H.

J.-H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, H.-H. Hsu, and W.-F. Hsieh, "Q-switched and mode-locked pulses generation in Nd:GdVO4 laser with dual loss-modulation mechanism," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 276-280 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.

Ippen, E. P.

Islam, M. N.

Iwamura, H.

Jackson, S. D.

Jiang, M.

Jimenez, J.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keiding, S. R.

Keller, U.

Kieu, K.

Kir’yanov, A. V.

Kivistö, S.

Lei, D.

Lin, J.-H.

J.-H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, H.-H. Hsu, and W.-F. Hsieh, "Q-switched and mode-locked pulses generation in Nd:GdVO4 laser with dual loss-modulation mechanism," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 276-280 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Lin, W.-H. Yang, W.-F. Hsieh, and K. -H. Lin, "Low threshold and high power output of a diode-pumped nonlinear mirror mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser," Opt. Express 13, 6323-6329 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, K. -H.

Lin, K.-H.

J.-H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, H.-H. Hsu, and W.-F. Hsieh, "Q-switched and mode-locked pulses generation in Nd:GdVO4 laser with dual loss-modulation mechanism," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 276-280 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lou, J. W.

Mansuripur, M.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Moser, M.

Mukai, T.

Nielsen, C. K.

Okhotnikov, O.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, "Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications," New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Paschotta, R.

Pessa, M.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, "Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications," New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Po, H.

Rahman, L.

Reddy, K. V.

Riha, W.

Shao, Y.

Sickler, J. W.

Stair, K. A.

Starodumov, A. N.

Sucha, G.

Wen, S.

Xu, H.

Yang, W.-H.

Zenteno, L. A.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L.

Zhao, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Effect of amplified spontaneous emission and absorber mirror recovery time on the dynamics of mode-locked fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Phys. Lett.

J.-H. Lin, K.-H. Lin, H.-H. Hsu, and W.-F. Hsieh, "Q-switched and mode-locked pulses generation in Nd:GdVO4 laser with dual loss-modulation mechanism," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 276-280 (2008).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, "Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications," New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Y. Zhao and S. D. Jackson, "Passively Q-switched fiber laser that uses saturable Raman gain," Opt. Lett. 31, 751-753 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. Nielsen and S. R. Keiding, "All-fiber mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 32,1474-1476 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, "High repetition rate, low jitter, low intensity noise, fundamentally mode-locked 167 fs soliton Er-fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 1566-1568 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hakulinen and O. G. Okhotnikov, "8 ns fiber laser Q switched by the resonant saturable absorber mirror," Opt. Lett. 32, 2677-2679 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kieu and M. Mansuripur, "All-fiber bidirectional passively mode-locked ring laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 64-66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Zenteno, H. Po, and N. M. Cho, "All-solid-state passively Q-switched mode-locked Nd-doped fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 15, 115-117 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Barnett, L. Rahman, M. N. Islam, Y. C. Chen, P. Bhattacharya, W. Riha, K. V. Reddy, A. T. Howe, K. A. Stair, H. Iwamura, S. R. Friberg, and T. Mukai, "High-power erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 20, 471-473 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jiang, G. Sucha, M. E. Fermann, J. Jimenez, D. Harter, M. Dagenais, S. Fox, and Y. Hu, "Nonlinearly limited saturable-absorber mode locking of an erbium fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 24, 1074-1076 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Filippov, A. N. Starodumov, and A. V. Kir’yanov, "All-fiber passively Q-switched low-threshold erbium laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 343-345 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Lou and M. Currie, "High-energy saturable absorber mode-locked fiber laser system," Opt. Lett. 30, 406-408 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of nonlinear fiber optics (Academic Press, 2nd edition, 2008).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the erbium-doped fiber laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) CW lasing signal on oscilloscope; (b) Q-switched EDFL output pulse train; (c) Q-switched mode-locking EDFL output pulse train; (d) CW mode-locking EDFL output pulse train.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Pedestal-free Q-switched mode-locked EDFL output pulse train, in which the LD pump current is increased, and the polarizer and polarization controller are removed.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Autocorrelation trace and (b) spectrum of the CML pulses. The measured pulsewidth is 800 fs and the spectral width is 8 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

An effective intensity-dependent loss modulator consists of a polarization controller, a section of erbium-doped fiber, the intracavity fiber links (dashed line), and a polarizer

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Adjustment on the polarization leads to (a) the splitting CML-EDFL pulse, and (b) the HML-EDFL.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Typical polarization tuning angle and output power for various EDFL states

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

δ s ( t ) t = δ s ( t ) Δ R τ rec ψ ( t ) 2 E sat , A δ s ( t ) ,
E c = E sat , G E sat , A Δ R ,

Metrics