Abstract

We report on an efficient Q-switched eye-safe laser at 1525 nm with a double-end diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 crystal as a self-Raman gain medium. A diffusion-bonded crystal not only reduces the thermal effects but also increase the interaction length for the stimulated Raman scattering. With an input pump power of 17.2 W, average power of 2.23 W at the first-Stokes wavelength of 1525 nm is generated at a pulse repetition rate of 40 kHz, corresponding to a conversion efficiency of 13%.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  7. A. Sennaroglu, "Broadly tunable Cr4+-doped solid-state lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 26, 287-352 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Takei, S. Suzuki, and F. Kannari, "20-Hz operation of an eye-safe cascade Raman laser with a Ba(NO3)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 74, 521-527 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. F. Chen, "Compact efficient all-solid-state eye-safe laser with self-frequency Raman conversion in a Nd:YVO4 crystal," Opt. Lett. 29, 2172-2174 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. F. Chen, "Efficient 1521-nm Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2632-2634 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. F. F. Su, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, S. H. Ding, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, C. Zhang, and B. Liu "Diode pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2090-2093 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. F. Hanson, "Improved laser performance at 946 and 473 nm from a composite Nd:Y3Al5O12 rod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3549-3551 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  24. R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, M. M. Donald, M. B. Roos, and H. P. Weber, "Cooling schemes for longitudinally diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG rods," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1046-1053 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  25. Q2. M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, T. Kasamatsu, and H. Inaba, "Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end-pumped geometry," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 9-18 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  27. M. P. MacDonald, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, and H. P. Weber, "Reducing thermal lensing in diode-pumped laser rods," Opt. Commun. 178, 383-393 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, V. Kubeček, K. Nejezchleb, and K. Blažek, "Comparison of different composite Nd:YAG rods thermal properties under diode pumping," Proc. SPIE 4630, 128-134 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  29. Z. Zhuo, T. Li, X Li, and H. Yang, "Investigation of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal and its laser performance pumped by a fiber coupled diode laser," Opt. Commun. 274, 176-181 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Y. T. Chang, Y. P. Huang, K. W. Su, and Y. F. Chen, "Comparison of thermal lensing effects between single-end and double-end diffusion-bonded NdYVO4 crystals for 4F3/2→4I11/2 and 4F3/2→4I13/2 transitions," Opt. Express,  16, 21155-21160 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-25-21155.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

Y. X. Fan, Y. Liu, Y. H. Duan, Q. Wang, L. Fan, H. T. Wang, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, "High-efficiency eye-safe intracavity Raman laser at 1531 nm with SrWO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 93, 327-330 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang, D. W. Hu, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, and Z. H. Shao, "Eye-safe Raman laser at 1.5 μm based on BaWO4 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 122-124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Chang, Y. P. Huang, K. W. Su, and Y. F. Chen, "Comparison of thermal lensing effects between single-end and double-end diffusion-bonded NdYVO4 crystals for 4F3/2→4I11/2 and 4F3/2→4I13/2 transitions," Opt. Express,  16, 21155-21160 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-25-21155.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, X Li, and H. Yang, "Investigation of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal and its laser performance pumped by a fiber coupled diode laser," Opt. Commun. 274, 176-181 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q1. J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, "Crysatalline Raman Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 692-704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Huang, J. P. Lin, R. B. Su, J. H. Li, H. Zheng, C. H. Xu, F. Shi, Z. Z. Lin, J. Zhuang, W. R. Zeng, and W. X. Lin, "Short pulse eye-safe laser with a stimulated Raman scattering self-conversion based on a Nd:KGW crystal," Opt. Lett. 32, 1096-1098 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, "Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 927-933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. F. Su, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, S. H. Ding, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, C. Zhang, and B. Liu "Diode pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2090-2093 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

