Abstract

Based on the hyperbolic dispersion relation for a strongly anisotropic medium, we propose a kind of pyramid-shaped hyperlenses (PSHLs) consisting of multilayer of planar silver and dielectric films for three-dimensional (3D) subdiffraction imaging at optical wavelengths. Numerical simulations by using the finite difference time domain method demonstrate that the PSHLs can resolve eight point sources with nanoscale separations distributed in 3D domain (with different hexahedron structures). Our results imply the potential applications of the hyperlens in real-time biomolecular imaging, nanolithography, and sensing.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, "Super-resolution Aperture Scanning Microscope," Nature (London) 237, 510 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Koglin, U. C. Fischer, and H. Fuchs, "Material contrast in scanning near-field optical microscopy at 1-10 nm resolution," Phys. Rev. B 55, 7977 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. B. Pendry, "Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens," Phys. Rev. Lett 85, 3966 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-Diffraction-Limited Optical Imaging with a Silver Superlens," Science 308, 534 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Taubner, D. Korobkin, Y. Urzhumov, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, "Near-Field Microscopy Through a SiC Superlens," Science 313, 1595 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Durant, Z. Liu, J. Steele, and X. Zhang, "Theory of the transmission properties of an optical far-field superlens for imaging beyond the diffraction limit," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2383 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Superlens," Nano Lett 7, 403 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Two-Dimensional Imaging by Far-Field Superlens at Visible Wavelengths," Nano Lett 7, 3360 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, "Optical Hyperlens: Far-field imaging beyond the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 14, 8247 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Salandrino and N. Engheta, "Far-field subdiffraction optical microscopy using metamaterial crystals: Theory and simulations," Phys. Rev. B 74, 075103 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. W. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Hyperlens Magnifying Sub-Diffraction-Limited Objects," Science 315, 1686 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, "Semiclassical theory of the hyperlens," J. Opt. Soc. Am 24, A52 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Lee, Z. Liu, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Development of optical hyperlens for imaging below the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 15,15886 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, and G. P. Wang, "V-shaped metal-dielectric multilayers for far-field subdiffraction imaging," Appl. Phys B 92,127 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. G. Hu, P. Wang, Y. H. Lu, H. Ming, C. C. Chen, and J. X. Chen, "Sub-diffraction-Limit Imaging in Optical Hyperlens," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4439 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Ikonen, C. Simovski, and S. Tretyakov, P. Belov and Y. Hao, "Magnification of subwavelength field distributions at microwave frequencies using a wire medium slab operating in the canalization regime," Appl. Phys. Lett 91, 104102 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Liu, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, "All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region," Opt. Express 16, 15439 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Shvets, S. Trendafilov, J. B. Pendry, and A. Sarychev, "Guiding, Focusing, and Sensing on the Subwavelength Scale Using Metallic Wire Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053903 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Feng and J. Elson, "Diffraction-suppressed high-resolution imaging through metallodielectric nanofilms," Opt. Express 14, 216 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Schurig and D. R. Smith, "Sub-diffraction imaging with compensating bilayers," New J. Phys 7, 162 (2005).
  21. P. A. Belov and Y. Hao, "Subwavelength imaging at optical frequencies using a transmission device formed by a periodic layered metal-dielectric structure operating in the canalization regime," Phys. Rev. B 73, 113110 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical Constants of the Noble Metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. R. Meyer-Arendt, Introduction to Classical and Modern Optics (second Edition), part. 2. pp. 208-211.
  24. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (6th edition, Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).

2008 (3)

L. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, and G. P. Wang, "V-shaped metal-dielectric multilayers for far-field subdiffraction imaging," Appl. Phys B 92,127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Hu, P. Wang, Y. H. Lu, H. Ming, C. C. Chen, and J. X. Chen, "Sub-diffraction-Limit Imaging in Optical Hyperlens," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, "All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region," Opt. Express 16, 15439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (7)

