Abstract

We propose a simple structure for manipulating resonant conditions in random structures, in which a “defect” region where no scatterer is set is deliberately made in the structure. By employing a two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method including rate equations, we examine the resonant and lasing properties observed at the defect region by changing the filling factor of scatterers. From the numerical results, we confirm that a distinct localized spot at the defect can be realized by determining an optimal filling factor and scatterer size and selecting the appropriate defect size.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Gouedard, D. Husson, C. Sauteret, F. Auzel, and A. Migus, "Generation of spatially incoherent short pulses in laser-pumped neodymium stoichiometric crystals and powders," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2358-2363 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436-438 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, "Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024-2033 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, "Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser," Nature 414, 708-709 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. A. Berger, M. Kempe, and A. Z. Genack, "Dynamics of stimulated emission from random media," Phys. Rev. E 56, 6118-6122 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. V. Soest, M. Tomita, and A. Lagendijk, "Amplifying volume in scattering media," Opt. Lett. 24, 306-308 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. V. Soest and A. Lagendijk, "β factor in a random laser," Phys. Rev. E 65, 047601 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, "Wavelength- and Angle-Selective Optical Memory Effect by Interference of Multiple-Scattered Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582-1585 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656-3658 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. Q. Cao, "Photon Statistics of Random Lasers with Resonant Feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524-4527 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial Confinement of Laser Light in Active Random Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584-5587 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seeling, and R. P. H. Chang, "Microlaser made of disordered media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997-2999 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, "Localized modes in random arrays of cylinders," Phys. Rev. E 71, 026612 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Observation of upconversion lasing within a thulium-ion-doped glass powder film containing titanium dioxide particles," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1337-L1339 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Observation of optical bistability in a ZnO powder random medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 071115 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, and K. Leosson, "Localization and Waveguiding of Surface Plasmon Polaritons in Random Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186801 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, "Random laser in the localized regime," Phys. Rev. B 66, 144202 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Topolancik, F. Vollmer, and B. Llic, "Random high-Q cavities in disordered photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201102 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Topolancik, B. Llic, and F. Vollmer, "Experimental Observation of Strong Photon Localization in Disordered Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253901 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, "Time Dependent Theory for Random Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70-73 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Liu and H. Liu, "Theoretical investigation on the threshold properties of localized modes in two-dimensional random media," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 1429-1439 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. H. Miyazaki, M. Hase, H. T. Miyazaki, Y. Kurokawa, and N. Shinya, "Photonic material for designing arbitrarily shaped waveguides in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 67, 235109 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  24. C. Rockstuhl, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, "Correlation between single-cylinder properties and bandgap formation in photonic structures," Opt. Lett. 31, 1741-1743 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, "FDTD analysis of Wave Propagation in Nonlinear Absorbing and Gain Media," IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propagat. 46, 334-340 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2007

J. Topolancik, F. Vollmer, and B. Llic, "Random high-Q cavities in disordered photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Topolancik, B. Llic, and F. Vollmer, "Experimental Observation of Strong Photon Localization in Disordered Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Observation of optical bistability in a ZnO powder random medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 071115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu and H. Liu, "Theoretical investigation on the threshold properties of localized modes in two-dimensional random media," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 1429-1439 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Rockstuhl, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, "Correlation between single-cylinder properties and bandgap formation in photonic structures," Opt. Lett. 31, 1741-1743 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, "Localized modes in random arrays of cylinders," Phys. Rev. E 71, 026612 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Observation of upconversion lasing within a thulium-ion-doped glass powder film containing titanium dioxide particles," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1337-L1339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

H. Miyazaki, M. Hase, H. T. Miyazaki, Y. Kurokawa, and N. Shinya, "Photonic material for designing arbitrarily shaped waveguides in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 67, 235109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, and K. Leosson, "Localization and Waveguiding of Surface Plasmon Polaritons in Random Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, "Random laser in the localized regime," Phys. Rev. B 66, 144202 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. V. Soest and A. Lagendijk, "β factor in a random laser," Phys. Rev. E 65, 047601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, "Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser," Nature 414, 708-709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. Q. Cao, "Photon Statistics of Random Lasers with Resonant Feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524-4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial Confinement of Laser Light in Active Random Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584-5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seeling, and R. P. H. Chang, "Microlaser made of disordered media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997-2999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, "Time Dependent Theory for Random Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70-73 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, "Wavelength- and Angle-Selective Optical Memory Effect by Interference of Multiple-Scattered Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582-1585 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. V. Soest, M. Tomita, and A. Lagendijk, "Amplifying volume in scattering media," Opt. Lett. 24, 306-308 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, "FDTD analysis of Wave Propagation in Nonlinear Absorbing and Gain Media," IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propagat. 46, 334-340 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656-3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

G. A. Berger, M. Kempe, and A. Z. Genack, "Dynamics of stimulated emission from random media," Phys. Rev. E 56, 6118-6122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1994

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436-438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

Auzel, F.

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436-438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bartolini, P.

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Berger, G. A.

