Abstract

Diode-pumped mode-locked laser operation based on Yb3+:Sc2O3 and Yb3+:Y2O3 multi-gain-media oscillator has been demonstrated. 66-fs pulse duration with an average power of 1.5 W and 53-fs pulse duration with an average power of 1 W under 8-W laser diode pumping were achieved. The optical-to-optical efficiency was 18.8%. Additionally, 68-fs pulse duration with an average power of 540 mW from Yb3+:Y2O3 ceramic was also obtained.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008

2007

M. Tsunekane and T. Taira, "High-power operation of diode edge-pumped, composite all-ceramic Yb:Y3Al 5O12 microchip laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 121101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, "Efficient femtosecond high power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser," Opt. Express 15, 16966-16971 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-25-16966.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 188 fs mode-locked Yb3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M.  Tokurakawa, A.  Shirakawa, K.  Ueda, H.  Yagi, T.  Yanagitani, and A. A.  Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped sub-100 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Sc2O3 ceramic laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 3382-3384 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation," IEEE J.Quantum Electron 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Boudeile, F. Druon, M. Hanna, P. Georges, Y. Zaouter, E. Cormier, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, "Continuous-wave and femtosecond laser operation of Yb:CaGdAlO4 under high-power diode pumping," Opt. Lett. 32, 1962-1964 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, A. Schmidt, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, "Ultrashort pulse Yb:LaSc3(BO3)4 mode-locked oscillator," Opt. Express 15, 15539-15544 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15539.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

W. F. Krupke, "Ytterbium solid-state lasers-the first decade," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287-1296 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1997

1968

A. A. Kaminskii, "Laser with combined active medium," Sov. Phys. 13, 413-416 (1968).

Aguiló, M.

Aka, G.

Akhmediev, N. N.

Aschwanden, A.

Baer, C. R. E.

Balembois, F.

Boudeile, J.

Brown, C.

Brunner, F.

Cano-Torres, J. M.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation," IEEE J.Quantum Electron 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cascales, C.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation," IEEE J.Quantum Electron 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cassanho, A.

Chénais, S.

Contag, K.

Cormier, E.

Díaz, F.

Didierjean, J.

Druon, F.

Ell, R.

Engqvist, A. G.

Erbert, G.

Gao, J.

Garcia-Cortes, A.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation," IEEE J.Quantum Electron 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gaumé, R.

Georges, P.

Giesen, A.

Goldner, P.

Golling, M.

Grawert, F.

Griebner, U.

Hagiwara, J.

Yu. Senatsky, A. Shirakawa, Y. Sato, J. Hagiwara, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Nonlinear refractive index of ceramic laser media and perspectives of their usage in a high-power laser-driver," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 500-506 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, M.

Häring, R.

Holtom, G. R.

Hönninger, C.

Huber, G.

Innerhofer, E.

Jagadish, C.

Jenssen, H. P.

Jiang, M.

Kaminskii, A. A.

M.  Tokurakawa, A.  Shirakawa, K.  Ueda, H.  Yagi, T.  Yanagitani, and A. A.  Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 65-fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Lu2O3 and non-doped Y2O3 combined ceramic laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 1380-1382 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.  Tokurakawa, A.  Shirakawa, K.  Ueda, H.  Yagi, T.  Yanagitani, and A. A.  Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped sub-100 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Sc2O3 ceramic laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 3382-3384 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 188 fs mode-locked Yb3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H.  Yagi, K.  Takaichi, K.  Ueda, Y.  Yamasaki, T.  Yanagitani and A. A.  Kaminskii, "The physical properties of composite YAG ceramics," Laser Phys.  15, 1338 - 1344 (2005).

A. A. Kaminskii, "Laser with combined active medium," Sov. Phys. 13, 413-416 (1968).

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Kisel, V. E.

Klehr, A.

Kobayashi, Y.

Kopf, D.

Kränkel, C.

Krupke, W. F.

W. F. Krupke, "Ytterbium solid-state lasers-the first decade," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287-1296 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kumkar, M.

Lagatsky, A.

Leclin, G.

Lederer, M. J.

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

Lu, J.

Yu. Senatsky, A. Shirakawa, Y. Sato, J. Hagiwara, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Nonlinear refractive index of ceramic laser media and perspectives of their usage in a high-power laser-driver," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 500-506 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Maas, D. J. H. C.

Marchese, S. V.

Massons, J.

