Abstract

We demonstrate for the first time that input polarisation control inducing one single filamentation is a very robust technique to accurately control the filamentation dynamics enhancing throughput energy of the supercontinuum generation up to 1.2 millijoule. Reaching the above-millijoule regime opens the way to post-compression of multi-terawatt laser pulses.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  23. A. Becker, N. Akozbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas," App. Phys. B. 73, 3, 287-290 (2001).
  24. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 792794 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  26. P. Main, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, "Generation of Ultrahigh Peak Power Pulses by. Chirped Pulse Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2, 398-403 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. Petit, A. Talebpour, A. Proulx, and S. L. Chin, "Polarization dependence of the propagation of intense laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 175, 4-6, 323-327 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  28. N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, " White light continuum generation and filamentation during the propagation of ultra-short laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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  35. A. K. Dharmadhikari, J. A. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Polarization and energy stability of filamentation-generated few-cycle pulses," Optics Express 16, 7083-7090 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. S. N. Vlasov, V. A. Gaponov, I. V. Eremina and L. V. Piskunova, " Self-focusing of wave beams with elliptical polarization," Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 21, 4, 358-362 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  37. V. Yu. Fedorov, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, and S. L. Chin, "Filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse with the initial beam ellipticity," Laser Physics 16, 8, 1227-1234 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  39. the filament visible length corresponds to an effective length defined as a series of focusing-defocusing cycles. A proper filament length estimation require terahertz measurement.
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    [CrossRef]

2008

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, "Attosecond angular streaking," Nature Physics 4, 7, 565-570 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savelev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air," Appl. Phys. B 91, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, J. A. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Polarization and energy stability of filamentation-generated few-cycle pulses," Optics Express 16, 7083-7090 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Fibich and N. Gavish, "Critical power of collapsing vortices," Phys. Rev. A 77, 045803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, S. Koehler, B. Reiter, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, and R. Krausz, "Ultrabroadband, coherent light source based on self-channeling of few-cycle pulses in helium," Opt. Lett. 33, 13, 1407-1409 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

A. Trisorio, A and CP. Hauri, "Control and characterization of multiple circularly polarized femtosecond filaments in argon," Opt. Lett. 32, 1650-1652 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zaır, A. Guandalini, Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. Couairon, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Optics Express 15, 9, 5394-5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 5839, 769-775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 5839, 769-775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

T. Pfeifer, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond X-ray science," Rep. Prog. Phy. 69, 443-505 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt.,  53, 75-85(2006)
[CrossRef]

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys.B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 39S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations," Opt. Lett. 31, 274-276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Seiffer, and O. Vasseur, "Spatial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31, 2601-2603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Morlens, J. Gautier, G. Rey, P. Zeitoun, J. P. Caumes, M. Kos-Rosset, H. Merdji, S. Kazamias, K. Casson, and M. Fajardo, "Submicrometer digital in-line holographic microscopy at 32 nm with high-order harmonics," Opt. Lett.,  31, 21, 3095-3097 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Yu. Fedorov, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, and S. L. Chin, "Filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse with the initial beam ellipticity," Laser Physics 16, 8, 1227-1234 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Schroeder, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, " Self-steepening is an abrupt process," Opt. Commun. 266, 1, 302-306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," App. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, "The physics of attosecond light pulses," Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Couairon, G. Mchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz,  "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments," Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

X. M. Tong, Z. X. Zhao,and C. D. Lin, "Theory of molecular tunneling ionization," Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter," Opt. Commun. 202, 189-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. Becker, N. Akozbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas," App. Phys. B. 73, 3, 287-290 (2001).

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, " White light continuum generation and filamentation during the propagation of ultra-short laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, J.V. Moloney and E.M. Wright, "Polarization dynamics of femtosecond pulses propagating in air," Phys. Rev. E 64046607(2001)
[CrossRef]

2000

S. Petit, A. Talebpour, A. Proulx, and S. L. Chin, "Polarization dependence of the propagation of intense laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 175, 4-6, 323-327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," App. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 792794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J. F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 8, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1988

P. Main, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, "Generation of Ultrahigh Peak Power Pulses by. Chirped Pulse Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2, 398-403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and atomic ions in an electromagnetic field," Sovietic Physics: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics 64, 1191 (1986).

1978

S. N. Vlasov, V. A. Gaponov, I. V. Eremina and L. V. Piskunova, " Self-focusing of wave beams with elliptical polarization," Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 21, 4, 358-362 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, "The physics of attosecond light pulses," Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J. F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 8, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ak¨ozbek, N.