H. Lee, Z. Liu, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Development of optical hyperlens for imaging below the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 15,15886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Ikonen, C. Simovski, and S. Tretyakov, P. Belov and Y. Hao, "Magnification of subwavelength field distributions at microwave frequencies using a wire medium slab operating in the canalization regime," Appl. Phys. Lett 91, 104102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Superlens," Nano Lett 7, 403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Two-Dimensional Imaging by Far-Field Superlens at Visible Wavelengths," Nano Lett 7, 3360 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Shvets, S. Trendafilov, J. B. Pendry, and A. Sarychev, "Guiding, Focusing, and Sensing on the Subwavelength Scale Using Metallic Wire Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Hyperlens Magnifying Sub-Diffraction-Limited Objects," Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, "Semiclassical theory of the hyperlens," J. Opt. Soc. Am 24, A52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

T. Taubner, D. Korobkin, Y. Urzhumov, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, "Near-Field Microscopy Through a SiC Superlens," Science 313, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Salandrino and N. Engheta, "Far-field subdiffraction optical microscopy using metamaterial crystals: Theory and simulations," Phys. Rev. B 74, 075103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Belov and Y. Hao, "Subwavelength imaging at optical frequencies using a transmission device formed by a periodic layered metal-dielectric structure operating in the canalization regime," Phys. Rev. B 73, 113110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Feng and J. Elson, "Diffraction-suppressed high-resolution imaging through metallodielectric nanofilms," Opt. Express 14, 216 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, "Optical Hyperlens: Far-field imaging beyond the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 14, 8247 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Durant, Z. Liu, J. Steele, and X. Zhang, "Theory of the transmission properties of an optical far-field superlens for imaging beyond the diffraction limit," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

D. Schurig and D. R. Smith, "Sub-diffraction imaging with compensating bilayers," New J. Phys 7, 162 (2005).

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-Diffraction-Limited Optical Imaging with a Silver Superlens," Science 308, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, "Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens," Phys. Rev. Lett 85, 3966 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. Koglin, U. C. Fischer, and H. Fuchs, "Material contrast in scanning near-field optical microscopy at 1-10 nm resolution," Phys. Rev. B 55, 7977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1972 (2)

E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, "Super-resolution Aperture Scanning Microscope," Nature (London) 237, 510 (1972).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical Constants of the Noble Metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Alekseyev, L. V.

Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, "Semiclassical theory of the hyperlens," J. Opt. Soc. Am 24, A52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, "Optical Hyperlens: Far-field imaging beyond the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 14, 8247 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ash, E. A.

E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, "Super-resolution Aperture Scanning Microscope," Nature (London) 237, 510 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, G.

Belov, P.

P. Ikonen, C. Simovski, and S. Tretyakov, P. Belov and Y. Hao, "Magnification of subwavelength field distributions at microwave frequencies using a wire medium slab operating in the canalization regime," Appl. Phys. Lett 91, 104102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Belov, P. A.

P. A. Belov and Y. Hao, "Subwavelength imaging at optical frequencies using a transmission device formed by a periodic layered metal-dielectric structure operating in the canalization regime," Phys. Rev. B 73, 113110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. C.

J. G. Hu, P. Wang, Y. H. Lu, H. Ming, C. C. Chen, and J. X. Chen, "Sub-diffraction-Limit Imaging in Optical Hyperlens," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. X.

J. G. Hu, P. Wang, Y. H. Lu, H. Ming, C. C. Chen, and J. X. Chen, "Sub-diffraction-Limit Imaging in Optical Hyperlens," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

L. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, and G. P. Wang, "V-shaped metal-dielectric multilayers for far-field subdiffraction imaging," Appl. Phys B 92,127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical Constants of the Noble Metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Durant, S.

Elson, J.

Engheta, N.

A. Salandrino and N. Engheta, "Far-field subdiffraction optical microscopy using metamaterial crystals: Theory and simulations," Phys. Rev. B 74, 075103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fang, N.

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Superlens," Nano Lett 7, 403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-Diffraction-Limited Optical Imaging with a Silver Superlens," Science 308, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Feng, S.

Fischer, U. C.

J. Koglin, U. C. Fischer, and H. Fuchs, "Material contrast in scanning near-field optical microscopy at 1-10 nm resolution," Phys. Rev. B 55, 7977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, H.

J. Koglin, U. C. Fischer, and H. Fuchs, "Material contrast in scanning near-field optical microscopy at 1-10 nm resolution," Phys. Rev. B 55, 7977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Y.

