Abstract

Luminescence films were prepared by infiltration of the tris(dibenzoylmethane) mono(1, 10-phenanthroline) europium incorporated ormosil into colloidal SiO2 photonic crystal templates. Because a stopband of the template was not overlapped with the PL excitation and emission bands, the stopband did not suppress the PL intensity. The PL intensity of the infiltrated film into the template was about 13.1 times higher than that of the plane film prepared without the template. Three major terms, which are the mass term, the scattering term, and the crystallinity term, were considered as factors that improve the PL intensity. The relative ratio of the effects of the mass term : the scattering term : the crystallinity term was 2.1 : 2.8 : 2.2.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. D. Mackenzie and E. P. Bescher, "Structures, properties and potential applications of ormosils,"J. Sol-Gel Sci. Techn. 13, 371-377 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. S. Kim, K. S. Kim, Y. J. Eo, K. B. Yoon, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis of fluorinated hybrid material for UV embossing of a large core optical waveguide structure," J. Mater. Chem. 15, 465-469 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. J. Eo, T. H. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. K. Kang, Y. S. Han, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis and molecular structure analysis of nano-Sized methacryl-grafted polysiloxane resin for fabrication of nano hybrid materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part B 43, 827-836 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. J. Eo, J. H. Kim, J. H. Ko, and B. S. Bae, "Optical characteristics of photo-curable methacryl-oligosiloxane nano hybrid thick films," J. Mater. Res. 20, 401-408 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Schmidt and H. Wolter, "Organically modified ceramics and their applications," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 428-435 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Jin, S. Inoue, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Photovoltaic cell characteristics of hybrid silicon devices with lanthanide complex phosphor-coating film," J. Electrochem. Soc. 144, 4054-4058 (1997)
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Escribano, B. Julian-Lopez, J. Planelles-Arago, E. Cordoncillo, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, "Photonic and nanobiophotonic properties of luminescent lanthanide-doped hybrid organic-inorganic materials," J. Mater. Chem. 18, 23-40 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Jin, S. Tsutsumi, Y. Deguchi, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Luminescence characteristics of the lanthanide complex incorporated into an ORMOSIL matrix using a sol-gel method," J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 3333-3335 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Jones, D. Kumar, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, "Luminescence of pulsed laser deposited Eu doped yttrium oxide films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 404-406 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. I. Schnitzer, E. Yablonovitch, C. Caneau, T. J. Gmitter, and A. Scherer, "30% external quantum efficiency from surface textured, thin-film light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2174-2176 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, Y. W. Song, C. O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, S. H. Cho, D. S. Zang, Y. D. Huh, and S. J. Yun, "Influence of a two-dimensional SiO2 nanorod structure on the extraction efficiency of ZnS:Mn thin-film electroluminescent devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1377-1379 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779-3781 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. K. Lee, J. R. Oh, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, "Strong perturbation of the guided light within Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors coated with two-dimensional air-hole photonic crystal arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231908 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. K. Lee, J. R. Oh, and Y. R. Do, "Enhanced extraction efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors coated with hexagonally close-packed polystyrene nanosphere monolayers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041907 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, H. K. Park, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "The variation of the enhanced photoluminescence efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ films with the thickness to the photonic crystal layer," Opt. Express 16, 5689-5696 (2008), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-16-8-5689.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. L. R. Melby, N. J. Rose, E. Abramson, and J. C. Caris, "Synthesis and fluorescence of some trivalent lanthanide complexes," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 86, 5117-5125 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  18. W. Stober, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, "Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in the micron size range," J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 26, 62-69 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. N. Sun, H. J. Zhang, L. S. Fu, F. Y. Liu, Q. G. Meng, C. Y. Peng, and J. B. Yu, "A new sol-gel material doped with an erbium complex and its potential optical-amplification application," Adv. Func. Mater. 15, 1041-1048 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Miguez, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, A. Blanco, L. Vazquez, R. Mayoral, M. Ocana, V. Fornes, and A. Mifsud, "Photonic crystal properties of packed submicrometric SiO2 spheres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1148-1150 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  21. H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, "Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3Phen-doped polymer optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Silver, T. G. Ireland, and R. Withnall, "Facile method of infilling photonic silica templates with rare earth element oxide phosphor precursors," J. Mater. Res. 19, 1656-1661 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  23. R. Withnall, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, T. G. Ireland, and J. Silver, "Photonic phosphors based on cubic Y2O3:Tb3+ infilled into a synthetic opal lattice," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S81-S85 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  24. R. Withnall, T. G. Ireland, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, and J. Silver, "Rare-earth element anti-stokes emission from three inverse photonic lattices," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 965-976 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  25. Y. S. Lin, Y. Hung, H. Y. Lin, Y. H. Tseng, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Mou, "Photonic crystals from monodisperse lanthanide-hydroxide-at-silica core/shell colloidal spheres," Adv. Mater. 19, 577-580 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