N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, " White light continuum generation and filamentation during the propagation of ultra-short laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Akozbek, N.

V. Yu. Fedorov, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, and S. L. Chin, "Filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse with the initial beam ellipticity," Laser Physics 16, 8, 1227-1234 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter," Opt. Commun. 202, 189-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, N. Akozbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas," App. Phys. B. 73, 3, 287-290 (2001).

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and atomic ions in an electromagnetic field," Sovietic Physics: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics 64, 1191 (1986).

Anscombe, P.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys.B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 39S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 5839, 769-775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auge, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auguste, T.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bado, D

P. Main, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, "Generation of Ultrahigh Peak Power Pulses by. Chirped Pulse Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2, 398-403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter," Opt. Commun. 202, 189-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, N. Akozbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas," App. Phys. B. 73, 3, 287-290 (2001).

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
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P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, "Attosecond angular streaking," Nature Physics 4, 7, 565-570 (2008).
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A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt.,  53, 75-85(2006)
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C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," App. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
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A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys.B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 39S257-S264 (2006).
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W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter," Opt. Commun. 202, 189-197 (2002).
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A. Becker, N. Akozbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas," App. Phys. B. 73, 3, 287-290 (2001).

N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, " White light continuum generation and filamentation during the propagation of ultra-short laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
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Caumes, J. P.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
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O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savelev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air," Appl. Phys. B 91, 35 (2008).
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V. Yu. Fedorov, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, and S. L. Chin, "Filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse with the initial beam ellipticity," Laser Physics 16, 8, 1227-1234 (2006).
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W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter," Opt. Commun. 202, 189-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, N. Akozbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas," App. Phys. B. 73, 3, 287-290 (2001).

N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, " White light continuum generation and filamentation during the propagation of ultra-short laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
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S. Petit, A. Talebpour, A. Proulx, and S. L. Chin, "Polarization dependence of the propagation of intense laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 175, 4-6, 323-327 (2000).
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H. Schroeder, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, " Self-steepening is an abrupt process," Opt. Commun. 266, 1, 302-306 (2006).
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H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J. F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 8, 1611-1613 (1998).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
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A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
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A. Couairon, G. Mchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz,  "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments," Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
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C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," App. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
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M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and atomic ions in an electromagnetic field," Sovietic Physics: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics 64, 1191 (1986).

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A. K. Dharmadhikari, J. A. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Polarization and energy stability of filamentation-generated few-cycle pulses," Optics Express 16, 7083-7090 (2008).
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P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, "Attosecond angular streaking," Nature Physics 4, 7, 565-570 (2008).
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Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
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H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," App. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
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Eckle, A.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys.B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 39S257-S264 (2006).
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P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, "Attosecond angular streaking," Nature Physics 4, 7, 565-570 (2008).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
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Franco, B.

Franco, S.

A. Couairon, G. Mchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz,  "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments," Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
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Gallmann, L.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
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S. N. Vlasov, V. A. Gaponov, I. V. Eremina and L. V. Piskunova, " Self-focusing of wave beams with elliptical polarization," Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 21, 4, 358-362 (1978).
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T. Pfeifer, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond X-ray science," Rep. Prog. Phy. 69, 443-505 (2006).
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Goulielmakis, E.

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Guandalini,

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys.B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 39S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guandalini, A.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
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A. Zaır, A. Guandalini, Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. Couairon, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Optics Express 15, 9, 5394-5404 (2007).
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A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt.,  53, 75-85(2006)
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," App. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," App. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
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Helbing, F. W.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt.,  53, 75-85(2006)
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," App. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
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Holler, M.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hosseini, S. A.

H. Schroeder, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, " Self-steepening is an abrupt process," Opt. Commun. 266, 1, 302-306 (2006).
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C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 792794 (1998).
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O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savelev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air," Appl. Phys. B 91, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Fedorov, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, and S. L. Chin, "Filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse with the initial beam ellipticity," Laser Physics 16, 8, 1227-1234 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kazamias, S.

