Abstract

We demonstrate a very simple all-optical switch (AOS) based on the bend effect of a nm fiber taper driven by outgoing light. The AOS operates at relative low control power compared with those of using nonlinear effect. In our configuration, we find that the turnoff and turnon time of the AOS are about 500ms and 760ms, respectively. The optimized extinction ratio of about 15db under 32mW control light at 980nm is achieved. This AOS effect will be very useful for creation of different interesting functional devices.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816- 819 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of Silica Nanowires on Silica Aerogels for Microphotonic Devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. X. B. Xing, Y. Q. Wang, and B. J. Li, "Nanofiber drawing and nanodevice assembly inpoly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Opt. Express 16, 10815-10822 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. X. B. Xing., ZhuH. , Y. Wang, and B. J. Li, "Ultracompact Photonic Coupling Splitters Twisted by PTT nanowires," Nano Lett. 8, 2839-2843 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. Tong, J. Lou, and E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. X. Jiang, L. Tong, G. Vienne, X. Guo, A. Tsao, Q. Yang, and D. Yang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, and A. Hale, "Optical microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161108 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, "Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Jiang, Y. Chen, G. Vienne, and L. Tong, "All-fiber add-drop filter based on microfiber knot resonators," Opt. Lett. 32, 1710-1712 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Li and L. Tong, "Mach-Zehnder interferometers assembled with optical microfibers or nanofibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 303-305 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. Gu, L. Zhang, X. Yin, and L. Tong, "Polymer Single-Nanowire Optical Sensors," Nano Lett. 8, 2757-2761 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Lou, L. Tong, and Z. Ye, "Modeling of silica nanowires for optical sensing," Opt. Express 13, 2135-2140 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  19. J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. C. D. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. D. Lukin, "Colloquium: Trapping and manipulating photon states in atomic ensembles," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457-472 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. W. She, J. Yu, and R. Feng, "Observation of a Push Force on the End Face of a Nanometer Silica Filament Exerted by Outgoing Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 243601 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

X. B. Xing., ZhuH. , Y. Wang, and B. J. Li, "Ultracompact Photonic Coupling Splitters Twisted by PTT nanowires," Nano Lett. 8, 2839-2843 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. B. Xing., ZhuH. , Y. Wang, and B. J. Li, "Ultracompact Photonic Coupling Splitters Twisted by PTT nanowires," Nano Lett. 8, 2839-2843 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. She, J. Yu, and R. Feng, "Observation of a Push Force on the End Face of a Nanometer Silica Filament Exerted by Outgoing Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 243601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gu, L. Zhang, X. Yin, and L. Tong, "Polymer Single-Nanowire Optical Sensors," Nano Lett. 8, 2757-2761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Li and L. Tong, "Mach-Zehnder interferometers assembled with optical microfibers or nanofibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 303-305 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. B. Xing, Y. Q. Wang, and B. J. Li, "Nanofiber drawing and nanodevice assembly inpoly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Opt. Express 16, 10815-10822 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

X. Jiang, Y. Chen, G. Vienne, and L. Tong, "All-fiber add-drop filter based on microfiber knot resonators," Opt. Lett. 32, 1710-1712 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, "Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007)
[CrossRef]

P. Bathelemy, M. Ghulinyan, Z. Gaburro, C. Toninelli, L. Pavesi, and D. S. Wiersma, "Optical switching by capillary condensation," Nature 1, 172-175 (2007).

2006 (2)

X. Jiang, L. Tong, G. Vienne, X. Guo, A. Tsao, Q. Yang, and D. Yang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

J. Lou, L. Tong, and Z. Ye, "Modeling of silica nanowires for optical sensing," Opt. Express 13, 2135-2140 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sumetsky, "Uniform coil optical resonator and waveguide transmission spectrum,eigenmodes, and dispersion relation," Opt. Express 13, 4331-4340 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, and A. Hale, "Optical microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of Silica Nanowires on Silica Aerogels for Microphotonic Devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. D. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

M. D. Lukin, "Colloquium: Trapping and manipulating photon states in atomic ensembles," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457-472 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816- 819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ashcom, J. B.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816- 819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bathelemy, P.

P. Bathelemy, M. Ghulinyan, Z. Gaburro, C. Toninelli, L. Pavesi, and D. S. Wiersma, "Optical switching by capillary condensation," Nature 1, 172-175 (2007).

Chen, X.

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of Silica Nanowires on Silica Aerogels for Microphotonic Devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Clark, S. M.

A. C. D. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dai, Q.

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, A. C. D.