P. Escribano, B. Julian-Lopez, J. Planelles-Arago, E. Cordoncillo, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, "Photonic and nanobiophotonic properties of luminescent lanthanide-doped hybrid organic-inorganic materials," J. Mater. Chem. 18, 23-40 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, H. K. Park, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "The variation of the enhanced photoluminescence efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ films with the thickness to the photonic crystal layer," Opt. Express 16, 5689-5696 (2008), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-16-8-5689.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

Y. K. Lee, J. R. Oh, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, "Strong perturbation of the guided light within Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors coated with two-dimensional air-hole photonic crystal arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Lee, J. R. Oh, and Y. R. Do, "Enhanced extraction efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors coated with hexagonally close-packed polystyrene nanosphere monolayers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Lin, Y. Hung, H. Y. Lin, Y. H. Tseng, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Mou, "Photonic crystals from monodisperse lanthanide-hydroxide-at-silica core/shell colloidal spheres," Adv. Mater. 19, 577-580 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

L. N. Sun, H. J. Zhang, L. S. Fu, F. Y. Liu, Q. G. Meng, C. Y. Peng, and J. B. Yu, "A new sol-gel material doped with an erbium complex and its potential optical-amplification application," Adv. Func. Mater. 15, 1041-1048 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Kim, K. S. Kim, Y. J. Eo, K. B. Yoon, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis of fluorinated hybrid material for UV embossing of a large core optical waveguide structure," J. Mater. Chem. 15, 465-469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Eo, T. H. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. K. Kang, Y. S. Han, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis and molecular structure analysis of nano-Sized methacryl-grafted polysiloxane resin for fabrication of nano hybrid materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part B 43, 827-836 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Eo, J. H. Kim, J. H. Ko, and B. S. Bae, "Optical characteristics of photo-curable methacryl-oligosiloxane nano hybrid thick films," J. Mater. Res. 20, 401-408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, S. H. Cho, D. S. Zang, Y. D. Huh, and S. J. Yun, "Influence of a two-dimensional SiO2 nanorod structure on the extraction efficiency of ZnS:Mn thin-film electroluminescent devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1377-1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, "Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3Phen-doped polymer optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Silver, T. G. Ireland, and R. Withnall, "Facile method of infilling photonic silica templates with rare earth element oxide phosphor precursors," J. Mater. Res. 19, 1656-1661 (2004)
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

R. Withnall, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, T. G. Ireland, and J. Silver, "Photonic phosphors based on cubic Y2O3:Tb3+ infilled into a synthetic opal lattice," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S81-S85 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, Y. W. Song, C. O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779-3781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. Withnall, T. G. Ireland, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, and J. Silver, "Rare-earth element anti-stokes emission from three inverse photonic lattices," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 965-976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. D. Mackenzie and E. P. Bescher, "Structures, properties and potential applications of ormosils,"J. Sol-Gel Sci. Techn. 13, 371-377 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

T. Jin, S. Inoue, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Photovoltaic cell characteristics of hybrid silicon devices with lanthanide complex phosphor-coating film," J. Electrochem. Soc. 144, 4054-4058 (1997)
[CrossRef]

L. Jones, D. Kumar, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, "Luminescence of pulsed laser deposited Eu doped yttrium oxide films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 404-406 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Miguez, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, A. Blanco, L. Vazquez, R. Mayoral, M. Ocana, V. Fornes, and A. Mifsud, "Photonic crystal properties of packed submicrometric SiO2 spheres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1148-1150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

T. Jin, S. Tsutsumi, Y. Deguchi, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Luminescence characteristics of the lanthanide complex incorporated into an ORMOSIL matrix using a sol-gel method," J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 3333-3335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

I. Schnitzer, E. Yablonovitch, C. Caneau, T. J. Gmitter, and A. Scherer, "30% external quantum efficiency from surface textured, thin-film light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2174-2176 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

H. Schmidt and H. Wolter, "Organically modified ceramics and their applications," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 428-435 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

W. Stober, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, "Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in the micron size range," J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 26, 62-69 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

L. R. Melby, N. J. Rose, E. Abramson, and J. C. Caris, "Synthesis and fluorescence of some trivalent lanthanide complexes," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 86, 5117-5125 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Abramson, E.