G. A. Berger, M. Kempe, and A. Z. Genack, "Dynamics of stimulated emission from random media," Phys. Rev. E 56, 6118-6122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, and K. Leosson, "Localization and Waveguiding of Surface Plasmon Polaritons in Random Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, C. Q.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. Q. Cao, "Photon Statistics of Random Lasers with Resonant Feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524-4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. Q. Cao, "Photon Statistics of Random Lasers with Resonant Feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524-4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial Confinement of Laser Light in Active Random Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584-5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seeling, and R. P. H. Chang, "Microlaser made of disordered media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997-2999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656-3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

Cavalieri, S.

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, "Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser," Nature 414, 708-709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seeling, and R. P. H. Chang, "Microlaser made of disordered media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997-2999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial Confinement of Laser Light in Active Random Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584-5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656-3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S.-H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial Confinement of Laser Light in Active Random Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584-5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dai, J. Y.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656-3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, H.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Observation of optical bistability in a ZnO powder random medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 071115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Observation of upconversion lasing within a thulium-ion-doped glass powder film containing titanium dioxide particles," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1337-L1339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Genack, A. Z.

G. A. Berger, M. Kempe, and A. Z. Genack, "Dynamics of stimulated emission from random media," Phys. Rev. E 56, 6118-6122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436-438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gouedard, C.

Hase, M.

H. Miyazaki, M. Hase, H. T. Miyazaki, Y. Kurokawa, and N. Shinya, "Photonic material for designing arbitrarily shaped waveguides in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 67, 235109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hirata, K.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, "Wavelength- and Angle-Selective Optical Memory Effect by Interference of Multiple-Scattered Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582-1585 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial Confinement of Laser Light in Active Random Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584-5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656-3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Husson, D.

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, "Time Dependent Theory for Random Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70-73 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanematsu, Y.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, "Wavelength- and Angle-Selective Optical Memory Effect by Interference of Multiple-Scattered Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582-1585 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kempe, M.

G. A. Berger, M. Kempe, and A. Z. Genack, "Dynamics of stimulated emission from random media," Phys. Rev. E 56, 6118-6122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kurita, A.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, "Wavelength- and Angle-Selective Optical Memory Effect by Interference of Multiple-Scattered Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582-1585 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, Y.

H. Miyazaki, M. Hase, H. T. Miyazaki, Y. Kurokawa, and N. Shinya, "Photonic material for designing arbitrarily shaped waveguides in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 67, 235109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kushida, T.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, "Wavelength- and Angle-Selective Optical Memory Effect by Interference of Multiple-Scattered Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582-1585 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

G. V. Soest and A. Lagendijk, "β factor in a random laser," Phys. Rev. E 65, 047601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. V. Soest, M. Tomita, and A. Lagendijk, "Amplifying volume in scattering media," Opt. Lett. 24, 306-308 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436-438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

Leosson, K.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, and K. Leosson, "Localization and Waveguiding of Surface Plasmon Polaritons in Random Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ling, Y.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. Q. Cao, "Photon Statistics of Random Lasers with Resonant Feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524-4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

J. Liu and H. Liu, "Theoretical investigation on the threshold properties of localized modes in two-dimensional random media," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 1429-1439 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu and H. Liu, "Theoretical investigation on the threshold properties of localized modes in two-dimensional random media," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 1429-1439 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial Confinement of Laser Light in Active Random Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584-5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Llic, B.

J. Topolancik, F. Vollmer, and B. Llic, "Random high-Q cavities in disordered photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Topolancik, B. Llic, and F. Vollmer, "Experimental Observation of Strong Photon Localization in Disordered Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M.

Migus, A.

Miyazaki, H.

H. Miyazaki, M. Hase, H. T. Miyazaki, Y. Kurokawa, and N. Shinya, "Photonic material for designing arbitrarily shaped waveguides in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 67, 235109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, H. T.

H. Miyazaki, M. Hase, H. T. Miyazaki, Y. Kurokawa, and N. Shinya, "Photonic material for designing arbitrarily shaped waveguides in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 67, 235109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nagra, A. S.

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, "FDTD analysis of Wave Propagation in Nonlinear Absorbing and Gain Media," IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propagat. 46, 334-340 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

Noginova, N. E.

Ong, H. C.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656-3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V.

Peschel, U.

Righini, R.

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rockstuhl, C.

Sasaki, K.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Observation of optical bistability in a ZnO powder random medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 071115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Observation of upconversion lasing within a thulium-ion-doped glass powder film containing titanium dioxide particles," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1337-L1339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sauteret, C.

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436-438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sebbah, P.

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, "Localized modes in random arrays of cylinders," Phys. Rev. E 71, 026612 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, "Random laser in the localized regime," Phys. Rev. B 66, 144202 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seeling, E. W.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seeling, and R. P. H. Chang, "Microlaser made of disordered media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997-2999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial Confinement of Laser Light in Active Random Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584-5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shinya, N.

H. Miyazaki, M. Hase, H. T. Miyazaki, Y. Kurokawa, and N. Shinya, "Photonic material for designing arbitrarily shaped waveguides in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 67, 235109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Soest, G. V.

