Abstract

We study the spontaneous Raman scattering in a W1 photonic crystal waveguide on silicon-on-insulator where the lower silica cladding remains. Despite the vertical asymmetry that exists in such a waveguide, we numerically and experimentally show that the propagation losses at the pump and the Stokes wavelengths remain low enough to allow a significant exaltation of the spontaneous Raman scattering. In particular, we observe a reshaping of the Raman spectrum and a more than ten-fold enhancement of the Raman scattering efficiency in a W1 photonic crystal waveguide as compared to a single-mode ridge waveguide.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. J. I. Dadap, R. L. Espinola, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Spontaneous Raman scattering in ultrasmall silicon waveguides," Opt. Letters 29, 2755-2757 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, "A cascaded silicon Raman laser," Nature Photonics 2, 170-174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, H. Oda, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, H. Kawashima, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Dramatic densityof-state enhancement of Raman scattering at the band edge in a one-dimensional photonic-crystal waveguide," Phys. Rev. A 78, 011805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. El Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Oda, K. Inoue, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Light amplification by stimulated Raman scattering in AlGaAs-based photonic-crystal line-defect waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 051114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications," Opt. Express 15, 16,604-16,644 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Assefa and Y. A. Vlasov, "High-order dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 17,562-17,569 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2003

S. David, M. El kurdi, P. Boucaud, A. Chelnokov, V. Le Thanh, D. Bouchier, and J. M. Lourtioz, "Twodimensional photonic crystals with Ge/Si self-assembled islands," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2509-2511 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agrawal, G. P.

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications," Opt. Express 15, 16,604-16,644 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Asakawa, K.

H. Oda, K. Inoue, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Light amplification by stimulated Raman scattering in AlGaAs-based photonic-crystal line-defect waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 051114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, H. Oda, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, H. Kawashima, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Dramatic densityof-state enhancement of Raman scattering at the band edge in a one-dimensional photonic-crystal waveguide," Phys. Rev. A 78, 011805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Assefa, S.

S. Assefa and Y. A. Vlasov, "High-order dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 17,562-17,569 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bensahel, D.

M. El Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. Boucaud, X. Checoury, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Probing photonic crystals on silicon-on-insulator with Ge/Si self-assembled islands as an internal source," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 023103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bonnefont, S.

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boucaud, P.

M. El Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. Boucaud, X. Checoury, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Probing photonic crystals on silicon-on-insulator with Ge/Si self-assembled islands as an internal source," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 023103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boyraz, O.

Campidelli, Y.

M. El Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. Boucaud, X. Checoury, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Probing photonic crystals on silicon-on-insulator with Ge/Si self-assembled islands as an internal source," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 023103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Checoury, X.

M. El Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. Boucaud, X. Checoury, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Probing photonic crystals on silicon-on-insulator with Ge/Si self-assembled islands as an internal source," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 023103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, "A cascaded silicon Raman laser," Nature Photonics 2, 170-174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crozat, P.

Cuisin, C.

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J. I.

J. I. Dadap, R. L. Espinola, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Spontaneous Raman scattering in ultrasmall silicon waveguides," Opt. Letters 29, 2755-2757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Raman amplification in ultrasmall silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 3713-3718 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

David, S.

M. El Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. David, M. El kurdi, P. Boucaud, A. Chelnokov, V. Le Thanh, D. Bouchier, and J. M. Lourtioz, "Twodimensional photonic crystals with Ge/Si self-assembled islands," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2509-2511 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Derouin, E.

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Drisse, O.

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, G. H.

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

El Kurdi, M.

Espinola, R. L.

J. I. Dadap, R. L. Espinola, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Spontaneous Raman scattering in ultrasmall silicon waveguides," Opt. Letters 29, 2755-2757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Raman amplification in ultrasmall silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 3713-3718 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, A.

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier-Lafaye, O.

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hak, D.

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikeda, N.