L. R. Melby, N. J. Rose, E. Abramson, and J. C. Caris, "Synthesis and fluorescence of some trivalent lanthanide complexes," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 86, 5117-5125 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, G.

T. Jin, S. Inoue, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Photovoltaic cell characteristics of hybrid silicon devices with lanthanide complex phosphor-coating film," J. Electrochem. Soc. 144, 4054-4058 (1997)
[CrossRef]

T. Jin, S. Tsutsumi, Y. Deguchi, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Luminescence characteristics of the lanthanide complex incorporated into an ORMOSIL matrix using a sol-gel method," J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 3333-3335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bae, B. S.

W. S. Kim, K. S. Kim, Y. J. Eo, K. B. Yoon, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis of fluorinated hybrid material for UV embossing of a large core optical waveguide structure," J. Mater. Chem. 15, 465-469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Eo, T. H. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. K. Kang, Y. S. Han, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis and molecular structure analysis of nano-Sized methacryl-grafted polysiloxane resin for fabrication of nano hybrid materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part B 43, 827-836 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Eo, J. H. Kim, J. H. Ko, and B. S. Bae, "Optical characteristics of photo-curable methacryl-oligosiloxane nano hybrid thick films," J. Mater. Res. 20, 401-408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bescher, E. P.

J. D. Mackenzie and E. P. Bescher, "Structures, properties and potential applications of ormosils,"J. Sol-Gel Sci. Techn. 13, 371-377 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Blanco, A.

H. Miguez, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, A. Blanco, L. Vazquez, R. Mayoral, M. Ocana, V. Fornes, and A. Mifsud, "Photonic crystal properties of packed submicrometric SiO2 spheres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1148-1150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bohn, E.

W. Stober, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, "Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in the micron size range," J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 26, 62-69 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Caneau, C.

I. Schnitzer, E. Yablonovitch, C. Caneau, T. J. Gmitter, and A. Scherer, "30% external quantum efficiency from surface textured, thin-film light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2174-2176 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Caris, J. C.

L. R. Melby, N. J. Rose, E. Abramson, and J. C. Caris, "Synthesis and fluorescence of some trivalent lanthanide complexes," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 86, 5117-5125 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

Chen, Y. F.

Y. S. Lin, Y. Hung, H. Y. Lin, Y. H. Tseng, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Mou, "Photonic crystals from monodisperse lanthanide-hydroxide-at-silica core/shell colloidal spheres," Adv. Mater. 19, 577-580 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cho, C. O.

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, Y. W. Song, C. O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. H.

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, S. H. Cho, D. S. Zang, Y. D. Huh, and S. J. Yun, "Influence of a two-dimensional SiO2 nanorod structure on the extraction efficiency of ZnS:Mn thin-film electroluminescent devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1377-1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779-3781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cordoncillo, E.

P. Escribano, B. Julian-Lopez, J. Planelles-Arago, E. Cordoncillo, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, "Photonic and nanobiophotonic properties of luminescent lanthanide-doped hybrid organic-inorganic materials," J. Mater. Chem. 18, 23-40 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deguchi, Y.

T. Jin, S. Tsutsumi, Y. Deguchi, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Luminescence characteristics of the lanthanide complex incorporated into an ORMOSIL matrix using a sol-gel method," J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 3333-3335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Do, Y. R.

K. Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, H. K. Park, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "The variation of the enhanced photoluminescence efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ films with the thickness to the photonic crystal layer," Opt. Express 16, 5689-5696 (2008), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-16-8-5689.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. K. Lee, J. R. Oh, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, "Strong perturbation of the guided light within Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors coated with two-dimensional air-hole photonic crystal arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Lee, J. R. Oh, and Y. R. Do, "Enhanced extraction efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors coated with hexagonally close-packed polystyrene nanosphere monolayers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, S. H. Cho, D. S. Zang, Y. D. Huh, and S. J. Yun, "Influence of a two-dimensional SiO2 nanorod structure on the extraction efficiency of ZnS:Mn thin-film electroluminescent devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1377-1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, Y. W. Song, C. O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779-3781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eo, Y. J.

Y. J. Eo, T. H. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. K. Kang, Y. S. Han, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis and molecular structure analysis of nano-Sized methacryl-grafted polysiloxane resin for fabrication of nano hybrid materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part B 43, 827-836 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Kim, K. S. Kim, Y. J. Eo, K. B. Yoon, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis of fluorinated hybrid material for UV embossing of a large core optical waveguide structure," J. Mater. Chem. 15, 465-469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Eo, J. H. Kim, J. H. Ko, and B. S. Bae, "Optical characteristics of photo-curable methacryl-oligosiloxane nano hybrid thick films," J. Mater. Res. 20, 401-408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Escribano, P.

P. Escribano, B. Julian-Lopez, J. Planelles-Arago, E. Cordoncillo, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, "Photonic and nanobiophotonic properties of luminescent lanthanide-doped hybrid organic-inorganic materials," J. Mater. Chem. 18, 23-40 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fern, G. R.

R. Withnall, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, T. G. Ireland, and J. Silver, "Photonic phosphors based on cubic Y2O3:Tb3+ infilled into a synthetic opal lattice," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S81-S85 (2003)
[CrossRef]

R. Withnall, T. G. Ireland, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, and J. Silver, "Rare-earth element anti-stokes emission from three inverse photonic lattices," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 965-976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fink, A.

W. Stober, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, "Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in the micron size range," J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 26, 62-69 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Fornes, V.

H. Miguez, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, A. Blanco, L. Vazquez, R. Mayoral, M. Ocana, V. Fornes, and A. Mifsud, "Photonic crystal properties of packed submicrometric SiO2 spheres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1148-1150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L. S.

L. N. Sun, H. J. Zhang, L. S. Fu, F. Y. Liu, Q. G. Meng, C. Y. Peng, and J. B. Yu, "A new sol-gel material doped with an erbium complex and its potential optical-amplification application," Adv. Func. Mater. 15, 1041-1048 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gmitter, T. J.

I. Schnitzer, E. Yablonovitch, C. Caneau, T. J. Gmitter, and A. Scherer, "30% external quantum efficiency from surface textured, thin-film light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2174-2176 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. S.

Y. J. Eo, T. H. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. K. Kang, Y. S. Han, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis and molecular structure analysis of nano-Sized methacryl-grafted polysiloxane resin for fabrication of nano hybrid materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part B 43, 827-836 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Holloway, P. H.

L. Jones, D. Kumar, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, "Luminescence of pulsed laser deposited Eu doped yttrium oxide films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 404-406 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huh, Y. D.

Y. K. Lee, J. R. Oh, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, "Strong perturbation of the guided light within Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors coated with two-dimensional air-hole photonic crystal arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, S. H. Cho, D. S. Zang, Y. D. Huh, and S. J. Yun, "Influence of a two-dimensional SiO2 nanorod structure on the extraction efficiency of ZnS:Mn thin-film electroluminescent devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1377-1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hung, Y.

Y. S. Lin, Y. Hung, H. Y. Lin, Y. H. Tseng, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Mou, "Photonic crystals from monodisperse lanthanide-hydroxide-at-silica core/shell colloidal spheres," Adv. Mater. 19, 577-580 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, S.

T. Jin, S. Inoue, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Photovoltaic cell characteristics of hybrid silicon devices with lanthanide complex phosphor-coating film," J. Electrochem. Soc. 144, 4054-4058 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Ireland, T. G.

J. Silver, T. G. Ireland, and R. Withnall, "Facile method of infilling photonic silica templates with rare earth element oxide phosphor precursors," J. Mater. Res. 19, 1656-1661 (2004)
[CrossRef]

R. Withnall, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, T. G. Ireland, and J. Silver, "Photonic phosphors based on cubic Y2O3:Tb3+ infilled into a synthetic opal lattice," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S81-S85 (2003)
[CrossRef]

R. Withnall, T. G. Ireland, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, and J. Silver, "Rare-earth element anti-stokes emission from three inverse photonic lattices," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 965-976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, H.

