Abstract

An optical device scheme that serves simultaneously as a power combiner for upstream and wavelength demultiplexer for downstream signals is presented. The design concept is validated experimentally by an optical module based on off-the-shelf discrete optical components. An integrated device based on planar lightwave circuit (PLC) is proposed and analyzed in which a multi-mode interference (MMI) device is utilized to separate the upstream 1310 nm signal from the downstream 155x nm signals. The dense WDM function is realized through an arrayedwaveguide- grating (AWG). Design guidelines and optimization procedure for the device are discussed by way of examples.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. W. Shumate, "Fiber-to-the-home: 1977-2007," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 1093-1103 (2008).
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  3. S. G. Mun, S. M. Lee, K. Okamoto, and C. H. Lee, "A multiple star WDM-PON using a band splitting WDM filter," Opt. Express 16, 6260-6266 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-16-9-6260.
  4. C. H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
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  6. I. Tsalamanis, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. C. Parker, and D. M. Holburn, "Experimental demonstration of cascaded AWG access network featuring bi-directional transmission and polarization multiplexing," Opt. Express. 12, 764-769 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-764.
  7. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. H. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review," J. Opt. Networking 4, 737-758 (2005).
  8. Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, "Silica-based arrayed-waveguide grating circuit as opticalsplitter/router," Electron. Lett. 31, 726-727, (1995).
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  11. C. L. Xu, X. B. Hong, and W. P. Huang, "Design optimization of integrated BiDi triplexer optical filter based on planar lightwave circuit," Opt. Express 14, 4675-4686 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-14-11-4675.
  12. APSS, "Apollo photonics solution suite," Apollo Inc., Hamilton, Ontario Canada.
  13. L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multimode interference devices based on self-Imaging - principles and applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).
  14. J. Lin, "Theoretical investigation of polarization-insensitive multimode interference splitters on silicon-on-insulator," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 1234-1236 (2008).
  15. K. Smit, and C. vanDam, "PHASAR-based WDM-devices: Principles, design and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236-250 (1996).
  16. X. Dai, and S. L. He, "Design of a polarization-insensitive arrayed waveguide grating demultiplexer based on silicon photonic wires," Opt. Lett. 31, 1988-1990 (2006).
  17. L. H. Spiekman, M. R. Amersfoort, A. H. deVreede, F. P. G. M. vanHam, A. Kuntze, J. W. Pedersen, P. Demeester, and M. K. Smit, "Design and realization of polarization independent phased array wavelength demultiplexers using different array orders for TE and TM," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 991-995 (1996).

Other

P. W. Shumate, "Fiber-to-the-home: 1977-2007," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 1093-1103 (2008).

R. W. Heron, T. Pfeiffer, D. T. van Veen, J. Smith, and S. S. Patel, "Technology innovations and architecture solutions for the next-generation optical access network," Bell Labs Tech. J. 13, 163-181 (2008).

S. G. Mun, S. M. Lee, K. Okamoto, and C. H. Lee, "A multiple star WDM-PON using a band splitting WDM filter," Opt. Express 16, 6260-6266 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-16-9-6260.

C. H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

I. Sankawa, F. Yamamoto, Y. Okumura, and Y. Ogura, "Cost and quantity analysis of passive double-star optical-access-network facilities for broadband service multiplexing," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3625-3634 (2006).

I. Tsalamanis, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. C. Parker, and D. M. Holburn, "Experimental demonstration of cascaded AWG access network featuring bi-directional transmission and polarization multiplexing," Opt. Express. 12, 764-769 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-764.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. H. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review," J. Opt. Networking 4, 737-758 (2005).

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, "Silica-based arrayed-waveguide grating circuit as opticalsplitter/router," Electron. Lett. 31, 726-727, (1995).

Y. Li, L. Cohen, C. Henry, E. Laskowski, and M. Cappuzzo, "Demonstration and application of a monolithic two-PONs-in-one device," in Proceedings of the Twenty-second European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC ’96, (NEXUS Media Ltd., Oslo, Norway, 1996), pp. 123-126.

B. Little, "A VLSI photonics platform," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, pp. 444-445 (2003).

C. L. Xu, X. B. Hong, and W. P. Huang, "Design optimization of integrated BiDi triplexer optical filter based on planar lightwave circuit," Opt. Express 14, 4675-4686 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-14-11-4675.

APSS, "Apollo photonics solution suite," Apollo Inc., Hamilton, Ontario Canada.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multimode interference devices based on self-Imaging - principles and applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).

J. Lin, "Theoretical investigation of polarization-insensitive multimode interference splitters on silicon-on-insulator," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 1234-1236 (2008).

K. Smit, and C. vanDam, "PHASAR-based WDM-devices: Principles, design and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236-250 (1996).

X. Dai, and S. L. He, "Design of a polarization-insensitive arrayed waveguide grating demultiplexer based on silicon photonic wires," Opt. Lett. 31, 1988-1990 (2006).

L. H. Spiekman, M. R. Amersfoort, A. H. deVreede, F. P. G. M. vanHam, A. Kuntze, J. W. Pedersen, P. Demeester, and M. K. Smit, "Design and realization of polarization independent phased array wavelength demultiplexers using different array orders for TE and TM," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 991-995 (1996).

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