Abstract

We demonstrate that soliton generation in a fiber laser containing a fiber Bragg grating exhibits spectral enhancement near the Bragg resonance wavelength. The Bragg grating leads to a spectral hole on the soliton spectrum while the observed enhancement is always located at the long wavelength side of the Bragg resonance.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, Y. Li, and T. Brown, "Supercontinuum generation in a fiber grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4600-4602 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, and K. S. Feder, "Grating phase matching beyond a continuum edge," Opt. Lett. 32, 2629-2631 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Kim, S. A. Diddams, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, and K. S. Feder, "Improved stabilization of a 1.3 µm femtosecond optical frequency comb by use of a spectrally tailored continuum from a nonlinear fiber grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 277-279 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Li, F. Salisbury, Z. Zhu, T. Brown, P. Westbrook, K. Feder, and R. Windeler, "Interaction of supercontinuum and Raman solitons with microstructure fiber gratings," Opt. Express 13, 998-1007 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. S. Westbrook and J. W. Nicholson, "Perturbative approach to continuum generation in a fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 14, 7610-7616 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. R. Austin, J. A. Bolger, C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and T. G. Brown, "Narrowband supercontinuum control using phase shaping," Opt. Express 14, 13142-13150 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Filling a spectral hole via self-phase modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121113 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. N. Tsoy and C. M. de Sterke, "Oscillations of the soliton parameters in nonlinear interference phenomena," Phys. Lett. A 372, 1856-1861 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. A. Bolger, F. Luan, D. -I. Yeom, E. N. Tsoy, C. M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, "Tunable enhancement of a soliton spectrum using an acoustic long-period grating," Opt. Express 15, 13457-13462 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Dissipative Solitons (Springer, New York, 2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Horowitz, Y. Barad, and Y. Silberberg, "Noiselike pulses with a broadband spectrum generated from an erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 799-801 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, "Analytical theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

2008 (1)

E. N. Tsoy and C. M. de Sterke, "Oscillations of the soliton parameters in nonlinear interference phenomena," Phys. Lett. A 372, 1856-1861 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

2005 (3)

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Filling a spectral hole via self-phase modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, F. Salisbury, Z. Zhu, T. Brown, P. Westbrook, K. Feder, and R. Windeler, "Interaction of supercontinuum and Raman solitons with microstructure fiber gratings," Opt. Express 13, 998-1007 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, Y. Li, and T. Brown, "Supercontinuum generation in a fiber grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4600-4602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1992 (1)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, "Analytical theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Assion, A.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Filling a spectral hole via self-phase modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Austin, D. R.

Barad, Y.

Baumert, T.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Filling a spectral hole via self-phase modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bolger, J. A.

Brown, T.

Y. Li, F. Salisbury, Z. Zhu, T. Brown, P. Westbrook, K. Feder, and R. Windeler, "Interaction of supercontinuum and Raman solitons with microstructure fiber gratings," Opt. Express 13, 998-1007 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, Y. Li, and T. Brown, "Supercontinuum generation in a fiber grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4600-4602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T. G.

de Sterke, C. M.

Diddams, S. A.

Eggleton, B. J.

Feder, K.

Feder, K. S.

Fujimoto, J. G.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, "Analytical theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, "Analytical theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, M.

Ippen, E. P.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, "Analytical theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

Li, Y.

Y. Li, F. Salisbury, Z. Zhu, T. Brown, P. Westbrook, K. Feder, and R. Windeler, "Interaction of supercontinuum and Raman solitons with microstructure fiber gratings," Opt. Express 13, 998-1007 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, Y. Li, and T. Brown, "Supercontinuum generation in a fiber grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4600-4602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. Q.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

Luan, F.

Nicholson, J. W.

Präkelt, A.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Filling a spectral hole via self-phase modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Salisbury, F.

Sarpe-Tudoran, C.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Filling a spectral hole via self-phase modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Tang, D. Y.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

Tsoy, E. N.

Westbrook, P.

Westbrook, P. S.

Windeler, R.

Wollenhaupt, M.

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Filling a spectral hole via self-phase modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yeom, D. -I.

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

Zhao, L. M.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

Zhu, Z.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, Y. Li, and T. Brown, "Supercontinuum generation in a fiber grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4600-4602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Präkelt, M. Wollenhaupt, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Filling a spectral hole via self-phase modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, "Analytical theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

E. N. Tsoy and C. M. de Sterke, "Oscillations of the soliton parameters in nonlinear interference phenomena," Phys. Lett. A 372, 1856-1861 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

Other (1)

N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Dissipative Solitons (Springer, New York, 2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the fiber laser. λ/4: quarter-wave plate; λ/2: half-wave plate; FBG: fiber Bragg grating; EDF: erbium-doped fiber; WDM: wavelength division multiplexer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission spectrum of the uniform FBG.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

A typical soliton operation state with 10dB spectral enhancement. (a) Optical spectrum; (b) Autocorrelation trace; (c) Zoom-in spectrum around the Bragg resonance.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical spectrum of soliton operation with the central wavelength of the soliton largely shifted away from the Bragg wavelength.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Noise-like pulse. (a) Optical spectrum; (b) Autocorrelation trace.

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