Keller, J.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys.B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 39S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, "Attosecond angular streaking," Nature Physics 4, 7, 565-570 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt.,  53, 75-85(2006)
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," App. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," App. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
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Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 5839, 769-775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
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E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 5839, 769-775 (2007).
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M. Kolesik, J.V. Moloney and E.M. Wright, "Polarization dynamics of femtosecond pulses propagating in air," Phys. Rev. E 64046607(2001)
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A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt.,  53, 75-85(2006)
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," App. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
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Kosareva, O. G.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savelev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air," Appl. Phys. B 91, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Fedorov, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, and S. L. Chin, "Filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse with the initial beam ellipticity," Laser Physics 16, 8, 1227-1234 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kos-Rosset, M.

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and atomic ions in an electromagnetic field," Sovietic Physics: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics 64, 1191 (1986).

Krausz, AM

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 5839, 769-775 (2007).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
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Krenz, B.

Kurilova, M. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savelev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air," Appl. Phys. B 91, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lamouroux, M.

A. Couairon, G. Mchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz,  "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments," Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lange,

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J. F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 8, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. D.

X. M. Tong, Z. X. Zhao,and C. D. Lin, "Theory of molecular tunneling ionization," Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter," Opt. Commun. 202, 189-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Q.

H. Schroeder, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, " Self-steepening is an abrupt process," Opt. Commun. 266, 1, 302-306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Main,

P. Main, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, "Generation of Ultrahigh Peak Power Pulses by. Chirped Pulse Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2, 398-403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mathur, D.

A. K. Dharmadhikari, J. A. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Polarization and energy stability of filamentation-generated few-cycle pulses," Optics Express 16, 7083-7090 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazhorova, A. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savelev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air," Appl. Phys. B 91, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mchain, A.

A. Couairon, G. Mchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz,  "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments," Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Merdji, H.

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moloney, J.V.

M. Kolesik, J.V. Moloney and E.M. Wright, "Polarization dynamics of femtosecond pulses propagating in air," Phys. Rev. E 64046607(2001)
[CrossRef]

Monmayrant, A.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morlens, A. S.

Mourou, M

P. Main, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, "Generation of Ultrahigh Peak Power Pulses by. Chirped Pulse Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2, 398-403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Muller, H. G.

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, "Attosecond angular streaking," Nature Physics 4, 7, 565-570 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt.,  53, 75-85(2006)
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," App. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, B.

A. Couairon, G. Mchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz,  "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments," Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, J. F.

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J. F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 8, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, M.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. DeSilvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipocs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oral, E.

A. Becker, N. Akozbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas," App. Phys. B. 73, 3, 287-290 (2001).

Panov, N. A.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savelev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air," Appl. Phys. B 91, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pervak, V.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 5839, 769-775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pessot, P

P. Main, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, "Generation of Ultrahigh Peak Power Pulses by. Chirped Pulse Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2, 398-403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petit, S.

W. Liu, S. Petit, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping of a femtosecond laser pulse in condensed matter," Opt. Commun. 202, 189-197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Petit, A. Talebpour, A. Proulx, and S. L. Chin, "Polarization dependence of the propagation of intense laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 175, 4-6, 323-327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

T. Pfeifer, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond X-ray science," Rep. Prog. Phy. 69, 443-505 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Piskunova, L. V.

S. N. Vlasov, V. A. Gaponov, I. V. Eremina and L. V. Piskunova, " Self-focusing of wave beams with elliptical polarization," Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 21, 4, 358-362 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prade,

Prade, B.

A. Couairon, G. Mchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz,  "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments," Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Proulx, A.

S. Petit, A. Talebpour, A. Proulx, and S. L. Chin, "Polarization dependence of the propagation of intense laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 175, 4-6, 323-327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rajgara, F. A.

A. K. Dharmadhikari, J. A. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Polarization and energy stability of filamentation-generated few-cycle pulses," Optics Express 16, 7083-7090 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reiter, S

Rey, G.

Ripoche, A.

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J. F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 8, 1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Salieres, {.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sartania, S.

Savelev, A. B.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savelev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air," Appl. Phys. B 91, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scalora, M.

V. Yu. Fedorov, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, and S. L. Chin, "Filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse with the initial beam ellipticity," Laser Physics 16, 8, 1227-1234 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, " White light continuum generation and filamentation during the propagation of ultra-short laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schapper, F.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schlup, M.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys.B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 39S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schlup, P.

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, "Attosecond angular streaking," Nature Physics 4, 7, 565-570 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schnurer, M.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schoffler, A

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, "Attosecond angular streaking," Nature Physics 4, 7, 565-570 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, H.

H. Schroeder, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, " Self-steepening is an abrupt process," Opt. Commun. 266, 1, 302-306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, B

Seiffer, M.