P. Ikonen, C. Simovski, and S. Tretyakov, P. Belov and Y. Hao, "Magnification of subwavelength field distributions at microwave frequencies using a wire medium slab operating in the canalization regime," Appl. Phys. Lett 91, 104102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Belov and Y. Hao, "Subwavelength imaging at optical frequencies using a transmission device formed by a periodic layered metal-dielectric structure operating in the canalization regime," Phys. Rev. B 73, 113110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hillenbrand, R.

T. Taubner, D. Korobkin, Y. Urzhumov, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, "Near-Field Microscopy Through a SiC Superlens," Science 313, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J. G.

J. G. Hu, P. Wang, Y. H. Lu, H. Ming, C. C. Chen, and J. X. Chen, "Sub-diffraction-Limit Imaging in Optical Hyperlens," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ikonen, P.

P. Ikonen, C. Simovski, and S. Tretyakov, P. Belov and Y. Hao, "Magnification of subwavelength field distributions at microwave frequencies using a wire medium slab operating in the canalization regime," Appl. Phys. Lett 91, 104102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, Z.

Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, "Semiclassical theory of the hyperlens," J. Opt. Soc. Am 24, A52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, "Optical Hyperlens: Far-field imaging beyond the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 14, 8247 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical Constants of the Noble Metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Koglin, J.

J. Koglin, U. C. Fischer, and H. Fuchs, "Material contrast in scanning near-field optical microscopy at 1-10 nm resolution," Phys. Rev. B 55, 7977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Korobkin, D.

T. Taubner, D. Korobkin, Y. Urzhumov, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, "Near-Field Microscopy Through a SiC Superlens," Science 313, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Superlens," Nano Lett 7, 403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Hyperlens Magnifying Sub-Diffraction-Limited Objects," Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, Z. Liu, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Development of optical hyperlens for imaging below the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 15,15886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-Diffraction-Limited Optical Imaging with a Silver Superlens," Science 308, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Two-Dimensional Imaging by Far-Field Superlens at Visible Wavelengths," Nano Lett 7, 3360 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, Z. Liu, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Development of optical hyperlens for imaging below the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 15,15886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Superlens," Nano Lett 7, 403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Durant, Z. Liu, J. Steele, and X. Zhang, "Theory of the transmission properties of an optical far-field superlens for imaging beyond the diffraction limit," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. W.

Z. W. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Hyperlens Magnifying Sub-Diffraction-Limited Objects," Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. H.

J. G. Hu, P. Wang, Y. H. Lu, H. Ming, C. C. Chen, and J. X. Chen, "Sub-diffraction-Limit Imaging in Optical Hyperlens," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meyer-Arendt, J. R.

J. R. Meyer-Arendt, Introduction to Classical and Modern Optics (second Edition), part. 2. pp. 208-211.

Ming, H.

J. G. Hu, P. Wang, Y. H. Lu, H. Ming, C. C. Chen, and J. X. Chen, "Sub-diffraction-Limit Imaging in Optical Hyperlens," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Narimanov, E.

Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, "Semiclassical theory of the hyperlens," J. Opt. Soc. Am 24, A52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, "Optical Hyperlens: Far-field imaging beyond the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 14, 8247 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nicholls, G.

E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, "Super-resolution Aperture Scanning Microscope," Nature (London) 237, 510 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

G. Shvets, S. Trendafilov, J. B. Pendry, and A. Sarychev, "Guiding, Focusing, and Sensing on the Subwavelength Scale Using Metallic Wire Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, "Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens," Phys. Rev. Lett 85, 3966 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pikus, Y.

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Superlens," Nano Lett 7, 403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salandrino, A.

A. Salandrino and N. Engheta, "Far-field subdiffraction optical microscopy using metamaterial crystals: Theory and simulations," Phys. Rev. B 74, 075103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sarychev, A.

G. Shvets, S. Trendafilov, J. B. Pendry, and A. Sarychev, "Guiding, Focusing, and Sensing on the Subwavelength Scale Using Metallic Wire Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig and D. R. Smith, "Sub-diffraction imaging with compensating bilayers," New J. Phys 7, 162 (2005).

Shvets, G.

G. Shvets, S. Trendafilov, J. B. Pendry, and A. Sarychev, "Guiding, Focusing, and Sensing on the Subwavelength Scale Using Metallic Wire Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Taubner, D. Korobkin, Y. Urzhumov, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, "Near-Field Microscopy Through a SiC Superlens," Science 313, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Simovski, C.