A. C. D. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dulashko, Y.

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, and A. Hale, "Optical microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Feng, R.

W. She, J. Yu, and R. Feng, "Observation of a Push Force on the End Face of a Nanometer Silica Filament Exerted by Outgoing Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 243601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fini, J. M.

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, and A. Hale, "Optical microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fu, J.

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, "Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Gaburro, Z.

P. Bathelemy, M. Ghulinyan, Z. Gaburro, C. Toninelli, L. Pavesi, and D. S. Wiersma, "Optical switching by capillary condensation," Nature 1, 172-175 (2007).

Gattass, R. R.

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of Silica Nanowires on Silica Aerogels for Microphotonic Devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816- 819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D. J.

A. C. D. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghulinyan, M.

P. Bathelemy, M. Ghulinyan, Z. Gaburro, C. Toninelli, L. Pavesi, and D. S. Wiersma, "Optical switching by capillary condensation," Nature 1, 172-175 (2007).

Gopal, A. V.

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gu, F.

F. Gu, L. Zhang, X. Yin, and L. Tong, "Polymer Single-Nanowire Optical Sensors," Nano Lett. 8, 2757-2761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, Q.

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, X.

X. Jiang, L. Tong, G. Vienne, X. Guo, A. Tsao, Q. Yang, and D. Yang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hale, A.

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, and A. Hale, "Optical microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of Silica Nanowires on Silica Aerogels for Microphotonic Devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816- 819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, L.

X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Illing, L.

A. C. D. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, "Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007)
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, Y. Chen, G. Vienne, and L. Tong, "All-fiber add-drop filter based on microfiber knot resonators," Opt. Lett. 32, 1710-1712 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, L. Tong, G. Vienne, X. Guo, A. Tsao, Q. Yang, and D. Yang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lan, S.

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, B. J.

Li, Y.

Y. Li and L. Tong, "Mach-Zehnder interferometers assembled with optical microfibers or nanofibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 303-305 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of Silica Nanowires on Silica Aerogels for Microphotonic Devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lou, J.

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of Silica Nanowires on Silica Aerogels for Microphotonic Devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lou, L. Tong, and Z. Ye, "Modeling of silica nanowires for optical sensing," Opt. Express 13, 2135-2140 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, J. Lou, and E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816- 819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Lukin, "Colloquium: Trapping and manipulating photon states in atomic ensembles," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457-472 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maxwell, I.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816- 819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazur, E.

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of Silica Nanowires on Silica Aerogels for Microphotonic Devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, J. Lou, and E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816- 819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meng, Z.

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pavesi, L.

P. Bathelemy, M. Ghulinyan, Z. Gaburro, C. Toninelli, L. Pavesi, and D. S. Wiersma, "Optical switching by capillary condensation," Nature 1, 172-175 (2007).

She, W.

W. She, J. Yu, and R. Feng, "Observation of a Push Force on the End Face of a Nanometer Silica Filament Exerted by Outgoing Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 243601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, M.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816- 819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, Q.

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, "Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

Tong, L.

F. Gu, L. Zhang, X. Yin, and L. Tong, "Polymer Single-Nanowire Optical Sensors," Nano Lett. 8, 2757-2761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Li and L. Tong, "Mach-Zehnder interferometers assembled with optical microfibers or nanofibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 303-305 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, Y. Chen, G. Vienne, and L. Tong, "All-fiber add-drop filter based on microfiber knot resonators," Opt. Lett. 32, 1710-1712 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, "Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007)
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, L. Tong, G. Vienne, X. Guo, A. Tsao, Q. Yang, and D. Yang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of Silica Nanowires on Silica Aerogels for Microphotonic Devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lou, L. Tong, and Z. Ye, "Modeling of silica nanowires for optical sensing," Opt. Express 13, 2135-2140 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, J. Lou, and E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816- 819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toninelli, C.

P. Bathelemy, M. Ghulinyan, Z. Gaburro, C. Toninelli, L. Pavesi, and D. S. Wiersma, "Optical switching by capillary condensation," Nature 1, 172-175 (2007).

Trofimov, V. A.

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsao, A.

X. Jiang, L. Tong, G. Vienne, X. Guo, A. Tsao, Q. Yang, and D. Yang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vienne, G.

X. Jiang, Y. Chen, G. Vienne, and L. Tong, "All-fiber add-drop filter based on microfiber knot resonators," Opt. Lett. 32, 1710-1712 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, L. Tong, G. Vienne, X. Guo, A. Tsao, Q. Yang, and D. Yang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. Q.