Y. F. Chen, "High-power diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser: influence of dopant concentration," Opt. Lett. 29, 1915-1917 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Černý, H. Jelínková, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev "Solid state laser with raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, "Compact efficient all-solid-state eye-safe laser with self-frequency Raman conversion in a Nd:YVO4 crystal," Opt. Lett. 29, 2172-2174 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. F. Chen, "Efficient 1521-nm Nd:GdVO4 Raman laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2632-2634 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brenier, G. Jia, and C. Tu, "Raman lasers at 1.171 and 1.517 μm with self-frequency conversion in SrWO4:Nd+ crystal," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16, 9103-9108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, Y. C. Chen, S. W. Chen and Y. P. Lan, "High-power efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4/KTP/Cr4+:YAG eye-safe laser," Opt. Commun. 234, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, "High-repetition-rate eye-safe optical parametric oscillator intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser, Appl. Phys. B 76, 263-266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. M. A. Gad, H. J. Eichler, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Highly efficient 1.3-μm second-Stokes PbWO4 Raman laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 426-428 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Pask, "The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 3-56 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

A. Sennaroglu, "Broadly tunable Cr4+-doped solid-state lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 26, 287-352 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Takei, S. Suzuki, and F. Kannari, "20-Hz operation of an eye-safe cascade Raman laser with a Ba(NO3)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 74, 521-527 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, V. Kubeček, K. Nejezchleb, and K. Blažek, "Comparison of different composite Nd:YAG rods thermal properties under diode pumping," Proc. SPIE 4630, 128-134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. P. MacDonald, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, and H. P. Weber, "Reducing thermal lensing in diode-pumped laser rods," Opt. Commun. 178, 383-393 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, "Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm," Appl. Phys. B 71, 893-896 (2000).

1999

1998

R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, M. M. Donald, M. B. Roos, and H. P. Weber, "Cooling schemes for longitudinally diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG rods," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1046-1053 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Fluck, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, "Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3273-3275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Xiao, M. Bass, and M. Acharekar, "Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241-2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

Q2. M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, T. Kasamatsu, and H. Inaba, "Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end-pumped geometry," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 9-18 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

F. Hanson, "Improved laser performance at 946 and 473 nm from a composite Nd:Y3Al5O12 rod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3549-3551 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

Acharekar, M.

G. H. Xiao, M. Bass, and M. Acharekar, "Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241-2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bagaev, S. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Balmer, J. E.

M. P. MacDonald, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, and H. P. Weber, "Reducing thermal lensing in diode-pumped laser rods," Opt. Commun. 178, 383-393 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, J. C.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T. T.

P. Černý, H. Jelínková, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev "Solid state laser with raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

G. H. Xiao, M. Bass, and M. Acharekar, "Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241-2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Blažek, K.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, V. Kubeček, K. Nejezchleb, and K. Blažek, "Comparison of different composite Nd:YAG rods thermal properties under diode pumping," Proc. SPIE 4630, 128-134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, G. Jia, and C. Tu, "Raman lasers at 1.171 and 1.517 μm with self-frequency conversion in SrWO4:Nd+ crystal," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16, 9103-9108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cerný, P.

P. Černý, H. Jelínková, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev "Solid state laser with raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J.

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, "Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 927-933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. T.

Chen, S. W.

Y. F. Chen, Y. C. Chen, S. W. Chen and Y. P. Lan, "High-power efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4/KTP/Cr4+:YAG eye-safe laser," Opt. Commun. 234, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, "High-repetition-rate eye-safe optical parametric oscillator intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser, Appl. Phys. B 76, 263-266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. C.

Y. F. Chen, Y. C. Chen, S. W. Chen and Y. P. Lan, "High-power efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4/KTP/Cr4+:YAG eye-safe laser," Opt. Commun. 234, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Chyba, T. H.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ding, S. H.

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, "Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 927-933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. F. Su, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, S. H. Ding, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, C. Zhang, and B. Liu "Diode pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2090-2093 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Donald, M. M.

R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, M. M. Donald, M. B. Roos, and H. P. Weber, "Cooling schemes for longitudinally diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG rods," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1046-1053 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Duan, Y. H.

Y. X. Fan, Y. Liu, Y. H. Duan, Q. Wang, L. Fan, H. T. Wang, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, "High-efficiency eye-safe intracavity Raman laser at 1531 nm with SrWO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 93, 327-330 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

G. M. A. Gad, H. J. Eichler, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Highly efficient 1.3-μm second-Stokes PbWO4 Raman laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 426-428 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fan, L.

Y. X. Fan, Y. Liu, Y. H. Duan, Q. Wang, L. Fan, H. T. Wang, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, "High-efficiency eye-safe intracavity Raman laser at 1531 nm with SrWO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 93, 327-330 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S. Z.