P. Ikonen, C. Simovski, and S. Tretyakov, P. Belov and Y. Hao, "Magnification of subwavelength field distributions at microwave frequencies using a wire medium slab operating in the canalization regime," Appl. Phys. Lett 91, 104102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

D. Schurig and D. R. Smith, "Sub-diffraction imaging with compensating bilayers," New J. Phys 7, 162 (2005).

Steele, J.

Sun, C.

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Two-Dimensional Imaging by Far-Field Superlens at Visible Wavelengths," Nano Lett 7, 3360 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, Z. Liu, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Development of optical hyperlens for imaging below the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 15,15886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Hyperlens Magnifying Sub-Diffraction-Limited Objects," Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Superlens," Nano Lett 7, 403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-Diffraction-Limited Optical Imaging with a Silver Superlens," Science 308, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taubner, T.

T. Taubner, D. Korobkin, Y. Urzhumov, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, "Near-Field Microscopy Through a SiC Superlens," Science 313, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Trendafilov, S.

G. Shvets, S. Trendafilov, J. B. Pendry, and A. Sarychev, "Guiding, Focusing, and Sensing on the Subwavelength Scale Using Metallic Wire Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tretyakov, S.

P. Ikonen, C. Simovski, and S. Tretyakov, P. Belov and Y. Hao, "Magnification of subwavelength field distributions at microwave frequencies using a wire medium slab operating in the canalization regime," Appl. Phys. Lett 91, 104102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Urzhumov, Y.

T. Taubner, D. Korobkin, Y. Urzhumov, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, "Near-Field Microscopy Through a SiC Superlens," Science 313, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. P.

L. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, and G. P. Wang, "V-shaped metal-dielectric multilayers for far-field subdiffraction imaging," Appl. Phys B 92,127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

J. G. Hu, P. Wang, Y. H. Lu, H. Ming, C. C. Chen, and J. X. Chen, "Sub-diffraction-Limit Imaging in Optical Hyperlens," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Y.

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Two-Dimensional Imaging by Far-Field Superlens at Visible Wavelengths," Nano Lett 7, 3360 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, Z. Liu, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Development of optical hyperlens for imaging below the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 15,15886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Superlens," Nano Lett 7, 403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Hyperlens Magnifying Sub-Diffraction-Limited Objects," Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Y. Liu, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, "All-angle negative refraction and imaging in a bulk medium made of metallic nanowires in the visible region," Opt. Express 16, 15439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Two-Dimensional Imaging by Far-Field Superlens at Visible Wavelengths," Nano Lett 7, 3360 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, Z. Liu, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Development of optical hyperlens for imaging below the diffraction limit," Opt. Express 15,15886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Hyperlens Magnifying Sub-Diffraction-Limited Objects," Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Superlens," Nano Lett 7, 403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Durant, Z. Liu, J. Steele, and X. Zhang, "Theory of the transmission properties of an optical far-field superlens for imaging beyond the diffraction limit," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-Diffraction-Limited Optical Imaging with a Silver Superlens," Science 308, 534 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X. Y.

L. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, and G. P. Wang, "V-shaped metal-dielectric multilayers for far-field subdiffraction imaging," Appl. Phys B 92,127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys B (1)

L. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, and G. P. Wang, "V-shaped metal-dielectric multilayers for far-field subdiffraction imaging," Appl. Phys B 92,127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett (1)

P. Ikonen, C. Simovski, and S. Tretyakov, P. Belov and Y. Hao, "Magnification of subwavelength field distributions at microwave frequencies using a wire medium slab operating in the canalization regime," Appl. Phys. Lett 91, 104102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. G. Hu, P. Wang, Y. H. Lu, H. Ming, C. C. Chen, and J. X. Chen, "Sub-diffraction-Limit Imaging in Optical Hyperlens," Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4439 (2008).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

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Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Far-Field Optical Superlens," Nano Lett 7, 403 (2007).
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D. Schurig and D. R. Smith, "Sub-diffraction imaging with compensating bilayers," New J. Phys 7, 162 (2005).

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N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-Diffraction-Limited Optical Imaging with a Silver Superlens," Science 308, 534 (2005).
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