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, Y. W. Song, C. O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jin, T.

T. Jin, S. Inoue, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Photovoltaic cell characteristics of hybrid silicon devices with lanthanide complex phosphor-coating film," J. Electrochem. Soc. 144, 4054-4058 (1997)
[CrossRef]

T. Jin, S. Tsutsumi, Y. Deguchi, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Luminescence characteristics of the lanthanide complex incorporated into an ORMOSIL matrix using a sol-gel method," J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 3333-3335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jones, L.

L. Jones, D. Kumar, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, "Luminescence of pulsed laser deposited Eu doped yttrium oxide films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 404-406 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Julian-Lopez, B.

P. Escribano, B. Julian-Lopez, J. Planelles-Arago, E. Cordoncillo, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, "Photonic and nanobiophotonic properties of luminescent lanthanide-doped hybrid organic-inorganic materials," J. Mater. Chem. 18, 23-40 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. K.

Y. J. Eo, T. H. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. K. Kang, Y. S. Han, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis and molecular structure analysis of nano-Sized methacryl-grafted polysiloxane resin for fabrication of nano hybrid materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part B 43, 827-836 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G. H.

Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779-3781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. H.

Y. J. Eo, J. H. Kim, J. H. Ko, and B. S. Bae, "Optical characteristics of photo-curable methacryl-oligosiloxane nano hybrid thick films," J. Mater. Res. 20, 401-408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. S.

W. S. Kim, K. S. Kim, Y. J. Eo, K. B. Yoon, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis of fluorinated hybrid material for UV embossing of a large core optical waveguide structure," J. Mater. Chem. 15, 465-469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, Y. W. Song, C. O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779-3781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. Y.

Y. J. Eo, T. H. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. K. Kang, Y. S. Han, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis and molecular structure analysis of nano-Sized methacryl-grafted polysiloxane resin for fabrication of nano hybrid materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part B 43, 827-836 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, W. S.

W. S. Kim, K. S. Kim, Y. J. Eo, K. B. Yoon, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis of fluorinated hybrid material for UV embossing of a large core optical waveguide structure," J. Mater. Chem. 15, 465-469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. C.

K. Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, H. K. Park, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "The variation of the enhanced photoluminescence efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ films with the thickness to the photonic crystal layer," Opt. Express 16, 5689-5696 (2008), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-16-8-5689.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, S. H. Cho, D. S. Zang, Y. D. Huh, and S. J. Yun, "Influence of a two-dimensional SiO2 nanorod structure on the extraction efficiency of ZnS:Mn thin-film electroluminescent devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1377-1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, Y. W. Song, C. O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779-3781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ko, J. H.

Y. J. Eo, J. H. Kim, J. H. Ko, and B. S. Bae, "Optical characteristics of photo-curable methacryl-oligosiloxane nano hybrid thick films," J. Mater. Res. 20, 401-408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ko, K. Y.

Kumar, D.

L. Jones, D. Kumar, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, "Luminescence of pulsed laser deposited Eu doped yttrium oxide films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 404-406 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T. H.

Y. J. Eo, T. H. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. K. Kang, Y. S. Han, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis and molecular structure analysis of nano-Sized methacryl-grafted polysiloxane resin for fabrication of nano hybrid materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part B 43, 827-836 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. H.

Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779-3781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, Y. W. Song, C. O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. J.

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, Y. W. Song, C. O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779-3781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. K.

K. Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, H. K. Park, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "The variation of the enhanced photoluminescence efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ films with the thickness to the photonic crystal layer," Opt. Express 16, 5689-5696 (2008), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-16-8-5689.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. K. Lee, J. R. Oh, and Y. R. Do, "Enhanced extraction efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors coated with hexagonally close-packed polystyrene nanosphere monolayers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Lee, J. R. Oh, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, "Strong perturbation of the guided light within Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors coated with two-dimensional air-hole photonic crystal arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Liang, H.

Lin, H. Y.

Y. S. Lin, Y. Hung, H. Y. Lin, Y. H. Tseng, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Mou, "Photonic crystals from monodisperse lanthanide-hydroxide-at-silica core/shell colloidal spheres," Adv. Mater. 19, 577-580 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. S.

