Abstract

Thin nanostructured metal films allow to control radiative and non-radiative losses of surface plasmon polariton modes without changing their group velocities. This effect is studied in plasmonic waveguides made of thin gold films drilled with very narrow slits and deposited on a GaAs substrate. The analysis is supported by high-resolution angle-resolved transmission measurements and rigorous electromagnetic calculations. We show that the excitation of air/gold and gold/GaAs surface waves leads to Fano-type resonances with specific light localization into the slits. As a result, gold/GaAs surface waves induce a modulation of radiative and non-radiative losses of air/gold surface waves. The minimum and maximum of the Fano-type resonance introduce two propagation regimes. In the radiative propagation regime, the losses due to the absorption are negligible, whereas an efficient inhibition of free-space coupling is demonstrated in low-loss propagation regime.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (3)

C. Sauvan, C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, P. Lalanne, "Surface plasmon coupling on metallic film perforated by two-dimensional rectangular hole array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, C. Sauvan, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Angle-resolved transmission measurements through anisotropic 2D plasmonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 33, 165-167 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, F. Pardo, N. Bardou, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Toward tunable light propagation and emission in thin nanostructured plasmonic waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

R. Slavik and J. Homola, "Ultrahigh resolution long range surface plasmon-based sensor," Sens. Actuators B 123, 10-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, "Squeezing Visible Light Waves into a 3-nm-Thick and 55-nm-Long Plasmon Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging Photonics and Electronics at Nanoscale Dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (9)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martın-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, "Surfaces with holes in them: new plasmonic metamaterials," J. Opt. A 7, S97-S101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Lee and Q-Han Park, "Coupling of Surface Plasmon Polaritons and Light in Metallic Nanoslits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 103902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Marquier, J. J. Greffet, S. Collin, F. Pardo, and J. L. Pelouard, "Resonant transmission through a metallic film due to coupled modes," Opt. Express 13, 70-76 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Ropers, D. J. Park, G. Stibenz, G. Steinmeyer, J. Kim, D. S. Kim, and C. Lienau, "Femtosecond Light Transmission and Subradiant Damping in Plasmonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel Plasmon-Polariton Guiding by Subwavelength Metal Grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver Nanowires as Surface Plasmon Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, R. Kohler, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, "High-performance operation of single-mode terahertz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, "Surface-Plasmon-Assisted Guiding of Broadband Slow and Subwavelength Light in Air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, and M. L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, "High-contrast modulation of light with light by control of surface plasmon polariton wave coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369-3371 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martın-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Mimicking Surface Plasmons with Structured Surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (6)

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, J. C. Rodier, and P. Chavel, "Perturbative approach for surface plasmon effects on flat interfaces periodically corrugated by subwavelength apertures," Phys. Rev. B 68, 125404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. F. Woerdman, "Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra," Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sarrazin, J. P. Vigneron, and J. M. Vigoureux, "Role of Wood anomalies in optical properties of thin metallic films with a bidimensional array of subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Materials 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, and A. Dereux, "Optical near-field distributions of surface plasmon waveguide modes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 115401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Horizontal and vertical surface resonances in transmission metallic gratings," J. Opt. A(Special Issue on Electromagnetic Optics) 4, S154-S160 (2002).

M. M. J. Treacy, "Dynamical diffraction explanation of the anomalous transmission of light through metallic gratings," Phys. Rev. B 66, 195105 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of asymmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 63, 125417 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

R. L. Rich and D. G. Myszka, "Advances in surface plasmon resonance biosensor analysis," Curr. Opin. Biotech. 11, 54-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

S. C. Kitson,W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, "Full Photonic Band Gap for Surface Modes in the Visible," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670-2673 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Materials 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver Nanowires as Surface Plasmon Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bardou, N.

C. Sauvan, C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, P. Lalanne, "Surface plasmon coupling on metallic film perforated by two-dimensional rectangular hole array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, C. Sauvan, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Angle-resolved transmission measurements through anisotropic 2D plasmonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 33, 165-167 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, F. Pardo, N. Bardou, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Toward tunable light propagation and emission in thin nanostructured plasmonic waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Kitson,W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, "Full Photonic Band Gap for Surface Modes in the Visible," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670-2673 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beere, H. E.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, R. Kohler, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, "High-performance operation of single-mode terahertz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beltram, F.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, R. Kohler, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, "High-performance operation of single-mode terahertz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berini, P.

