Abstract

The triggering and guiding of the stationary high voltage (HV) discharges at 5–40 kV are demonstrated by using plasma filaments generated by single and dual femtosecond(fs) laser pulses in air. A significant reduction of the breakdown voltage threshold due to the pre-ionization of the air gap by laser pulse filamentaion was observed. The amount of free electrons of filaments generated by different pulse configurations was compared by sonography method. The lifetime of filaments is measured by using time-resolved fluorescence spectrum, and the lifetime of filaments generated by dual fs laser pulses was doubled due to the re-ionization by the succeeding pulse. The triggering ability of dual fs laser pulses was demonstrated to be enhanced due to the longer lifetime of filaments.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  22. Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J. Wolf. “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7117C7120 (2003).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  25. A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti : Sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
    [Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Physics Reports-Review Section of Physics Letters 441, 47–189 (2007).

Z. Zhe, L. Xin, H. Zuo-Qiang, Z. Shi-Chang, Z. Dong-Dong, W. Zhao-Hua, M. Yuan-Yuan, Y. Ping, and Z. Jie, “Laboratory simulation of femtosecond laser guided lightning discharge,” Acta Phys. Sin. 56, 5293–5297 (2007).

2006 (2)

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J. Wolf. “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7117C7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” European Physical J. Appl. Phys. 20, 183–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New Journal of Physics 4, 61.1–61.20 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Huller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 057401 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

Y. Shimada, S. Uchida, C. Yamanaka, A. Ogata, T. Yamanaka, Z. ichiro Kawasaki, and E. Fujiwara, “Experiments of discharge guiding using strongly and weakly ionized plasma channels for laser-triggered lightning,” Proc. SPIE 3886, 663–670 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti : Sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

1995 (1)

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 599 (1995).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

Ackermann, R.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stel-maszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds,” Opt. Express 16, 5757–5763 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

Adachi, M.

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

Andre, Y.-B.

André, Y.

Aris, I.

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New Journal of Physics 4, 61.1–61.20 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ball, L. M.

Baronavski, A.

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bergmann, V.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bondiou-Clergerie, A.

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Boutou, V.

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J. Wolf. “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7117C7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

Briscoe, E.

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chien, C.

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chin, S.

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti : Sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[Crossref]

Comtois, D.

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
[Crossref]

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Physics Reports-Review Section of Physics Letters 441, 47–189 (2007).

Couture, P.

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

Desparois, A.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
[Crossref]

Diels, J.-C.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 599 (1995).
[Crossref]

Dong-Dong, Z.

Z. Zhe, L. Xin, H. Zuo-Qiang, Z. Shi-Chang, Z. Dong-Dong, W. Zhao-Hua, M. Yuan-Yuan, Y. Ping, and Z. Jie, “Laboratory simulation of femtosecond laser guided lightning discharge,” Acta Phys. Sin. 56, 5293–5297 (2007).

Elizondo, J. M.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 599 (1995).
[Crossref]

Favre, C.

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J. Wolf. “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7117C7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, B. La

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
[Crossref]

Franco, M.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Huller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 057401 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fujii, T.

Fujiwara, E.

Y. Shimada, S. Uchida, C. Yamanaka, A. Ogata, T. Yamanaka, Z. ichiro Kawasaki, and E. Fujiwara, “Experiments of discharge guiding using strongly and weakly ionized plasma channels for laser-triggered lightning,” Proc. SPIE 3886, 663–670 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gallimberti, I.

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Geffroy, S.

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J. Wolf. “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7117C7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

Génin, F.

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

Girardi, P.

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gordon, D.

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
[Crossref]

Grounds, P.

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hao, Z.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hubbard, R.

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
[Crossref]

Huller, S.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Huller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 057401 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ishikubo, Y.

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jarry, G.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z.

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jie, Z.

Z. Zhe, L. Xin, H. Zuo-Qiang, Z. Shi-Chang, Z. Dong-Dong, W. Zhao-Hua, M. Yuan-Yuan, Y. Ping, and Z. Jie, “Laboratory simulation of femtosecond laser guided lightning discharge,” Acta Phys. Sin. 56, 5293–5297 (2007).

Johnston, T.

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kalkner, W.

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kasparian, J.

J. Kasparian and J.-P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” œ 16, 466–493 (2008).

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stel-maszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds,” Opt. Express 16, 5757–5763 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J. Wolf. “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7117C7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” European Physical J. Appl. Phys. 20, 183–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kawasaki, Z.

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kawasaki, Z. ichiro

Y. Shimada, S. Uchida, C. Yamanaka, A. Ogata, T. Yamanaka, Z. ichiro Kawasaki, and E. Fujiwara, “Experiments of discharge guiding using strongly and weakly ionized plasma channels for laser-triggered lightning,” Proc. SPIE 3886, 663–670 (2000).
[Crossref]

Khan, N.

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New Journal of Physics 4, 61.1–61.20 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kieffer, J.

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
[Crossref]

Klingbeil, L.

Kumm, T.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ladouceur, H.

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ling, W.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Manka, C.

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mariun, N.