Y. S. Lin, Y. Hung, H. Y. Lin, Y. H. Tseng, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Mou, "Photonic crystals from monodisperse lanthanide-hydroxide-at-silica core/shell colloidal spheres," Adv. Mater. 19, 577-580 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F. Y.

L. N. Sun, H. J. Zhang, L. S. Fu, F. Y. Liu, Q. G. Meng, C. Y. Peng, and J. B. Yu, "A new sol-gel material doped with an erbium complex and its potential optical-amplification application," Adv. Func. Mater. 15, 1041-1048 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, C.

H. Miguez, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, A. Blanco, L. Vazquez, R. Mayoral, M. Ocana, V. Fornes, and A. Mifsud, "Photonic crystal properties of packed submicrometric SiO2 spheres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1148-1150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Machida, K.

T. Jin, S. Inoue, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Photovoltaic cell characteristics of hybrid silicon devices with lanthanide complex phosphor-coating film," J. Electrochem. Soc. 144, 4054-4058 (1997)
[CrossRef]

T. Jin, S. Tsutsumi, Y. Deguchi, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Luminescence characteristics of the lanthanide complex incorporated into an ORMOSIL matrix using a sol-gel method," J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 3333-3335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mackenzie, J. D.

J. D. Mackenzie and E. P. Bescher, "Structures, properties and potential applications of ormosils,"J. Sol-Gel Sci. Techn. 13, 371-377 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Martinez-Rubio, M. I.

R. Withnall, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, T. G. Ireland, and J. Silver, "Photonic phosphors based on cubic Y2O3:Tb3+ infilled into a synthetic opal lattice," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S81-S85 (2003)
[CrossRef]

R. Withnall, T. G. Ireland, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, and J. Silver, "Rare-earth element anti-stokes emission from three inverse photonic lattices," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 965-976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mayoral, R.

H. Miguez, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, A. Blanco, L. Vazquez, R. Mayoral, M. Ocana, V. Fornes, and A. Mifsud, "Photonic crystal properties of packed submicrometric SiO2 spheres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1148-1150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Melby, L. R.

L. R. Melby, N. J. Rose, E. Abramson, and J. C. Caris, "Synthesis and fluorescence of some trivalent lanthanide complexes," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 86, 5117-5125 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Meng, Q. G.

L. N. Sun, H. J. Zhang, L. S. Fu, F. Y. Liu, Q. G. Meng, C. Y. Peng, and J. B. Yu, "A new sol-gel material doped with an erbium complex and its potential optical-amplification application," Adv. Func. Mater. 15, 1041-1048 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meseguer, F.

H. Miguez, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, A. Blanco, L. Vazquez, R. Mayoral, M. Ocana, V. Fornes, and A. Mifsud, "Photonic crystal properties of packed submicrometric SiO2 spheres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1148-1150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mifsud, A.

H. Miguez, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, A. Blanco, L. Vazquez, R. Mayoral, M. Ocana, V. Fornes, and A. Mifsud, "Photonic crystal properties of packed submicrometric SiO2 spheres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1148-1150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miguez, H.

H. Miguez, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, A. Blanco, L. Vazquez, R. Mayoral, M. Ocana, V. Fornes, and A. Mifsud, "Photonic crystal properties of packed submicrometric SiO2 spheres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1148-1150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ming, H.

Mou, C. Y.

Y. S. Lin, Y. Hung, H. Y. Lin, Y. H. Tseng, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Mou, "Photonic crystals from monodisperse lanthanide-hydroxide-at-silica core/shell colloidal spheres," Adv. Mater. 19, 577-580 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ocana, M.

H. Miguez, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, A. Blanco, L. Vazquez, R. Mayoral, M. Ocana, V. Fornes, and A. Mifsud, "Photonic crystal properties of packed submicrometric SiO2 spheres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1148-1150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oh, J. R.

Y. K. Lee, J. R. Oh, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, "Strong perturbation of the guided light within Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors coated with two-dimensional air-hole photonic crystal arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Lee, J. R. Oh, and Y. R. Do, "Enhanced extraction efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors coated with hexagonally close-packed polystyrene nanosphere monolayers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. K.

Peng, C. Y.

