J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

L. Hao, S. Bangren, W. Jijiang, G. Lijun, and L. Aimei, “Fabrication of gradient refractive index ball lenses,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46, 252–256 (2007).

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, “Nonlinear refractive index of multicomponent glasses designed for fabrication of photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. pp. 531–538 (2008).

L. Hao, S. Bangren, W. Jijiang, G. Lijun, and L. Aimei, “Fabrication of gradient refractive index ball lenses,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46, 252–256 (2007).

C. Gomez-Reino, M. V. Perez, and C. Bao, Gradient-Index Optics - Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2002).

M. Bass, Handbook of Optics, chap. 9 (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2000).

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “All-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2369–2371 (2004), http://ol.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-20-2369.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003).

[CrossRef]

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, “Nonlinear refractive index of multicomponent glasses designed for fabrication of photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. pp. 531–538 (2008).

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, “Nonlinear refractive index of multicomponent glasses designed for fabrication of photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. pp. 531–538 (2008).

H. Kurt, E. Colak, O. Cakmak, H. Caglayan, and E. Ozbay, “The focusing effect of graded index photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 171,108 (2008), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/93/171108/1.

[CrossRef]

H. Kurt, E. Colak, O. Cakmak, H. Caglayan, and E. Ozbay, “The focusing effect of graded index photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 171,108 (2008), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/93/171108/1.

[CrossRef]

T. Huang, Z. Li, M. Li, D. Chetwynd, and C. Gosselin, “Conceptual design and dimensional synthesis of a novel 2-DOF translational parallel robot for pick-and-place operations,” Journal of Mechanical Design 126, 449–455 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

H. Kurt, E. Colak, O. Cakmak, H. Caglayan, and E. Ozbay, “The focusing effect of graded index photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 171,108 (2008), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/93/171108/1.

[CrossRef]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

S. Kirkpatrick, C. Gelatt, and M. Vecchi, “Optimization by Simulated Annealing,” Science 220, 671 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “All-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2369–2371 (2004), http://ol.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-20-2369.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

C. Gomez-Reino, M. V. Perez, and C. Bao, Gradient-Index Optics - Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2002).

T. Huang, Z. Li, M. Li, D. Chetwynd, and C. Gosselin, “Conceptual design and dimensional synthesis of a novel 2-DOF translational parallel robot for pick-and-place operations,” Journal of Mechanical Design 126, 449–455 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Taflove and S. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House, Norwood, MA, 2005).

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

L. Hao, S. Bangren, W. Jijiang, G. Lijun, and L. Aimei, “Fabrication of gradient refractive index ball lenses,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46, 252–256 (2007).

E. Hecht, Optics, 4th ed. (Addison Wesley, 2002).

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “All-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2369–2371 (2004), http://ol.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-20-2369.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

T. Huang, Z. Li, M. Li, D. Chetwynd, and C. Gosselin, “Conceptual design and dimensional synthesis of a novel 2-DOF translational parallel robot for pick-and-place operations,” Journal of Mechanical Design 126, 449–455 (2004).

[CrossRef]

L. Hao, S. Bangren, W. Jijiang, G. Lijun, and L. Aimei, “Fabrication of gradient refractive index ball lenses,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46, 252–256 (2007).

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

Z. Sacks, D. Kingsland, R. Lee, and J. Lee, “A Perfectly Matched anisotropic absorber for use as an absorbing boundary condition.” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 43, 1460–1463 (1995).

[CrossRef]

S. Kirkpatrick, C. Gelatt, and M. Vecchi, “Optimization by Simulated Annealing,” Science 220, 671 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “All-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2369–2371 (2004), http://ol.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-20-2369.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

H. Kurt, E. Colak, O. Cakmak, H. Caglayan, and E. Ozbay, “The focusing effect of graded index photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 171,108 (2008), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/93/171108/1.

[CrossRef]

Z. Sacks, D. Kingsland, R. Lee, and J. Lee, “A Perfectly Matched anisotropic absorber for use as an absorbing boundary condition.” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 43, 1460–1463 (1995).

[CrossRef]

Z. Sacks, D. Kingsland, R. Lee, and J. Lee, “A Perfectly Matched anisotropic absorber for use as an absorbing boundary condition.” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 43, 1460–1463 (1995).

[CrossRef]

T. Huang, Z. Li, M. Li, D. Chetwynd, and C. Gosselin, “Conceptual design and dimensional synthesis of a novel 2-DOF translational parallel robot for pick-and-place operations,” Journal of Mechanical Design 126, 449–455 (2004).

[CrossRef]

T. Huang, Z. Li, M. Li, D. Chetwynd, and C. Gosselin, “Conceptual design and dimensional synthesis of a novel 2-DOF translational parallel robot for pick-and-place operations,” Journal of Mechanical Design 126, 449–455 (2004).

[CrossRef]

L. Hao, S. Bangren, W. Jijiang, G. Lijun, and L. Aimei, “Fabrication of gradient refractive index ball lenses,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46, 252–256 (2007).

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, “Nonlinear refractive index of multicomponent glasses designed for fabrication of photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. pp. 531–538 (2008).

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “All-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2369–2371 (2004), http://ol.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-20-2369.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

H. Kurt, E. Colak, O. Cakmak, H. Caglayan, and E. Ozbay, “The focusing effect of graded index photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 171,108 (2008), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/93/171108/1.

[CrossRef]

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “All-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2369–2371 (2004), http://ol.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-20-2369.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Gomez-Reino, M. V. Perez, and C. Bao, Gradient-Index Optics - Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2002).

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “All-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2369–2371 (2004), http://ol.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-20-2369.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Sacks, D. Kingsland, R. Lee, and J. Lee, “A Perfectly Matched anisotropic absorber for use as an absorbing boundary condition.” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 43, 1460–1463 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Sihvola, Electromagnetic mixing formulas and applications (Institution of Electrical Engeneers, London, UK, 1999).

[CrossRef]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, “Nonlinear refractive index of multicomponent glasses designed for fabrication of photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. pp. 531–538 (2008).

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Taflove and S. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House, Norwood, MA, 2005).

S. Kirkpatrick, C. Gelatt, and M. Vecchi, “Optimization by Simulated Annealing,” Science 220, 671 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, “Nonlinear refractive index of multicomponent glasses designed for fabrication of photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. pp. 531–538 (2008).

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]

D. Lorenc, M. Aranyosiova, R. Buczynski, R. Stepien, I. Bugar, A. Vincze, and D. Velic, “Nonlinear refractive index of multicomponent glasses designed for fabrication of photonic crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. pp. 531–538 (2008).

J. Birch, G. Simonis, M. Afsar, R. Clarke, J. Dutta, H. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadni, W. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. Ho, C. Jones, F. Koniger, R. Moore, H. Matsuo, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Sakai, M. Stead, U. Stumper, R. Vigil, and T. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimetre wavelengths,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory. 42, 956–965 (1994).

[CrossRef]