Abstract

This paper presents the experimental studies on the all-fiber frequency shifted feedback erbium laser. Impact of the gain section profile on laser operation is shown. Two methods of wavelength tuning are presented. We obtained 8.3 and 10 nm tuning range in electrical and manual tuning respectively. Pulse duration can be also controlled and changed from 2 to 5 ps. The shortest pulses duration we have obtained was 1.7 ps.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Sabert and E. Brinkmeyer, "Pulse Generation in Fiber Lasers with Frequency Shifted Feedback," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1360-1368 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. M. Heidt, J. P. Burger, J.-N. Maran, and N. Traynor, "High power and high energy ultrashort pulse generation with a frequency shifted feedback fiber laser," Opt. Express 15, 11396-11401 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, "Experimental characterization of an Yb3+-doped fiber ring laser with frequency-shifted feedback," Opt. Commun. 266, 627-637 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "High accuracy ranging with Yb3+-doped fiber-ring frequency-shifted feedback laser with phase-modulated seed," Opt. Commun. 266, 266-273 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Nikodem, H. Sergeant, P. Kaczmarek, and K. Abramsk, "Actively mode-locked fiber laser using acousto-optic modulator," Proc. SPIE 7141, 71410B (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Yoshida, M. Fujimoto, M. Nakazawa, H. Ito, "A mode-locked frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser," Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2001.CLEO 2001, 299-300 (2001).
  7. V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "An all-fiber frequency-shifted feedback laser for optical ranging; signal variation with distance," Opt. Commun. 281, 1679-1685 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. U. Alam and A. B. Grudinin, "Tunable picosecond frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser at 1550 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2012-2014 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Y. Ryu, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, "Optical frequency comb generator based on actively mode-locked fiber ring laser using an acousto-optic modulator with injection-seeding," Opt. Express 15, 11396-11401 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, "1.8-THz Bandwidth, Zero-Frequency Error, Tunable Optical Comb Generatorr for DWDM Applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 551-553 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. D. Dragic "Injection-Seeded Q-Switched Fiber Ring Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1822-1824 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Short pulse generation and control in Er-doped frequency-shifted-feedback fiber lasers," Opt. Commun. 183, 227-241 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Stellpflug, G. Bonnet, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann "Dynamics of frequency shifted feedback lasers: simulation studies," Opt. Express 11, 2060-2080 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Lee, U-Ch. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficiency for an L-Band EDFA with Secondary Pumping Effect in the unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (2004).

2008

M. Nikodem, H. Sergeant, P. Kaczmarek, and K. Abramsk, "Actively mode-locked fiber laser using acousto-optic modulator," Proc. SPIE 7141, 71410B (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "An all-fiber frequency-shifted feedback laser for optical ranging; signal variation with distance," Opt. Commun. 281, 1679-1685 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, "Experimental characterization of an Yb3+-doped fiber ring laser with frequency-shifted feedback," Opt. Commun. 266, 627-637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "High accuracy ranging with Yb3+-doped fiber-ring frequency-shifted feedback laser with phase-modulated seed," Opt. Commun. 266, 266-273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. U. Alam and A. B. Grudinin, "Tunable picosecond frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser at 1550 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2012-2014 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Dragic "Injection-Seeded Q-Switched Fiber Ring Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1822-1824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, U-Ch. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficiency for an L-Band EDFA with Secondary Pumping Effect in the unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (2004).

2003

2001

M. Yoshida, M. Fujimoto, M. Nakazawa, H. Ito, "A mode-locked frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser," Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2001.CLEO 2001, 299-300 (2001).

2000

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Short pulse generation and control in Er-doped frequency-shifted-feedback fiber lasers," Opt. Commun. 183, 227-241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, "1.8-THz Bandwidth, Zero-Frequency Error, Tunable Optical Comb Generatorr for DWDM Applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 551-553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994

H. Sabert and E. Brinkmeyer, "Pulse Generation in Fiber Lasers with Frequency Shifted Feedback," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1360-1368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Abramski, K.

M. Nikodem, H. Sergeant, P. Kaczmarek, and K. Abramsk, "Actively mode-locked fiber laser using acousto-optic modulator," Proc. SPIE 7141, 71410B (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, S. J.

J. Lee, U-Ch. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficiency for an L-Band EDFA with Secondary Pumping Effect in the unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (2004).

Alam, S. U.

S. U. Alam and A. B. Grudinin, "Tunable picosecond frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser at 1550 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2012-2014 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, S.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, "1.8-THz Bandwidth, Zero-Frequency Error, Tunable Optical Comb Generatorr for DWDM Applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 551-553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, K.