F. F. Su, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, S. H. Ding, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, C. Zhang, and B. Liu "Diode pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2090-2093 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, "Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 927-933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, Y. Liu, Y. H. Duan, Q. Wang, L. Fan, H. T. Wang, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, "High-efficiency eye-safe intracavity Raman laser at 1531 nm with SrWO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 93, 327-330 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

Z. P. Wang, D. W. Hu, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, and Z. H. Shao, "Eye-safe Raman laser at 1.5 μm based on BaWO4 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 122-124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

R. Fluck, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, "Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3273-3275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gad, G. M. A.

G. M. A. Gad, H. J. Eichler, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Highly efficient 1.3-μm second-Stokes PbWO4 Raman laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 426-428 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

R. Fluck, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, "Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3273-3275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Graf, Th.

M. P. MacDonald, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, and H. P. Weber, "Reducing thermal lensing in diode-pumped laser rods," Opt. Commun. 178, 383-393 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hanson, F.

F. Hanson, "Improved laser performance at 946 and 473 nm from a composite Nd:Y3Al5O12 rod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3549-3551 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Häring, R.

R. Fluck, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, "Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3273-3275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, "Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm," Appl. Phys. B 71, 893-896 (2000).

Hu, D. W.

Z. P. Wang, D. W. Hu, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, and Z. H. Shao, "Eye-safe Raman laser at 1.5 μm based on BaWO4 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 122-124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. H.

Huang, Y. P.

Inaba, H.

M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, "Improvement of thermal effects in a diode-end-pumped, composite Tm:YAG rod with undoped ends," Appl. Opt. 38, 1788-1791 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q2. M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, T. Kasamatsu, and H. Inaba, "Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end-pumped geometry," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 9-18 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jelínková, H.

P. Černý, H. Jelínková, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev "Solid state laser with raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, V. Kubeček, K. Nejezchleb, and K. Blažek, "Comparison of different composite Nd:YAG rods thermal properties under diode pumping," Proc. SPIE 4630, 128-134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jia, G.

A. Brenier, G. Jia, and C. Tu, "Raman lasers at 1.171 and 1.517 μm with self-frequency conversion in SrWO4:Nd+ crystal," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16, 9103-9108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jia, G. H.

Y. X. Fan, Y. Liu, Y. H. Duan, Q. Wang, L. Fan, H. T. Wang, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, "High-efficiency eye-safe intracavity Raman laser at 1531 nm with SrWO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 93, 327-330 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jia, P.

F. F. Su, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, S. H. Ding, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, C. Zhang, and B. Liu "Diode pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2090-2093 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, "Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 927-933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

G. M. A. Gad, H. J. Eichler, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Highly efficient 1.3-μm second-Stokes PbWO4 Raman laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 426-428 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kannari, F.

N. Takei, S. Suzuki, and F. Kannari, "20-Hz operation of an eye-safe cascade Raman laser with a Ba(NO3)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 74, 521-527 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kasamatsu, T.

Q2. M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, T. Kasamatsu, and H. Inaba, "Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end-pumped geometry," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 9-18 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kaz, A.

Keller, U.

R. Fluck, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, "Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3273-3275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kouta, H.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kubecek, V.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, V. Kubeček, K. Nejezchleb, and K. Blažek, "Comparison of different composite Nd:YAG rods thermal properties under diode pumping," Proc. SPIE 4630, 128-134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kück, S.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, "Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm," Appl. Phys. B 71, 893-896 (2000).

Kuwano, Y.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, Y. C. Chen, S. W. Chen and Y. P. Lan, "High-power efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4/KTP/Cr4+:YAG eye-safe laser," Opt. Commun. 234, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, "High-repetition-rate eye-safe optical parametric oscillator intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser, Appl. Phys. B 76, 263-266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. H.

Li, S. T.

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, "Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 927-933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. F. Su, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, S. H. Ding, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, C. Zhang, and B. Liu "Diode pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2090-2093 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, X Li, and H. Yang, "Investigation of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal and its laser performance pumped by a fiber coupled diode laser," Opt. Commun. 274, 176-181 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, X

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, X Li, and H. Yang, "Investigation of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal and its laser performance pumped by a fiber coupled diode laser," Opt. Commun. 274, 176-181 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J. P.