H. Oda, K. Inoue, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Light amplification by stimulated Raman scattering in AlGaAs-based photonic-crystal line-defect waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 051114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, H. Oda, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, H. Kawashima, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Dramatic densityof-state enhancement of Raman scattering at the band edge in a one-dimensional photonic-crystal waveguide," Phys. Rev. A 78, 011805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, H. Oda, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, H. Kawashima, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Dramatic densityof-state enhancement of Raman scattering at the band edge in a one-dimensional photonic-crystal waveguide," Phys. Rev. A 78, 011805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Oda, K. Inoue, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Light amplification by stimulated Raman scattering in AlGaAs-based photonic-crystal line-defect waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 051114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Oda and K. Inoue, "Observation of Raman scattering in GaAs photonic-crystal slab waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 6659-6667 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jalali, B.

Jones, R.

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawashima, H.

K. Inoue, H. Oda, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, H. Kawashima, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Dramatic densityof-state enhancement of Raman scattering at the band edge in a one-dimensional photonic-crystal waveguide," Phys. Rev. A 78, 011805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kermarrec, O.

M. El Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. Boucaud, X. Checoury, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Probing photonic crystals on silicon-on-insulator with Ge/Si self-assembled islands as an internal source," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 023103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

Lee, M.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, "A cascaded silicon Raman laser," Nature Photonics 2, 170-174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Legouezigou, L.

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Legouezigou, O.

Lelarge, F.

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

X. Li, P. Boucaud, X. Checoury, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Probing photonic crystals on silicon-on-insulator with Ge/Si self-assembled islands as an internal source," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 023103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications," Opt. Express 15, 16,604-16,644 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. S.

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lourtioz, J. M.

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lozes-Dupuy, F.

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McMillan, J. E.

McNab, S. J.

Michaeli, A.

Moll, N.

Mulin, D.

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ngo, T. P.

Oda, H.

K. Inoue, H. Oda, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, H. Kawashima, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Dramatic densityof-state enhancement of Raman scattering at the band edge in a one-dimensional photonic-crystal waveguide," Phys. Rev. A 78, 011805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Oda, K. Inoue, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Light amplification by stimulated Raman scattering in AlGaAs-based photonic-crystal line-defect waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 051114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Oda and K. Inoue, "Observation of Raman scattering in GaAs photonic-crystal slab waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 6659-6667 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osgood, R. M.

Painter, O. J.

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications," Opt. Express 15, 16,604-16,644 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, "A cascaded silicon Raman laser," Nature Photonics 2, 170-174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panoiu, N. C.

Poigt, F.

Poingt, F.

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pommereau, F.

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pommereau, P.

Raday, O.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, "A cascaded silicon Raman laser," Nature Photonics 2, 170-174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H. S.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, "A cascaded silicon Raman laser," Nature Photonics 2, 170-174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salib, M.

Settle, M.

Sih, V.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, "A cascaded silicon Raman laser," Nature Photonics 2, 170-174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

H. Oda, K. Inoue, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Light amplification by stimulated Raman scattering in AlGaAs-based photonic-crystal line-defect waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 051114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, H. Oda, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, H. Kawashima, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Dramatic densityof-state enhancement of Raman scattering at the band edge in a one-dimensional photonic-crystal waveguide," Phys. Rev. A 78, 011805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Talneau, A.

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valentin, J.

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

S. Assefa and Y. A. Vlasov, "High-order dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 17,562-17,569 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Raman amplification in ultrasmall silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 3713-3718 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. I. Dadap, R. L. Espinola, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Spontaneous Raman scattering in ultrasmall silicon waveguides," Opt. Letters 29, 2755-2757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, C. W.

Xu, S. B.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, "A cascaded silicon Raman laser," Nature Photonics 2, 170-174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, A.

H. Oda, K. Inoue, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Light amplification by stimulated Raman scattering in AlGaAs-based photonic-crystal line-defect waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 051114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, H. Oda, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, H. Kawashima, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Dramatic densityof-state enhancement of Raman scattering at the band edge in a one-dimensional photonic-crystal waveguide," Phys. Rev. A 78, 011805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. D.