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "An all-fiber frequency-shifted feedback laser for optical ranging; signal variation with distance," Opt. Commun. 281, 1679-1685 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "High accuracy ranging with Yb3+-doped fiber-ring frequency-shifted feedback laser with phase-modulated seed," Opt. Commun. 266, 266-273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, "Experimental characterization of an Yb3+-doped fiber ring laser with frequency-shifted feedback," Opt. Commun. 266, 627-637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Stellpflug, G. Bonnet, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann "Dynamics of frequency shifted feedback lasers: simulation studies," Opt. Express 11, 2060-2080 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonnet, G.

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "An all-fiber frequency-shifted feedback laser for optical ranging; signal variation with distance," Opt. Commun. 281, 1679-1685 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, "Experimental characterization of an Yb3+-doped fiber ring laser with frequency-shifted feedback," Opt. Commun. 266, 627-637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "High accuracy ranging with Yb3+-doped fiber-ring frequency-shifted feedback laser with phase-modulated seed," Opt. Commun. 266, 266-273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Stellpflug, G. Bonnet, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann "Dynamics of frequency shifted feedback lasers: simulation studies," Opt. Express 11, 2060-2080 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brinkmeyer, E.

H. Sabert and E. Brinkmeyer, "Pulse Generation in Fiber Lasers with Frequency Shifted Feedback," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1360-1368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Burger, J. P.

Burr, E.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, "1.8-THz Bandwidth, Zero-Frequency Error, Tunable Optical Comb Generatorr for DWDM Applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 551-553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cai, B.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, "1.8-THz Bandwidth, Zero-Frequency Error, Tunable Optical Comb Generatorr for DWDM Applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 551-553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dragic, P. D.

P. D. Dragic "Injection-Seeded Q-Switched Fiber Ring Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1822-1824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, M.

M. Yoshida, M. Fujimoto, M. Nakazawa, H. Ito, "A mode-locked frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser," Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2001.CLEO 2001, 299-300 (2001).

Gough, O.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, "1.8-THz Bandwidth, Zero-Frequency Error, Tunable Optical Comb Generatorr for DWDM Applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 551-553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

S. U. Alam and A. B. Grudinin, "Tunable picosecond frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser at 1550 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2012-2014 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heidt, A. M.

Ito, H.

M. Yoshida, M. Fujimoto, M. Nakazawa, H. Ito, "A mode-locked frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser," Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2001.CLEO 2001, 299-300 (2001).

Kaczmarek, P.

M. Nikodem, H. Sergeant, P. Kaczmarek, and K. Abramsk, "Actively mode-locked fiber laser using acousto-optic modulator," Proc. SPIE 7141, 71410B (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khodakovskyy, V. M.

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "An all-fiber frequency-shifted feedback laser for optical ranging; signal variation with distance," Opt. Commun. 281, 1679-1685 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "High accuracy ranging with Yb3+-doped fiber-ring frequency-shifted feedback laser with phase-modulated seed," Opt. Commun. 266, 266-273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, "Experimental characterization of an Yb3+-doped fiber ring laser with frequency-shifted feedback," Opt. Commun. 266, 627-637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

J. Lee, U-Ch. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficiency for an L-Band EDFA with Secondary Pumping Effect in the unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (2004).

Maran, J.-N.

Moon, H. S.

Nakazawa, M.

M. Yoshida, M. Fujimoto, M. Nakazawa, H. Ito, "A mode-locked frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser," Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2001.CLEO 2001, 299-300 (2001).

Nikodem, M.

M. Nikodem, H. Sergeant, P. Kaczmarek, and K. Abramsk, "Actively mode-locked fiber laser using acousto-optic modulator," Proc. SPIE 7141, 71410B (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ogurtsov, V. V.

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "An all-fiber frequency-shifted feedback laser for optical ranging; signal variation with distance," Opt. Commun. 281, 1679-1685 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, "Experimental characterization of an Yb3+-doped fiber ring laser with frequency-shifted feedback," Opt. Commun. 266, 627-637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "High accuracy ranging with Yb3+-doped fiber-ring frequency-shifted feedback laser with phase-modulated seed," Opt. Commun. 266, 266-273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Short pulse generation and control in Er-doped frequency-shifted-feedback fiber lasers," Opt. Commun. 183, 227-241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, N.

J. Lee, U-Ch. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficiency for an L-Band EDFA with Secondary Pumping Effect in the unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (2004).

Ryu, H. Y.

Ryu, U-Ch.