G. V. Soest and A. Lagendijk, "β factor in a random laser," Phys. Rev. E 65, 047601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. V. Soest, M. Tomita, and A. Lagendijk, "Amplifying volume in scattering media," Opt. Lett. 24, 306-308 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, "Time Dependent Theory for Random Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70-73 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thompson, T.

Tomita, M.

Topolancik, J.

J. Topolancik, F. Vollmer, and B. Llic, "Random high-Q cavities in disordered photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Topolancik, B. Llic, and F. Vollmer, "Experimental Observation of Strong Photon Localization in Disordered Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vanneste, C.

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, "Localized modes in random arrays of cylinders," Phys. Rev. E 71, 026612 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, "Random laser in the localized regime," Phys. Rev. B 66, 144202 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Venkateswarlu, P.

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, and K. Leosson, "Localization and Waveguiding of Surface Plasmon Polaritons in Random Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vollmer, F.

J. Topolancik, F. Vollmer, and B. Llic, "Random high-Q cavities in disordered photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Topolancik, B. Llic, and F. Vollmer, "Experimental Observation of Strong Photon Localization in Disordered Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, "Wavelength- and Angle-Selective Optical Memory Effect by Interference of Multiple-Scattered Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582-1585 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, "Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser," Nature 414, 708-709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. Y.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656-3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. Y.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. Q. Cao, "Photon Statistics of Random Lasers with Resonant Feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524-4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial Confinement of Laser Light in Active Random Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584-5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seeling, and R. P. H. Chang, "Microlaser made of disordered media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997-2999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

York, R. A.

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, "FDTD analysis of Wave Propagation in Nonlinear Absorbing and Gain Media," IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propagat. 46, 334-340 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. Z.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial Confinement of Laser Light in Active Random Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584-5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y. G.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656-3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656-3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seeling, and R. P. H. Chang, "Microlaser made of disordered media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997-2999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Observation of optical bistability in a ZnO powder random medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 071115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Topolancik, F. Vollmer, and B. Llic, "Random high-Q cavities in disordered photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propagat.

A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, "FDTD analysis of Wave Propagation in Nonlinear Absorbing and Gain Media," IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propagat. 46, 334-340 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

J. Liu and H. Liu, "Theoretical investigation on the threshold properties of localized modes in two-dimensional random media," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 1429-1439 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Observation of upconversion lasing within a thulium-ion-doped glass powder film containing titanium dioxide particles," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1337-L1339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436-438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, "Localization of light in a disordered medium," Nature 390, 671-673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, "Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser," Nature 414, 708-709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

H. Miyazaki, M. Hase, H. T. Miyazaki, Y. Kurokawa, and N. Shinya, "Photonic material for designing arbitrarily shaped waveguides in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B 67, 235109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, "Random laser in the localized regime," Phys. Rev. B 66, 144202 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, "Localized modes in random arrays of cylinders," Phys. Rev. E 71, 026612 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. V. Soest and A. Lagendijk, "β factor in a random laser," Phys. Rev. E 65, 047601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Berger, M. Kempe, and A. Z. Genack, "Dynamics of stimulated emission from random media," Phys. Rev. E 56, 6118-6122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, "Wavelength- and Angle-Selective Optical Memory Effect by Interference of Multiple-Scattered Light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582-1585 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. Q. Cao, "Photon Statistics of Random Lasers with Resonant Feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524-4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S.-H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seeling, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial Confinement of Laser Light in Active Random Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584-5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, and K. Leosson, "Localization and Waveguiding of Surface Plasmon Polaritons in Random Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Topolancik, B. Llic, and F. Vollmer, "Experimental Observation of Strong Photon Localization in Disordered Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, "Time Dependent Theory for Random Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70-73 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig, 1.
Fig, 1.

Typical spatial distributions of scatterers (white circles) with filling factors of (a) 40, (b) 50, and (c) 60%. Defect regions (diameter 600 nm) were set at the center of the structures. The size of the structures was 15 × 15 μm2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Transmitted intensity spectra of random structures with filling factors of 40, 50, and 60% from top to bottom. The dotted line indicates the spectrum profile of the incident pulse. Appropriate offsets were added to the data for clarity. (b) Enlarged view of Fig. 1(a).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Resonant spectra calculated at the defect region of structures with filling factors of (a) 40, (b) 50, (c) 50, and (d) 60%. Appropriate offsets were added to the data for clarity.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Intensity distributions at individual resonant frequencies of structures with filling factors of (a) 40, (b) 50, and (c) 60%. The intensity distributions were normalized by individual maximum values. Arrows indicate the location of defect regions.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Histograms of the distances between proximal scatterers with filling factors of 40, 50, and 60%. Vertical black line indicates the size of the defect region.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Numerical simulation of laser oscillation in random structures with a defect. Filling factors were (a) 40, (b) 50, and (c) 60%. The pumping rate was 109 s-1. White arrows indicate the locations of defect regions in individual structures.

Metrics