Mateos, X.

Mohr, S.

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Mourou, G.

Nees, J.

Paschotta, R.

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Peters, V.

Petit, J.

Petrov, V.

Raybaut, P.

Rivier, S.

Saikawa, J.

J. Saikawa, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, "Passive mode locking of a mixed garnet Yb:Y3ScAl4O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5845 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

J. Saikawa, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, "Passive mode locking of a mixed garnet Yb:Y3ScAl4O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5845 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Senatsky, A. Shirakawa, Y. Sato, J. Hagiwara, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Nonlinear refractive index of ceramic laser media and perspectives of their usage in a high-power laser-driver," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 500-506 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A.

Senatsky, Yu.

Yu. Senatsky, A. Shirakawa, Y. Sato, J. Hagiwara, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Nonlinear refractive index of ceramic laser media and perspectives of their usage in a high-power laser-driver," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 500-506 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Serrano, M. D.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation," IEEE J.Quantum Electron 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

Shirakawa, A.

M.  Tokurakawa, A.  Shirakawa, K.  Ueda, H.  Yagi, T.  Yanagitani, and A. A.  Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 65-fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Lu2O3 and non-doped Y2O3 combined ceramic laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 1380-1382 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.  Tokurakawa, A.  Shirakawa, K.  Ueda, H.  Yagi, T.  Yanagitani, and A. A.  Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped sub-100 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Sc2O3 ceramic laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 3382-3384 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 188 fs mode-locked Yb3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Senatsky, A. Shirakawa, Y. Sato, J. Hagiwara, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Nonlinear refractive index of ceramic laser media and perspectives of their usage in a high-power laser-driver," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 500-506 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Sorokin, E.

Sorokina, I. T.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Südmeyer, T.

Szipöcs, R.

Taira, T.

M. Tsunekane and T. Taira, "High-power operation of diode edge-pumped, composite all-ceramic Yb:Y3Al 5O12 microchip laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 121101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Saikawa, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, "Passive mode locking of a mixed garnet Yb:Y3ScAl4O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5845 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takaichi, K.

M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 188 fs mode-locked Yb3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H.  Yagi, K.  Takaichi, K.  Ueda, Y.  Yamasaki, T.  Yanagitani and A. A.  Kaminskii, "The physical properties of composite YAG ceramics," Laser Phys.  15, 1338 - 1344 (2005).

Tan, H. H.

Tokurakawa, M.

Torizuka, K.

Tsunekane, M.

M. Tsunekane and T. Taira, "High-power operation of diode edge-pumped, composite all-ceramic Yb:Y3Al 5O12 microchip laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 121101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

M.  Tokurakawa, A.  Shirakawa, K.  Ueda, H.  Yagi, T.  Yanagitani, and A. A.  Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 65-fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Lu2O3 and non-doped Y2O3 combined ceramic laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 1380-1382 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.  Tokurakawa, A.  Shirakawa, K.  Ueda, H.  Yagi, T.  Yanagitani, and A. A.  Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped sub-100 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Sc2O3 ceramic laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 3382-3384 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.  Yagi, K.  Takaichi, K.  Ueda, Y.  Yamasaki, T.  Yanagitani and A. A.  Kaminskii, "The physical properties of composite YAG ceramics," Laser Phys.  15, 1338 - 1344 (2005).

Yu. Senatsky, A. Shirakawa, Y. Sato, J. Hagiwara, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Nonlinear refractive index of ceramic laser media and perspectives of their usage in a high-power laser-driver," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 500-506 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K. I.

M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 188 fs mode-locked Yb3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Uemura, S.

Viana, B.

Wagenblast, P.

Wang, J.

Weyers, M.

Wintner, E.

Yagi, H.

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M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 188 fs mode-locked Yb3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071101 (2007).
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Yu. Senatsky, A. Shirakawa, Y. Sato, J. Hagiwara, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Nonlinear refractive index of ceramic laser media and perspectives of their usage in a high-power laser-driver," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 500-506 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamasaki, Y.

H.  Yagi, K.  Takaichi, K.  Ueda, Y.  Yamasaki, T.  Yanagitani and A. A.  Kaminskii, "The physical properties of composite YAG ceramics," Laser Phys.  15, 1338 - 1344 (2005).

Yanagitani, T.