J. Lee, U-Ch. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficiency for an L-Band EDFA with Secondary Pumping Effect in the unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (2004).

Sabert, H.

H. Sabert and E. Brinkmeyer, "Pulse Generation in Fiber Lasers with Frequency Shifted Feedback," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1360-1368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A. J.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, "1.8-THz Bandwidth, Zero-Frequency Error, Tunable Optical Comb Generatorr for DWDM Applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 551-553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sergeant, H.

M. Nikodem, H. Sergeant, P. Kaczmarek, and K. Abramsk, "Actively mode-locked fiber laser using acousto-optic modulator," Proc. SPIE 7141, 71410B (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "An all-fiber frequency-shifted feedback laser for optical ranging; signal variation with distance," Opt. Commun. 281, 1679-1685 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "High accuracy ranging with Yb3+-doped fiber-ring frequency-shifted feedback laser with phase-modulated seed," Opt. Commun. 266, 266-273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, "Experimental characterization of an Yb3+-doped fiber ring laser with frequency-shifted feedback," Opt. Commun. 266, 627-637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Stellpflug, G. Bonnet, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann "Dynamics of frequency shifted feedback lasers: simulation studies," Opt. Express 11, 2060-2080 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sousa, J. M.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Short pulse generation and control in Er-doped frequency-shifted-feedback fiber lasers," Opt. Commun. 183, 227-241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stellpflug, M.

Suh, H. S.

Traynor, N.

Yatsenko, L. P.

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "An all-fiber frequency-shifted feedback laser for optical ranging; signal variation with distance," Opt. Commun. 281, 1679-1685 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, "Experimental characterization of an Yb3+-doped fiber ring laser with frequency-shifted feedback," Opt. Commun. 266, 627-637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "High accuracy ranging with Yb3+-doped fiber-ring frequency-shifted feedback laser with phase-modulated seed," Opt. Commun. 266, 266-273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

M. Yoshida, M. Fujimoto, M. Nakazawa, H. Ito, "A mode-locked frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser," Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2001.CLEO 2001, 299-300 (2001).

CLEO

M. Yoshida, M. Fujimoto, M. Nakazawa, H. Ito, "A mode-locked frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser," Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2001.CLEO 2001, 299-300 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. U. Alam and A. B. Grudinin, "Tunable picosecond frequency-shifted feedback fiber laser at 1550 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2012-2014 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, "1.8-THz Bandwidth, Zero-Frequency Error, Tunable Optical Comb Generatorr for DWDM Applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 551-553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Dragic "Injection-Seeded Q-Switched Fiber Ring Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1822-1824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, U-Ch. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficiency for an L-Band EDFA with Secondary Pumping Effect in the unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (2004).

J. Lightwave Technol.

H. Sabert and E. Brinkmeyer, "Pulse Generation in Fiber Lasers with Frequency Shifted Feedback," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1360-1368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Short pulse generation and control in Er-doped frequency-shifted-feedback fiber lasers," Opt. Commun. 183, 227-241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "An all-fiber frequency-shifted feedback laser for optical ranging; signal variation with distance," Opt. Commun. 281, 1679-1685 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, and K. Bergmann, "Experimental characterization of an Yb3+-doped fiber ring laser with frequency-shifted feedback," Opt. Commun. 266, 627-637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Ogurtsov, L. P. Yatsenko, V. M. Khodakovskyy, B. W. Shore, G. Bonnet, K. Bergmann, "High accuracy ranging with Yb3+-doped fiber-ring frequency-shifted feedback laser with phase-modulated seed," Opt. Commun. 266, 266-273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Proc. SPIE

M. Nikodem, H. Sergeant, P. Kaczmarek, and K. Abramsk, "Actively mode-locked fiber laser using acousto-optic modulator," Proc. SPIE 7141, 71410B (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Configuration of the FSF Er fiber laser

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

AOM attenuation in a function of modulation frequency for RF power = 21dBm (left) and in a function of wavelength for different RF power and modulation frequency = 40 MHz (right).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized gain profile for three different gain section configuration

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Configuration #1 – output spectrum for different RF power (left) and interferometric autocorrelation (right; a – RF power = 21dBm, b – RF power = 9dBm)

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Configuration #2 – output spectrum for different RF power

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Configuration #3 – output spectrum for different RF power

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Configuration #4 – output spectrum for different RF power

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Configuration #4 – interferometric autocorrelation for RF power = 21dBm (left), center wavelength and average output power in a function of RF power (right).

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Spectra of the tunable mode-locked laser

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Details of the FSF laser configurations described in this paper

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