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New Journal of Physics 4, 61.1–61.20 (2002).
[Crossref]

Martin, F.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mawassi, R.

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mchain, G.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mechain, G.

Mejean, G.

Méjean, G.

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mercure, H.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mondelain, D.

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J. Wolf. “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7117C7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” European Physical J. Appl. Phys. 20, 183–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mora, P.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Huller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 057401 (2001).
[Crossref]

Motokoshi, S.

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mysyrowicz, A.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stel-maszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds,” Opt. Express 16, 5757–5763 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Physics Reports-Review Section of Physics Letters 441, 47–189 (2007).

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” European Physical J. Appl. Phys. 20, 183–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Huller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 057401 (2001).
[Crossref]

Niedermeier, S.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

Nikolov, S.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

Ogata, A.

Y. Shimada, S. Uchida, C. Yamanaka, A. Ogata, T. Yamanaka, Z. ichiro Kawasaki, and E. Fujiwara, “Experiments of discharge guiding using strongly and weakly ionized plasma channels for laser-triggered lightning,” Proc. SPIE 3886, 663–670 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pépin, H.

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
[Crossref]

Petit, S.

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti : Sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ping, Y.

Z. Zhe, L. Xin, H. Zuo-Qiang, Z. Shi-Chang, Z. Dong-Dong, W. Zhao-Hua, M. Yuan-Yuan, Y. Ping, and Z. Jie, “Laboratory simulation of femtosecond laser guided lightning discharge,” Acta Phys. Sin. 56, 5293–5297 (2007).

Potvin, C.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Prade, B.

Rairoux, P.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

Rethmeier, K.

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rizk, F.

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, M.

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” European Physical J. Appl. Phys. 20, 183–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rohwetter, P.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stel-maszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds,” Opt. Express 16, 5757–5763 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ronneberger, F.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

Salmon, E.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stel-maszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds,” Opt. Express 16, 5757–5763 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J. Wolf. “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7117C7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sauerbrey, R.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stel-maszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds,” Opt. Express 16, 5757–5763 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” European Physical J. Appl. Phys. 20, 183–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

Schaper, S.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schillinger, H.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

Sheng, Z.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shi-Chang, Z.

Z. Zhe, L. Xin, H. Zuo-Qiang, Z. Shi-Chang, Z. Dong-Dong, W. Zhao-Hua, M. Yuan-Yuan, Y. Ping, and Z. Jie, “Laboratory simulation of femtosecond laser guided lightning discharge,” Acta Phys. Sin. 56, 5293–5297 (2007).

Shimada, Y.

Y. Shimada, S. Uchida, C. Yamanaka, A. Ogata, T. Yamanaka, Z. ichiro Kawasaki, and E. Fujiwara, “Experiments of discharge guiding using strongly and weakly ionized plasma channels for laser-triggered lightning,” Proc. SPIE 3886, 663–670 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

Slinker, S.

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
[Crossref]

Stein, B.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

Stelmaszczyk, K.

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

Stel-maszczyk, K.

Talebpour, A.

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti : Sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[Crossref]

Teng, H.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ting, A.

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tsubakimoto, K.

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tzortzakis, S.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Huller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 057401 (2001).
[Crossref]

Uchida, S.

Y. Shimada, S. Uchida, C. Yamanaka, A. Ogata, T. Yamanaka, Z. ichiro Kawasaki, and E. Fujiwara, “Experiments of discharge guiding using strongly and weakly ionized plasma channels for laser-triggered lightning,” Proc. SPIE 3886, 663–670 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

Vidal, F.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. Y.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 599 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wedekind, C.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

Wei, Z.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[Crossref]

Weise, B.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

Werner, C.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

Wille, H.

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” European Physical J. Appl. Phys. 20, 183–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

Wolf, J.

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J. Wolf. “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7117C7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” European Physical J. Appl. Phys. 20, 183–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J.-P.

Wöste, L.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stel-maszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds,” Opt. Express 16, 5757–5763 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” European Physical J. Appl. Phys. 20, 183–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

Xin, L.

Z. Zhe, L. Xin, H. Zuo-Qiang, Z. Shi-Chang, Z. Dong-Dong, W. Zhao-Hua, M. Yuan-Yuan, Y. Ping, and Z. Jie, “Laboratory simulation of femtosecond laser guided lightning discharge,” Acta Phys. Sin. 56, 5293–5297 (2007).

Yamanaka, C.

Y. Shimada, S. Uchida, C. Yamanaka, A. Ogata, T. Yamanaka, Z. ichiro Kawasaki, and E. Fujiwara, “Experiments of discharge guiding using strongly and weakly ionized plasma channels for laser-triggered lightning,” Proc. SPIE 3886, 663–670 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yamanaka, T.

Y. Shimada, S. Uchida, C. Yamanaka, A. Ogata, T. Yamanaka, Z. ichiro Kawasaki, and E. Fujiwara, “Experiments of discharge guiding using strongly and weakly ionized plasma channels for laser-triggered lightning,” Proc. SPIE 3886, 663–670 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yasuda, H.

