Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel method for tunable dispersion slope compensation. We use two uniform fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs), a spatially designed S-bending stage and 4-port circulator. Two FBGs are mounted on each surface of a metal plate along the calculated quadratic curve. The dispersion slope (DS) can be tuned by adjusting a nonlinear strain along two uniform FBGs without changing second order dispersion as well as the central wavelength. In the experiment, a DS tuning range from -13.9 to -54.8 ps/nm2 is achieved with the bandwidth of larger than 2.0 nm.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (New York: Academic 1997).
  2. Y. J. Lee, J Bae, K. Lee, J. M. Jeong, and S. B Lee, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensator using strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 762-764 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Vorbeck and R. Leppla, "Dispersion and dispersion slope tolerance of 160-Gb/s systems, considering the temperature dependence of chromatic dispersion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1470-1472 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Ibsen and R. Feced, "Fiber Bragg gratings for pure dispersion slope compensation," Opt. Lett. 28, 980-982 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Lee and G. P. Argawal, "Purely phase-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for broadband dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1091-1093 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "Design and fabrication of a tunable dispersion-slope compensating module based on strain-chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 524-526 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663-665 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Kwon and B. Lee, "Dispersion-order selectable chromatic dispersion compensator using strain-profile modification blocks," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 15, 1564 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sugihara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160-Gb/s RZ transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095-1097 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831-833 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Dabarsyah, C. S. Goh, S. K. Khijwania, S. Y. Set, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Adjustable group velocity dispersion and dispersion slope compensation devices with wavelength tunability based on enhanced thermal chirping of fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2711-2718 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. Shu, E. Turitsyna, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, "Novel complex gratings with third-order group delay variations for tunable pure dispersion slope compensation," Opt. Express 16, 12090 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, "Effectively tunable dispersion compensation based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings without central wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849-851 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, "Dispersion tuning of a linerly chirped fiber grating without a center wavelength shift by applying a strain gradient," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 845-847 (1998)
    [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Zhao, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhuo, J. Zhang, Y. Qian, W. Zheng, and Y. Zhang, "Tuning sampled nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings with adjustable chirp and fixed center wavelength," Microwave. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 432-434 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831-833 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sugihara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160-Gb/s RZ transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095-1097 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "Design and fabrication of a tunable dispersion-slope compensating module based on strain-chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 524-526 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, "Effectively tunable dispersion compensation based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings without central wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849-851 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhao, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhuo, J. Zhang, Y. Qian, W. Zheng, and Y. Zhang, "Tuning sampled nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings with adjustable chirp and fixed center wavelength," Microwave. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 432-434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

M. Ibsen and R. Feced, "Fiber Bragg gratings for pure dispersion slope compensation," Opt. Lett. 28, 980-982 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lee and G. P. Argawal, "Purely phase-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for broadband dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1091-1093 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Kwon and B. Lee, "Dispersion-order selectable chromatic dispersion compensator using strain-profile modification blocks," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 15, 1564 (2003)
[CrossRef]

S. Vorbeck and R. Leppla, "Dispersion and dispersion slope tolerance of 160-Gb/s systems, considering the temperature dependence of chromatic dispersion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1470-1472 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663-665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, "Dispersion tuning of a linerly chirped fiber grating without a center wavelength shift by applying a strain gradient," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 845-847 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Argawal, G. P.

H. Lee and G. P. Argawal, "Purely phase-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for broadband dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1091-1093 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bae, J

Y. J. Lee, J Bae, K. Lee, J. M. Jeong, and S. B Lee, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensator using strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 762-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bae, J.

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, "Effectively tunable dispersion compensation based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings without central wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849-851 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Caldwell, R.

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dabarsyah, B.

Feced, R.

Goh, C. S.

B. Dabarsyah, C. S. Goh, S. K. Khijwania, S. Y. Set, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Adjustable group velocity dispersion and dispersion slope compensation devices with wavelength tunability based on enhanced thermal chirping of fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2711-2718 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "Design and fabrication of a tunable dispersion-slope compensating module based on strain-chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 524-526 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663-665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grubsky, V.

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. G.

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, "Effectively tunable dispersion compensation based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings without central wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849-851 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Imai, T.

T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, "Dispersion tuning of a linerly chirped fiber grating without a center wavelength shift by applying a strain gradient," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 845-847 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Jeong, J. M.

Y. J. Lee, J Bae, K. Lee, J. M. Jeong, and S. B Lee, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensator using strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 762-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, "Effectively tunable dispersion compensation based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings without central wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849-851 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Katoh, K.

Khijwania, S. K.

Kikuchi, K.

B. Dabarsyah, C. S. Goh, S. K. Khijwania, S. Y. Set, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Adjustable group velocity dispersion and dispersion slope compensation devices with wavelength tunability based on enhanced thermal chirping of fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2711-2718 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "Design and fabrication of a tunable dispersion-slope compensating module based on strain-chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 524-526 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663-665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, "Effectively tunable dispersion compensation based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings without central wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849-851 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, "Effectively tunable dispersion compensation based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings without central wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849-851 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Komukai, T.

T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, "Dispersion tuning of a linerly chirped fiber grating without a center wavelength shift by applying a strain gradient," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 845-847 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Kubota, F.

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sugihara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160-Gb/s RZ transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095-1097 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, J.