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of asymmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 63, 125417 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Billaudeau, C.

C. Sauvan, C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, P. Lalanne, "Surface plasmon coupling on metallic film perforated by two-dimensional rectangular hole array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, F. Pardo, N. Bardou, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Toward tunable light propagation and emission in thin nanostructured plasmonic waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, C. Sauvan, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Angle-resolved transmission measurements through anisotropic 2D plasmonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 33, 165-167 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bourillot, E.

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel Plasmon-Polariton Guiding by Subwavelength Metal Grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, and M. L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

Chavel, P.

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, J. C. Rodier, and P. Chavel, "Perturbative approach for surface plasmon effects on flat interfaces periodically corrugated by subwavelength apertures," Phys. Rev. B 68, 125404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cho, A. Y.

Collin, S.

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, C. Sauvan, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Angle-resolved transmission measurements through anisotropic 2D plasmonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 33, 165-167 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, F. Pardo, N. Bardou, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Toward tunable light propagation and emission in thin nanostructured plasmonic waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Sauvan, C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, P. Lalanne, "Surface plasmon coupling on metallic film perforated by two-dimensional rectangular hole array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Marquier, J. J. Greffet, S. Collin, F. Pardo, and J. L. Pelouard, "Resonant transmission through a metallic film due to coupled modes," Opt. Express 13, 70-76 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Horizontal and vertical surface resonances in transmission metallic gratings," J. Opt. A(Special Issue on Electromagnetic Optics) 4, S154-S160 (2002).

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, and A. Dereux, "Optical near-field distributions of surface plasmon waveguide modes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 115401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel Plasmon-Polariton Guiding by Subwavelength Metal Grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver Nanowires as Surface Plasmon Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel Plasmon-Polariton Guiding by Subwavelength Metal Grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Erland, J.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faist, J.

Felidj, N.

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martın-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, "Surfaces with holes in them: new plasmonic metamaterials," J. Opt. A 7, S97-S101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martın-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Mimicking Surface Plasmons with Structured Surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genet, C.

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. F. Woerdman, "Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra," Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Girard, C.

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gmachl, C.

Gotschy, W.

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Goudonnet, J. P.

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Greffet, J. J.

Harel, E.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Materials 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofer, F.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver Nanowires as Surface Plasmon Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohenau, A.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver Nanowires as Surface Plasmon Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homola, J.

R. Slavik and J. Homola, "Ultrahigh resolution long range surface plasmon-based sensor," Sens. Actuators B 123, 10-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hugonin, J. P.

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, J. C. Rodier, and P. Chavel, "Perturbative approach for surface plasmon effects on flat interfaces periodically corrugated by subwavelength apertures," Phys. Rev. B 68, 125404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, A. L.

Hvam, J. M.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ibanescu, M.

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, "Surface-Plasmon-Assisted Guiding of Broadband Slow and Subwavelength Light in Air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, "Surface-Plasmon-Assisted Guiding of Broadband Slow and Subwavelength Light in Air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karalis, A.

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, "Surface-Plasmon-Assisted Guiding of Broadband Slow and Subwavelength Light in Air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kik, P. G.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Materials 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, D. S.

C. Ropers, D. J. Park, G. Stibenz, G. Steinmeyer, J. Kim, D. S. Kim, and C. Lienau, "Femtosecond Light Transmission and Subradiant Damping in Plasmonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

C. Ropers, D. J. Park, G. Stibenz, G. Steinmeyer, J. Kim, D. S. Kim, and C. Lienau, "Femtosecond Light Transmission and Subradiant Damping in Plasmonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitson, S. C.

S. C. Kitson,W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, "Full Photonic Band Gap for Surface Modes in the Visible," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670-2673 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koel, B. E.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Materials 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kohler, R.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, R. Kohler, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, "High-performance operation of single-mode terahertz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krasavin, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, "High-contrast modulation of light with light by control of surface plasmon polariton wave coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369-3371 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kreibig, U.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver Nanowires as Surface Plasmon Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krenn, B.

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver Nanowires as Surface Plasmon Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, Y.

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, "Squeezing Visible Light Waves into a 3-nm-Thick and 55-nm-Long Plasmon Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lacroute, Y.

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, and A. Dereux, "Optical near-field distributions of surface plasmon waveguide modes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 115401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, P.

