Abstract

Continuous-wave (cw) mode-locking of a diode-pumped Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 mixed crystal laser is reported for the first time to our knowledge with a simply compact three-mirror cavity. Stable pulses as short as 5.5 ps were generated at a repetition rate of 147 MHz. At the absorbed pump power of 16 W, a mode-locked laser with average output power of 5.31 W was obtained, giving an optical conversion efficiency of 33.2%, and a slope efficiency of 46.7%.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. U. Keller, "Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers," Nature 424, 831-838 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Passively mode-locked picosecond lasers with up to 59 GHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104-2105 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Burns, M. Hetterich, A. Ferguson, E. Bente, M. D. Dawson, J. I. Davies, and S. W. Bland, "High-average-power (>20-W) Nd:YVO4 lasers mode locked by strain-compensated saturable Bragg reflectors," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 919-926 (2000).
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  4. Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, "2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, (101103)1-3 (2005).
  5. B. Y. Zhang, G. Li, M. Chen, Z. G. Zhang, and Y. G. Wang, "Passive mode locking of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror," Opt. Lett. 28, 1829-1831 (2003).
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  11. H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).
  12. G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and L. J. Qian, "High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 647-650, (2008)
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2008 (3)

2007 (3)

L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, and A. Nebel, "111W, 110 MHz repetition-rate, passively mode-locked TEM00 Nd:YVO4 master oscillator power amplifier pumped at 888 nm," Opt. Lett. 32, 1259-1261 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, and X. Y. Zhang, "Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (231110)1-3 (2007).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

2005 (1)

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, "2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, (101103)1-3 (2005).

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

Bente, E.

Bland, S. W.

Burns, D.

Chen, M.

Chen, X. F.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

Davies, J. I.

Dawson, M. D.

Doualan, J. L.

Du, J.

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, "2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, (101103)1-3 (2005).

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, "4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror," Opt. Lett. 29, 2803-2805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferguson, A.

Hang, Y.

He, J. L.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, "2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, (101103)1-3 (2005).

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, "4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror," Opt. Lett. 29, 2803-2805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hetterich, M.

Jiang, M. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, M. H. Jiang, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, and H. Luo, "Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer," Opt. Lett. 33, 225-227 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, and X. Y. Zhang, "Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (231110)1-3 (2007).

Keller, U.

U. Keller, "Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers," Nature 424, 831-838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Passively mode-locked picosecond lasers with up to 59 GHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104-2105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Killi, A.

Kleinbauer, J.

Krainer, L.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Passively mode-locked picosecond lasers with up to 59 GHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104-2105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Ling, Z. C.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

Liu, S.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, "2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, (101103)1-3 (2005).

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, "4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror," Opt. Lett. 29, 2803-2805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, M. H. Jiang, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, and H. Luo, "Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer," Opt. Lett. 33, 225-227 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and L. J. Qian, "High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 647-650, (2008)
[CrossRef]

Ma, X. Y.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, "2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, (101103)1-3 (2005).

Maunier, C.

McDonagh, L.

Moncorgé, R.

Moser, M.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Passively mode-locked picosecond lasers with up to 59 GHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104-2105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nebel, A.

Neuhaus, J.

Paschotta, R.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Passively mode-locked picosecond lasers with up to 59 GHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104-2105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. J.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and L. J. Qian, "High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 647-650, (2008)
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, and X. Y. Zhang, "Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (231110)1-3 (2007).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

Sutter, D.

Tang, D. Y.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and L. J. Qian, "High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 647-650, (2008)
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, M. H. Jiang, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, and H. Luo, "Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer," Opt. Lett. 33, 225-227 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wallenstein, R.

Wang, H. T.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, "2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, (101103)1-3 (2005).

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, "4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror," Opt. Lett. 29, 2803-2805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J. Y.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, M. H. Jiang, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, and H. Luo, "Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer," Opt. Lett. 33, 225-227 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, and X. Y. Zhang, "Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (231110)1-3 (2007).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

Wang, Y. G.

Wang, Z. P.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, M. H. Jiang, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, and H. Luo, "Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer," Opt. Lett. 33, 225-227 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, and X. Y. Zhang, "Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (231110)1-3 (2007).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

Weiler, S.

Xia, H. R.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

Xie, G. Q.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and L. J. Qian, "High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 647-650, (2008)
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, M. H. Jiang, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, and H. Luo, "Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer," Opt. Lett. 33, 225-227 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, H. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, M. H. Jiang, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, and H. Luo, "Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer," Opt. Lett. 33, 225-227 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and L. J. Qian, "High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 647-650, (2008)
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, and X. Y. Zhang, "Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (231110)1-3 (2007).

Yu, Y. G.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, M. H. Jiang, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, and H. Luo, "Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer," Opt. Lett. 33, 225-227 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, and X. Y. Zhang, "Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (231110)1-3 (2007).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

Zhang, B. Y.

Zhang, H. J.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, M. H. Jiang, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, and H. Luo, "Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer," Opt. Lett. 33, 225-227 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and L. J. Qian, "High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 647-650, (2008)
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, and X. Y. Zhang, "Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (231110)1-3 (2007).

Zhang, L. H.

Zhang, X. Y.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, and X. Y. Zhang, "Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (231110)1-3 (2007).

Zhang, Z. G.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Passively mode-locked picosecond lasers with up to 59 GHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104-2105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, and X. Y. Zhang, "Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a Nd-doped mixed crystal Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, (231110)1-3 (2007).

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, "2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, (101103)1-3 (2005).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Chen, Z. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, "Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, (113109)1-7 (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and L. J. Qian, "High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 647-650, (2008)
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

U. Keller, "Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers," Nature 424, 831-838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Fluorescence spectrum of Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 at an excitation wavelength of 808 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of the mode-locked Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 laser.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Variation of average output power versus absorbed pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Mode-locked pulse train recorded in 10 ns per division time scale. Inset: Mode-locked pulse train recorded in 10 μs per division time scale.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured autocorrelation trace of the cw mode-locked Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 laser pulses. Left inset: autocorrelation signal with A=2%, Right inset: spectrum of the mode-locked pulses with A=3%.

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