J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Kwon and B. Lee, "Dispersion-order selectable chromatic dispersion compensator using strain-profile modification blocks," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 15, 1564 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Kwon and B. Lee, "Dispersion-order selectable chromatic dispersion compensator using strain-profile modification blocks," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 15, 1564 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

H. Lee and G. P. Argawal, "Purely phase-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for broadband dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1091-1093 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

Y. J. Lee, J Bae, K. Lee, J. M. Jeong, and S. B Lee, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensator using strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 762-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B

Y. J. Lee, J Bae, K. Lee, J. M. Jeong, and S. B Lee, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensator using strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 762-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

J. Kim, J. Bae, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, J. M. Jeong, and S. B. Lee, "Effectively tunable dispersion compensation based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings without central wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 849-851 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. J.

Y. J. Lee, J Bae, K. Lee, J. M. Jeong, and S. B Lee, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensator using strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 762-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leppla, R.

S. Vorbeck and R. Leppla, "Dispersion and dispersion slope tolerance of 160-Gb/s systems, considering the temperature dependence of chromatic dispersion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1470-1472 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Litchinitser, N.

P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831-833 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, S.

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sugihara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160-Gb/s RZ transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095-1097 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, T.

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sugihara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160-Gb/s RZ transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095-1097 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

T. Imai, T. Komukai, and M. Nakazawa, "Dispersion tuning of a linerly chirped fiber grating without a center wavelength shift by applying a strain gradient," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 845-847 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Nezam, S. M. R. M.

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qian, Y.

Z. Zhao, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhuo, J. Zhang, Y. Qian, W. Zheng, and Y. Zhang, "Tuning sampled nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings with adjustable chirp and fixed center wavelength," Microwave. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 432-434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reyes, P. I.

P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831-833 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roh, S.

J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

B. Dabarsyah, C. S. Goh, S. K. Khijwania, S. Y. Set, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Adjustable group velocity dispersion and dispersion slope compensation devices with wavelength tunability based on enhanced thermal chirping of fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2711-2718 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "Design and fabrication of a tunable dispersion-slope compensating module based on strain-chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 524-526 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663-665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shu, X.

Song, Y.W.

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sugden, K.

Sugihara, T.

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sugihara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160-Gb/s RZ transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095-1097 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831-833 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taira, K.

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663-665 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takabayashi, M.

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sugihara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160-Gb/s RZ transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095-1097 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyna, E.

Vorbeck, S.

S. Vorbeck and R. Leppla, "Dispersion and dispersion slope tolerance of 160-Gb/s systems, considering the temperature dependence of chromatic dispersion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1470-1472 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831-833 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wilcox, R.

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yoshiara, K.

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Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
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Z. Zhao, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhuo, J. Zhang, Y. Qian, W. Zheng, and Y. Zhang, "Tuning sampled nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings with adjustable chirp and fixed center wavelength," Microwave. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 432-434 (2004).
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Z. Zhao, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhuo, J. Zhang, Y. Qian, W. Zheng, and Y. Zhang, "Tuning sampled nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings with adjustable chirp and fixed center wavelength," Microwave. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 432-434 (2004).
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Z. Zhao, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhuo, J. Zhang, Y. Qian, W. Zheng, and Y. Zhang, "Tuning sampled nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings with adjustable chirp and fixed center wavelength," Microwave. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 432-434 (2004).
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Z. Zhao, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhuo, J. Zhang, Y. Qian, W. Zheng, and Y. Zhang, "Tuning sampled nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings with adjustable chirp and fixed center wavelength," Microwave. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 432-434 (2004).
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Z. Zhao, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhuo, J. Zhang, Y. Qian, W. Zheng, and Y. Zhang, "Tuning sampled nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings with adjustable chirp and fixed center wavelength," Microwave. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 432-434 (2004).
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Z. Zhao, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhuo, J. Zhang, Y. Qian, W. Zheng, and Y. Zhang, "Tuning sampled nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings with adjustable chirp and fixed center wavelength," Microwave. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 432-434 (2004).
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[CrossRef]

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Y.W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, V. Grubsky, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol,  20, 2259-2266 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Microwave. Opt. Technol. Lett.

Z. Zhao, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhuo, J. Zhang, Y. Qian, W. Zheng, and Y. Zhang, "Tuning sampled nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings with adjustable chirp and fixed center wavelength," Microwave. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 432-434 (2004).
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Opt. Lett.

Other

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of TDSC; (a) a specially designed mechanical rotator for S-bending of the metal beam, (b) side view of two FBGs-mounted metal beam.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated strain and time delay. (a) and (b) Induced nonlinear strain and Bragg wavelength distributions in FBG1 and FBG 2, respectively. (c) and (d) Time delay as a function of wavelength for different rotation angle in FBG1 and FBG2, respectively. (e) The group delays of cascaded two FBGs (The thickness of the metal plate is 380 μm and C=1).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) and (c) Measured transmission and time delay characteristics in FBG1 and FBg2, respectively. (b) and (d) Measured GVD and DS in FBG1 and FBG2, respectively as a function of rotation angle.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Induced DS of the proposed TDSC. (b) Transmission spectra. (c) Variation of 3-dB bandwidths and center wavelengths of the TDSC as a function of rotation angle.

Equations (4)

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ε ( x ) = 1 ρ · d 2 2 dz l 2 · ( 1 2 x l )
ε ( x ) = 2 d sin θ · 13 12 cos θ R · ( 3 2 cos θ ) 2 · ( 1 2 x l )
ε f ( x ) = cos α = C 3 d sin θ · 13 12 cos θ R · ( 3 2 cos θ ) 2 · ( l 2 x l ) · 1 1 + ( df ( x ) / dx ) 2
λ B ( x ) = 2 ( x ) = 2 n Λ 0 [ 1 + ε ( x ) ]

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