Zerounian, N.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Oda, K. Inoue, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Light amplification by stimulated Raman scattering in AlGaAs-based photonic-crystal line-defect waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 051114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Checoury, P. Boucaud, J. M. Lourtioz, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, J. Valentin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, F. Pommereau, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, L. Legouezigou, F. Lelarge, F. Poingt, G. H. Duan, and A. Talneau, "1.5 μm room-temperature emission of square-lattice photonic-crystal waveguide lasers with a single line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. David, M. El kurdi, P. Boucaud, A. Chelnokov, V. Le Thanh, D. Bouchier, and J. M. Lourtioz, "Twodimensional photonic crystals with Ge/Si self-assembled islands," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2509-2511 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

X. Li, P. Boucaud, X. Checoury, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Probing photonic crystals on silicon-on-insulator with Ge/Si self-assembled islands as an internal source," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 023103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Photonics

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, "A cascaded silicon Raman laser," Nature Photonics 2, 170-174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

S. Assefa and Y. A. Vlasov, "High-order dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 17,562-17,569 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications," Opt. Express 15, 16,604-16,644 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Oda and K. Inoue, "Observation of Raman scattering in GaAs photonic-crystal slab waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 6659-6667 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. El Kurdi, X. Checoury, S. David, T. P. Ngo, N. Zerounian, P. Boucaud, O. Kermarrec, Y. Campidelli, and D. Bensahel, "Quality factor of Si-based photonic crystal L3 nanocavities probed with an internal source," Opt. Express 16, 8780-8791 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Raman amplification in ultrasmall silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 3713-3718 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, "Demonstration of a silicon Raman laser," Opt. Express 12, 5269-5273 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Checoury, P. Crozat, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, F. Poigt, L. Legouezigou, O. Legouezigou, P. Pommereau, G. H. Duan, O. Gauthier-Lafaye, S. Bonnefont, D. Mulin, F. Lozes-Dupuy, and A. Talneau, "Single-mode in-gap emission of medium-width photonic crystal waveguides on InP substrate," Opt. Express 13, 6947-6955 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Settle, M. Salib, A. Michaeli,T. F. Krauss, "Low loss silicon on insulator photonic crystal waveguides made by 193nm optical lithography," Opt. Express 14, 2440-2445 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Letters

J. I. Dadap, R. L. Espinola, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Spontaneous Raman scattering in ultrasmall silicon waveguides," Opt. Letters 29, 2755-2757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

K. Inoue, H. Oda, A. Yamanaka, N. Ikeda, H. Kawashima, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Asakawa, "Dramatic densityof-state enhancement of Raman scattering at the band edge in a one-dimensional photonic-crystal waveguide," Phys. Rev. A 78, 011805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. McMillan, M. Yu, D.-L. Kwong and C. W. Wong "Demonstration of Enhanced Spontaneous Raman Scattering in Slow-Light Silicon Photonic Crystal Waveguides" Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (2008), paper QMI6.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Band diagram of the W1 PhC silicon-on-insulator waveguide calculated by 3D-FDTD. The pump and Stokes normalized frequencies are indicated as well as the quality factor of the mode Q = ωτ where ω is the pulsation and τ is the life-time of the mode. The silica light line is represented in violet.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission spectrum of the W1 waveguide measured with a spontaneous emission source and an optical spectrum analyzer (OSA) with a resolution of 0.5 nm. The light and dark gray areas represent the frequency range swept for the pump and the Stokes signal respectively. Inset: scanning electron microscope view of the termination of a PhC waveguide

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power on a linear scale measured with an optical spectrum analyzer (resolution of 0.5 nm). The source is a wide band low power noise source for the black curve. In the case of the gray curve, a power of 24 mW at 1530.6 nm is coupled in the W1 waveguide from an amplified laser source to generate spontaneous Raman scattering at 1663.1 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spontaneous Raman scattering spectra for various wavelengths of the pump with a coupled power of 12.5 mW in the PhC waveguide. The OSA resolution is 0.5 nm.

Equations (1)

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d P s dz = α s P s + κ P p exp ( α p z )

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