Serebryannikov, AJ

Skupin, S.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smolarski, M.

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, "Attosecond angular streaking," Nature Physics 4, 7, 565-570 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sokollik, T.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

T. Pfeifer, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond X-ray science," Rep. Prog. Phy. 69, 443-505 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. DeSilvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipocs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Staudte, A.

P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, "Attosecond angular streaking," Nature Physics 4, 7, 565-570 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations," Opt. Lett. 31, 274-276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," App. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," App. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stibenz, G.

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiments versus numerical simulations," Opt. Lett. 31, 274-276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, P

P. Main, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, "Generation of Ultrahigh Peak Power Pulses by. Chirped Pulse Amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2, 398-403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," App. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Szipocs, R.

Talebpour, A.

S. Petit, A. Talebpour, A. Proulx, and S. L. Chin, "Polarization dependence of the propagation of intense laser pulses in air," Opt. Commun. 175, 4-6, 323-327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," App. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Toma, E. S.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tong, X. M.

X. M. Tong, Z. X. Zhao,and C. D. Lin, "Theory of molecular tunneling ionization," Phys. Rev. A 66, 033402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Trisorio, A.

Tzortzakis, G.

A. Couairon, G. Mchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz,  "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments," Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 5839, 769-775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uryupina, D. S.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savelev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air," Appl. Phys. B 91, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vasseur, D.

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verhoef, M

Vijayalakshmi, K.

A. Becker, N. Akozbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas," App. Phys. B. 73, 3, 287-290 (2001).

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vlasov, S. N.

S. N. Vlasov, V. A. Gaponov, I. V. Eremina and L. V. Piskunova, " Self-focusing of wave beams with elliptical polarization," Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 21, 4, 358-362 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, R. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savelev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, "Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air," Appl. Phys. B 91, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I. A.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 792794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E.M.

M. Kolesik, J.V. Moloney and E.M. Wright, "Polarization dynamics of femtosecond pulses propagating in air," Phys. Rev. E 64046607(2001)
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, A. S.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 5839, 769-775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zair, A.

A. Zaır, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, A. WalmsleyI, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salieres, "Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 14, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zaır, A. Guandalini, Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. Couairon, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Optics Express 15, 9, 5394-5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeitoun, P.

Zhao, Z. X.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Input (FWHM = 29.7 fs) and output filament pulse (FWHM = 12.3 fs) profiles: the filament is generated in one stage cell filled with nitrogen at atmospheric pressure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Single filament spectra dependence on the ellipticity degree for argon (a: left) and nitrogen (b: right) targets

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Multi-filament spatial profile dependence on the ellipticity degree for argon (a: left) and nitrogen (b: right) targets. The focal point is shown at the top and present an elliptic spatial shape which explain multi-filaments distribution.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a: left) Input peak power for generating single filament as a function of the input ellipticity degree and (b: right) input power gain ellipticity dependence P in ε P in ε = 0 for argon (blue line) and nitrogen (red line). The blue dot line (respectively the red line) corresponds to the argon (respectively the nitrogen) target respons

Equations (7)

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i E x z = 1 12 k c 2 E x + k 2 2 E x t 2 k c n 2 [ ( E x 2 + 2 3 E y 2 ) E x + 1 3 E x * E y 2 ]
i E y z = 1 2 k c 2 E y + k 2 2 E y t 2 k c n 2 [ ( 2 3 E x 2 + E y 2 ) E y + 1 3 E y * E x 2 ]
E + = ε E x e E y 1 + ε 2 E = E x εe E y 1 + ε 2
i E + z = 1 2 k c 2 E + + k 2 2 E x t 2 k c n 2 ε 4 + 4 ε 2 / 3 + 1 + 2 ε 2 cos ( 2 ϕ ) / 3 ( 1 + ε 2 ) 2 E + 2 E +
P CR ε ϕ P CR ( 0 , 0 ) = ( 1 + ε 2 ) 2 ε 4 + 4 ε 2 / 3 + 1 + 2 ε 2 cos ( 2 ϕ ) / 3
i E x z = 1 2 k c 2 E x + k 2 2 E x t 2 k c n 2 [ ( E x 2 + 1 3 E y 2 ) E x + 1 3 ( E x * E y + E x E y * ) E y ]
i E y z = 1 2 k c 2 E y + k 2 2 E y t 2 k c n 2 [ ( 1 3 E x 2 + E y 2 ) E y + 1 3 ( E x * E y + E x E y * ) E x ]

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