C. Sauvan, C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, P. Lalanne, "Surface plasmon coupling on metallic film perforated by two-dimensional rectangular hole array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, J. C. Rodier, and P. Chavel, "Perturbative approach for surface plasmon effects on flat interfaces periodically corrugated by subwavelength apertures," Phys. Rev. B 68, 125404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laluet, J.-Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lamprecht, B.

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. G.

K. G. Lee and Q-Han Park, "Coupling of Surface Plasmon Polaritons and Light in Metallic Nanoslits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 103902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitner, A.

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leosson, K.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lidorikis, E.

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, "Surface-Plasmon-Assisted Guiding of Broadband Slow and Subwavelength Light in Air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lienau, C.

C. Ropers, D. J. Park, G. Stibenz, G. Steinmeyer, J. Kim, D. S. Kim, and C. Lienau, "Femtosecond Light Transmission and Subradiant Damping in Plasmonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Linfield, E. H.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, R. Kohler, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, "High-performance operation of single-mode terahertz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, K. F.

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, "High-contrast modulation of light with light by control of surface plasmon polariton wave coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369-3371 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mahler, L.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, R. Kohler, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, "High-performance operation of single-mode terahertz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Materials 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marquier, F.

Martin-Moreno, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martın-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, "Surfaces with holes in them: new plasmonic metamaterials," J. Opt. A 7, S97-S101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martın-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Mimicking Surface Plasmons with Structured Surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meltzer, S.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Materials 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyazaki, H. T.

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, "Squeezing Visible Light Waves into a 3-nm-Thick and 55-nm-Long Plasmon Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Myszka, D. G.

R. L. Rich and D. G. Myszka, "Advances in surface plasmon resonance biosensor analysis," Curr. Opin. Biotech. 11, 54-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nikolajsen, T.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging Photonics and Electronics at Nanoscale Dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pardo, F.

C. Sauvan, C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, P. Lalanne, "Surface plasmon coupling on metallic film perforated by two-dimensional rectangular hole array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, F. Pardo, N. Bardou, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Toward tunable light propagation and emission in thin nanostructured plasmonic waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, C. Sauvan, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Angle-resolved transmission measurements through anisotropic 2D plasmonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 33, 165-167 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Marquier, J. J. Greffet, S. Collin, F. Pardo, and J. L. Pelouard, "Resonant transmission through a metallic film due to coupled modes," Opt. Express 13, 70-76 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Horizontal and vertical surface resonances in transmission metallic gratings," J. Opt. A(Special Issue on Electromagnetic Optics) 4, S154-S160 (2002).

Park, D. J.

C. Ropers, D. J. Park, G. Stibenz, G. Steinmeyer, J. Kim, D. S. Kim, and C. Lienau, "Femtosecond Light Transmission and Subradiant Damping in Plasmonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelouard, J. L.

Pelouard, J.-L.

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, C. Sauvan, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Angle-resolved transmission measurements through anisotropic 2D plasmonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 33, 165-167 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, F. Pardo, N. Bardou, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Toward tunable light propagation and emission in thin nanostructured plasmonic waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Sauvan, C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, P. Lalanne, "Surface plasmon coupling on metallic film perforated by two-dimensional rectangular hole array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Horizontal and vertical surface resonances in transmission metallic gratings," J. Opt. A(Special Issue on Electromagnetic Optics) 4, S154-S160 (2002).

Pendry, J. B.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martın-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, "Surfaces with holes in them: new plasmonic metamaterials," J. Opt. A 7, S97-S101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martın-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Mimicking Surface Plasmons with Structured Surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Requicha, A. A.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Materials 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rich, R. L.

R. L. Rich and D. G. Myszka, "Advances in surface plasmon resonance biosensor analysis," Curr. Opin. Biotech. 11, 54-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ritchie, D. A.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, R. Kohler, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, "High-performance operation of single-mode terahertz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rodier, J. C.

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, J. C. Rodier, and P. Chavel, "Perturbative approach for surface plasmon effects on flat interfaces periodically corrugated by subwavelength apertures," Phys. Rev. B 68, 125404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, M.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver Nanowires as Surface Plasmon Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ropers, C.

C. Ropers, D. J. Park, G. Stibenz, G. Steinmeyer, J. Kim, D. S. Kim, and C. Lienau, "Femtosecond Light Transmission and Subradiant Damping in Plasmonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salerno, M.