Lin, W. X.

Lin, Z. Z.

Liu, B.

F. F. Su, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, S. H. Ding, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, C. Zhang, and B. Liu "Diode pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2090-2093 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. X. Fan, Y. Liu, Y. H. Duan, Q. Wang, L. Fan, H. T. Wang, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, "High-efficiency eye-safe intracavity Raman laser at 1531 nm with SrWO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 93, 327-330 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. J.

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, "Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 927-933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lukasiewicz, T.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, "Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm," Appl. Phys. B 71, 893-896 (2000).

MacDonald, M. P.

M. P. MacDonald, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, and H. P. Weber, "Reducing thermal lensing in diode-pumped laser rods," Opt. Commun. 178, 383-393 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, L. R.

Melchior, H.

R. Fluck, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, "Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3273-3275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Murai, T.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nejezchleb, K.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, V. Kubeček, K. Nejezchleb, and K. Blažek, "Comparison of different composite Nd:YAG rods thermal properties under diode pumping," Proc. SPIE 4630, 128-134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Neuenschwander, B.

R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, M. M. Donald, M. B. Roos, and H. P. Weber, "Cooling schemes for longitudinally diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG rods," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1046-1053 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

R. Fluck, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, "Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3273-3275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pask, H. M.

Q1. J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, "Crysatalline Raman Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 692-704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, "The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 3-56 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Piper, J. A.

Q1. J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, "Crysatalline Raman Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 692-704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roos, M. B.

R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, M. M. Donald, M. B. Roos, and H. P. Weber, "Cooling schemes for longitudinally diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG rods," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1046-1053 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sennaroglu, A.

A. Sennaroglu, "Broadly tunable Cr4+-doped solid-state lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 26, 287-352 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z. H.

Z. P. Wang, D. W. Hu, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, and Z. H. Shao, "Eye-safe Raman laser at 1.5 μm based on BaWO4 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 122-124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shi, F.

Sokólska, I.

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, "Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm," Appl. Phys. B 71, 893-896 (2000).

Su, F. F.

F. F. Su, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, S. H. Ding, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, C. Zhang, and B. Liu "Diode pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2090-2093 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, "Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 927-933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Su, R. B.

Šulc, J.

J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, V. Kubeček, K. Nejezchleb, and K. Blažek, "Comparison of different composite Nd:YAG rods thermal properties under diode pumping," Proc. SPIE 4630, 128-134 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

N. Takei, S. Suzuki, and F. Kannari, "20-Hz operation of an eye-safe cascade Raman laser with a Ba(NO3)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 74, 521-527 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Taguchi, N.

M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, "Improvement of thermal effects in a diode-end-pumped, composite Tm:YAG rod with undoped ends," Appl. Opt. 38, 1788-1791 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q2. M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, T. Kasamatsu, and H. Inaba, "Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end-pumped geometry," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 9-18 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takei, N.

N. Takei, S. Suzuki, and F. Kannari, "20-Hz operation of an eye-safe cascade Raman laser with a Ba(NO3)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 74, 521-527 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, S. W.

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, "High-repetition-rate eye-safe optical parametric oscillator intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser, Appl. Phys. B 76, 263-266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsunekane, M.

M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, "Improvement of thermal effects in a diode-end-pumped, composite Tm:YAG rod with undoped ends," Appl. Opt. 38, 1788-1791 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q2. M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, T. Kasamatsu, and H. Inaba, "Analytical and experimental studies on the characteristics of composite solid-state laser rods in diode-end-pumped geometry," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 9-18 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tu, C.

A. Brenier, G. Jia, and C. Tu, "Raman lasers at 1.171 and 1.517 μm with self-frequency conversion in SrWO4:Nd+ crystal," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16, 9103-9108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tu, C. Y.

Y. X. Fan, Y. Liu, Y. H. Duan, Q. Wang, L. Fan, H. T. Wang, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, "High-efficiency eye-safe intracavity Raman laser at 1531 nm with SrWO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 93, 327-330 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. T.