M.  Tokurakawa, A.  Shirakawa, K.  Ueda, H.  Yagi, T.  Yanagitani, and A. A.  Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 65-fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Lu2O3 and non-doped Y2O3 combined ceramic laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 1380-1382 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.  Tokurakawa, A.  Shirakawa, K.  Ueda, H.  Yagi, T.  Yanagitani, and A. A.  Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped sub-100 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Sc2O3 ceramic laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 3382-3384 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 188 fs mode-locked Yb3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H.  Yagi, K.  Takaichi, K.  Ueda, Y.  Yamasaki, T.  Yanagitani and A. A.  Kaminskii, "The physical properties of composite YAG ceramics," Laser Phys.  15, 1338 - 1344 (2005).

Yu. Senatsky, A. Shirakawa, Y. Sato, J. Hagiwara, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Nonlinear refractive index of ceramic laser media and perspectives of their usage in a high-power laser-driver," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 500-506 (2004).
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M. Tsunekane and T. Taira, "High-power operation of diode edge-pumped, composite all-ceramic Yb:Y3Al 5O12 microchip laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 121101 (2007).
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Laser Phys.

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Laser Phys. Lett.

Yu. Senatsky, A. Shirakawa, Y. Sato, J. Hagiwara, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Nonlinear refractive index of ceramic laser media and perspectives of their usage in a high-power laser-driver," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 500-506 (2004).
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Opt. Express

U. Griebner, V. Petrov, K. Petermann, and V. Peters, "Passively mode-locked Yb:Lu2O3 laser," Opt. Express 12, 3125-3130 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-14-3125.
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S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, "Efficient femtosecond high power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser," Opt. Express 15, 16966-16971 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-25-16966.
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X. Zhou, D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, "Generation of 28-fs pulses from a mode-locked ytterbium fiber oscillator," Opt. Express 16, 7055-7059 (2008)
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A. Lagatsky, C. Brown, and W. Sibbett, "Highly efficient and low threshold diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:KYW laser," Opt. Express 12, 3928-3933 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-17-3928.
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S. Rivier, A. Schmidt, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, "Ultrashort pulse Yb:LaSc3(BO3)4 mode-locked oscillator," Opt. Express 15, 15539-15544 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15539.
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U. Griebner, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, M. Weyers, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, and F. Díaz, "Passively mode-locked Yb:KLu(WO4)2 oscillators," Opt. Express 13, 3465-3470 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-9-3465.
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S. Rivier, X. Mateos, J. Liu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, "Passively mode-locked Yb:LuVO4 oscillator," Opt. Express 14, 11668-11671 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-24-11668.
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F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, "Ultra-short-pulsed and highly-efficient diode-pumped Yb:SYS mode-locked oscillators," Opt. Express 12, 5005-5012 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-20-5005.
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.  Tokurakawa, A.  Shirakawa, K.  Ueda, H.  Yagi, T.  Yanagitani, and A. A.  Kaminskii, "Diode-pumped 65-fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb3+:Lu2O3 and non-doped Y2O3 combined ceramic laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 1380-1382 (2008).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Absorption and emission cross sections of Yb3+:Sc2O3 and Yb3+:Y2O3 used in the estimation. (b)-(d) Estimated effective gain cross sections of their multi-gain media for (b) α= 0.3, (c) α= 0.5 and (d) α= 0.7 with different β’s.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of the mode-locked multi-gain-media oscillator.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Pulse train of continuous wave Kerr-lens mode-locking in a μs-time scale.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The measured laser mode profiles of the leaking beam (at the point X in Fig. 2). (a) Before multi-pulse suppression: laser mode field diameters were 2900 × 1800 μm (vertical × horizontal). (b) After multi-pulse suppression: laser mode field diameters were 2060 × 1800 μm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Autocorrelation trace of the 53-fs pulses with the average power of 1 W. The experimental data (circles) and sech2-fitting curve (solid curve) are shown.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectrum of the 53-fs pulses (black curve) and normalized emission spectra of the Yb3+:Sc2O3 (blue curve) and Yb3+:Y2O3 (red curve) are shown.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Autocorrelation trace of the 68-fs pulses from Yb3+:Y2O3 ceramic and their spectrum (inset, black curve) and fluorescence spectrum (inset, red curve). The experimental data (points) and a sech2-fitting curve (solid curve) are shown

Equations (1)

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σ gain = β 1 ( 1 α ) σ e 1 ( 1 β 1 ) ( 1 α ) σ a 1 + β 2 α σ e 2 ( 1 β 2 ) α σ a 2 ,

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