Abstract

A properly designed composite waveguide consisting of a one-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide and a conventional dielectric waveguide is proposed for the realization of a localized “light wheel”. Light confinedly rotating between the two waveguides is numerically demonstrated and explained physically in detail. A delocalized “light wheel” is found at the band gap edge caused by contra-directional coupling between the two waveguides. Because of this delocalized “light wheel” , the composite waveguide can be used to trap light as a cavity, and a quality factor of 9×103 is achieved as an example. The present structure is completely dielectric and thus easy to realize with a low loss.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

2005 (2)

2003 (2)

S. H. Kwon, H. Y. Ryu, G. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Photonic bandedge lasers in two-dimensional square-lattice photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3870 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (4)

T. Yoshie, J. Vu ˇ ckovi’c, A. Scherer, H. Chen, D. Deppe, "High quality two-dimensional photonic crystal slab cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4289 (2001)
[CrossRef]

E. Chow, S. Y. Lin, J. R. Wendt, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Quantitative analysis of bending efficiency in photonic-crystal waveguide bends at ⌊ = 1.55m wavelengths," Opt. Lett. 26, 286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Rennon, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, "12m long edge-emitting quantum-dot laser " Electron. Lett. 37, 690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, "Harmonic inversion of time signals and its applications," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Q1. D. Marcuse, "Bandwidth of Forward and Backward Coupling Directional Couplers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1773-1777 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1967 (1)

V. G. Veselago, "Electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative electrical and magnetic permeabilities," Usp. Fiz. Nauk. 92, 517 (1967).

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asano, T.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Banyal, R. K.

Cao, L.

Chow, E.

Drouard, E.

Dunbar, L. A.

Ferrier, L.

Ferrini, R.

Forchel, A.

S. Rennon, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, "12m long edge-emitting quantum-dot laser " Electron. Lett. 37, 690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Granet, G.

He, J.

He, Q.

He, S.

Hong, Z.

Huang, Y. J.

Jin, G.

Jin, Y.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Kim, G. H.

S. H. Kwon, H. Y. Ryu, G. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Photonic bandedge lasers in two-dimensional square-lattice photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3870 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klopf, F.

S. Rennon, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, "12m long edge-emitting quantum-dot laser " Electron. Lett. 37, 690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, S. H.

S. H. Kwon, H. Y. Ryu, G. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Photonic bandedge lasers in two-dimensional square-lattice photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3870 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

Lee, Y. H.

S. H. Kwon, H. Y. Ryu, G. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Photonic bandedge lasers in two-dimensional square-lattice photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3870 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

Lin, S. Y.

Lombardet, B.

Lu, W. T.

Mandelshtam, V. A.

V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, "Harmonic inversion of time signals and its applications," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

Q1. D. Marcuse, "Bandwidth of Forward and Backward Coupling Directional Couplers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1773-1777 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Moreau, A.

Noda, S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notomi, M.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perry, C. H.

Reithmaier, J. P.

S. Rennon, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, "12m long edge-emitting quantum-dot laser " Electron. Lett. 37, 690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rennon, S.

S. Rennon, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, "12m long edge-emitting quantum-dot laser " Electron. Lett. 37, 690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

Ryu, H. Y.

S. H. Kwon, H. Y. Ryu, G. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Photonic bandedge lasers in two-dimensional square-lattice photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3870 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

Shen, L. F.

W. Yan and L. F. Shen, "Open waveguide cavity using a negative index medium," Opt. Lett 33, 2806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shinya, A.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, B. S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sridhar, S.

Su, P.

Takahashi, C.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, J.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, H. F.

Taylor, H. S.

V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, "Harmonic inversion of time signals and its applications," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tichit, P. H.

Veselago, V. G.

V. G. Veselago, "Electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative electrical and magnetic permeabilities," Usp. Fiz. Nauk. 92, 517 (1967).

Viktorovitch, P.

Vodo, P.

Wang, J.

Wendt, J. R.

Xu, Y.

Xu, Z.

Yamada, K.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, W.

W. Yan and L. F. Shen, "Open waveguide cavity using a negative index medium," Opt. Lett 33, 2806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

Yeh, P.

Yokohama, I.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, J. Vu ˇ ckovi’c, A. Scherer, H. Chen, D. Deppe, "High quality two-dimensional photonic crystal slab cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4289 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Yoshie, J. Vu ˇ ckovi’c, A. Scherer, H. Chen, D. Deppe, "High quality two-dimensional photonic crystal slab cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4289 (2001)
[CrossRef]

S. H. Kwon, H. Y. Ryu, G. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Photonic bandedge lasers in two-dimensional square-lattice photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3870 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Rennon, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, "12m long edge-emitting quantum-dot laser " Electron. Lett. 37, 690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Q1. D. Marcuse, "Bandwidth of Forward and Backward Coupling Directional Couplers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1773-1777 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, "Harmonic inversion of time signals and its applications," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett (1)

W. Yan and L. F. Shen, "Open waveguide cavity using a negative index medium," Opt. Lett 33, 2806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Usp. Fiz. Nauk. (1)

V. G. Veselago, "Electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative electrical and magnetic permeabilities," Usp. Fiz. Nauk. 92, 517 (1967).

Other (3)

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding The Flow of Light (Princeton, NJ, 1995).

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic Press, NY, 1991).

A. Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House, Boston, 1995).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic diagram of the proposed composite dielectric waveguide structure. (b) Unit cell used in the calculation of the dispersion curves for the composite waveguide shown in (a). In all the numerical examples we choose the following geometric parameters: d 1 = 0.5a, d 2 = 0.5a, w 1 = 1.4a, and w 2 = 1.2a.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Extended band diagram of the 1D PhC waveguide (solid line) and the dispersion curve of a conventional dielectric waveguide (dashed line). A (in the second Brillouin zone) is the cross point between the two dispersion curves, while A’ is its corresponding point in the first Brillouin zone.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The band structures for the composite waveguide with different separation distance d. The star (*) points B and C indicate the band edge modes for the cases of separation distances d = 0 and d = 0.6a, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) The modulus of Hy field in a domain of 15a height and 70a length. White arrows show the propagation direction of light. A Gauss beam is coupled into (a) the composite waveguide; and (b) a single conventional waveguide.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

FDTD-simulated H-field pattern for (a) band edge mode B and (b) band edge mode C. Arrows shows the time averaged Poynting vector.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The Q-factor of the resonant mode near the band gap edge as the composite waveguide length varies. The inset shows H-field pattern of the resonant mode in the composite waveguide consisting of 27 unit cells. The numbers denote the resonant frequencies in the unit of 2πc/a

Equations (2)

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Δω = Δλ λ 0 2 = 4 κ π ( c v g + c v g ) ,
L = tanh 1 ( 1 T ) / κ ,

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