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

S. C. Kitson,W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, "Full Photonic Band Gap for Surface Modes in the Visible," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670-2673 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarrazin, M.

M. Sarrazin, J. P. Vigneron, and J. M. Vigoureux, "Role of Wood anomalies in optical properties of thin metallic films with a bidimensional array of subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sauvan, C.

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, C. Sauvan, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Angle-resolved transmission measurements through anisotropic 2D plasmonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 33, 165-167 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sauvan, C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, P. Lalanne, "Surface plasmon coupling on metallic film perforated by two-dimensional rectangular hole array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, J. C. Rodier, and P. Chavel, "Perturbative approach for surface plasmon effects on flat interfaces periodically corrugated by subwavelength apertures," Phys. Rev. B 68, 125404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schider, G.

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Selker, M. D.

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, and M. L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sirtori, C.

Sivco, D. L.

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slavik, R.

R. Slavik and J. Homola, "Ultrahigh resolution long range surface plasmon-based sensor," Sens. Actuators B 123, 10-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soljacic, M.

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, "Surface-Plasmon-Assisted Guiding of Broadband Slow and Subwavelength Light in Air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

C. Ropers, D. J. Park, G. Stibenz, G. Steinmeyer, J. Kim, D. S. Kim, and C. Lienau, "Femtosecond Light Transmission and Subradiant Damping in Plasmonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stibenz, G.

C. Ropers, D. J. Park, G. Stibenz, G. Steinmeyer, J. Kim, D. S. Kim, and C. Lienau, "Femtosecond Light Transmission and Subradiant Damping in Plasmonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teissier, R.

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Horizontal and vertical surface resonances in transmission metallic gratings," J. Opt. A(Special Issue on Electromagnetic Optics) 4, S154-S160 (2002).

Treacy, M. M. J.

M. M. J. Treacy, "Dynamical diffraction explanation of the anomalous transmission of light through metallic gratings," Phys. Rev. B 66, 195105 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tredicucci, A.

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, R. Kohler, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, "High-performance operation of single-mode terahertz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M. P.

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. F. Woerdman, "Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra," Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vigneron, J. P.

M. Sarrazin, J. P. Vigneron, and J. M. Vigoureux, "Role of Wood anomalies in optical properties of thin metallic films with a bidimensional array of subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vigoureux, J. M.

M. Sarrazin, J. P. Vigneron, and J. M. Vigoureux, "Role of Wood anomalies in optical properties of thin metallic films with a bidimensional array of subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel Plasmon-Polariton Guiding by Subwavelength Metal Grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, D.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver Nanowires as Surface Plasmon Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weeber, J. C.

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J.-C.

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, and A. Dereux, "Optical near-field distributions of surface plasmon waveguide modes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 115401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P. F.

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. F. Woerdman, "Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra," Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, "High-contrast modulation of light with light by control of surface plasmon polariton wave coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369-3371 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N. I.

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, "High-contrast modulation of light with light by control of surface plasmon polariton wave coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369-3371 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zia, R.

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, and M. L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, R. Kohler, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, "High-performance operation of single-mode terahertz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin, K. F. MacDonald, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, "High-contrast modulation of light with light by control of surface plasmon polariton wave coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3369-3371 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Sauvan, C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, N. Bardou, F. Pardo, and J.-L. Pelouard, P. Lalanne, "Surface plasmon coupling on metallic film perforated by two-dimensional rectangular hole array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Billaudeau, S. Collin, F. Pardo, N. Bardou, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Toward tunable light propagation and emission in thin nanostructured plasmonic waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Opin. Biotech. (1)

R. L. Rich and D. G. Myszka, "Advances in surface plasmon resonance biosensor analysis," Curr. Opin. Biotech. 11, 54-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. A (2)

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, "Horizontal and vertical surface resonances in transmission metallic gratings," J. Opt. A(Special Issue on Electromagnetic Optics) 4, S154-S160 (2002).