Wiersma, D. S.

P. Bathelemy, M. Ghulinyan, Z. Gaburro, C. Toninelli, L. Pavesi, and D. S. Wiersma, "Optical switching by capillary condensation," Nature 1, 172-175 (2007).

Wu, L.

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xing, X. B.

X. B. Xing., ZhuH. , Y. Wang, and B. J. Li, "Ultracompact Photonic Coupling Splitters Twisted by PTT nanowires," Nano Lett. 8, 2839-2843 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. B. Xing, Y. Q. Wang, and B. J. Li, "Nanofiber drawing and nanodevice assembly inpoly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Opt. Express 16, 10815-10822 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, "Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

X. Jiang, L. Tong, G. Vienne, X. Guo, A. Tsao, Q. Yang, and D. Yang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

X. Jiang, L. Tong, G. Vienne, X. Guo, A. Tsao, Q. Yang, and D. Yang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Z.

Yin, X.

F. Gu, L. Zhang, X. Yin, and L. Tong, "Polymer Single-Nanowire Optical Sensors," Nano Lett. 8, 2757-2761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, J.

W. She, J. Yu, and R. Feng, "Observation of a Push Force on the End Face of a Nanometer Silica Filament Exerted by Outgoing Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 243601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

F. Gu, L. Zhang, X. Yin, and L. Tong, "Polymer Single-Nanowire Optical Sensors," Nano Lett. 8, 2757-2761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, X. B.

X. B. Xing., ZhuH. , Y. Wang, and B. J. Li, "Ultracompact Photonic Coupling Splitters Twisted by PTT nanowires," Nano Lett. 8, 2839-2843 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

X. Jiang, L. Tong, G. Vienne, X. Guo, A. Tsao, Q. Yang, and D. Yang, "Demonstration of optical microfiber knot resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, and A. Hale, "Optical microfiber loop resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, "Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007)
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Q. Dai, Z. Meng, X. Huang, L. Wu, Q. Guo, W. Hu, S. Lan, A. V. Gopal, and V. A. Trofimov, "All-optical switching using controlled formation of large volume three-dimensional optical matter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (3)

F. Gu, L. Zhang, X. Yin, and L. Tong, "Polymer Single-Nanowire Optical Sensors," Nano Lett. 8, 2757-2761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of Silica Nanowires on Silica Aerogels for Microphotonic Devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. B. Xing., ZhuH. , Y. Wang, and B. J. Li, "Ultracompact Photonic Coupling Splitters Twisted by PTT nanowires," Nano Lett. 8, 2839-2843 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (2)

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816- 819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Bathelemy, M. Ghulinyan, Z. Gaburro, C. Toninelli, L. Pavesi, and D. S. Wiersma, "Optical switching by capillary condensation," Nature 1, 172-175 (2007).

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W. She, J. Yu, and R. Feng, "Observation of a Push Force on the End Face of a Nanometer Silica Filament Exerted by Outgoing Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 243601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. D. Lukin, "Colloquium: Trapping and manipulating photon states in atomic ensembles," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457-472 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. C. D. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, "All-Optical Switching in Rubidium Vapor," Science 308, 672-674 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. H. Gibbs, Optical bistability: controlling light with light (Academic Press, 1985).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, 2002).

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (2567 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The AOS structure and the experiment setup. (a) and (b) The tips of the smaller and the larger fiber taper taken by a microscope (LEICA DM2500P). (c) The AOS structure taken by a digital camera (Canon G8) after a quartz plane-convex lens with 3.8mm focus length. (d) The scheme of experiment setup of AOS.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The wave shapes of signal captured by oscilloscope for different power of control light. (a) The wave shape of signal light without control light; (b)–(f) the wave shapes of signal for the control powers of 21.9mW, 29.9mW, 32mW, 34mW and 42.3mW, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Wave shape of signal captured by oscilloscope when control light at 980nm is turned on suddenly and the AOS is becoming “off”.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). A pose of the taper without control light but with signal light (Media 1); (b)–(h) the poses of the taper after control light turns on suddenly Media 1); (i) the tip displacement of the smaller taper during turnoff of AOS measured from (a)–(h).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Wave shape of signal captured by oscilloscope when control light at 980nm is turned off suddenly and the AOS enters the “on” state.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a). A pose of the taper with 32mW control light and 0.5mW signal light (Media 1); (b)–(l) the poses of the taper after control light turns off (Media 1); (m) the tip displacement of smaller taper during recovery of AOS measured from (a)–(l).

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