Y. X. Fan, Y. Liu, Y. H. Duan, Q. Wang, L. Fan, H. T. Wang, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, "High-efficiency eye-safe intracavity Raman laser at 1531 nm with SrWO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 93, 327-330 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

Z. P. Wang, D. W. Hu, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, and Z. H. Shao, "Eye-safe Raman laser at 1.5 μm based on BaWO4 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 122-124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Y. X. Fan, Y. Liu, Y. H. Duan, Q. Wang, L. Fan, H. T. Wang, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, "High-efficiency eye-safe intracavity Raman laser at 1531 nm with SrWO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 93, 327-330 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. P.

F. F. Su, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, S. H. Ding, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, C. Zhang, and B. Liu "Diode pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2090-2093 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, "Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 927-933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. P.

Z. P. Wang, D. W. Hu, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, and Z. H. Shao, "Eye-safe Raman laser at 1.5 μm based on BaWO4 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 122-124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. P.

M. P. MacDonald, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, and H. P. Weber, "Reducing thermal lensing in diode-pumped laser rods," Opt. Commun. 178, 383-393 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, M. M. Donald, M. B. Roos, and H. P. Weber, "Cooling schemes for longitudinally diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG rods," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1046-1053 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weber, R.

R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, M. M. Donald, M. B. Roos, and H. P. Weber, "Cooling schemes for longitudinally diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG rods," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1046-1053 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, G. H.

G. H. Xiao, M. Bass, and M. Acharekar, "Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241-2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C. H.

Xu, X. G.

Z. P. Wang, D. W. Hu, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, and Z. H. Shao, "Eye-safe Raman laser at 1.5 μm based on BaWO4 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 122-124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, X Li, and H. Yang, "Investigation of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal and its laser performance pumped by a fiber coupled diode laser," Opt. Commun. 274, 176-181 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, W. R.

Zhang, C.

F. F. Su, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, S. H. Ding, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, C. Zhang, and B. Liu "Diode pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2090-2093 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

Z. P. Wang, D. W. Hu, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, and Z. H. Shao, "Eye-safe Raman laser at 1.5 μm based on BaWO4 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 122-124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. S.

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, "Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 927-933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. Y.

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, "Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 927-933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. F. Su, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, S. H. Ding, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, C. Zhang, and B. Liu "Diode pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 2090-2093 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, H.

Zhuang, J.

Zhuo, Z.

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, X Li, and H. Yang, "Investigation of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal and its laser performance pumped by a fiber coupled diode laser," Opt. Commun. 274, 176-181 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zverev, P. G.

P. Černý, H. Jelínková, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev "Solid state laser with raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, "High-repetition-rate eye-safe optical parametric oscillator intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser, Appl. Phys. B 76, 263-266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Łukasiewicz, "Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm," Appl. Phys. B 71, 893-896 (2000).

N. Takei, S. Suzuki, and F. Kannari, "20-Hz operation of an eye-safe cascade Raman laser with a Ba(NO3)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 74, 521-527 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, Y. Liu, Y. H. Duan, Q. Wang, L. Fan, H. T. Wang, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, "High-efficiency eye-safe intracavity Raman laser at 1531 nm with SrWO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 93, 327-330 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

F. Hanson, "Improved laser performance at 946 and 473 nm from a composite Nd:Y3Al5O12 rod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3549-3551 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Fluck, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, "Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3273-3275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett.

Z. P. Wang, D. W. Hu, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, X. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, and Z. H. Shao, "Eye-safe Raman laser at 1.5 μm based on BaWO4 crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 122-124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. H. Xiao, M. Bass, and M. Acharekar, "Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241-2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of a diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 Raman laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dependences of thermal lensing power on input pump power for conventional and double-end diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 CW laser at 1342 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectrum of the diode-pumped actively Q-switch Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The average output power at 1525 nm with respect to the input pump power at pulse repetition rates of 20 and 40 kHz shown as the down-triangle and circle symbols respectively for the double-end diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 crystal and that at 20 kHz shown as the square symbol for a conventional Nd:YVO4 crystal reported by Chen [9].

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Temporal characteristics of the fundamental and Raman pulses at a pulse repetition rate of 40 kHz with a pump power of 17.2 W.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Temporal characteristics of the fundamental and Raman pulses at a pulse repetition rate of 20 kHz with a pump power of 17.2 W.

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