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martın-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, "Surfaces with holes in them: new plasmonic metamaterials," J. Opt. A 7, S97-S101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (2)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature Materials (1)

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Materials 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. F. Woerdman, "Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra," Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (6)

M. M. J. Treacy, "Dynamical diffraction explanation of the anomalous transmission of light through metallic gratings," Phys. Rev. B 66, 195105 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Sarrazin, J. P. Vigneron, and J. M. Vigoureux, "Role of Wood anomalies in optical properties of thin metallic films with a bidimensional array of subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, and M. L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, and A. Dereux, "Optical near-field distributions of surface plasmon waveguide modes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 115401 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of asymmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 63, 125417 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, J. C. Rodier, and P. Chavel, "Perturbative approach for surface plasmon effects on flat interfaces periodically corrugated by subwavelength apertures," Phys. Rev. B 68, 125404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

C. Ropers, D. J. Park, G. Stibenz, G. Steinmeyer, J. Kim, D. S. Kim, and C. Lienau, "Femtosecond Light Transmission and Subradiant Damping in Plasmonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, "Surface-Plasmon-Assisted Guiding of Broadband Slow and Subwavelength Light in Air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver Nanowires as Surface Plasmon Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, J. C. Weeber, E. Bourillot, Y. Lacroute, J. P. Goudonnet, G. Schider,W. Gotschy, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and C. Girard, "Squeezing the Optical Near-Field Zone by Plasmon Coupling of Metallic Nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2590-2593 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel Plasmon-Polariton Guiding by Subwavelength Metal Grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, "Squeezing Visible Light Waves into a 3-nm-Thick and 55-nm-Long Plasmon Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. G. Lee and Q-Han Park, "Coupling of Surface Plasmon Polaritons and Light in Metallic Nanoslits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 103902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Kitson,W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, "Full Photonic Band Gap for Surface Modes in the Visible," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670-2673 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging Photonics and Electronics at Nanoscale Dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martın-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Mimicking Surface Plasmons with Structured Surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

R. Slavik and J. Homola, "Ultrahigh resolution long range surface plasmon-based sensor," Sens. Actuators B 123, 10-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

H. Raether, ed., Surface plasmons (Springer, Berlin, 1988).

E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, Orlando, 1985).

D. Maystre, in Electromagnetic Surface Modes edited by A. D. Boardman (Wiley, New-York, 1982), chap. 17.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic view of the nanostructured metallic waveguide made of a gold grating with subwavelength slits (period d, slit width a, thickness t) deposited on a GaAs substrate. Surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) propagating in x-direction on air/metal and metal/substrate interfaces are schematically represented in red. (b) Scanning electron microscope image of the sample. (c) Dispersion curves of SPP propagating along flat semi-infinite air/metal (dark) and GaAs/metal (grey) interfaces. (d) Schematic diagram of SPP dispersion curves for air/metal and metal/substrate interfaces with slightly perturbating periodical patterns.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission intensity measurements (left (a)) and calculations (right (b)) as a function of the wavenumber σ = 1/λ and the in-plane wavevector kx , in TM polarization through a gold grating on a GaAs substrate (d = 2.9 μm, a = 160 nm, t = 40 nm). Insets: detailed view of the intersection between A+1 and A-2 dispersion curves at the boudaries of the first Brillouin zone. A detailed view of the white dashed-dotted frames are shown in Figs. 4(a) and 4(b).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Left: calculated transmission spectrum around a Fano resonance of air/metal surface mode (incident angle θ = 16°). Right: map of the magnetic field intensity at the minimum transmission wavelength (A) and at the maximum transmission wavelength (B). Red regions show high intensity regions. Dark rectangles show the metallic grating.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Detailed view of transmission intensity measurements (left (a)) and calculations (right (b)) as a function of the wavenumber σ and the in-plane wavevector kx . The intensity modulation along the A-2 SPP band (diagonal) reveals two different propagation regimes: radiative modes induced by a coupling between air/metal and substrate/metal surface waves (red frames), and low-loss modes involving only air/metal surface waves (blue frames).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The inverse transmission intensities 1/T(σ) along the A-2 SPP bright band are extracted from Figs. 4(a) and 4(b). They are reported in (a) (measurements, black points) and (b) (calculations, red points) and compared to the theoretical propagation length ? (red solid lines).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Calculated propagation length of SPP on nanostructured plasmonic waveguides with a lossy metal (red solid line) and a lossless metal (green solid line). Dark arrows show radiative (R) and non-radiative low-loss (NR) propagation regimes.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Comparison between the propagation length of surface modes on nanostructured plasmonic waveguides (red line), non-structured (continuous) metal films with the same thickness (t = 40 nm, dark line) and with smaller thicknesses (t = 25 nm and t = 37 nm).

Equations (1)

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T = β ω ω 0 ω ω p 2 ,

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