L. N. Sun, H. J. Zhang, L. S. Fu, F. Y. Liu, Q. G. Meng, C. Y. Peng, and J. B. Yu, "A new sol-gel material doped with an erbium complex and its potential optical-amplification application," Adv. Func. Mater. 15, 1041-1048 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Planelles-Arago, J.

P. Escribano, B. Julian-Lopez, J. Planelles-Arago, E. Cordoncillo, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, "Photonic and nanobiophotonic properties of luminescent lanthanide-doped hybrid organic-inorganic materials," J. Mater. Chem. 18, 23-40 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rose, N. J.

L. R. Melby, N. J. Rose, E. Abramson, and J. C. Caris, "Synthesis and fluorescence of some trivalent lanthanide complexes," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 86, 5117-5125 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, C.

P. Escribano, B. Julian-Lopez, J. Planelles-Arago, E. Cordoncillo, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, "Photonic and nanobiophotonic properties of luminescent lanthanide-doped hybrid organic-inorganic materials," J. Mater. Chem. 18, 23-40 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

I. Schnitzer, E. Yablonovitch, C. Caneau, T. J. Gmitter, and A. Scherer, "30% external quantum efficiency from surface textured, thin-film light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2174-2176 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H.

H. Schmidt and H. Wolter, "Organically modified ceramics and their applications," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 428-435 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schnitzer, I.

I. Schnitzer, E. Yablonovitch, C. Caneau, T. J. Gmitter, and A. Scherer, "30% external quantum efficiency from surface textured, thin-film light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2174-2176 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Silver, J.

J. Silver, T. G. Ireland, and R. Withnall, "Facile method of infilling photonic silica templates with rare earth element oxide phosphor precursors," J. Mater. Res. 19, 1656-1661 (2004)
[CrossRef]

R. Withnall, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, T. G. Ireland, and J. Silver, "Photonic phosphors based on cubic Y2O3:Tb3+ infilled into a synthetic opal lattice," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S81-S85 (2003)
[CrossRef]

R. Withnall, T. G. Ireland, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, and J. Silver, "Rare-earth element anti-stokes emission from three inverse photonic lattices," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 965-976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R. K.

L. Jones, D. Kumar, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, "Luminescence of pulsed laser deposited Eu doped yttrium oxide films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 404-406 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, Y. W. Song, C. O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stober, W.

W. Stober, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, "Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in the micron size range," J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 26, 62-69 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L. N.

L. N. Sun, H. J. Zhang, L. S. Fu, F. Y. Liu, Q. G. Meng, C. Y. Peng, and J. B. Yu, "A new sol-gel material doped with an erbium complex and its potential optical-amplification application," Adv. Func. Mater. 15, 1041-1048 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, Y. H.

Y. S. Lin, Y. Hung, H. Y. Lin, Y. H. Tseng, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Mou, "Photonic crystals from monodisperse lanthanide-hydroxide-at-silica core/shell colloidal spheres," Adv. Mater. 19, 577-580 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsutsumi, S.

T. Jin, S. Tsutsumi, Y. Deguchi, K. Machida, and G. Adachi, "Luminescence characteristics of the lanthanide complex incorporated into an ORMOSIL matrix using a sol-gel method," J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 3333-3335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vazquez, L.

H. Miguez, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, A. Blanco, L. Vazquez, R. Mayoral, M. Ocana, V. Fornes, and A. Mifsud, "Photonic crystal properties of packed submicrometric SiO2 spheres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1148-1150 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

P. Escribano, B. Julian-Lopez, J. Planelles-Arago, E. Cordoncillo, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, "Photonic and nanobiophotonic properties of luminescent lanthanide-doped hybrid organic-inorganic materials," J. Mater. Chem. 18, 23-40 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Withnall, R.

J. Silver, T. G. Ireland, and R. Withnall, "Facile method of infilling photonic silica templates with rare earth element oxide phosphor precursors," J. Mater. Res. 19, 1656-1661 (2004)
[CrossRef]

R. Withnall, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, T. G. Ireland, and J. Silver, "Photonic phosphors based on cubic Y2O3:Tb3+ infilled into a synthetic opal lattice," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S81-S85 (2003)
[CrossRef]

R. Withnall, T. G. Ireland, M. I. Martinez-Rubio, G. R. Fern, and J. Silver, "Rare-earth element anti-stokes emission from three inverse photonic lattices," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 965-976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wolter, H.