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yeak, J.

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New Journal of Physics 4, 61.1–61.20 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stel-maszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds,” Opt. Express 16, 5757–5763 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J. Wolf. “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7117C7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” European Physical J. Appl. Phys. 20, 183–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yuan-Yuan, M.

Z. Zhe, L. Xin, H. Zuo-Qiang, Z. Shi-Chang, Z. Dong-Dong, W. Zhao-Hua, M. Yuan-Yuan, Y. Ping, and Z. Jie, “Laboratory simulation of femtosecond laser guided lightning discharge,” Acta Phys. Sin. 56, 5293–5297 (2007).

Zhang, J.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X. M.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 599 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zhao-Hua, W.

Z. Zhe, L. Xin, H. Zuo-Qiang, Z. Shi-Chang, Z. Dong-Dong, W. Zhao-Hua, M. Yuan-Yuan, Y. Ping, and Z. Jie, “Laboratory simulation of femtosecond laser guided lightning discharge,” Acta Phys. Sin. 56, 5293–5297 (2007).

Zhe, Z.

Z. Zhe, L. Xin, H. Zuo-Qiang, Z. Shi-Chang, Z. Dong-Dong, W. Zhao-Hua, M. Yuan-Yuan, Y. Ping, and Z. Jie, “Laboratory simulation of femtosecond laser guided lightning discharge,” Acta Phys. Sin. 56, 5293–5297 (2007).

Zheng, Z.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zuo-Qiang, H.

Z. Zhe, L. Xin, H. Zuo-Qiang, Z. Shi-Chang, Z. Dong-Dong, W. Zhao-Hua, M. Yuan-Yuan, Y. Ping, and Z. Jie, “Laboratory simulation of femtosecond laser guided lightning discharge,” Acta Phys. Sin. 56, 5293–5297 (2007).

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

Z. Zhe, L. Xin, H. Zuo-Qiang, Z. Shi-Chang, Z. Dong-Dong, W. Zhao-Hua, M. Yuan-Yuan, Y. Ping, and Z. Jie, “Laboratory simulation of femtosecond laser guided lightning discharge,” Acta Phys. Sin. 56, 5293–5297 (2007).

Appl. Opt. (2)

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[Crossref]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, S. Geffroy, C. Favre, V. Boutou, and J. Wolf. “Sonographic probing of laser filaments in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 7117C7120 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Méjean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mchain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781–5783 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Méjean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Wöste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021101 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

European Physical J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” European Physical J. Appl. Phys. 20, 183–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 599 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Plasma Science (1)

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Mercure, H. Pépin, and F. Rizk, “The influence of electron density on the formation of streamers in electrical discharges triggered with ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 27, 688–700 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

Las. Optoelektron (1)

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond atmospheric lamp,” Las. Optoelektron 29, 51–53 (1997).

New Journal of Physics (1)

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New Journal of Physics 4, 61.1–61.20 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti : Sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
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Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Plasmas (1)

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. Johnston, J. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. Mercure, “Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air,” Phys. Plasmas,  6, 1615–1621 (1999).
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Phys. Rev. E (2)

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Huller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 057401 (2001).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[Crossref]

Physics of Plasmas (1)

D. Gordon, A. Ting, R. Hubbard, E. Briscoe, C. Manka, S. Slinker, A. Baronavski, H. Ladouceur, P. Grounds, and P. Girardi, “Streamerless guided electric discharges triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Physics of Plasmas 10, 4530–4538 (2003).
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Physics Reports-Review Section of Physics Letters (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Physics Reports-Review Section of Physics Letters 441, 47–189 (2007).

Proc. SPIE (1)

Y. Shimada, S. Uchida, C. Yamanaka, A. Ogata, T. Yamanaka, Z. ichiro Kawasaki, and E. Fujiwara, “Experiments of discharge guiding using strongly and weakly ionized plasma channels for laser-triggered lightning,” Proc. SPIE 3886, 663–670 (2000).
[Crossref]

Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy (1)

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zheng, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “The comparison study of diagnostics of light filaments in air,” Science In China Series G: Phys. Mechanics & Astronomy 49, 228–235 (2006).
[Crossref]

SPIE (1)

T. Yamanaka, S. Uchida, Y. Shimada, H. Yasuda, S. Motokoshi, K. Tsubakimoto, Z. Kawasaki, Y. Ishikubo, M. Adachi, and C. Yamanaka, “First observation of laser triggered lightning,” SPIE 3343, 281–288 (1998).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

J. Kasparian and J.-P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” œ 16, 466–493 (2008).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Discharge setup

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The experiment setup for filaments diagnostics

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Acoustics signals along the propagation distance with laser energy 15 mJ, 30 mJ and the dual fs+fs pulse.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

A sample of the fluorescence spectrum at the focal point with laser energy 15 mJ, delay time 2 ns.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The temporal evolution of the spectral line 383.8 nm, the dashed line is the deconvolution results with the ICCD gate and delay time.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Breakdown voltage for natural discharge and laser triggering discharge.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The laser triggered discharge spark in a 45 mm gap.

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