H. Schmidt and H. Wolter, "Organically modified ceramics and their applications," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 121, 428-435 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Yablonovitch, E.

I. Schnitzer, E. Yablonovitch, C. Caneau, T. J. Gmitter, and A. Scherer, "30% external quantum efficiency from surface textured, thin-film light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2174-2176 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, K. B.

W. S. Kim, K. S. Kim, Y. J. Eo, K. B. Yoon, and B. S. Bae, "Synthesis of fluorinated hybrid material for UV embossing of a large core optical waveguide structure," J. Mater. Chem. 15, 465-469 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J. B.

L. N. Sun, H. J. Zhang, L. S. Fu, F. Y. Liu, Q. G. Meng, C. Y. Peng, and J. B. Yu, "A new sol-gel material doped with an erbium complex and its potential optical-amplification application," Adv. Func. Mater. 15, 1041-1048 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. J.

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, S. H. Cho, D. S. Zang, Y. D. Huh, and S. J. Yun, "Influence of a two-dimensional SiO2 nanorod structure on the extraction efficiency of ZnS:Mn thin-film electroluminescent devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1377-1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zang, D. S.

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, S. H. Cho, D. S. Zang, Y. D. Huh, and S. J. Yun, "Influence of a two-dimensional SiO2 nanorod structure on the extraction efficiency of ZnS:Mn thin-film electroluminescent devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1377-1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

L. N. Sun, H. J. Zhang, L. S. Fu, F. Y. Liu, Q. G. Meng, C. Y. Peng, and J. B. Yu, "A new sol-gel material doped with an erbium complex and its potential optical-amplification application," Adv. Func. Mater. 15, 1041-1048 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Zhao, H.

Zheng, Z.

Adv. Func. Mater. (1)

L. N. Sun, H. J. Zhang, L. S. Fu, F. Y. Liu, Q. G. Meng, C. Y. Peng, and J. B. Yu, "A new sol-gel material doped with an erbium complex and its potential optical-amplification application," Adv. Func. Mater. 15, 1041-1048 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (2)

Y. S. Lin, Y. Hung, H. Y. Lin, Y. H. Tseng, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Mou, "Photonic crystals from monodisperse lanthanide-hydroxide-at-silica core/shell colloidal spheres," Adv. Mater. 19, 577-580 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, Y. W. Song, C. O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

Y. R. Do, Y. C. Kim, S. H. Cho, D. S. Zang, Y. D. Huh, and S. J. Yun, "Influence of a two-dimensional SiO2 nanorod structure on the extraction efficiency of ZnS:Mn thin-film electroluminescent devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1377-1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779-3781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Opt. Express (1)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) The SEM image of the colloidal SiO2 photonic crystal template, (b) the cross sectional SEM image of the plane film coated on the slide glass, (c) the cross sectional image of the infiltrated film with the VF of 0.1 V%, (d) the tilted SEM image of the infiltrated film with the VF of 0.3 V%, (e) the infiltrated film into the template with the VF of 0.3 V%, (f) the schematic of the infiltrated film.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The transmittance spectra of (a) the film prepared by using the methacrylate ormosil, (b) the plane film coated on the slide glass, (c) the photonic crystal template with the VF of 0.5 V%, and (d) the infiltrated film into the template with the VF of 0.5 V%.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) The transmittance value measured at 360 nm of the infiltrated films and (b) their thickness depending upon the VF.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The PL excitation and emission spectra of the plane film coated on the slide glass.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The PL spectra of the infiltrated films with the various VFs of 0 V%, 0.2 V%, 0.4 V%, and 0.5 V%. The inset shows the relative PL intensity of the infiltrated films depending upon the VF.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The transmittance spectra of the ordered template and the disordered one with the VF of 1 V%. The inset shows the SEM image of the disordered template.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The PL spectra of the sample A (the plane film prepared without the photonic crystal template at 1000 rpm), B (the plane film prepared without the photonic crystal template at 200 rpm), C (the infiltrated film into the disordered template), and D (the infiltrated film into the ordered template).

Equations (2)

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λ = 2 d 111 ( n eff 2 sin θ 2 ) 0.5 .
n eff = n s p Φ + n air ( 1 Φ ) .

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